« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
inches long, which he had found would together burn for four; Cosa kỗ-sai Things
and-twenty hours. Having marked the inches on them thereSire sée-rai
Formerly Sir, now fore, he ordered that they should be lighted in succession, and
each three inches that were consumed he considered as record. Resi rai-zea Rendered
ing the flight of an hour. But finding that the candies burned Soma SỐ-mat Burden
away more quickly at one time than at another, on account of Maso máh-zo Tom
the rushing violence of the winds, which sometimes would
blow night and day without intermission through the doors Beffare bef-fah-rai To scoff
and windows, the numerous chinks in the walls, or the slender Offeso of-fai-20
sóf-fee-tchai Soft, flexible, supple covering of the tents, he bethought him how he might preSoffoco sóf-fo-ko I suffocate
vent this inconvenience; and having contrived artfully and
wisely, he ordered that a lanthorn should be fairly fashioned Suffuso soot-f60-70 Wetted
of wood and horn, for white horn, when séraped thin, allows Corallo ko-rah1-lo
the light to pass through even like glass. The candle, thereCarillo
fore, being placed in the lanthorn thus wonderfully constructed, kah-vil-lo I annoy, quibble
as we have said, of wood and horn, was both protected from Satollo sah-ról-lo
Satisfied, satiated, the wind and shone during the night as luminously without as iired
within." This is a simple record, but contains a great fact Catulio kah-tool-lo
and a wise principle. Alfred loved literature for its own sake; We supped tchai-náhn-mo Dilenaria
he sucked the flower for the honey, and on account of his hardee-lêm-mah Dilemma (logical)
ing united a virtuous disposition with a well disciplined mind, ai-ním-mah
Enigma Sommomino som-môm-mo
A blow with the first king. of the Emperor Julian it is also recorded, that he spent A blow with the fist posterity remembers him as a wise, amiable, and exemplary on the under-chin
much of his time in the acquisition of knowledge. We are far Afumo
I smoke (meat) ahf-foom-mo Inganno
from justifying all the deeds of this valorous warrior and disin-gáhn-no
tinguished monarch, but it is sufficient for present purposes Yard (of a ship) ahn-tên-nah
to say, that during his campaigns he was accustomed to spend ai-rin-nee The Furies
many hours in literary pursuits, and that he has given to posAronne a-rốn-nai Aaron
terity several learned Greek works, as the result of his perseAlunno ah-loon-no Alumnus, pupil
verance in mental cultivation.
Other noble and wealthy literati might be named, such as
Democritus, Anaxagoras, Charlemagne, James I. of Scotland, Ricorios ree-kórr-ro I recur
Elizabeth, Alphonso, Peter the Great, and John Napier. We Azzurro ah-dzóor-ro Azure
have made this brief reference to these men of wealth, as illusAbbasso ahb-bahs-so Low
trative of the sentiment, that intellectual pursuit is not incomUS-sês-so
Demoniac, bored, patible with the possession of wealth, and as showing that dunned
mental excellence is independent of social position. In corAffissc ahf-fis-so Affixed
sidering the case of the wealthy, it is bụt just to remember, in-dôs-so
About, upon one's that they have allurements and temptations to which poor self
students are not exposed, and it redounds greatly to their Concusso con-kóos-SO
Moved, shaken, con- honour, and proves their magnanimity, inasmuch as they have trite
rigen superior to all dissipating influences, and resisted the force of the most powerful temptations, that they might increase
in knowledge, and cultivate an acquaintance with the sages, SKETCHES FOR YOUNG THINKERS.
philosophers, poets, and historians, whose works survive their
writers and form the text-books of admiring successors. (Continued from page 18.)
