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7. Muriply

£5

4s. 6d. 1 far. by 35.

35

£182 18s. 2d. 3 far.

35
35

35

4) 35
ā
4

6

8d. 3 far.
175
140

210
ny
18

8
£182 20 ) 158 (7

12) 218 140

18s. 2d.

18 REM.- Observe these solutions carefully; for if they are understood, there is no further difficulty in denominate numbers; the principle is the same in all, the tables alone differ.

EXAMPLES

1. In 2 dollars, how many cents? How many mills ?

$2 x 100 = 200 cents.

2 x 1000 = 2000 mills. 2. In 5 dollars, how many cents? How many mills ? 3. In 7 dollars, how many cents? How many mills ?

4. In 5 dollars 15 cents, how many cents ? How many mills ?

$5 = 500 cents.

15

515 cents = 5150 mills.

5. In 6 dollars 15 cents and 3 mills, how many mills ?
6. In 500 cents,

how
many
dollars ? foo

$5, Ans. 7. In 625 cents, how many dollars and cents ?

Ans. $6.25.

8. In 5325 mills, how many dollars, cents, and mills ?

Ans. $5.325. 9. In 63257 mills, how many dollars, cents, and mills?

10. In 75325 cents, how many dollars and cents ?

11. If 1 bushel of wheat cost $1.125, what will 8 bushels cost ?

12. If 1 bushel of wheat cost $1.05, what will 10 bushels cost ?

13. If i bushel of wheat cost $1.05, what will 100 bushels cost?

14. If 8 bushels of wheat cost $9, what cost 1 bushel? 15. If 8 bushels of wheat cost $9, what cost 35 bushels ?

16. If 10 bushels of wheat cost $10.50, what cost 53 bushels ?

17. Bought dry goods for $243.37; groceries for $146.294; hardware for $71.96; notions for $21.512. What was the amount of the bill? Sold the same at a profit of $157.192. What did I sell the whole for ?

18. If 5 lbs. sugar cost 50 cents, what will 6 lbs. cost ? in lbs. ? 8? 9? 10 ? 11 ? 12 ?

1.9. If 6 lbs. cost 72 cts., what will y lbs. cost ? 8 lbs. ? 9? 10 ? 11 ? 12 ? 20. In 15 farthings, how many pence?

Ans. 3 pen 21. In 18 farthings, how many pence? How many pence in 21 far. ? 23 ? 25 ? 27 ? 29 ? 31 ? 33 ? 34 ? 35 ?

22. How many shillings in 25 pence? in 28 ? 35 ? 38? 45 ? 51 ? 56 ? 65 ?

23. How many pounds in 35 shillings? in 40? 50 ? 60 ? 65 ? 70? 75 ? 80 ? 85 ? 90 ? 95 ? 100 ? 105 ? 110?

24. How many farthings in £9 13s. 9d. 3 far.?

25. How many pounds, shillings, pence, and farthings in 37864321 farthings?

26. Multiply £4 88. 9d. 3 far. by 9. 27. Divide £25 9s. 4d. 1 far. by 13 ?

AVOIRDUPOIS, OR COMMERCIAL WEIGHT, is used in commercial transactions, when goods are bought or sold in quantity, and for all metals except gold and silver.

TABLE.

=

16 drams (dr.) = 1 ounce (oz.) 16 ounces = 1 pound (16.). 25 pounds = 1 quarter (qr.).

4 quarters = 1 hundredweight (cwt.). 20 cwt. = 1 ton (T.).

[blocks in formation]

T. cut. qr. 16. 02. dr. Reduce 3 4 2 8 6 10

20

64.

25

6 oz.

4

16)

1653354 258

16 ) 103334 10 dr.

25 ) 6458 6458

4) 258 8 lb. 16

20 ) 64 103334

3 4 2 8 6 10 16

T. cut. qr. Ib. 02. dr. 1653354 drams. Reduce 1653354 drams to the original denominations.

2 qr.

TROY WEIGHT

is used for gold, silver, and jewels; also in philosophical experiments.

TABLE.
24 grains (gr.) = 1 pennyweight (pwt.).
20 pennyweights = 1 ounce.
12 ounces

= 1 pound.

[blocks in formation]

20
240 pwt.
24

1 lb.

5760 qr.

Reduce

6 oz.

5 lb. 12

10 pwt. 16 gr.

66 Add the 6 oz.

20
1330

Add the 10 pwt.
24
31936

Add the 16 gr.
Reduce 31936 grs. to the original denominations.

24 ) 31936 gr.
20 ) 1330
12 ) 66

10 pwt.
5 lb. 6 oz. 10 pwt. 16 gr.

16 gr.

DIAMOND WEIGHT.

Used for diamonds and other precious stones.

TABLE,

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16 parts = 1 grain .8 grain Troy.
4 grains = 1 carat = 3.2 grains Troy.

APOTHECARIES' WEIGHT is used by druggists in putting up prescriptions; the pound, ounce, and grain are the same as in Troy Weighto

[blocks in formation]
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