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FROM THE BIRTH OF CHRIST TO THE PRESENT TIME;

EMBRACING AN ACCOUNT OF THE
LIFE OF CHRIST-THE LABORS OF THE APOSTLES THE PRIMITIVE PERSECUTIONS
THE DECLINE OF PAGANISM—THE MAHOMETAN IMPOSTURE–THE

CRUSADES—THE REFORMATION ;

WITH A
HISTORY OF THE SEVERAL PROTESTANT DENOMINATIONS

SINCE THE LATTER, IMPORTANT ERA:

INCLUDING

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES OF THE PRINCIPAL MARTYRS AND PROMOTERS
OF CHRISTIANITY, ILLUSTRATING THEIR CONSTANCY

AND ZEAL, SUFFERINGS AND FORTITUDE.

TO WHICH IS ADDED
AN ACCOUNT OF THE RELIGIOUS RITES AND CEREMONIES OF

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ALL NATIONS, INCLUDING THE JEWS, MAHOMETANS, AND VARIOUS

CHRISTIAN SECTS.

ALSO,
A VIEW OF THE MOST EFFICIENT MISSIONARY SOCIETIES IN ALL

PARTS OF THE WORLD,

WITH

INTERESTING ANECDOTES AND SKETCHES OF THE LABORS AND SUCCESS OF THEIR AGENTS,

AND
A CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE

OF THE
MOST IMPORTANT EVENTS BELONGING TO ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY.

ILLUSTRATED BY A MAP AND NUMEROUS ENGRAVINGS.

BY CHARLES A. GOODRICH.

NEW YORK:
WILLIAM W. REED AND COMPANY.

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Entered according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1933,

BY C. A. GOODRICH, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of Massachusetts.

LANCASTER TYPE AND STEREOTYPE FOUNDRY,

LANCASTER, MASS.

PREFACE.

An acquaintance with history in general is considered an essential part of a liberal education; and to no branch of study does the student commonly apply himself with more pleasure or profit, than to this. Even the uneducated inan finds a rich reward in perusing the records of older times; and few, it is believel, can be found, at least in our own country, who have not had sufficient curiosity to read a half score or more volumes of civil history.

Yet that branch of history, called ecclesiastical, has been, it is believed, comparatively neglected,-neglected, not by the general student only, but even by the great body of the professed friends of Christianity.

Among the causes of this neglect, especially on the part of those who have no personal interest in religion, this is probably one, viz. the natural repugnance of the human heart to dwell upon that “ kingdom which is not of this world," and which, in its principles, is at utter variance with those by which they are governed. But, in respect to professed Christians, this must not be admitted. Other reasons may be assigned; and among them, the following is most prominent, viz. the voluminous character of writers on ecclesiastical history, such as Mosheim, Milner, Neal — but more especially the tediously minute and repulsive form, in which their works are written,

But neither inordinate length nor dry detail are essential to a faithful ecclesiastical history. The great outlines of it are comparatively few; and incidents sufficiently interesting and important exist, by which to enliven and enrich it.

Under this conviction, the present volume has been attempted, and is now presented to the public. The author has not the vanity to believe that the work is perfect; yet he indulges the hope, that he will be found to have improved somewhat upon those who have gone before him in the leading object in view, viz. to present the subject in an attractive form. At this he has sedulously aimed Whether, in his efforts, he has been successful, a candid public will judge.

In respect to the writers principally consulted for the materials which form this volume, it will perhaps be necessary only to say, that he has derived assistance from every work adapted to his purpose, within his reach ; and which he supposed would render his work more useful and acceptable. To all, it has been his intention to give the credit due ; yet, in respect to some, he may have unintentionally failed. It would be in vain to supply deficiencies here.

It may be appropriately added, that the work has been prepared with special reference to the younger classes of society. To them it is presented, as the history of a kingdom which is gloriously advancing in our own times, and of which they particularly are invited, by its Divine Founder, to become members.