II. Intellectual excellence is opposed to proud, pedantic,
and undue self-satisfaction. The more knowledge a man MONEY brings pleasure; so do fame, power, and position; but possesses, the more does he see his own ignorance. This canthe pleasure of these is not to be compared with the refined, not be better exemplified than in the memorable words of Sir exalted, and exquisite enjoyment of intellectual excellence. Isaac Newton when on his death-bed ;-"I know not how No wise man despises money, or denies that it brings a certain others may regard me, but to myself I appear as a little child amount of pleasure with it. The world, in an important sense, who has been amusing himself in gathering a few pebbles on would be paralysed for want of money ; money answereth all the shore, while the great ocean of truth lay all undiscovered things,”and he is a happy man who understands its real value, before me.” This is humility; it is a philosopher speaking as and has a heart to appropriate it to honourable purposes. We a child, and in that hour he appears as great, if not greater, avoid equally the extreme of avarice, and that of affecting, con- than in any other hour of his long and laborious life. True tempt for money. The intellectual man, in his poverty, has a greatness looks more at what remains to be done, than at what source of enjoyment unknown to the unlettered Dives who ro's is already accomplished. Learning tends to simplify, and not in luxury and wealth. The two however, are by no means to bewilder and confound. Two or three examples may here incompatible. Biography has embalmed the inemory of be inserted as illustrations. In June, 1790, the Rev. John many who have had this world's wealth in abundance, and Wesley preached at Lincoln ; his text was Luke x. 42: "One have added the riches of a well cultivated and powerful intel- thing is needful.” When the congregation were returning lect. Alfred the Great was a royal student, and has exhibited from the chapel, a lady exclaimed, in a tone of great surprise, an example worthy of the imitation of all his kingly succes
“Is that the great Mr. Wesley of whom we hear so much in sors. Although the son of a monarch, and possessor of all the present day. Why the poorest might have understood that was necessary to complete his worldly happiness, he him. The gentleman to whom this remark was made replied, devoted himself to literature with a zeal but rarely surpassed. "In this, madam, he displayed his greatness; that while the He was pre-eminently an economist of time, as the following poorest can understand him, the most learned are edified and interesting quotation will abundantly testify:
cannot be offended. The following is of the same class and “ Having made his chaplains procure the necessary quantity equally striking :-The late Dr. C. Evans, of Bristol, having of wax, he ordered six candles to be prepared, each of twelve once to travel from home, wrote to a poor congregation to say. I This is the plural of cosa, thing, pronounced kô-sah, one of that he should have occasion to stay a night in their village,
and that if it were agreeable to them he would give them i those exceptional words where the s must be pronounoed with a
The poor people hesitated for some time, but at sharp, hissing sound, though it. is placed between two vowelssermon. This exception should be imprinted on the reader's memory, be- length permitted him to preach. After sernion he found them cause, as is obvious from its meaning, the word is of the most in a far happier mood than when he first came among them, frequent occurrence.
and could not forbear inquiring into the reason of all this,
«Why, sir, to tell you the truth,” said one of them, “knowing nihil sumis tuis?").“Simonides takest thou zothing out of that you were a very learned man, and that you were a teacher thy riches” to which question the poet thus curtly replied: of young ministers, we were much afraid we should not: (“Mecum mea sunt cuncta")"With myself are all my things.' understand you; but you have been quite as plain as any Plunderers attack the ship, carry off the booty, and leave the minister we erer hear," “Ay, ay,” the Doctor replied, “ you hapless voyagers to eonsole each other under their several entirely misunderstood the nature of learning, my friend : its misfortunes. Simonides had nothing, and lost nothing, and design is to make things so plain that they cannot be mis- omitted not the opportunity of sending a moral home to every understood.' The next is somewhat different, but contains a understanding. Mind is more precious than money. Let this severe and humiliating rebuke. Let all whom it may concern one sentence be believed and acted ponder the principle contained in it, and beware of the error instances the grasp of the miser will relax, and scatter blesswhich is so justly exposed :--Some persons in the Rev. Mr. ings with a bounteous hand. He who has a mind, has a treasure Romaine's congregation, thinking his style of preaching too more priceless than gold, more adorning than a diadem, more plain and common, had requested him to exhibit a little more enduring than the stars of the firmament! That mind was Learning in the pulpit ; accordingly, on a certain occasion he not bestowed for no purpose, Its history-for minds have read bis text in Hebrew. “Now,” said he, “I suppose histories—is recorded, and we believe that one day that mind scarcely one in the congregation understands that." He then will have the power of taking the most minute retrospect of read it in Greek, and added : “Perhaps there may be one or itself, and will either rise to ineffable glory, or be covered two that understand me now! I will next read it in Latin." with everlasting shame and confusion! Opportunity and He did so, and said : * Possibly a few more may comprehend exertion, advantages and performances, will be compared; the me, but the number is still very limited. He last of all balance will be struck by an unerring hand, and the irreverrepeated the text in English: “There," he continued, "now sible judgment pronounced by the voice of Eternal Truth, in you all understand it; which do you think is best! I hope accents more sweet than the songs of morning, or in tones always so to preach as that the meanest person in the congre- more terrible than the thunders of midnight! Thrice happy gration may comprehend me.” These, out of an abundance of the man who has multiplied his talents, and is ready to sursimilar examples, are presented as containing the true principle render an account of his stewardship. of the use of learning. The most learned man is the most
(To be continued.) unpretending. Solomon has well said : “Seest thou a man wise in his own eyes. There is more hope of a fool than of him. Such a man deems himself above learning, or probably imagines that “wisdom was born with him," and that is
LESSONS IN GREEK.No. X. dignifies wisdom rather than himself being dignified by what
By JOHN R. BEARD, D.D. little he does possess. There is more hope of instructing a man who is conscious of his own ignorance, than of training I NEXT take up words in us, (gen. wog); and in wg and w (gen. hima who is “wise in his own eyes." All pedantry is supremely doc=ovs). The terminating o belongs to the stem. And, first, contemptible. It leads the unlearned to false conclusions. ws Tg. wos), e.g., 0, i ows, a jackal, and ó rows, a hero. It raises expectation, and then leaves it unfulfilled. Simplicity always attends and recommends true learning. We need not
Plural. further elaborate this division ; it contains one practical lesson, s. N.
