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been for ages, almost without a sti. light upon minds awakened to ininulus to labour ; but unless some quiry, and thus introducing new kind of employment can be obtained wants. The preaching of the Gosfor them, which will furnish them pel furnishes the principles of civil. with the means of purchasing the ization, not the opportunities for comforts and conveniences of civil. their practical operation. He, howized life, their very improvement ever, would be a heartless Missionwill inflict upon them many evils: ary who would not aid, by his counit will render them dissatisfied with sel and influence, any judicious attheir condition, without holding out tempt made by the benevolent to any hope of its improvement. Their furnish the means of civilization. new wants will be supplied by the To exhort any number of converted sacrifice of too large a portion of barbarians to adopt the habits of their present possessions; and this civilized life, without endeavouring it is to be feared will ultimately lead to furnish them with the means of to beggary and ruin. Thus a noble improving their condition, is scarce. race of men may, in time, have the ly to be less reprehended than the sources of their national wealth saying to the indigent, “Depart in dried up, by a partial and limited peace, be ye warmed and filled," civilization.
without ministering to their necessiI am very ready, and indeed most ties. anxious, to admit, that if there were I believe the plan proposed by no remedy for these evils,-if the Mr. Davis would greatly serve the sufferings of a people during their interests of the numerous tribes transition from a barbarous to a connected with the Missions in civilized state could not be avoided South Africa, and perhaps of other or alleviated,--it would nevertheless parts of the world also. During my be our duty to send Missionaries to residence at Wesleyville I was anxthe Heathen. The salvation of ious to facilitate the cultivation of souls involves eternal consequences, silk, as a means of employment for and is therefore of infinitely greater the people of the Mission village, importance than any of the tempo- the climate and circumstances of the ral interests of man. He who died country being alike favourable to “the death of the cross,” to save the design. I therefore planted a souls, bath also said, “What shall number of white mulberry-trees in it profit a man, if he shall gain the the Mission grounds. The leaves whole world, and lose his own soul? of this tree are the chief food of Or what shall a man give in ex- silkworms. The brethren have inchange for his soul?” But I am troduced it on most of the stations ; confident that it is possible, by and it grows from cuttings, most ramerely providing profitable employ. pidly and luxuriantly. From the ment for the natives near our Mission trees already planted, a supply of villages, not only to avoid the evils to food for a large number of worms which I have briefly adverted, but might be immediately obtained ; also to increase their comforts, and and from the ease with which the greatly accelerate the progress of trees may be propagated, and the civilization.
immense tracts of uncultivated land, This work cannot with advantage the supply may be increased in a or propriety be undertaken by Mis-, short time to any desirable extent. sionary Societies. Their sole object If Mr. Davis, and the other beneis the propagation of Christianity. volent friends who, I understand, Nevertheless the barbarous races of are desirous of co-operating with men still existing in the world will him, will guarantee a moderate sum never be civilized without the law of money to defray the expense of bours of Missionaries ; but Mission, the experiment, I will immediately aries civilize the world, not so much write to my friends in Africa; and I by any direct plans for attaining that have no doubt that a small Commitend, as by removing ignorance and tee of benevolent and respectable destroying prejudices,-flashing new individuals may be formed at Gra
bam's Town, who will assiduously but, in general, they have too much Fateh over the progress of the ex- good sense, not to see that the properiment, and regularly report their gressive civilization of the aboriproceedings to Mr. Davis and his gines will prove a source of security friends. Should the experiment and wealth to themselves; and I am socceed, nothing more will be re therefore confident that a regard to quisite than to leave the parties in their own interests, no less than their terested to follow this new pursuit pity for the Heathen, and wellon their own account.
known zeal for Missions, will induce No opposition to any reasonable them to afford full scope for giving scheme for benefiting the condition a fair trial to this very promising of the native tribes need be appre- plan, of promoting the benefit of bended from the English settlers of poor Africa.