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of the young, and indeed of all, it may be inquired, what more interesting and important field of knowledge can you enter, than that of ecclesiastical history? Where exist more striking instances of virtue, benevolence and patriotism? Where are to be found more useful lessons on the subject of degraded human nature ? Would we wish an example of benevolence? We have it in the voluntary death of the Son of God. Would we witness what zeal can do, in a good cause? We have presented to us the apostles of our Lord. Or, ask we for instances of meekness, constancy and fortitude? We have hundreds of such in the martyrs of Christianity. Besides, no portion of history so signally displays the dealings of God with mankind. Here we see most emphatically the operations of his hand, putting to nought the “wisdom of this world," and urging forward a kingdom, in opposition to the combined powers of earth and hell.

The kingdoms of this world are destined in succession to pass away. The proud empires of antiquity are dissolved. Rome, with her splendid appendages, has crumbled to ruins. Carthage has fallen. And the kingdoms which now exist, and which have been consolidated by political cunning and sagacity, may live at no distant era only in the records of history. But the kingdom of Jesus will endure, and continue to gather strength and glory in all time to come

CONTENTS.

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· INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 13

1. Subjection of a great part of the world to Augustus Cæsar, at the ent i re

2. Civil state of the world favorable to the diffusion of Christianity.-3. Reb vus state
less favorable.-4. State of the Jews.-5. Religious state of the Jews.-6. Pharisees. -
7. Sadducees.-8. Essenes.-9. Herodians.--10. Scribes, Rabbis, and Nazarites.-11.

Government of Judea in the hands of Herod the Great.-12. Jewish nation expecting the

Messiah,

GENERAL DIVISION .. ... ..... .. .. .... ... . 18

PERIOD I.

LIFE OF CHRIST . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . 19

1. Birth of Christ. -2. Object of Christ's advent.-3. Announced by John Baptist.-4.

Public appearance of Christ.-5. Choice of apostles.-6. Ministry of Christ.—7. Cruci.

fixion of Christ.

PERIOD II.

LABORS OF THE APOSTLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

1. Resurrection of Christ.-2. Ascension.-3. Descent of the Spirit.-4. First Christian

Church.-5. Conversion of five thousand.-6, 7, 8. Persecution of the apostles.-9. Office

of deacon instituted.-10. Martyrdom of Stephen.-11. Dispersion of the disciples.-12.

Conversion of Saul.-13. His retirement into Arabia, and retum.-14. Character of Cali-

gula.–15. Designs against Paul.-16. Accession of Claudius.-17. Preaching of the Gospel

to the Gentiles by Peter.-18. First Gentile Church.-19. Martyrdom of James.-20.

Famine in Judea.--21. First apostolic journey of Paul.-22. Council at Jerusalem.-23.

Second journey of Paul.-24. Death of Claudius and accession of Nero.-25. Third journey

of Paul.-26. Conspiracy against Paul.-27. Appeal to Cæsar.-28. Shipwreck of Paul.-

29. Imprisonment and release of Paul.-30. Martyrdom of Paul.-31. First persecution.-

32. Death of Nero, and succession of Galba, Otho, &c.—Distinguished characters in period

second.

PERIOD III.

PERSECUTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

1. Accession of Vespasian.--2. Destruction of Jerusalem.-3. Accession of Titus.-4.

Second persecution under Domitian.-5. Nerva.-6. Third persecution under Trajan.-7.
State of the Church under Adrian.-8. Under Antoninus Pius.-9. Fourth persecution.-
Martyrdom of Polycarp and Blandina.-10. State of the Church under Commodus.-11.
Pertinax.-12. Fifth persecution.–13. State of the Church under Caracalla.–14, 15. Macri-
nus-Heliogabalus-Alexander Severus.-16. Sixth persecution.-17. Seventh persecution,
-18–21. State of the Church under Decius.-22. Commencement of monkery.-23. Cy-
prian.-24. Noratian schism.–25. State of the Church under Gallus.-26. Eighth persecu-
tion.—27. Ninth persecution.-28. State of the Church under Dioclesian.-29. Tenth
persecution.--Distinguished characters in period third.

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