ήρως ήρω-ές which, if well studied and carried out in actual life, will prove
now-wv eminently useful to the learner.
ήρω-σι III. That intellectual excellence is independent of social
ήρωα & ηρω ηρω-ας &ήρως position, is a strong proof of the Creator's benevolence. He
θω-ες has not bestowed wealth and its concomitant influence upon D. M.A.V. Ow-€ G.ED. Iw-011
110w-olv all, but he has given to the great majority of men minds capable of indefinite expansion and the highest cultivation. I also give specimens of nouns in wg and w, (gen. 00g=ovs). This thought no doubt led the poet to write,
These are all feminine. The ending wg, in ordinary speech, is "A mind is a balance for thousands a-year,"
preserved only in the substantive aides, inodesty, sense of Some men by their birth inherit riches and grandeur of shame; the dual and plural are formed according to the termi
nation of of the second declension : thus aidol, nxol, t. 7... every description, but this is merely an accident, in the logical Here follow the forms of y aidws, modesty, respect, and ý nxw, sense of that terin. It does not necessarily imply that they echo. are either the wisest, best, or happiest of men. Hence Watts
Singular. Plural. Singular.
Plural. wisely says,
αιδοι “ Milo, fordear to call him blest
71 XOL Who only boasts a large,estate.'
G. (αιδο-ος αιδούς αιδων (ηχο-ος ηχους
D. (αιδο-i)αιδοί αιδοις (ηχο-ϊ)ηχοι The Scotch poet, Allan Ramsay, also ingeniously remarks, in 4. (αιδο α)αιδο αιδους (ηχο-α)ηχώ his beautiful Scotch pastoral the “Gentle Shepherd,”
V. (алдо-іалдой αιδοι (ηχοϊδηγοί • He that has just enough can soundly sleep,
Dual, Ν.Δ.Υ. αιδω; G.D. αιδοιν
ηχοιν The o'ercome only fashes folk.to keep."
VOCABULARY. Large estates bring annoyance, vexation, and anxiety along with them. The labouring man is too prone to imagine that 4uws, ó, a slave.
Ιστοριογραφος, ου, o, an histhey are sure to bring unalloyed happiness, and to shield their í llarpus, e, an uncle on the torian. owners from many, if not from "all the ills that flesh is heir father's side.
Knog, ov, é, à garden. to.” There is an old proverb which truly says, "He who has ropyw, ii, the Gorgon.
IlpoowTOV, ov, to, a face, coun. little to lose, is safer than the rich ;' and Phadrus has well Klaw, 11, the Muse Clio. proved this in his fable, “ The two Mules and the Robbers," Epatw, 11, Erato, one of the Avanpos, a, oz, sad. which the youthful reader will do well to ponder. The Creator Muses.
Λυρικος, η, ον, lyric. has bestowed the greater, if he has withheld the less, and in this IIacow, 2, power of persuasion. BleTW, I see. distribution of mind he has given one of the most convincing EveOTIU, 1, good condition. Προσβλεπω, I look at. proofs of his loving-kindness and beneficence. The poor man Lepas, to (anly with the nom. Vevow, I lie, deceive. may carry all his possessions about with him, but if he has a and acc.), reverence.
IIpogellil, I am present, I am well-stored mind he has a spring of thought and feeling which Avolas, ov, ó, Lysias.
near, at, belong to. will supply him with refined enjoyment under all circumstances. Simonides, in the Shipwreck, has supplied a good
EXERCISES,GREEK-ENGLISH, illustration of this. He took no property with him; his fellow voyagers brought their possessions to the vessel, and one more Ομηρος αδει πολλους ήρωας (or ηρως). Την των ηρωων Inquisitive than the rest inquired: (« Simonide, tu ex opibus | αρετην θαυμαζομεν. Οι δμωες βιον λυπηρoν αγoυσιν. Ο του
ήχων ηχοις ήχους ηχοι
πατρωος κηπος καλος εστιν. Ορεγου, ω παι, της αιδους. Αιδως passed into o: e.g., το γενος, Latin, genus, race; το κλεος, αγαθοις ανδρασιν έπεται. Λυσιαν επι τη πειθοί και χαριτι fame, glory. θαυμαζομεν. Τη αιδοι προσεστι το σεβας. Μη προσβλεπε το Sin.
κλεος Γοργούς προσωπον. Ω Ηχοι, ψευδεις πολλακις τους ανθρωπους.
