Εικόνες σελίδας
PDF
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

JOHN CASSELL, LA BELLE SAUVAGE YARD, LUDGATE HILL.

[ocr errors][merged small]
[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]

In bringing our Fourth Volume to a close, we heartily thank all our Subscribers for their steady and unwearied support. The letters of encouragement and of commendation which we have received during the past six months, have been more numerous and more gratifying than ever. We have endeavoured to show our sense of these favours, by labouring more earnestly to impart solid and useful instruction in various important branches of learning; we have, in fact, considered that we were entrusted by our readers with the responsible task of their education, and we kave aimed at fulfilling our duties to their satisfaction. We have given a concise and popular summary of the leading facts in several branches of Natural Philosophy, as may be seen by consulting the Index; but many highly useful ond interesting departments are soon to follow in their order; these are Caloric and Optics, or the doctrines of Heat and Light, including some of their most interesting applications, as the Steam Engine, the Telescope and Microscope, Daguerreotype and Photography; Magnetism and Electricity, including the nature of the Telegraph, the Electrotype, and other useful applications; and, as soon as possible, Astronomy, which is much in demand.

Chemistry has also been treated in a highly popular manner, and has converted a great number of our Subscribers into practical Students of that art. The elegant languages of ancient Greece and of modern Rome have also occupied our pages, and have been expounded with great care by the authors of the Lessons on these branches of Literature; nor have we forgot our Students in French, as a “Course of Readings” in that popular language is still appearing at convenient intervals. The Mathematics, including Algebra and Geometry, with Instrumental Arithmetic and Matheniatical Illustrations, have also been progressing under our own care, and these branches will be still more vigorously pursued in our next Volume, where some of them, if possible, will be brought to a conclusion. Bookkeeping has already occupied a portion of our labours, and we shall conclude this branch in a few early Numbers, with the subject of Foreign Trade. The Lessons in Reading and Elocution will be rendered still more useful and attractive in our next Volume; but we cannot promise any new language till we have finished one or more of those now in hand; the German, however, is very near a conclusion. We are preparing for Lessons in Mechanical Drawing, and in various other branches which have been unavoidably, postponed, on account of the great demand for those which we have pisen, and which we are now carrying on. In closing these remarks, we can only say that we shall continue to place before our Readers, as we have always striven to do, those subjects which are the most in demand, and which are calculated to do the greatest possible good to the greatest possible number."

ܪ

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

PAGR

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

LESSONS IN ALGEBRA.

LESSONS IN GEOGRAPHY
VIII. Reduction and Addition of Fractions

116

Map of France, with the Railways, and Divisions
IX. Subtraction and Multiplication of Fractions 249

into Prorinces and Departments; Map of
X. Division of Fractions ; Simple Equations

270

Turkey in Europe, with Greece and the Ionian
XI. Reduction of Equations by Multiplication, and

Islands; and Division into Provinces and
by Division; Numerical Substitution

327

Islands; Map of the Austrian Empire, with
XII. Problems in Simple Equations

342

Divisions into Provinces and Population;
XIII. Involution of Powers, Binomial Theorem 381

Map of Russia in Europe, with Divisions into

Provinces and Territories to be prefixed to the

BIOGRAPHY.

volume.

XIII. Zarah Colburn, the Calculating Boy

374

LESSONS IN GEOLOGY.

LESSONS IN BOOKKEEPING.

XLII. Icebergs...

23

VII. Home Trade; Memoranda of Transactions.. 108, 126

XLIII. Botanic Agents; Plants and Trees

29

VIII. Subsidiary Books; Cash Book; Bill Book; Bills

XLIV. Animalculite Contributions to the Formation

Receivable Book; Bill Payable Book

144

of Rocks

72

IX. Day Book, from January till June

151

XLV. Agency of Coral Insects in producing Rocks 95

X. Cotton Book; Purchases; Sales; Profits

176 XLVI. Results of the Agency of Man, by Agriculture,
XI. The Journal, from January till June ; with the

etc.

139

General Balance

197

XLVII. Classification of the Rocks in the Earth's Crust 165

XII. XIII. The Ledger; Posting; Balancing; Index to

XLVIII. Relative Position of Rocks in their vertical order 231
Ledger A ; Ledger A, from January till June;

XLIX. Rocks of Recent Formation ; Rocks in course

Trial Balance

,214, 227

of Formation ; Rocks formed since the Crea.

tion of Man and Animals

262

LESSONS IN CHEMISTRY.

L. The Tertiaries; their Lithological Character.... 313

II. Materials required; Remarks on Iron and Zinc

3

LESSONS IN GEOMETRY.

