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In boats of types 10 and 2B the raised part of the deck at the sides may be regarded as affording seating accommodation.

EQUIVALENTS FOR AND WEIGHT OF THE PERSONS

In test for determining the number of persons which a boat or pontoon raft can accommodate each person shall be assumed to be an adult person wearing a life jacket.

In verifications of freeboard the pontoon boats shall be loaded with a weight of at least one hundred and sixty-five pounds for each adult person that the pontoon boat is authorized to carry.

In all cases two children under twelve years of age shall be reckoned as one person.

CUBIC CAPACITY OF OPEN BOATS OF THE FIRST CLASS

Capacity= (4A+2B+4C),

First. The cubic capacity of an open boat of type 1A or 1B shall be determined by Stirling's (Simpson's) rule or by any other method, approved by the Board of Supervising Inspectors, giving the same degree of accuracy. The capacity of a square-sterned boat shall be calculated as if the boat had a pointed stern.

Second. For example, the capacity in cubic feet of a boat, calculated by the aid of Stirling's rule, may be considered as given by the following formula:

12

, 1 being the length of the boat in meters (or feet) from the inside of the planking or plating at the stem to the corresponding point at the stern post; in the case of a boat with a square stern, the length is measured to the inside of the transom.

A, B, C denote, respectively, the areas of the cross sections at the quarter length forward, amidships, and the quarter length aft, which correspond to the three points obtained by dividing 1 into four equal parts. (The areas corresponding to the two ends of the boat are considered negligible.)

The areas A, B, C shall be deemed to be given in square feet by the successive application of the following formula to each of the three cross sections:

h
Area (a + 4b+2c+4d+e),

12 h being the depth measured in meters (or in feet) inside the planking or plating from the keel to the level of the gunwale, or, in certain cases, to a lower level, as determined hereafter.

a, b, c, d, e denote the horizontal breadths of the boat measured in feet at the upper and lower points of the depth and at the three points obtained by dividing hinto four equal parts (a and e being the breadths at the extreme points, and c at the middle point, of h).

Third. If the sheer of the gunwale, measured at the two points situated at a quarter of the length of the boat from the ends, exceeds one per centum of the length of the boat, the depth employed in calculating the area of the cross sections A'or C shall be deemed to be the depth amidships plus one per centum of the length of the boat.

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Fourth. If the depth of the boat amidships exceeds forty-five per centum of the breadth, the depth employed in calculating the area of the midship cross section B shall be deemed to be equal to forty-five per centum of the breadth; and the depth employed in calculating the areas of the quarter-length sections A and is obtained by increasing this last figure by an amount equal to one per centum of the length of the boat, provided that in no case shall the depths employed in the calculation exceed the actual depth at these points.

Fifth. If the depth of the boat is greater than four feet, the number of persons given by the application of this rule shall be reduced in proportion to the ratio of four feet to the actual depth, until the boat has been satisfactorily tested afloat with that number of persons on board all wearing life jackets.

Sixth. The Board of Supervising Inspectors shall impose, by suitable formula, a limit for the number of persons allowed in boats with very fine ends and in boats very full in form.

Seventh. The Board of Supervising Inspectors may by regulation assign to a boat a capacity equal to the product of the length, the breadth, and the depth multiplied by six-tenths if it is evident that this formula does not give a greater capacity than that obtained by the above method. The dimensions shall then be measured in the following manner:

Length. From the intersection of the outside of the planking with the stem to the corresponding point at the sternpost or, in the case of a square-sterned boat, to the afterside of the transom.

Breadth. From the outside of the planking at the point where the breadth of the boat is greatest.

Depth. Amidships inside the planking from the keel to the level of the gunwale, but the depth used in calculating the cubic capacity may not in any case exceed forty-five per centum of the breadth.

In all cases the vessel owner has the right to require that the cubic capacity of the boat shall be determined by exact measurement.

Eighth. The cubic capacity of a motor boat is obtained from the gross capacity by deducting a volume equal to that occupied by the motor and its accessories.

DECK AREA OF PONTOON BOATS AND OPEN BOATS OF THE SECOND CLASS

First. The area of the deck of a pontoon boat of type 1C, 2B, or 2C shall be determined by the method indicated below or by any other method giving the same degree of accuracy. The same rule is to be applied in determining the area within the fixed bulwarks of a boat of type 2A.

Second. For example, the surface in square feet of a boat may be deemed to be given by the following formula:

1
Area (2a + 1.5b +4c+1.50 +2e),

12
1 being the length in feet from the intersection of the outside of the
planking with the stem to the corresponding point at the sternpost.

a, b, c, d, e denote the horizontal breadths in feet outside the plank. ing at the points obtained by dividing 1 into four equal parts and subdividing the foremost and aftermost parts into two equal parts

(a and e being the breadths at the extreme subdivisions, c at the middle point of the length, and b and d at the intermediate points).

MARKING OF BOATS AND PONTOON RAFTS

The dimensions of the boat and the number of persons which it is authorized to carry shall be marked on it in clear, permanent characters according to regulations by the Board of Supervising Inspectors, approved by the Secretary of Commerce. These marks shall be specifically approved by the officers appointed to inspect the ship.

Pontoon rafts shall be marked with the number of persons in the same manner.