G. (γενε-ος) γένους (κλεε-ος) κλεους αιδώ
D. Παντες ορεγονται ευεστους. Πρεπει παιδι και νεανια
(κλεε-i) Plur, Ν.Α.Υ. (γενε-α) γενη
(κλεε-α) κλεα εχειν. Κλειω και Ερατω Μουσαι εισιν. Την μεν Κλειω θερα
G. (γενε-ων) γενών (κλεε-ων) κλεών πευουσιν οι ιστοριοσραφοι, την δε Ερατω οι λυρικοι ποιηται.
γενη (κλεε-ε) κλεη ENCLISH-GREEK.
G. & D, (γενε-οιν) γενιν (κλεε-οιν) κλεούν
VOCABULARY. Homer sings (of) the hero Achilles. The hero Achilles is sung by Honier. 'The bravery of the hero is wonderful. We Avboç. to, a flower.
Γη, γης, ή, the earth. admire the bravery of heroes. Slaves have (say, to the slaves :s) Eidos, to, a form.
Ζημια, ας, ή, disgrace, punisha sad life. The uncle has (say, to the uncle ) a fine garden. θαλπος, τo, warmth.
. All rejoice at their (the) good condition. Αdmire, O youth, Ψυχος, τo, cold.
Χαλκος, ου, ο, brass. with (neta and gen.) modesty the deeds of good men. By Kepdos, to, gain, in the plural. Ovntos, n, ov, mortal, deadly. (dat.) the echo we are often deceived.
Κλεος, τo, fame, glory; in the | Πονηρος, α, ον, wicked. . Nouns in as, aos, are declined as follows. Only a few plural, honourable deeds. Ασφαλης, ες, firm, sure. neuters belong to this head. The terminating σ belongs to | Μηκος, τo, length.
Κρινω (Lat. cerno) I separate, the stem : το σελας, α sun-beam και το κρεας, flesh.
“Υψος, τo, height.
decide, judge. Ψευδος, τo, a lie.
Αλλα, but. S. N, A, V. σελας
Εαρ, εαρος, τo, the spring.
κρέα Ρ. Ν.Α.Υ. σελα-α and σελα κρεα-α)
Η γη καλοις ανθεσίν, θαλλει. Μη απεχου ψυχους και G. σελα-ων (κρεα-ων κρεών
θαλπους. Το καλον ου μηκει χρονου κρινομεν αλλα αρετη. D. σελα-σι
(κρεα-σι) D. Ν.Α.Υ. σελα-ε
Ουκ ασφαλες παν ύψος εν θνητή γενει(sc. εστιν). Μη ψευδη
κρεα G.D. σελα οιν
(κρεα- οιν) κρειών λεγε. Απεχου πονηρων κερδων. Κερδη πονηρα ζημιαν αει After σελας decline το δεπας, α gloss or goblot; after κρεας ανθρωποι κλεους ορεγονται.
φερει. Κατοπτρον ειδους χαλκος, οινος δε νού (sc. εστιν). Οι Οι ανδρες κλεει χαιρoυσιν.
Οι dccline to ynpas, old age, and to yepas, a present. With these two last may be connected two nouns whose stem ends in τ, ανδρειοι κλεών ορεγονται. θαυμαζομεν τα των ανδρων κλεα. namely το τερας, « prodigy, and το κερας, ο horn, since after
ENGLISH GRBEK. dropping the 'they may be contracted in the same manner; κερας follows κρεας throughout, but with the contracted forms.
Keep from (abstain) wicked gains. Good men keep from It has also regular forms with 7 : thus kepas, kepatos, and wicked gains. Good men desire honourable deeds. Do not, κερως και κερατι and kepę, &c.; tepas, however, has the two O young man, keep from heat and
cold, but from wicked men. forms only in the plural, the contracted are the more common, Punishment follows a (the) lie. We admire the Greeks on thus τερά, τερών.
account of their (the) honourable deeds. We avoid wicked VOCABULARY. .
gains. The soldiers rejoice in honourable deeds (dat). Ανδρεια, ας, ή, bravery. | Σαλπιγξ, ιγγος, ή, a trumpet. Διατροφη, ης, ή, nourishment. Δυσκολος, ον, dissatisfied,
Our next class of words ends in ις, υς, ι, υ, Of these we Ευεξια (ευ and εχω) ας, ή, well- grumbling, hard.
take first those words in is, ūs, namely ó kis, g. Kl-0$, the corn being, weal. Πεμπω,I send.
receil, η συς, (Lat. sus.) α 80w, ο ιχθυς, α fish. Ελαφος, ου, ή, a stag. Προτρεπω,I turn towards,
S, Ν. κίς
εχθυς Προβατον, ου, τo, a sheep. exhort, encourage.
ιχθυ-ος Θεμελιον, ου, τo, a foundation. | Σημαινω, I give a sign (σημα,
ιχθυ-i Φαρμακον, (whence pharmacy), a sign), I signify,
ιχθυν ου, τo, medicine, means of ! Υπαρχω, Ιexist. .
ιχθυ healing. .
