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paid by him, and the amount thereof shall be collected in the United States as other postage, on the delivery of the letters, and repaid to such consul, or credited on his account at the State Department. (R. S. 4014.)
No fees named in the tariff of consular fees prescribed by order of the President shall be charged or collected by consular officers for the official services to American vessels and seamen. Consular officers shall furnish the master of every such vessel with an itemized statement of such services performed on account of said vessel, with the fees so prescribed for each service and make a detailed report to the Secretary of the Treasury of such services and fees, under such regulations as the Secretary of State may prescribe; and the Secretary of the Treasury shall allow consular officers who are paid in whole or in part by fees such compensation for said services as they would have received prior to the passage of this act: Provided, That such services in the opinion of the Secretary of the Treasury have been necessarily rendered. (June 26, 1884, sec. 12.)
No consular officer, nor any person under any consular officer shall make any charge or receive, directly or indirectly any compensation, by way of commission or otherwise, for receiving or disbursing the wages or extra wages to which any seaman or mariner is entitled who is discharged in any foreign country, or for any money advanced to any such seaman or mariner who seeks relief from any consulate; nor shall any consular officer, or any person under any consular officer, be interested, directly or indirectly, in any profit derived from clothing, boarding, or otherwise supplying or sending home any such seaman or mariner. Such prohibition as to profit, however, shall not be construed to relieve or prevent any such officer who is the owner of or otherwise interested in any vessel of the United States, from transporting in such vessel any such seaman or mariner, or from receiving or being interested in such reasonable allowance as may be made for such transportation by law. (R. S. 1719.)
No consul, vice consul, or consular agent in the Dominion of Canada shall be allowed tonnage fees for any services, actual or constructive, rendered any vessel owned and registered in the United States that may touch at a Canadian port; and in the collection of official fees they shall receive foreign moneys at the rate given in the Treasury schedule of the value of foreign coins. (R. S. 1722.) Naval Officer Acting as Consul.
The commanding officer of any fleet, squadron, or vessel acting singly, when upon the high seas or in any foreign port where there is no resident consul of the United States, shall be authorized to exercise all the powers of a consul in relation to mariners of the United States. (R. S. 1433.)
Transfer of Cargo.
The master of any foreign vessel, laden or in ballast, arriving, whether by sea or otherwise, in the waters of the United States from any foreign territory adjacent to the northern, northeastern, or northwestern frontiers of the United States, shall report at the office of any collector or deputy .collector if the customs, which shall be nearest to the point at which such vessel may enter such waters; and such vessel shall not transfer her cargo or passengers to another vessel or proceed farther inland, either to unlade or take in cargo, without a special permit from such collector or deputy collector, issued under and in accordance with such general or special regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may, in his discretion, from time to time prescribe. This section shall also apply to trade with or through Alaska. For any violation of this section such vessel shall be seized and forfeited. (Repealed by Art. 1, treaty of Jan. 11, 1909, with Great Britain. R. S. 3109; Feb. 17, 1898, sec. 4. See secs. 459–461, tariff act, 1922, p. 480.) Sea Stores.
If any vessel enrolled or licensed to engage in the foreign and coasting trade on the northern, northeastern, and northwestern frontiers of the United States shall touch at any port in the adjacent British Provinces, and the master of such vessel shall purchase any merchandise for the use of the vessel, the master of the vessel shall réport the same, with cost and quantity thereof, to the collector or other officer of the customs at the first port in the United States at which he shall next arrive, designating them as “sea stores"; and in the oath to be taken by such master of such vessel, on making such report, he shall declare that the articles so specified or designated “sea stores” are truly intended for the use exclusively of the vessel, and are not intended for sale, transfer, or private use. If any other or greater quantity of dutiable articles shall be found on board such vessel than are specified in such report or entry of such articles, or any part thereof shall be landed without a permit from a collector or other officer of the customs, such articles together with the vessel, her apparel, tackle, and furniture, shall be forfeited (R. S. 3111. See sec. 465, tariff act, 1922, p. 481.)
If, upon examination and "inspection by the collector or other officer of the customs, such articles are not deemed excessive in quantity for the use of the vessel, until an American port may be reached
by such vessel, where such sea stores can be obtained, such articles shall be declared free of duty; but if it shall be found that the quan. tity or quantities of such articles, or any part thereof so reported are excessive, it shall be lawful for the collector or other officer of the customs to estimate the amount of duty on such excess, which shall be forthwith paid by the master of the vessel, on penalty of paying a sum of not less than one hundred dollars, nor more than four times the value of such excess, or such master shall be punishable by imprisonment for not less than three months, and not more than two years. (R. S. 3112. See sec. 432, tariff act, 1922, p. 474.) Saloon Stores.
Articles purchased for the use of or for sale on board any such vessel, as saloon stores or supplies, shall be deemed merchandise, and shall be liable, when purchased at a foreign port, to entry and the payment of the duties found to be due thereon, at the first port of arrival of such vessel in the United States; and for a failure on the part of the saloon keeper or person purchasing or owning such articles to report, make entries, and pay duties, as hereinbefore required, such articles, together with the fixtures and other merchanđise, found in such saloon or on or about such vessel belonging to and owned by such saloon keeper or other person interested in such saloon, shall be seized and forfeited, and such saloon keeper or other person so purchasing and owning shall be liable to a penalty of not less than one hundred dollars and not more than five hundred, and shall be punishable by imprisonment for not less than three months, and not more than two years. (R. S. 3113. See sec. 465, tariff act, 1922, p. 481.)
