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no man, my father had a new survey made, in order to have the road before his house made straight. Well, as other interested parties preferred to have it crooked, the surveyor's stakes were pulled up by night, and so nothing was gained. Years passed, and it was evident to his family that the fence matter was robbing him of his peace of mind. He used to dwell on it, and talk about it. He would stop his work and talk with neighbors as they passed by; and if one came near enough to overhear, it was always the same old subject. We began to fear that so much dwelling on it would affect his mind, for he would recount the whole story to visitors who came from a distance, and ask their opinion in regard to the


The pastor of the church advised him to let it go, and consider the acre of ground, more or less, that he was lacking, as so much given to the Lord for the sake of peace. Right is right, he insisted; and when surveyors intimated that it was rather unusual to break up old landmarks that had stood for such a term of years, he felt hard toward them, because they were inclined to obey the spirit of the law, rather than the letter. Father was given to insisting that his children should obey to the very letter, and I thank God he was so; but his stubborn will, when he thought right was on his side, made him much trouble during his life. It was not long before he refused to commune with the Church because they were more lenient with some of its members than they should be. He insisted they should strike his name from the church-books; but old and tried friends gathered around him, and good-naturedly coaxed him out of it. When it came communion Sunday we plead with him, and sometimes he would soften a little, and commune with the Church; but next time he was hard and severe again, and would attend meeting at some of the other churches when it was communion Sunday. We could tell by his face when the hard spirit was uppermost; but it seemed almost in vain that we plead and prayed for him. I told him, that if he encouraged such feelings they would grow on him, and that he would soon have trouble in other matters besides about the road. It happened as I said; and as he grew in years it seemed to me he grew more exacting, and had less charity. When anybody gets so determined on any thing, is it any use trying to get them to relent? I remember pondering on the above, and I confess my faith was getting weak. We could sometimes coax him out of it, and he even went so far as to shake hands with those against whom he felt hard; but he kept slipping back into the hard spirit again, although he continually kept up family worship. He was upright, and fair in deal, and was loved and respected by a large circle of neighbors; but he lacked the spirit of our Lord when any one suspected there was a Judas among us.

Communion Sunday seemed the great day of conflict; and, oh how mother did dread to see him absent himself! I remember one day when he told the pastor that he would have withdrawn from the Church long ago,

had it not been for his companion (meaning mother).

"Brother Root," said the pastor, "your good wife, with her bright faith, has pulled you through many a danger here in this world, and I hope and pray she may be the means of taking you safely into the kingdom of God, in the world to come." He smiled, and, if I remember rightly, a tear glistened in his eye as he replied briefly,"Perhaps she will."

One Sabbath afternoon, perhaps a year or more before his death, I was disappointed in the brother who promised to carry me to the Abbeyville Sunday-school. I waited until I could hardly have time to get there on foot, my horse being gone, and then I started out on foot. The old homestead was just half way, and I knew if I could get my eye on father as I passed, he would get up the buggy and take me that last half of the five miles in a twinkling. He was out in the barnyard, and I called to him. I don't believe he has a son, or grandson either, who could have got the horse out of the stable quicker than he did. I ran the buggy out of the carriage-house, and we got to Sunday-school in very fair time, after all. On the way home I gave him a pretty severe talk on the road matter, and urged, with all my energy, arbitration. He had always declined arbitration. I quoted the Bible, and Christ's plain words on every point, telling him he was old, and his example before a large family of children and grandchildren might be a curse to them for years to come.

Father, do you want to see me using my brains and money in law and quarreling, instead of doing as I have for a few years back?" "No."


Then set me a good example, and put this whole matter in my hands, to be settled by arbitration."

The effect of the Sunday-school, the texts the children had repeated, and other things, perhaps, were telling on him more than I had counted on, and, to my great joy, he consented, and gave me the promise.


Now, father, let us finish it up now and for ever. Who will be the arbitrators?"