ιχθυ-ας Οι θεοι τοις ανθρωποις τερα πεμπουσιν. Των εν γηρα κακων
ιχθυ-ες, ιχθύς φαρμακον ο θανατος εστιν. Τα γερα τους στρατιωτας εις D. Ν. Α.Υ.
G.D. ανδρειαν προτρεπει. Εξ αιγων και προβατων γαλα και κρεα προς
συ-οίν εχθυουν διατροφην υπαρχει. Κερασι και σαλπιγξιν οι στρατιωται
. σημαινουσιν. Ποικιλων κρεών γευομεθα.
Καλου γηρως θεμελιον εν παισιν εστιν ή του σωματος ευεξια.
Λί ελαφοι κερα
Βοτρυς, υος, o, a bunch of | Βατραχος, ου, o, a frog. grapes.
Συρος, ου, 6, a Syrian. εχουσιν. Δυσκολος ο εν γηρα βιος (sc. εστιν).
Μυς, μυος, o, a mouse, (Lat. ! Αγκιςτρον, ου, τo, a hook.
Αγριος, α, ον, wild.
Νεκυς, υος, o, a dead body, | Ισος, η, ον, equal.
Αγρευω, I catch. Solliers are delighted with horns and trumpets. We taste Etaxvc, vos, ó, an ear of corn. Ανακυπτω, I emerge. milk and flesh. Death puts an end to (απολυει) the evils of Παγις, ιδος, ή, a trap.
Βασιλευω, (g.) I am king, I old age. The king sends presents to the soldiers. Presents | Αμπελος, ου, o, a vine.
reign. cncourage soldiers. Sol·liers are encouraged by (dat.) presents.
Οι ιχθυες εις του ποταμου ανακυπτουσιν. Οι θηρευται τας IVe pursue our task in the third declension, and offer models ot nouns in oς, β. εος, contracted into oυς. The substanties | αγριας συας αγρευουσιν. IIαντες ισοι νεκυες Ψυχων δε θεος of this class are exclusively neuter, and the terminating σ βασίλευει. Η αμπελος φερει βοτρύς. Η γη φερει σταχυς και Belongs to the stem. In the nominative, the stem-vowel ε has βοτρυς. Τους μυσι μαχη ποτε ην προς τος βατραχους. Οι
μυες παγισιν αγνευοται. Οι Συροι σεβονται τους ιχθύς ως θεους. .
Page 8, col. 2, vol. III.-LATIN-ENGLISH. Αγκιστρoις ενεδρευομεν τους ιχθύς. .
An effeminate education instrings the nerves of both body and
mind; too much sleep is useful to neither mind nor body; the ENGLISH GREEK.
winds bring now rain, now sunshine ;. he who blends the useful We catch fish with hooks, Fish are caught with hooks.
with the agreeable is approved by all; credulous hope nourishes The hunter lies in wait for wild boars. The bunches of grapes Viriathus had carried ou war against the Romans for fourteen
our life, and always declares that to-morrow things will be better; and ears of corn are beautiful. The vine bears grapes. The years ; placability and clemency are more praiseworthy than anger; frogs had (to the frogs there was) once a battle with (against) a great part of our men were wounded or slain; Gaul takes special the mice. We look on corpses. The earth bears many vines. pleasure in beasts of burden, and procures them at a great cost; God reigns over fishes and frogs.
the husband and the father shouted out; the Senate and the Roman people sanctioned the peace; the Senate and C. Fabricius surrendered the deserter to Pyrrhús; let religion and fidelity be
preferred to friendship; Conon lived (vixit) very much in Cyprus, A KEY TO THE EXERCISES IN THE Iphicrates in Thrace, Timotheus al Lesbos, Chares at Sigeum; nor LATIN LESSONS.
has either (aut) Brutus or (aut) Cassius now for the first tinie
judged the safety and tbe liberty of their country the inost sacred By JOHN R, BEARD, D.D.
Page 8, col. 2, vol. II1.-ENGLISH-LATIX. (Continued from page 387, Vol. III.)
Magna telorum vis vulnera dabunt; rex cum aliquibus duci. Page 383, col, 2, rol, II.-LATIN-ENGLISH.