The master of any vessel so enrolled or licensed shall, before departing from a port in one collection district to a place in another collection district, where there is no customhouse, file his manifest, and obtain a clearance in the same manner, and make oath to the manifest, which manifest and clearance shall be delivered to the proper officer of customs at the port at which the vessel next arrives after leaving the place of destination specified in the clearance. (R. S. 3118.)
Nothing contained in the three preceding sections shall exempt masters of vessels from reporting, as now required by law, any merchandise destined for any foreign port. No permit shall be required for the unlading of cargo brought from an American port. (R. S. 3119.)
The master of any vessel so enrolled or licensed, destined with a cargo from a place in the United States, it which there may be no customhouse, to a port where there may be a customhouse, shall, within twenty-four hours after arrival at the port of destination, deliver to the proper officer of the customs a manifest, subscribed by him, setting forth the cargo laden at the place of departure, or laden or unladen at any intermediate port, or place, to the truth of which manifest he shall make oath before such Officer. If the vessel, however, have no cargo, the master shall not be required to deliver such manifest. (R. Š. 3122.) Forms and Penalties.
The manifests, certificates of clearance, and oaths, provided for by the eight (threa) preceding sections [R. S. 3118, 3119, 3122], shall be in such form, and prepared, filled up, and executed in such manner as the Secretary of Commerce may from time to time prescribe. (R. S. 3124.)
If the master of any enrolled or licensed vessel shall neglect or fail to comply with any of the provisions or requirements
of the nine (four) preceding sections [Ř. S. 3118, 3119, 3122, 3124], such master shall forfeit and pay to the United States the sum of twenty dollars for each and every failure or neglect, and for which sum the vessel shall be liable, and may be summarily proceeded against, by way of libel, in any district court of the United States. (R. S. 3125.) Touching at Foreign Ports.
Any vessel, on being duly registered in pursuance of the laws of the United States, may engage in trade between one port in the United States and one or more ports within the same, with the privilege of touching at one or more foreign ports during the voyage, and land and take in thereat merchandise, passengers and their baggage, and letters, and mails. All such vessels shall be furnished by the collectors of the ports at which they shall take in their cargoes in the United States, with certified manifests, setting forth the particulars of the cargoes, the marks, number of packages, by whom shipped, to whom consigned, at what port to be delivered; designating such merchandise as is entitled to drawback, or to the privilege of being placed in warehouse; and the masters of all such vessels shall, on their arrival at any port of the United States from any foreign port at which such vessel may have touched, as herein provided, conform to the laws providing for the delivery of manifests of cargo and passengers taken on board at such foreign port, and all other laws regulating the report and entry of vessels from foreign ports, and be subject to all the penalties therein prescribed. (R. Š. 3126.) Foreign Merchandise Coastwise.
Any foreign merchandise taken in at one port of the United States to be conveyed in registered vessels to any other port within the same, either under the provisions relating to warehouses, or under the laws regulating the transportation coastwise of merchandise entitled to drawback, as well as any merchandise not entitled to drawback, but on which the import duties chargeable by law shall have been duly paid, shall not become subject to any import duty by reason of the vessel in which they may 'arrive having touched at a foreign port during the voyage. (R. S. 3127.)
The seacoasts and navigable rivers of the United States and Porto Rico shall be divided into five great districts: The first to include all the collection districts on the seacoasts and navigable rivers between the northern boundary of the State of Maine and the southern boundary of the State of Texas; the second to consist of the island of Porto Rico; the third to include the collection districts on the seacoasts and navigable rivers between the southern boundary of the State of California and the northern boundary of the State of Washington; the fourth to consist of the Territory of Alaska; the fifth to consist of the Territory of Hawaii. (R. S. 4348, May 12, 1906.)
There is hereby created, in addition to the five great districts provided by section 4348 of the Revised Statutes as amended by the Act of May 12, 1906, a sixth great district to include all the collection districts on the Great Lakes, their connecting and tributary waters, as far east as the Raquette River, New York. (Sec. 1.)
Enrolled ard licensed vessels operating in the great district herein created shall be subject to all of the requirements of licensed and enrolled and licensed vessels imposed by sections 4349, 4350, 4351, and 4352 of the Revised Statutes and amendments and laws supplementary thereto: Provided, That nothing herein shall affect the rights or privileges reserved to seamen under existing law. (Sec. 2.)
Sections 3116 and 3117 of the Revised Statutes are hereby repealed. (July 3, 1926, sec. 3.) Departure Within a Great District.
The master of every vessel under twenty tons burden licensed for carrying on the coasting trade, destined from a district in one State to a district in the same or an adjoining State, on the seacoast or on a navigable river, and of every vessel of the burden of twenty tons and upward, destined from a district within one of the great districts to another district within the same great district, or from a State in one great district to an adjoining State in another great district, having on board either distilled spirits in casks exceeding five hundred gallons, wines in casks exceeding two hundred and fifty