"Well, I do not know that I want any, after all;" and after he had once turned his back on Satan he made swift headway back to the Church, and back to his God. He was never absent from communion afterward, and the last year of his life was characterized by a childlike gentleness, and a softening of his stern will that was in strong contrast to his life of a few years before. No more did we fear his mind might be affected, for Satan's sway was over, and the beautiful garment of meekness and charity was his after that, until the day of his death.

Despair not, my friends, even though you have plead and urged and prayed. Human nature does change when the spirit of the Master is allowed to come in. Being present at communion is but a simple matter of itself, it would seem; but when it comes to be a test of loyalty to God and the Church, life and death may be centered in it. I have sometimes thought that indulging in hardness of heart is a danger almost like intem

perance. At first it is a little thing. One can put it away almost as well as to encourage it. By and by it gets to be a fetter, and requires an almost superhuman effort of the will to break away from it. A sort of sleep, or apathy, enthralls us, but it is the sleep of death. Are the churches where you attend awake and in their strength? and are you, my friend, fighting earnestly to preserve in unsullied purity the beautiful garments of

the new Jerusalem ?

Jobacco Column.

Pittston, Pa., Oct. 5, 1882.

I have been using tɔbacco for over 30 years, and I am going to quit if you send me a smoker; and if I ever use tobacco again. I will send you the 75 cts. VALENTINE LATUS. Goldsmith, Tipton Co., Ind., Sept. 19, 1882.


Now is the time when beginners imagine their hives are queenless, because the queens are so small they can't find them, and because they don't find any brood. Very few queens, except young ones, will


HAVE made up my mind, since reading GLEAN- lay now; and many times they won't even if you INGS, not to use any more tobaccɔ. feed them, so don't worry.


I have been using tobacco since I was ten years old, and I now give you my word that I will quit if you will send me a smoker, and I will give you my word that I will pay for it if ever I use the weed again. JOSEPH COLINS. Big Spring, Calhoun Co., W. Va., Sept., 1882.

I have no smoker. I quit the use of tobacco years ago. I am much better without the filthy weed. I can be a better Christian, a better husband, a better father, and a better neighbor. I made up my mind years ago never to support a minister who is a slave to the filthy habit. I am an unworthy member of the denomination friend Heddon speaks about -- the Free Methodists, who make tobacco a test of membership. I am in sympathy with all who work for Jesus on the Bible line. F. H. KENNEDY.

DuQuoin, Ill., Sept, 9, 1882.





I have been young, and now am old; yet have I not seen the righteous forsaken, nor his seed begging bread.-PSALM 37: 25.

GLEANINGS never stood before where she does now in her subscription list. We are to-day, Oct. 30, 5371 strong.

1 HAVE been feeling so happy of late, that I am almost ashamed of myself while there is so much trouble and sorrow in this world of ours.

IN answer to several friends we would say, that on supplies purchased before Jan. 1st, for use next year, you may have a discount of 3 per cent. On many of our goods our profits are so close we can not offer more than this.

We have just purchased of D. A. Jones 100,000 of his new honey-labels. They are giving the sale of extracted honey a wonderful impetus. Samples sent free.

A GOOD many inquiries are coming in, in regard

to buzz-saw tables for hive-making, to be run by power. Next month we will give engravings, and tell you all about making them, with dimensions of

all the different parts.

THE IMPROVED WATERBURY WATCH. ANOTHER Series of Waterbury watches is just out. The principal feature that is new is, that the dial is covered entire, and the hands and figures are very strong and plain, making it much easier to see the time without spectacles, or in a dark day, or by MEDINA, NOV. 1, 1882. moonlight. We have just given four dozen of them a 24-hour test, and only one acted "balky." The rest all ran exactly on the dot. Now just a word in the way of suggestion. These watches all run right when hanging up. Before we send them out to you we are going to try every one, carried in the pocket also; but even after all this testing they will occasionally stop, like all other watches. Well, if yours does, don't write a long letter about it. We send them to the factory to be repaired, without ever looking at them, and so details are of no kind of interest to us. Just say it stops, and send it back with your name marked plainly on the box, and we will send you another. If it stopped because you dropped it, of course we expect you to say so, and to send along 50 cents to pay for fixing. It is because the Waterbury watches can be fixed so cheaply, and without long stories, that is placing them so much

A LADIES' knife, white handle, two-bladed, a blade at each end, is the latest novelty on the 10-cent counter. The first man to whom I showed one bought two right away, and I do not know but that nearly all of you would do the same, if I should hold one up before your eyes. If you want one, send quick, for we have only one gross. We have written to see if we could get more. Two cents more sends it by mail.