bus capti sunt; divitiis et paupertate et morte omnes moventur;
jus et injuria sunt dissimilia; caetera turba fugerunt; alii urbem, Æsop, a famous writer, was hump-backed; the Scythians, warlike men, were terrible; the Phoenicians were very skilful sailors ; dulâ spe ali: ur nostra vid; civilatis juvenes bellum paratit;
alii rus pctebant; corporis ncryi'rauguntur molli educatione; creGreece was the country of many illustrious men; the conscious- jumenta magno parantur impense; senatus Populi Romani picem ness of a well-spent life (vitae) is pleasant; the Greek language is comprobabit"; religio et fides amicitiae antepositae sunt; religio more difficult than the Roman ; tbe goose, the sheep, and the a-s, et fides anteponendae sunt omnibus; Brutus et Cassius salutem seem to be very senseless beasts; every animal is mortol; we are reis,ublicae sanctissiinam legem judicabunt; rcipublicae salus friends [insert a comma after amici], you are enemies; how greal is sanciissima est legum omnium. your imbecility! grammar and music were formerly uniteil ; pity and perfidy are beloved in him; three thousand two hundred of the
Page 18, col. 2, vol. III.-LATIN-ENGLISH, Samnites were cut to pieces; folly, rashness, injustice, and inteinperance, are to be avoided; peace and concord, useful 10 the No evil is more oppressive and troublesome than enry; what conquered, are honourable to the conquerors; the captives became embossed plate, what rich coverlets, what paintings do you think the soldiers' booty; riches are incitements to evil; thc wall and there are in his house ? the question is, whether one duty is greater the gate were struck with lightning; Cneius and Publius Scipio than another; is there any human being of whom you bare a belter were two thunderbolts belonging to the Roman dominion; Brutus opinion ? they spoke to the people, each on his own behalf, with the istid Cassius were Caesar's murderers ; Vespasian, when (appointed) greatest authority they sererally possessed; the mind of man is Quaestor, received by lot as his province Cre:e and Cyrenae; ignorant of coming fate; the ancient Germans were not lovers of Pomey, deserted by his soldiers, proceeded to Egypt; philosophy letters, but they could endure thirst, cold, and labour; Africa feeds is the guide of life, the explorer of virtue, the banisher of vice'; herds of wild asses; Alexander the Great had not control over what shall I say of memory, the treasury of all things?
his anger; the ancient Romans were very desirous of glory; in
summer the days are longer than in winter ; nothing is more divine Page 383, col. 2, vol. II.-ENGLISH-LATIX.
than mercy; the moon is nearer the earth than the sun; as the Qui Caesaris fuerunt interfectores ? Brutus et Cassius ; thesaurus mind is more noble than the body, so virtue is preferable to strength animi est memoria ; vitae dux est religio; nonne expultrix viti- mation after potior) is an honourable death to a base life ! huw
and external beauty; how (quanto) preferable (put a note of exclaoruin est religio? religionis philosophia medicina est animarum ; few philosophers are with you! the tribunes put forward a law (to benignissimae sunt religio et philosophia ;, qui imperii Romani the effect) that one of the two consuls should be chosen from the fuerunt fulmina ? duces, imperii Romani fulmina, ad bellum pro: people ; we are very numerous ; Themistocles sent to the king by fecti sunt; in Graeciâ, magnorum virorum genetrice, vivebant repente sunt inortui ; murus et limen et navis de coelo tacta sunt; you ? (how many are there of you ?) we are few (there are only a Sulon et Aristides ;. caduca sunt divitiae et honores; vir’mulierque night, the most
faithful servant he aad: we have come hither to do
thee honour; Hasdrubal was the son of Giscon; how many are vos amici, nos inimici sumus ; clarus scriptor fuit Esopus ?
few of us); Callisthenes was the most earnest among those who
refused (the recusants); Themistocles inflicted on the house of #sop's Fables.
Xerxes more evils than any other Greek; he is the elder of the THE ASS AND THE HORSE.
Neros; I am Deiphðbé, the daughter of Glaucus; the king's
friends are few; Thales was the wisest of the seven (sages of An ass called a horse happy because he fed so abundantly, while Greece); the state of the Treviri was by far the most powerful of not even sufficient straw was supplied to him after the severest | all Gaul in cavalry; to what degree of maduess have you gone? labours. But a war having arisen, the horse is driven to battle, a good friend in a trial lessens the trial one-half; can anything be and being surrounded by foes, at length, after incredible struggles, more absurd than to seek the means of living the more, the less sinks on the ground pierced with many wounds. The ass behold the remains of life? I give you the same advice as (I give) myselt; ing all these things, said: "What a dolt I was to estimate happi. of their benefits some are of that kind that they extend to all the ness by the condition of the present hour!"
citizens, some that they affect individuals; you have an abundance
of wealth; terror and fraud abound; you have preserved me rather THE HUSBANDMAX AND HIS Sons,
from lore than honour; he pretended to be in haste on account of
business; all of them received a military honour on account of their When a husbandman, advanced in life, felt that his decease was valour; that one day on which I returoed to my native land, was at hand, he called together his sons, whom, as is usual, he knew to me as good as an immortality. to disagree sometimes, and ordered a bundle of twigs to be brought. The twigs being produced, he bade his sons break the bundle.