W. Shaw. Albany. There may be exceptions; Leeds, Jan. 12, 1835.
ILLUSTRATIONS OF SCRIPTURE. I am surprised that Commentators leather bottles, in which it is transon the Scriptures have perplexed ported as an article of commerce ; themselves about the food of John and is every where preferred by the the Baptist in the wilderness; which, natives to butter not so prepared. Te are informed, consisted of locusts Forbes's Oriental Memoirs. and wild honey; and for which the cassia-fistula, or locust-tree, and When I saw the Brahmin women many other substitutes, have been of distinction drawing water at the mentioned. But it is well-known village wells, and tending their cattle that locusts are an article of food in to the lakes and rivers, they recalled Persia and Arabia, at the present the transactions of the patriarchal day. They are fried until their days. Very often have I witnessed wings and legs fall off, and in that a scene similar to that between Abrastate are sold in the markets, and ham's servant and Rebekah, at the eaten with rice and dates, sometimes entrance of a Hindoo village in Guflavoured with salt and spices. And zerat. “He made his camels to the wild honey is found in the clefts kneel down without the city, by a of the rocks in Judea, as abundantly well of water, at the time of ihe as in the caves of Hindostan. evening, even the time that women
We often read in Scripture of the go out to draw water. And, behold, butter of kine, the milk of sheep, Rebekah came out with her pitcher and the fat of the kidneys of wheat; on her shoulder ; and the damsel with the pure blood of the grape, was very fair to look upon : and she and honey out of the rock. "He went down to the well, and filled her should have fed them also with the pitcher, and came up. And the serfinest of the wheat; and with honey vant said, Let me drink, I pray thee, out of the stony rock would I bave a little water of thy pitcher. And she satisfied thee.” (Psalm lxxxi. 16.) said, Drink, my lord; I will draw There can be as little doubt what water for thy camels also : and she that honey was, as of the wild honey hasted, and emptied her pitcher into on which the Baptist fed in the wil. the trough, and ran again unto the derness. Some of the greatest deli. well to draw water, and drew for all cacies in India are now made from his camels.” (Gen. xxiv. 11, 15-20.) the rolong-flour, which is called tbe The Hindoo damsels of the present heart or kidney of the wheat. And day live in as much simplicity as most probably the brooks of honey those formerly in Mesopotamia. and butter, mentioned by Zophar, in They still descend to the wells, and the book of Job, (xx. 17,) were the continue to pour the water into an liquid honey from the wild bees, and adjacent trough for the convenience the clarified butter, or ghee, used of the cattle. Ibid. throughout Hindostan, which pours like oil out of the duppers, orimmense All the large cities in Hindostan contain sets of musicians and danc- dark ness, O daughter of the Chaling girls, under the care of their deans: for thou shalt no more be respective duennas, who are always called, The lady of kingdoms.” ready to attend for hire at weddings, (Isaiah xlvii. 1-5.) Thus when the and other festivities; or to finish the Hindoo female, who had perhaps evening entertainment of the Euro been the pride and ornament of the peans and natives; and many of family, is humbled on the death of them accompany the Asiatic armies her husband, it is not surprising to to the field.
see her prefer the funeral pile to such The singing-men and singing-won a state of degradation.-Ibid. men, mentioned by the aged Barzillai, and the daughters of music that we So much sanctity is attached to read of in the sacred pages, as well as the Gurus, that all of inferior caste in the ancient poets, resembled these to the Brahmins are expected to recharacters in Hindostan. The wo- tire from the road when he passes in men of Israel came out to meet Da- public procession. We met one of vid and Saul, dancing to instruments these Brahmins of consequence; and of music, and complimenting Saul whatever might be his sacerdotal or with having slain his thousands, and civil station, humility of spirit was David his tens of thousands. (1 Sam. not his prevailing characteristic, if xviii, 7.) The choristers of Pales- we may judge from the pompous tine resembled those of India; who titles and high-sounding praises asnow celebrate a Prince or General, cribed to him by the chopdais and in the same manner, at a public fes- heralds; for, like other great men, tival.-Ibid.