SUGAR-SHELLS for only a dime, that look almost as well as silver. At first I could not understand how it was possible; but I found, by bending, they are made of soft white metal. Well, this might not do so well for a teaspoon, but if you use granulated sugar, no great strain is ever required on a sugar-shell. I admire the one we have in our lunchroom, every time I have occasion to use it. They are silver-plated, and we can send them by mail for a dime, and two cents more for postage. Just try giving one to a little girl, and see how it will make her smile.


We have been asked if we shall again use the Hill device under the cushions this winter. Most assuredly, we shall. Our bees were never in better condition than last winter, so far as dryness and ventilation were concerned, and over 200 colonies are now fed up nicely on granulated-sugar stores, and we intend to try how the Hill device will answer for a cold winter, if we get one this time. As we are filling a great many orders for them, we opine others have been as well pleased with them as we have. Price 5 cents each; by mail, 10c. Per hundred, $4 00; in flat, $3.50.

ahead of all other watches. May be this sounds a little like scolding, dear friends; but I don't mean it so. Details of the way your bees behave are of value, because they give me a better knowledge of the way the little fellows behave under all kinds of circumstances; and you know I ought to be learned in all possible phases of bee lore; but two or more pages of foolscap, written in regard to the behavior of a watch, does not give any new facts in natural history. Do you not see the difference?






UCH has been written in regard to that dread scourge of the apiary, foul brood, and much advice in regard to its eradication has been given from time, which would seem to carry the idea that it is quite a simple matter to perform a cure. I do not know, personally, whether the disease whatever other term may be given it - is curable or not; but I do know, personally, that its virulence is such that, if allowed to proceed unchecked in a single colony, one season would be sufficient to contaminate every colony within flight distance of the affected stock. So much has been written descriptive of the disease, the way in which it commences, and proceeds until a colony is totally destroyed, that I will occupy no space in describing it, but proceed to give my views as to its treatment, and my reasons for the same.

In the fall of 1867 I carelessly fed two or three colonies with West-India honey, without taking the precaution to thoroughly boil and skim, in order to cleanse from all impurities; and the result was, that the next season I saw those colonies affected with foul brood. These colonies were Italians, and one of them had a $20.00 queen procured of Mr. Langstroth, and of course I desired to save them; and in order so to do, I tried all the means that at that time were recommended, except the correct one- total destruction. This was before salicylic acid had been discovered and made known, and consequently I had no opportunity to make use of that so-called specific. The result of my attempts at cure was, that every colony in my apiary became diseased; and not only that, but every colony in the neighborhood became affected also; and from later results I conclude that some colonies in the woods also became affected, for the reason that, for four or five years after, I would find an occasional reminder of the disease in one or another of my hives, in the way of a few cells of dead brood, and I almost made up my mind to give up bee-keeping entirely.

As good luck would have it, however, the winter of 1875, I think, proved an exceptionally cold one; and as I have seen no traces of foul brood since that time, I conclude that the colonies in the woods were killed off, and the spores which carry the disease (seeds, I presume friend Robinson would desire me to say) were rendered entirely innoxious by the extreme severity of the winter, as extreme cold is said to eradicate the disease, root, branch, and seed. My advice now, and until I have further light on the matter, is, to burn and totally destroy by fire, every particle of hive, frame, section, and comb, of a contaminated colony, and at once; and in thus advising, I admit that, according to the best evidence we have, the disease is curable. My reason for this ad