111. Zinc; Manganese ; Facts for the Student, etc.. 37

XXIII. Lectures on Euclid, Book I. Props. XVI.,

IV. Chemical Tests for Metals; their Application 69

XVII., XVIII.; with Scholia, Corollaries, and

77

V. On Hydrogen; Cavendish's Endiometer...

Exercises

49

92

VI. Application of the Pneumatic Trough

XXIV. Book I. Props. XIX., XX.; with Scholia, Corol-
VII. Experiments on Hydrogen and Sulphuretted

laries, and Exercises.

194
Hydrogen Gases; Resumption of the Metals 113

XXV. Props. XXI., XXII., XXIII; with Scholia,
VIII. White Arsenic; Experiments with the Arsenical

and Exercises

254

Solution .....

128

XXVI. Props. XXIV., XXV., XXVI.; with Scholia

IX. Experiments on Arsenic; Further Tests for

, .

141

268

Arsenic

155 XXVII., XXVIII., XXIX; Props. XXVII., XXVIII;

X. Reinsch's Process of detecting Arsenic

with Scholia and Exercises; Discussion on

XI. Solution of Antimony

173

the Theory of Parallel Straight Lines; Thirty

XII. Hydrochloric Acid ; Sulphuret of Antimony.... 191

different methods for removing the difficulty

XIII. Experiments on Tin; the Proto-chloride of Tin;

of the Twelfth Axiom of Euclid's First

Bichloride of Mercury; Chloride of Gold... 201

Book

XIV. Protoside of Tin; Experiments

218

295, 311, 321

XV. Persalts of Tin; Formation of Sulphurets 236

LESSONS IN GERMAN.

XVI. Oxygen; its Generation

247 LXVIII., LXIX. Irregular Verbs; Verbs of the New

XVII. Properties of Oxygen Gas....

261

Conjugation..

18, 32

XVIII. The Results of Combustion in Oxygen

280 LXX. Paradigm of a Verb of the New Form; the

XIX. Experiments on Silver; Lunar Caustic; etc. 292

Mixed Conjugation ; Verbs of the same 75

XX, Method of obtaining Silver from a Metallic LXXI., LXXII., LXXIII., LXXIV., LXXV., Paradigms

Solution.

304

of Irregular Verbs; Passive Verbs 86,94, 112, 131, 154

XXI. Chloride of Silver ; Mercury, Calonel, etc....

320 LXXVI. Paradigm of a Passive Verb: Reflexive Verbs 172

XXII. Chloride of Mercury; Calomel; Corrosive Sub- LXXVII. Paradigm of a Reflexive Verb; Impersonal

limate; Poison ; Tests and Antidote .... 336

Verbs; Compound Verbs...

187

XXIII. The Bichloride of Mercury; Detection of Poison 356 LXXVIII. Compound Prefixes Separable ; Paradigm of a

XXIV. Economy of Heat, chiefly in reference to Gas 366

Compound Verb Separable

205

XXV. Principle of the Blast Furnace; The Argand LXXIX. Observations on the Paradigm of a Compound
Gas-Burner; Distillation; Still and Worm;

Verb; Inseparable Prefixes,.

219

Flasks and Retorts

380 LXXX. Prefixes, Separable and Inseparable ; the Ad-

verbs; the Prepositions

238

LESSONS IN ENGLISH,

LXXXI. Table of the Prepositions; the Conjunctions ;

6

LXVII. Agreement of the Subject and Verb

The Interjections

245

LXVIII. Adverbs; Syntax of the Predicate
14 LXXXII. Syntax; the Articles; the Noun, etc..

309
LXIX. Syntax of Predicate; the Verb; Object

33 LXXXIII. Rules and Observations relating to Nouns, etc. 325
LXX. Syntax; Prepositions

48, LXXXIV. The Pronouns; , the Adjectives; the Verbs 339
LXXI. Syntax; Conjunctions; Interjections

64 LXXXV. Use of the Teuses; Rules and Observations,... 358
LXXII. Compound Senten es .......

79 LXXXVI. The Tenses; Participles; Adverbs; Preposi-
tions; Conjunctions; Interjections

871
LESSONS IN FRENCH.

LESSONS IN GREEK.

11

LXXVIII. The Infinitive; Government of Verbs ; etc

LXXIX. Government of Verbs; the Past Participle 26 VIII., IX., X., XI. The Third Declension; Paradigms 10,39, 55, 71

LXXX. Remarks on the Foregoing Rules, etc

42 XII., XIII. The Second Declension contracted; the Three

LXXXI. Adverbs of Negation; the Preposition

51

Declensions reviewed; Exercises, etc......97,115

LXXXII. The Conjunction, its regimen; Collocation of XIV., XV. Comparison of Adjectives; General Views 124, 170

Words...