he had these precursors, and a num
ber of pioneers to clear the road, and At the earliest dawn of the morn- “ make his paths straight,” by reing, in all the Hindoo towns and vil. moving obstacles, and filling up the lages, the hand-mills are at work; ravines and the hollow ways in his when the menials and widows grind route. All eastern Potentates affect meal sufficient for the daily con. these distinctions, nor do they ever sumption of the family. There is a travel without their heralds and pio. wind-mill at Bombay for grinding neers; from the poorest Hindoo corn, but I do not recollect to have Rajah and Mahoinedan Nabob of a seen another in India; where the province, to the Emperor himself, usual method of grinding is with who in the days of Mogul splendour mill-stones; and it is always per vied with Semiramis in her progress formed by women, who resume their through Media and Persia ; in which, task every morning ; especially the according to Diodorus, when rocks forlorn Hindoo widows, divested of or precipices impeded the royal traevery ornament, and with their heads veller, they were ordered to be reshaved, degraded almost to a state moved. Hills and mountains were of servitude. Very similar must levelled, and valleys filled up, for the have been the custom in Judea, from accommodation of this mighty Po. the pathetical lamentation of the Pro- tentate ; finely illustrating the figurphet, alluding to this very circum- ative language which was used on stance :-" Come down, and sit in the approach of the Prince of Peace : the dust, ( virgin daughter of Ba- -“Every valley shall be exalted, bylon : sit on the ground, O daugh- and every mountain and hill shall be ter of the Chaldeans: for thou shalt made low, to make straight in the no more be called tender and delicate. desert a highway for the Lord.” (Isa. Take the mill-stones, and grind meal; xl. 3, 4.)-Ibid. sit thou silent, and get thee into
WHAT DO THE METHODISTS WANT?
To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine. What is it that the Methodists to sit in Conference? Their Preach. want ? Some of their lay members ers, without confidence in each other,
to vote by ballot? their old servants in your closets, in your prayer-meetto want a morsel of bread ? their or- ings, in your class-meetings, in your phan children to become inmates of love-feasts, in your sacraments, in poorhouses? their Missionaries to for your meetings for business. The sake the Heathen? the sons of their veteran fathers of our Connexion are Ministers to be brought up in ignor. asleep, but their spirit is in us. Their ance? Do they want an internal fac. mantles are upon us; our troops are in tion ? pleaders, and spiritual law every region; and silenced shall be yers? sballow and forward men, to that voice that would recall them. domineer over them? Do they want Our blood-stained flag is flying in speculative and scherning men to every clime; and stift shall be that lead them to some point of Methodarm that would pull it down. Meistie glory which their fathers in the thodists of England, Ireland, and Gospel never dreamed of? Do they Scotland, and Europe, and Asia, want political ascendancy, and to be and Africa, and America, your Wesat the head of the national poll? ley is not dead; he lives in the hearts
No, Sir; they want a REVIVAL OF and the tongues of every true scion THE WORK OF GOD AMONGST THEM. of his race. Preachers of every Here is the secret! “To your grade, Trustees, Class-Leaders, tents, O Israel !” “The sword of Prayer-Leaders, Missionary Collecthe Lord and of Gideon !” That tors, Sunday-school Teachers, prievil being who is “transformed into vate members of society,“ let us play an angel of light” is amongst us, the man for the cities of our God.” trying to set every man's sword Let us incessantly and unitedly pray against his fellow. His design is, to for a revival of the work of God. divert our attention from his wast. Then shall the flag of our Immaning, retreating forces. He is cant- uel wave on every tower; and God ing, and whining, and quoting Scrip- shall “ make you a thousand times ture, and about to turn saint and a so many more as ye are.” Methodist. Resist him, and he will
Joseph. fee from you. Resist him by prayer Kent, December, 1834.
A DEMAGOGUE OF FORMER TIMES.
To the Editor of the Wesleyan,Methodist Magazine. “THere is nothing new under the speeches,” are deceived, and surrender sun.” That which is has already themselves to men who merely inbeen, and shall occur again. Many tend to employ them as the tools of of the errors of modern times are their own ambition. Such schemes are merely a revival of the exploded the more successful when they are heresies of a former age ; and the carried on under the garb of reli. agitations, politicaland ecclesiastical, gion. Never was there a more strikwhich from time to time occur, ori. ing example of this than in the case gipate in the causes, and are carried of Absalom, who attempted to unon upon principles, which have been dermine the government of his aged in ceaseless operation ever since the and indulgent father, “the man fall of man. An aspirant after after God's own heart.” May I be power and honour thinks that his permitted to call the attention of the abilities are not duly appreciated; readers of the Methodist Magazine, or he finds that others stand in the to the conduct of this wicked son, way of his promotion; and he makes as described in the holy Scriptures, an appeal to the passions of the rul. with the remarks upon it by Bishop titude, persuading them that they Hall? “If the cap fits” any man have long laboured under various in the present day, "let bim put it evile, which he is most anxious to on," as the old proverb suggests. remove. Those evils have perhaps “And Absalom rose up early, never been either felt or suspected; and stood beside the way of the yet several persons, by an incessant gate: and it was so, that when any repetition of “soft words and fair man that had a controversy came to Vol. XIV. Third Series. FEBRUARY, 1833.