vice is purely on the moral ground that, in the hands of an experienced person, much time, trouble, and an immense amount of care must be taken in order to eradicate every trace of the disease, as those who assume to have cured it admit that it took more than one season to accomplish it. Now, if this is the case, what will be the result in the hands of an inexperienced person? If a bee-keeper is the owner of every colony within range of his apiary, he, of course, morally may do as he chooses, for no one but himself can be affected thereby; but has any man the moral right to expose his neighbors to the danger of communicating to them any infectious disease? and if not, has he any more right to expose their bees to the danger of having foul brood communicated to them? The answer is plain, and I put it as a purely logical proposition, that a colony of bees affected with foul brood will, in a short time, contaminate every colony within flight range; to cause your neighbors' bees to become affected with such a dread scourge as foul brood, is a moral wrong; therefore he who does not at once either remove a colony so affected to a place beyond the reach of his neighbors' bees, or destroy it at once, totally and entirely, commits a wrong, and one that, in some States, is punished as a crime. Policy alone would dictate me to destroy an affected colony as soon as I found out its condition; for, as I have previously said, I have experimented all I wish to with the malady, and I wish to close every avenue by which it can possibly come again to my apiary. Foxboro, Mass., Oct., 1882. J. E. POND, JR.





Nov. 1.-New Jersey and Eastern Convention at New Brunswick, N. J. Nov. 9.-Maine Bee-Keepers' Association at Bangor. 1883. Jan, 19, 20.-Mahoning Valley Bee-Keepers' Association at Berlin Center, Mahoning Co., O.


and 14 miles from R. R. station (Ora Laber), on C. Thirty acres nine miles northeast of Des Moines, and N. W. R. R., 4 mile from school and church. Bearing orchard, 1-story house, stables, etc., all fenced. Ten acres in cultivation; ten in meadow and ten timber. Running water. Price, $1000.00$600.00 cash, $400.00 five years' time, with 7 per cent interest; 50 stands bees, Italians and hybrids; 10 stock and tools, if desired. chaff hives, $8.00; 40 Simplicity, $5.00. Also some MILO SMITH, Greenwood, Polk Co., Iowa.


165 Colonies of Bees For Sale.

45 Colonies in Chaff hives,

56 Colonies in Simplicity hives, 26 Colonies in Improved Simplicity hives, 18 Colonies in Langstroth hives, 20 Colonies in Box hives.

About two-thirds of my stock is pure Italian bees. I have a complete set of apiarian implements that I will sell cheap to the party buying said bees. I will weigh 40 lbs. of sealed honey with each colony; price $8.00 per colony, in lots of ten or more, delivered on Reasons for selling, ill health. Address W. G. CRAIG, Clearmont, Mo.

cars. 11d

BOOKS for BEE-KEEPERS and OTHERS. Any of these books on which postage is not given, will be forwarded by mail, postpaid, on receipt of price.

In buying books, as every thing else, we are liable to disappointment, if we make a purchase without seeing the article. Admitting that the bookseller could read all the books he offers, as he has them for sale, it were hardly to be expected he would be the one to mention all the faults, as well as good things about a book. I very much desire that those who favor me with their patronage, shall not be disappointed, and therefore, I am going to try to prevent it by mentioning all the faults so far as I can, that the purchaser may know what he is getting. In the following list, books that I approve, I have marked with a*; those I especially approve,**; those that are not up to times, t; books that contain but little matter for the price, large type and much space between the lines, *; foreign, §.

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scope** BIBLES, HYMN BOOKS, AND OTHER GOOD BOOKS. 8 Bible, good print, neatly bound Ester Ried**

10 Life of Garfield, from Canal Boy to President, Alger**





25 125

10 | Moody's Best Thoughts and Discourses**










4 Moody and Sankey's Gospel Hymns, words
only, Parts I., II., and III. combined, paper
66 boards
⚫ words and music, paper
66 boards
3 New Testament in pretty flexible covers..
4 The Christian's Secret of a Happy Life **.
10 "The Life of Trust" by Geo. Muller**.
10 Walks and Words of Jesus**
This book contains, in very large type, all the words spoken
by Jesus, as nearly in their proper order as we can get them.

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You can not look over the back No's of GLEANINGS or any other Periodical with satisfaction, unless 75 they are in some kind of a Binder. Who has not



said "Dear me, what a bother-I must have last month's Journal and it is no where to be found." Put each No. in the Emerson Binder as soon as it 50 comes, and you can sit down happy, any time you wish to find anything you may have previously seen even though it were months ago.