Page 18, col. 2, vol. III.-ENGLISH-LATIN, When they were unable to do so, he gave a twig to each one, and they being easily broken, he taught his sons how strong a thing is mulier ; uter est sapientior' sapientissimus mortalium est Socra
Regis mulier pulchra est; regis mulier est pulchrior quam ducis concord and how weak discord. ,
tes; quid panis est tibi ? eo dementiae est progressus ut omnes eum
predicent stultum; belli causâ venerunt milites ; ducis honori THE WOMAN AND THE MAID-SERVAXT.
praemium cuique militum est datum; librorum abunde mihi est; A widow woman, who gained her living by weaving, was hic unus liber librorum omnium mihi est instar. accustomed to call up her servants to their work by night as soon as she heard the first cock-crow, But they, worn out by their
Æsop's Fables. daily toil, resolved to kill the cock. This being dove, they began
THE TORTOISE AND THE EAGLE. to be in a worse condition than before ; for their mistress, ignorant (incerta) of the time, now often called her slaves even in the A tortoise earnestly entreated an eagle to teach her to fly. The early part of the night.
eagle aţięcpted to show her that she asked a thing contrary to he
nature ; nevertheless she persisted, and begged the eagle to be good (the gods has been read by me; a bloody battle was fought at Zama; enough to make her a bird. In consequence, the eagle took her in from the battle a messenger came to thee; the severities of the his talons, and, carrying her aloft, let her down (demi it) so ihat she nobles against the people, and of the people against the nobles, might be borne through the air. Then the tortoise fell on a rock, were shocking; examine that book which treats of the mind; the and being dashed to pieces, perished.--This fable shows that many first oration delivered by Cicero against Catiline, is beautiful and persons being blinded by their own desires, refuse the counsels effecrire; I see that the contest (certamen) differs in regard to us; of those who are wiser (than they), and so are Kuried to ruin by aid has been given me against my enemies ; Aristotle sets many
things in confusion in lüis third book on philosophy; thy letter,
touching thy dignity, was very acceptable to me; this thing TIIE NIGHTINGALE AND THE HAWK.
occasioned Caesar great difficulty in taking counsel; I will leave A hawk being hungry seized a nightingale. When the latter this charge respecting the statues; the hope of returning home has became aware that death was nigh, she had recourse to prayers, been taken away ; Caesar was at the gates holding supreme power; begging the hawk not to destroy her without a reason, for that she Sophocles made tragedies to extrenie old age; I will do that which was unable to satisfy his very hungry appetite, and advised him to in regard to rigour is more nioderate, and more useful in regard to catch some birds of larger size. To whom the hawk replied:
To whom the hawk replied: "I the common safety; he was accused before the saine judges; do should be mad if I were to let go the prey I have, and instead of a you, a learned critic, find no fault in the great Homer? in Homer's certainty fly about in search of uncertainties."
writings, Nestor speaks of his own excellencies; Caesar halted
near the town, and pitched his camp alongside the walls; when THE OLD MAN AND DEATH,
Caesar was slain, the republic seemed to be in the hands of the
Brutii and of Cassius; the Tarquinian territory, which lay between An old man had been cutting wood in a forest. Having made the city and the Tiber, being consecrated to Mars, became afterup his bundle of sticks he began to return home. IIe walked some wards the Campus Martius ; within the walls of my own house plans distance on his way, when feeling worn out with the load and the hare been laid for my destruction; darkness arose between three journey, he laid his faggots down, and after reflecting on the erils and four o'clock; the Tuscans sent colonies over the Apennines; of his age and destitution, calls aloud for Death to come and set the wife of Vitellius was fierce beyond what is usual with women; him free from all these his troubles. Then Death, having heard Caesar's soldiers made an attack on the cohorts in the direction of his prayers, suddenly stands before him, and asks what he wants, the mountain; piety is justice toward the gods; death was often But now sorry for what he had asked, the old man answered: "O before his eyes; the root is a remedy for serpents' stings; let us nothing at all, except that I wish for some one who will help me to feel toward a friend as we feel toward ourselves ; on the next day, put this load on my shoulders."
about the same hour, the king moved his forces into the same place;
the soldiers marched about fifteen days; it was enclosed by vast Page 38, col. 1, vol. III.-LATIN-ENGLISH.