EQUIPMENT OF BOATS AND PONTOON RAFTS

a

First. The normal equipment of every boat shall consist of -

(a) A single banked complement of oars and two spare oars; one set and a half of thole pins or crutches; a boat hook. (b) Two plugs for each plug hole (plugs are not required when

automatic valves are fitted); a bailer and a galvanized-iron bucket.

(c) A tiller or yoke and yoke lines.
(d) Two hatchets.
(e) A lamp filled with oil and trimmed.

(f) A mast or masts with one good sail at least, and proper gear for each. (This does not apply to motor lifeboats or lifeboats on the Great Lakes or other inland waters.)

(g) A suitable compass. Pontoon lifeboats will have no plug hole, but shall be provided with at least two bilge pumps.

In the case of a steamer which carries passengers in the North Atlantic, all the boats need not be equipped with masts, sails, and compasses, if the ship is provided with a radiotelegraph installation.

Second. The normal equipment of every approved pontoon raft shall consist of

(a) Four oars.
(b) Five rowlocks.
(c) A self-igniting life-buoy light.

Third. In addition, every boat and every pontoon raft shall be equipped with,

(a) A life line becketed around the outside.
(b) A sea anchor.
(c) A painter.

(d) A vessel containing one gallon of vegetable or animal oil. The vessel shall be so constructed that the oil can be easily distributed on the water and so arranged that it can be attached to the sea anchor.

(e) A water-tight receptacle containing two pounds avoirdupois of provisions for each person, except on vessels navigating fresh water.

(f) A water-tight receptacle containing one quart for each person, except on vessels navigating fresh water.

(g) A number of self-igniting “red lights” and a water-tight box of matches.

Fourth. All loose equipment must be securely attached to the boat or pontoon raft to which it belongs.

STOWAGE OF BOATS-NUMBER OF DAVITS

The minimum number of sets of davits is fixed in relation to the length of the vessel; provided that a number of sets of davits greater than the number of boats necessary for the accommodation of all the persons on board may not be required.

HANDLING OF THE BOATS AND RAFTS

All the boats and rafts must be stowed in such a way that they can be launched in the shortest possible time and that, even under unfavorable conditions of list and trim from the point of view of the handling of the boats and rafts, it may be possible to embark in them as large a number of persons as possible.

The arrangements must be such that it may be possible to launch on either side of the vessel as large a number of boats and rafts as possible.

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The davits shall be of such strength that the boats can be lowered with their full complement of persons and equipment, the vessel being assumed to have a list of fifteen degrees.

The davits must be fitted with a gear of sufficient power to insure that the boat can be turned out against the maximum list under which the lowering of the boats is possible on the vessel in question.

OTHER APPLIANCES EQUIVALENT TO DAVITS

Any appliance may be accepted in lieu of davits or sets of davits if the Board of Supervising Inspectors, with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce, is satisfied after proper trials that the appliance in question is as effective as davits for placing the boats in the water.

H

DAVITS

Each set of davits shall have a boat of the first class attached to it, provided that the number of open boats of the first class attached to davits shall not be less than the minimum number fixed by the table which follows.

If it is neither practicable nor reasonable to place on a vessel the minimum number of sets of davits required by the rules, the Board of Supervising Inspectors, with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce, may authorize a smaller number of sets of davits to be fitted, provided always that this number shall never be less than the minimum number of open boats of the first class required by the rules.

If a large proportion of the persons on board are accommodated in boats whose length is greater than fifty feet, a further reduction in the number of sets of davits may be allowed exceptionally, if the Board of Supervising Inspectors, with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce, is satisfied that the arrangements are in all respects satisfactory.

In all cases in which a reduction in the minimum number of sets of davits or other equivalent appliances required by the rules is

allowed, the owner of the vessel in question shall be required to prove, by a test made in the presence of an officer designated by the Supervising Inspector General, that all the boats can be efficiently launched in a minimum time.

The conditions of this test shall be as follows:
First. The vessel is to be upright and in smooth water.

Second. The time is the time required from the beginning of the removal of the boat covers, or any other operation necessary to prepare the boats for lowering, until the last boat or pontoon raft is afloat.

Third. The number of men employed in the whole operation must not exceed the total number of boat hands that will be carried on the vessel under normal service conditions.

Fourth. Each boat when being lowered must have on board at least two men and its full equipment as required by the rules.

The time allowed for putting all the boats into the water shall be fixed by the Board of Supervising Inspectors, with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce.

MINIMUM NUMBER OF DAVITS AND OF OPEN BOATS OF THE FIRST CLASS

MINIMUM BOAT CAPACITY

The following table fixes, according to the length of the vessel

(A) The minimum number of sets of davits to be provided, to each of which must be attached a boat of the first class in accordance with this section.

(B) The minimum total number of open boats of the first class, which must be attached to davits in accordance with this section.

(C) The minimum boat capacity required, including the boats attached to davits and the additional boats in acocrdance with this section.

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100 and less than 120.. 120 and less than 140. 140 and less than 160. 160 and less than 175. 175 and less than 190. 190 and less than 205. 205 and less than 220. 220 and less than 230.. 230 and less than 245. 245 and less than 255. 255 and less than 270.. 270 and less than 285. 285 and less than 300. 300 and less than 315. 315 and less than 330. 330 and less than 350. 350 and less than 370. 370 and less than 390.. 390 and less than 410. 410 and less than 435..

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9 9 10 10 12

9,000 9, 630 10, 650 11, 700 13, 060

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