1 15


Binders for GLEANINGS (will hold them for one year), gilt lettered, free by mail for 50, 60, and 75c, according to quality. Table of prices of Binders for any Periodical, mailed on application. Send in your orders. A. I. ROOT, Medina, Ohio.

Sections $4.50 M



and all goods correspondingly low. We make a specialty, of all styles, of the SIMPLICITY HIVE, including the "M. & F." Chaff Hive, with movable upper story, which is growing rapidly in favor, as offering superior advantages for wintering and handling bees at all seasons. We have PROVED this hive by making one or both sides MOVABLE at an additional cost of 15c per side. We manufacture


and are agents for


Will pay highest price offered in GLEANINGS from month to month for beeswax, delivered at depot here.



To be used upon a common cook-stove. Capacity, three to five bushels per day. Price complete, $10.00. In the flat, partly put together, $6.00. A few agents wanted for the sale of this Evaporator. For particIM-ulars, address JOHN H. MARTIN, Hartford, Wash. Co., N. Y.



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Early Italian & Cyprian Queens.

Imported and home-bred; nuclei and full colonies. For quality and purity, my stock of bees can not be excelled in the United States. I make a specialty of manufacturing the Dunham foundation. Try it. If you wish to purchase Bees or Supplies, send for my new Circular, containing directions for introducing queens, remarks on the new races of Bees, &c. Address ltfd DR. J. P. H. BROWN, Augusta, Ga.


The Bee-Keeper's Exchange.

A live, progressive monthly, edited by practical bee-keepers, and richly worth the subscription price, which is $1.00 per annum, postpaid, or three months on trial for 25 cents. Sample copy free, including our price list of Apiarian Supplies. You will consult your best interests by securing a copy before you order. Address 4tfd

HOUCK & PEET, Canajoharie, N. Y.


One-half of my stock, pure Italians; the rest mixed. They have from 30 to 60 lbs. of honey to colony an average of 40 lbs. Will sell in lots of 10, at $5.00 per colony; 1 to 5, $6.00; from 12 to 16, $4.75 per colony. Or I will trade for first-class jewelry. Safe arrival guaranteed, and money refunded if bees don't come up to advertisement. I am a partner of my father, W. P. Henderson. For other particulars and circulars, address R. M. HENDERSON, Apiarist and Farm Gardener, Murfreesboro, Tenn.



British Bee Journal.



For next year's stock of Bee-hives and fixtures. We are securing new machinery, and buildings, and better facilities in every way to manufacture extensively. Dealers, and those who contemplate becoming such, are requested to write for estimates on job lots of hives, sections, etc. We will make specialties of chaff and Simplicity hives, but will make other styles, if unpatented, and ordered in considerable quantities. Let us know the kind and probable quantity of goods you expect to handle, as well as any other information you may deem necessary, and we will send you prices that we are confident will be satisfactory.

S. C. & J. P. WATTS, LUMBER CITY, CLEARFIELD CO., PA. EE-KEEPERS' SUPPLIES. Every thing used. Toledo, Ohio.



FLAT-BOTTOM COMB FOUNdation.-High side-walls, 4 to 14 square feet to the lb. Circular and samples free. J. VAN DEUSEN & SONS, Sole Manufacturers,


Sprout Brook, Mont. Co., N. Y.





Italian queens a specialty; no Cyprians or other races of bees in my apiary, or in the neighborhood. All my queens are bred from imported mothers of my own importations. P. L. VIALLON, 9tfd Bayou Goula, Iberville Par., La.




Apply to

P. S.-Send Stamp of 10c for "Practical Hints to

The British Bee Journal is now mailed to our address in packages, each month. In order to dispose

of thera, we offer them at present at $1.00 per year, C. OLM'S COMB FOUNDATION MACHINE.
postage paid, beginning Jan., 1882. Will guarantee
safe arrival of every number.


A. I. ROOT, Medina, Ohio.


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