woods all round; the blood is diffused through the veins into all
parts of the body; the soldiers were placed up and down the seaHe had one chaplet on his head, another round his neck; shore; the conflagration held on for two nights; armed men were Crassus smiled once in his life ; Pausanias took many Persian silently (per silentium) conducted down thither; that which was noblemen, and among them some relations of the king's; among naturally proper or the laws permitted, in no way gave pleasure to the good qualities of Epaminondas it is related that he danced Clodius ; Phalaris is a witness, whose crueity, which exceeded that well; he spoke till night, and even during night, lights being of others, is notorious ; philosophy is nothing else than the study brought; I put off serious things till to-morrow; the number of of risdom; let not my father think that it was through me these the enemy increases every day; the whole of Gaul is divided into nuptials did not take place; Adrumetum is distant from Zama a three parts; it is in my mind; it occurs to me; he kept the legions space of ten (Roman) miles; on the side of the Sequani and the in arms; wisdom is often under a mean coat; the image of myself, Helvetii, Gaul (Gallia) borders on the river Rhine; we have wrung greater than the reality, will go down to the shades; he enslaved the sword out of the hands of Catiline; I hare bought a house the captives; they went under the walls; he was taught the art of from Crassus ; from your gesture I know what your reply is. war under his instructor, Hannibal; they quitted the city at the coming of the Romans; at these words they fell at tire feet of
Page 38, col. 2, vol. III.--ENGLISH-LATIN. Marcellus; cranes sleep with their head under their wing fælam condito); the consul, dashing the spurs into his horse, rides up to Plures horas locutus est Caesar; totum diem sol lucet; in Anglia the cohorts under the enemy's walls; there shone an image of the est; in Angliam it; flagitia tua coram omnibus sunt populis; ex sun above the tent of Darius; they burned the houses and them- Italiâ venerunt hae legiones; proelium ad urbem commissum selves in them; he reposed on the greensward; the Tiber over- sanguineum erat; librum de legibus scripsi; de republicâu librum filowed its banks'; they spoke of his vileness during supper; no one scripsit Cicero ; apud Aristotelem vera lego multa į rus redeundi of those who had been sent on such a business returned'; I will nulla nobis est spes; heri ad decimam horam scripsi; maximus write to you on that matter; it moves before and behind; behind est meus erga te amor; apud Homerum sunt nonnulla quae culpae me was Ægina, before, Megara; he ordered him to enter before, sunt obnoxia; (reprehensione digna sunt) ad fontem constitit dux not behind; if fortune wills it, you who are now a rhetorician, prope muram castra ponet Caesar; penes malos est civitas; inter will become a consul; the enemies sent anbassadors to Caesar stabulum et domum fons est; canis est extra stabulum; adversum concerning peace; robbers rise by night in order to cut throats; he murum milites impetum facient; apud te ero circiter meridiem moves the camp at the fourth watch ; Darius led an army from per me tibi licet ire; in capite habeo coronara ; quotidie sapentior Asia into Europe; he snatched the colony out of the enemy's melior que fis;, sub doctore meo multa didici; subter terram hands; while corn was so scarce and dear, of a sudden there came eunt animae ? ' in coelum ascendunt animae; de nequitiâ ejus so great a cheapness of provisions; I waited from day to day; man colloquitur civitas; literas ad te miltam; ad me misit inater nunconsists of a mind, and of a perishable and infirm body; our ances- cium ; inter hos libros nullus est tibi destinatus; pecus prae se tors (majores) left to us the republic very much enlarged, it being agit pastor ; haec statua est de aere, illa de argento. very small in their time; bad men estimate friendships and enmities not from their intrinsic worth but their adrantage; Her
Page 72, col. 1, vol. III.-LATIN-ENGLISH. cales drove a herd before him ; I cannot see the sun on account of the multitude of weapons; Caesar led out his forces in front of the Caecina admonished the soldiers of the occasion and the neces. camp; this is not only pot for me but rather against me; Cato sity; Atticus never wearied of a business which he had undertaken; with me stands in the place of many thousands; to him he mani. a wise man never has occasion to repent; we remind grammarians fested gratitude in acknowledgment of his deserts; the Helvetii, of their duty; a wicked man will some time remember his crimes considering their numbers and their warlike glory, thought their with grief; it is the part of folly to discern the faults of others and territories confiñed; they would have acted more conveniently if to forget its own; if my influence had prevailed with you, there those things which they lay before you respecting me, they had would truly have been no reason why we should regret it; adversity rather said before me while I was present; he orders the others, reminded them of their religious obligations; I pity unhappy men'; together with their guards, to go into the temple of Concord; he I am weary of life; God never repunts of his first design ; virtue himself wrote with great care and diligence; he here carried on needs much exercise ;: let boys remember modesty; good men many things without Alcibiades; Pompey obtained the highest remember past time with pleasure; a true friend never forgets his honours without any ancestral advantages; the water in the stream í friend; I am reminded of Plato; does not the thought of the bat:le bad swollen as high as the breast; the ancients, so far as words are at the Lake Regillus cone into your mind ? it is worth the trouble concerned, discoursed concerning the republic; what spot over the to call to mind the diligence of our ancestors; you forget nothing whole sea has during these years had so strong a guard? we know, but injuries; you will remind me of that; I call to mind your tears; that this man's thélts and crimes have been very great and very reraind Terentia of the will; Conon was skilled in military affairs disgraceful not only in Sicily, but in Achaia, Asia, Cilicia, Pam-Caro was skillul in government and wise in the law; a mind conphylia, in a word, before the eyes of the whole world; here are the scious of rectitude laugūs at ihe falsehoods of fumour, he is semaining leģions from Italy; the entire book on the existence of ignorant of astrology; these men are ignorant of the arts ; Ponapey