67 XVI. Adverbs ; Comparison of Adverbs ...

185

XVII., XVIII. The Pronouns; Personal; Reflective;

FRENCH READINGS.

Reciprocal; Possessive; Demonstrative; Rela-

I. Sections I. II., with Exercises, etc..

287

tive; Indefinite and Interrogative, etc....209, 222

II. Sections III., IV., and V., with Exercises, etc. 293 XIX. The Numerals; with Declension of the First' 235

III. Section VI., with Exercise..

316

XX. Numeral Adverbs; Remarks ; General View.. 244

IV. Section VII. Le Chateau De Cartes; M. De XXI., XXII. The Verb; Voices, Tenses, Moods; the

Lajolais, Section I.

341

Participle; Numbers; Conjugations; Prefixes,

V. M. De Lajolais, Section II...........

373

Suffises, Stems; the Verb to be .... 282, 307

PAGI

LAK

[ocr errors]

XXIII. Conjugation; Augment; Characteristic Let- XIV., XV. Capillary Attraction; its Effects; Laws of
ters; Flexional Terminations

337

the Ascent and Depression of Liquids in Capil-
XXIV., XXV. Conjugation of a Pure Verb in w; Para-

lary Tubes, between Plates of Glass, in Siphons;
digm of the Active Personal Voice; Termi-

of Liquids in Contact with Solids, etc... 203, 213
nations of the Active Voice; Paradigm of

XVI. Endosmose, Absorption, and Imbibition; Ab-
the Middle Voice ..

352, 365
sorption in Plants and Animals

234
XVII. Pneumatics; Gases and the Atmosphere ; Mag-
INSTRUMENTAL ARITHMETIC.
II The Plane Scule ; its construction and use

deburgh Hemispheres; Measure of Atmo-

13

III. The Plane Scale and Protractor; Principles of

spheric Pressure; Torricellian Experiment;
Pascal's Experiment

241

Trigonometry

89

IV. Scales of Various Equai Paris to an Inch... 375

XVIII, The Atmosphere; its Pressure ; the Barometer,

Cistern, Portable, and Siphon ; Variations in

KEY TO THE LATIN EXERCISES.

the Height of the Barometer; its Relation to

Lessons XLVI. to L.

57

the Weather; the Wheel and Aneroid Baro-

Lessons L, to LI.

74

meters ; Measurement of Heights, etc.

257

Lessons LII. to LIII..

119

XIX. The Elastic Force of Gases; Experiments of

Lessons LIIT, to LVII..

135

Boyle; Mariotte's Law; Manometers

276

Lessons LVII. to LXI.

163

XX. Mixture of Gases and Liquids; Aerostation;'

KEY TO THE LESSONS IN GREEK.

Balloons; the Parachute, etc, ...

289

Lessons II. to VII...

161 XXI. Pneumatic and Hydraulic Machines; the Air-

LESSONS IN ITALIAN.

pump; its Uses; the Fountain in a Vacuuma;

the Atmospheric Railway

301

I. Introduction; Pronunciation

8

II. Pronunciation of Vowels and Consonants; First

XXII. The Condenser; Condensing Syringe; Condensed

Air Fountain; Air-gun; Hero's Fountain;

Pronouncing Table

19

Intermittent Fountain; Siphons

317

III. First Pronouncing Table continued; Semivowels 41

XXIII. Pumps; the Suction-Pump, Forcing-Pump,

IV. Pronunciation continued ; Second Pronouncing

Lilt-and-Force Pump; Valves; Bramah's

Table

52

Press; Mariotte's Bottie

333

V. Of Diphthongs; Third Pronouncing Table

65

VI, Fourth Pronouncing Table

XXIV. Acoustics: Production, Propagation, and Reflec-
83

tion of Sound; Intensity of Sound; Savart's
VII., VIII. Fifth Pronouncing Table

103, 110

Apparatus for Increasing Sound; Effect of
IX. Sixth Pronouncing Table, Accents, etc..

133
X. On the use of the Apostrophe

Tubes ; Velocity of Sound; Laws of Reflected

147

Sound

349

XI., XII. The Articles; Declension of Nouns

159, 178
XIII., XIV., XV. Use of the Preposition or case-sign

XXV. Echoes and Ringing Sounds; the Speaking and

Di; etc,

192, 211, 2014

Hearing Trumpets; Vibrations of Cords; the

Monochord; Nodes and Nodal Lines; Savart's

XVI. Use of the Particle a: Vocabulary

253
Toothed Wheel; the

the Siren; the Blowing
XVII., XVIII. Use of the Preposition Da; etc.