the King for judginent, then Absalom none deputed of the King to hear called unto him, and said, Of what thee.” What insinuations could be city art thou? And he said, Thy ser more powerful? No music can be so vant is of one of the tribes of Israel. sweet to the ears of the unstable And Absalom said, See, thy matters multitude, as to hear well of themare good and right; but there is no selves, ill of their governors. Abman deputed of the King to hear thee. salom need not to wish himself upAbsalom said moreover, O that I on the bench ; every man says, “O were made Judge in the land, and what a courteous Prince is Absaevery man that hath any suit or cause lom! what a just and careful ruler might come to me, and I would do would Absalom be! how happy him justice! And it was so, that were we, if we might be judged when any man came nigh to him to by Absalom!” Those qualities do him obeisance, he put forth his which are wont, when single, to hand, and took him, and kissed him. grace others, have conspired to meet "And on this manner did Absalom to in Absalom; goodliness of person, all Israel, that came to the King for magnificence of state, gracious affajudgment: so Absalom stole the bility, unwearied diligence, humility hearts of the men of Israel. And in greatness, feeling pity, love of it came to pass after forty years, justice, care of the coinmonwealth ! that Absalom said unto the King, I The world hath not so complete a pray thee let me go and pay my vow, Prince as Absolom! Thus the hearts which I have vowed to the Lord in of the people are not won but stolen, Hebron. For thy servant vowed a by a close traitor, from their lawfully Vow while I abode at Geshur in anointed Sovereign. Over-fair shows Syria, saying, If the Lord will bring are a just argument of unsoundness : me again indeed to Jerusalem, then no natural face hath so clear a white I will serve the Lord. And the King and red as the painted. Nothing said unto him, Go in peace.” (2 wants now but a cloak of religion, Sam. xv. 249.)
to perfect the treachery of that unOutward pomp, and unwonted gracious son, who carried peace in show and magnificence, are wont his name, war in his heart, and how much to affect the light minds of easily is that put on! Absalom hath the vulgar. Absalom, therefore, to an holy vow to be paid in Hebron. the incomparable comeliness of his The devout man had made it long person, adds the unusual state of a since, while he was exiled in Syria, more than princely equipage.
and now he hastes to perform it: The eyes and tongues of men are “If the Lord shall bring me back thus taken up; now hath Absalom again to Jerusalem, then I will serve laid snares for their hearts also : the Lord.” Wicked hypocrites care “He rises early, and stands beside not to play with God, that they may the way of the gate.” Ambition is mock men. The more deformed any no niggard of her pains; seldom ever act is, the fairer vizard it still seeketh. is good-meaning so industrious. The How glad is the good old King, more he shined in beauty and royalat- that he is blessed with so godly a son, tendance, so much more glory it was whom he dismisseth with his causeto neglect himself, and to prefer the less blessings! What trust is there case of justice to his own case. Nei- in flesh and blood, when David is not ther is Absalom more painful than safe from his own loins! The conplausible; his ear is open to all plain- spiracy is now fully formed; there tiffs, all petitioners; there is no lacked nothing but this guilt of cause which he flatters not : “ See, piety to win favour and value in all thy matters are good and right;" eyes; and now it is a wonder, that his hand flatters every comer with a but two hundred citizens go up with salutation, his lips with a kiss. All Absalom from Jerusalem : the truemen, all matters are soothed, saving hearted lie most open to credulity. the state and government: the cen- How easy is it to beguile harmless sure of that is no less deep than the intentions! The name of David's applause of all others: “There is son carries them against the father of