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actual advance advantage agency agents agriculture amount annual authority bank benefit branch called capital causes charge circulation circumstances coin commerce commodities consequence consumed consumption cost course cultivation demand derived direct economy effect employed England equal established exchange existence expense export fact foreign France gain give given gold greater hand human import increase individual industry instance interest kind labour land latter laws less loss manner manufacture means metal nature necessary never object observed operation paid particular perhaps political population portion position possessed present principles probably production profit proportion purchase quantity raised ratio reason received reduced relative require respect result revenue silver society specie supply supposed taxation thing tion trade utility wants wealth weight whole yield
Σελίδα 32 - This great increase of the quantity of work which, in consequence of the division of labour, the same number of people are capable of performing, is owing to three different circumstances; first, to the increase of dexterity in every particular workman; secondly, to the saving of the time which is commonly lost in passing from one species of work to another ; and lastly, to the invention of a great number of machines which facilitate and abridge labour, and enable one man to do the work of many.
Σελίδα 192 - Equal quantities of labour, at all times and places, may be said to be of equal value to the labourer. In his ordinary state of health, strength, and spirits, in the ordinary degree of his skill and dexterity, he must always lay down the same portion of his ease, his liberty, and his happiness.
Σελίδα xvi - ... binds together, by one common tie of interest and intercourse, the universal society of nations throughout the civilised world.
Σελίδα xvi - Under a system of perfectly free commerce, each country naturally devotes its capital and labour to such employments as are most beneficial to each. This pursuit of individual advantage is admirably connected with the universal good of the whole. By stimulating industry, by rewarding ingenuity, and by using most efficaciously the peculiar powers bestowed by nature, it distributes labour most effectively and most economically : while, by increasing the general mass of productions, it diffuses general...
Σελίδα 295 - The liberal reward of labour, as it encourages the propagation, so it increases the industry of the common people. The wages of labour are the encouragement of industry, which, like every other human quality, improves in proportion to the encouragement it receives.
Σελίδα 119 - The statesman, who should attempt to direct private people in what manner they ought to employ their capitals, would not only load himself with a most unnecessary attention, but assume an authority which could safely be trusted, not only to no single person, but to no council or senate whatever, and which would nowhere be so dangerous as in the hands of a man who had folly and presumption enough to fancy himself fit to exercise it.
Σελίδα 279 - It seems absurd at first sight, that we should despise their persons, and yet reward their talents with the most profuse liberality. While we do the one, however, we must of necessity do the other. Should the public opinion or prejudice ever alter with regard to such occupations, their pecuniary recompense would quickly diminish.
Σελίδα xv - ... to demonstrate that the most effectual plan for advancing a people to greatness, is to maintain that order of things which nature has pointed out; by allowing every man, as long as he observes the rules of justice, to pursue his own interest in his own way, and to bring both his industry and his capital into the freest competition with those of his fellow-citizens.