265, 284
Machine....

361
XIX. Use of the Preposition In; etc.

298
XX. Use of the Preposition Con; etc...

XXVI. Physical Theory of Music; Quality of Musical
306

Sound; Unison; Gamut; Diatonic Scale;
XXI. Use of the Preposition Per, and Exercises. 356

Intervals, Sharps and Flats; Harmony, Dis-
LESSONS ON MUSIC.

cord; Pulsation; Tuning Fork; Vibrations
XX. Introduction to the Old Notation ; Relative

of Rods, Plates, and Membranes

377
Length of Notes; Absolute Length of Notes

LESSONS IN READING AND ELOCUTION.
and Speed of Movement; Pauses of the Voice;
Time Signatures; Absolute Pitch and Clefs;

I. Punctuation ; Characters employed

251

Keys and their Signatures...

181

II, The Period; the Note of Interrogation ; the

XXI. Of accidendal Flats and Sharps, and Rules

Note of Exclamation; Rules and Examples.. 285
for recognising on the Staff the Notes of Tran-

III. The Comma; Rules and Examples

330
sition, the Distinguishing Notes of Minor

IV. The Semicolon; the Colon; the Parenthesis,
Keys, and Chromatic Notes; other Symbols

Crotchets, and Brackets; Rules, etc.

370
of frequent occurrence

225

SKELETON MAPS.
XXII. Minor Tunes; Exercises; Remarks on the Com-

IV. Description of the Skeleton Map of Africa, with
mon Scale; Conclusion

273

Table of Latitudes and Longitudes; Table of

LESSONS IN NATURAL PHILOSOPHY,

the Length of Degrees in Different Latitudes 7

I. Object of the Science; Definitions

1

V. Description of the Skeleton Map of South Ame-

II. General Properties of Material Bodies; Prelimi-

rica, with Table of Latitudes and Longitudes 295

nary Notions on Force and Motion

21

SKETCHES FOR YOUNG THINKERS.

III. On the Composition and Resolution of Forces.. 35

IV. On Gravity and Molecular Attraction; on Den-

IV. Milton : Intellectual Excellence, etc.

16

sity, Weight, Centre of Gravity, Equilibrium 45

V. Alfred_the Great; Sir Isaac Newton, Wesley;

V. Latvs of Falling Bodies, Intensity of Gravity,

Dr. Evans; Simonides

54

Inclined Plane, Atwood's Machine, Morin's

VI. Moral Excellence; Cyrus; Confucius; Socrates;

Apparatus, etc.

61

Ignatius ; Polycarp

84

VI. Laws of Gravity; the Pendulum

81

VII. Louis IX; Salmasius; Cæsar Borgia; Pascal 143

VII. Molecular Forces; Particular Properties of

VIII. Lord Bacon; Locke; Boyle; Lyttleton ; West;

Solids; Tenacity of Metals, etc. ...

100

Addison

175

VIII. Hydrostatics; Properties of Liquids; Piesome-

MATHEMATICAL ILLUSTRATIONS.
ters; the Principle of Pascal; Pressure in

Liquids from Gravity; Hydrostatic Paradox 105

1. Asymptotes to Curves ; the Conchoid; the Conic

IX. On the Equilibrium of Liquids, in single and

Sections, etc.

149

communicating vessels; the Hydraulic Press;

MISCELLANEA.
Levels and Levelling; Fountains and Arte-
sian Wells..

121

On-Preparing Shells, 87. Poetry : “Look Aloft," 132, French

X. Bodies immersed in Liquids; Principle of

Sentences, 176. University of London, Nos. IV.,

V., and VI., 207,

Archimedes ; Hydrostatic Balance; Meta-

220, 288, 345. Poetry : “ Curiosity," 293. Mr. Cassell's Publica-

centre; Specific Gravity; the Areometer ....

CORRESPONDENCE.

XI. Specific Gravity; Tables of the Specific Weights

of Solids and Liquids; use of these Tables 157, On Bathing when Heated, 27. Arithmetic, 59. Sloane's Bar
XII. Areometers; Nicholson's and Baumé's Areome-

lance, Solutions, 60. The Gift of Oratory, 1.20. University of
ters; Gay-Lussac's Densimeter

168 London: Lectures to Schoolmasters, 224. Industry and Charity,
XIII. Hydrodynamics ; Efflux of Liquids ; Liquid 240. The Blowpipe, 288. Tonic Sol-Fa Association, 300. Mutual

Vein; Vena Contracta; Theorem of Torri- Instruction Classes, 331. University of London: Classical Sube
celli; Discharge, theoretical and effective, etc. 188 jects, Calendar, 347.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]
« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »