Examine the arrangement of dots enclosed in the lines below, and find how many there are in each enclosure. Observe, that the figures standing over the several enclosures, represent the number of dots contained therein. 3. How many tens are there in a hundred ? 4. How many hundreds are there in a thousand? 5. Ten ones make what number? Ten tens make what number? Ten hundreds make what number? 6. What figures stand to represent the number ten? 7. What figures stand to represent one hundred ? 8. What figures stand to represent one thousand? SECTION 2. If one hundred scholars were in school, and one scholar more should come in, the number of scholars would then be one hundred and one; and would be expressed in figures thus;-101. Again, if you had one hundred books, and you should buy two books more, you would then have one hundred and two books, and their number would be expressed in figures In Part First, you learned to read figures expressing all numbers, from One to One Hundred. You will now see, in the following columns, how the figures stand to express numbers, from One hundred to Two hundred. 120 one hund. and twenty, 121 one hund. & twenty-one, 122 one hund. & twenty-two, 123 one hund. & twenty-three. 130 One hund. and thirty. 140 One hund. and forty. 150 One hund. and fifty. 100 One hundred, 101 one hund. and one, 102 one hund. and two, 103 one hund. and three, 104 one hund. and four, 105 one hund. and five, 106 one hund. and six, 107 one hund. and seven, 108 one hund. and eight, 109 one hund. and nine, 110 one hund. and ten, 111 one hund. and eleven, 112 one hund. and twelve, 113 one hund. and thirteen, 114 one hund. and fourteen, 115 one hund. and fifteen, 116 one hund. and sixteen, 117 one hund. and seventeen, 190 One hund. and ninety. 118 one hund. and eighteen, 160 One hund. and sixty. 170 One hund. and seventy 180 One hund. and eighty 119 one hund. and nineteen, 200 Two hundred. Edward's mother gave him one hundred walnuts, his sister gave him sixty, and his brother gave him eight; making together, one hundred and sixty-eight. Being required to tell what figures would express the number of his walnuts, Edward looked over the columns of figures on the last page, and discovered, (as you may), that 1 means one hundred, whenever two figures are standing at the right hand of it; and, that 6 means sixty, whenever one figure is standing at the right hand of it. He therefore said, "1, 6, 8, are the figures." 1. How many tens does the figure 6 represent, when there is one figure standing at the right of it? 2. What are 6 tens usually called, in reading numbers? 3. How many tens does the figure 4 represent, when there is one other figure standing at the right of it? 4. What are 4 tens usually called, in reading numbers? 5. What number does the figure 1 represent, when there is one other figure standing at the right of it? 6. What number does the figure 1 represent, when there are two other figures standing at the right of it? 7. What are 1 hundred and 5 tens usually called? 8. What are 1 hundred and 9 tens usually called? 9. What are 1 hundred and 3 ones usually called? 10. What are 1 hundred and 8 ones usually called? 11. What are 8 tens and 2 ones usually called? 12. What are 1 hundred, and 7 tens, and 5 ones usual iy called, in reading numbers? Note to Teachers. Require the learners to read the numbers expressed in he following columns, without recourse to the preceding columns. The comparisons on the next page will show you, that all the hundreds are expressed in the same manner that one hundred is expressed. 100 One hundred. 200 Two hundred. 133 One hund. & thirty-three. 633 Six hund. & thirty-three. 149 One hund. & forty-nine. 749 Seven hund. & forty-nine. 154 One hund. & fifty-four. 854 Eight hund. & fifty-four. 199 One hund. & ninety-nine. 106 One hund. & six. 306 Three hund. & six. 117 One hund. & seventeen. 417 Four hund. & seventeen. 121 One hund. & twenty-one. 521 Five hund. & twenty-one. 999 Nine hund. & ninety-nine. Note to Teachers. The learners may be required to read the severa! num bers expressed in the following columns of figures. 1. The Humane Society gave Charles a premium of 6 dollars, for saving a boy from drowning, and a lady gave him 5 dollars more. How much did he receive? Solution. 6 dollars and 5 dollars are 11 dollars. 2. A merchant sold 7 barrels of flour to one man, 5 to another. How many barrels did he sell? 3. and If you should pay 9 cents for a book, and 4 cents for a pencil, how much would you pay for both? 4. A farmer paid 10 dollars for a plough, and 9 dollars for a harrow. How much did he pay for both? 5. A baker bought 8 barrels of flour of a merchant, and 8 more of a miller. How many did he buy? 6. Thomas gave 9 cents for a purse, and had 7 cents left to put in it.. How many cents had he at first? 7. A farmer sold 5 cows, and then had 6 cows left. How many cows had he at first? 8. If you should receive 9 dollars from one man, and 5 from another, how many dollars would you receive? SECTION 2. 1. Two little boys went into a shop to be weighed. The oldest of them weighed 40 pounds, and the youngest, 30 pounds. How many pounds would they weigh both together? Solution. 40 is the same as 4 tens, and 30 is the same as 3 tens. Then 4 tens and 3 tens are 7 tens;-and 7 tens are the same as 70. 2. There were 40 oranges in one basket, and 20 in another. How many were there in both baskets? 3. What is the whole number of scholars in a school, that consists of 20 boys and 30 girls? 4. A baker paid 50 dollars for a horse, and 30 dollars for a cart. How many dollars did he pay for both? 5. If I read 50 pages of history, and 40 pages of poetry, how many pages do I read of both ? 6. If a man has lived 20 years in the city, and 10 years in the country, how old must he be? 7. James paid 60 cents for his Reader, and 40 for his Arithmetic. How many cents did they both cost? 8. Suppose you should buy 60 quills at one store, and 50 at another; how many quills would you have? Solution. 60 is 6 tens, and 50 is 5 tens. 6 tens and 5 tens are 11 tens. 11 tens are 1 hundred and 1 ten;that is, 110. 9. Suppose 70 books are upon my table, and I put on 50 more; how many will then be on the table? 10. If a gold watch cost 90 dollars, and the chain 40 dollars; how many dollars do they both cost? 11. In a certain orchard, there are 80 pear trees and 60 peach trees. How many trees in the orchard? 12. If 90 persons should enter a hall at one door, and 60 at another; how many would there be in the hall? 13. If I purchase 80 barrels of flour from one man, and 80 from another; how many barrels shall I have? 14. A miller had 90 bags of wheat on hand, and re ceived 80 bags more. How many bags had he then? |