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has been made on their minds. Several lar Mission establishment amongst a heaHeathens have learned to read the Scrip- then population. O for more labourers ! tures, and some have been brought to the September 3d.-At an early hour this knowledge of the truth; yet the great morning, one of our members departed body of the coloured population are still this life with a hope blooming with imin darkness. We have had religious mortality. Mrs. Lucas was from the services in private houses, where our city of Canterbury, and had been in this hearers have been attentive; but we long colony about fourteen years. May my fur the time when it shall be said, “ Who last end be like hers! are these that fly as a cloud, and as the 7th.-The anniversary sermons for doves to their windows ?”

our Missions were preached at CapeJune 1st. – Mrs. Shaw appearing much Town, Simon's Town, and Wynberg. better, I ventured to leave her yesterday, On the 8th, 9th, and 10th, our Meetings and preached at Simon's Town, morning were held, and well attended. Several and evening. The congregations were Ministers and gentlemen rendered us imzood, and the hearers attentive, both at portant assistance. A good feeling was the Dutch and English services. I saw prevalent in our assemblies, and it aptwo young sailors from Hull; they have peared to be the prayer of all present,-been to the east, and look poorly, having " Thy glory let all flesh beho'd, been long sick. May their afflictions And then fill up thy heavenly fold." lead them to consider their latter end ! Brother Edwards has arrived in town,

14th.- I called on Messrs. Underwood and brings the news of brother Cook's arand Deck at Wynberg. They have been rival in Great-Namacqualand. May God actively engaged in endeavouring to do prosper the Mission now commenced ! good in the village. They have visited 28th.--Our new chapel at Somerset, from house to house. They have distri. Hottentot-Holland, was opened this day buted tracts; they have established meet. for public worship. Soon after eight ings for prayer; they have raised a Tem- o'clock in the morning the slaves began perance Society, and our chapel is crowded to assemble. Many of them had come with attentive bearers. These useful from afar, and the chapel was well filled. men from India have set a fine example The Rev. J. Edgar, the Minister of the to our Cape professors of religion. May parish, Mr. Roos, one of the Elders, and they be “steadfast and unmovable, always the Field-Cornet, Mr. De Vos, were preabounding in the work of the Lord.” sent on the occasion. In the afternoon,

21st.-I rose about three o'clock, A. M., the place was crowded to excess, and and rode to Somerset before breakfast, many were unable to procure admittance. about thirty miles. I purchased a house Brother Edwards and myself preached and premises in the midst of the village; the sermons. “Our help is in the name by which a foundation is laid for a regu- of the Lord, who made heaven and earth.”

Extract of a Letter from Mr. Cook, dated Lily-Fountain, Khamies-Berg, June

14th, 1834. BEFORE this arrives you will doubt. we should proceed ; and Abram, from his less have received my last, giving an ac own account, was on a journey to Khacount of our having left Cape Town, and mies-Berg to try to get a Missionary, safely reached this station. Since then, whom, he said, he was so impatient to brother Edwards and I have visited obtain that he could wait no longer. Great-Namacqualand, for the purpose of Had we missed of each other at this learning the disposition of the people, and place, it would have involved great inseeking a suitable situation for our object. convenience and labour to both parties. In reference to the former, through va The scene of our meeting made a deep rious reports which we had heard previous impression upon my mind, and, I may ly to our setting out, we were in some venture to say, upon the minds of all doubt; but our apprehensions were soon present. The spot on which we met was happily removed. We had not gone near to a fountain of water, and was more than one stage in the part of the shaded by a camel thorn-tree; two of the country belonging to the Bundle Zwarts, most important things which this barren the tribe to which we intended first. to country produces. While we made direct our attention, before we met known to them our purpose in visiting Abram the Chief, and a number of men, them, the Chief, who is of a fine manly all mounted on ox-back. Our meeting figure, and the principal persons who was providential, and highly interesting accompanied him, all stood ranged in a We were quite in doubt as to which way line, listening with the most profound attention ; and Abram, from his lowering the people are at present lying, and which and softening countenance, was evidently Mr. Edwards and I visited, which seems much affected. From this, our meeting. much more promising for cultivation, &c. place, the Chief conducted us to the It is a distance (being not more than about Warm-Bath, a place so called from its forty miles) that I can ride either to visit having a warm spring of water in its people living there, or to try experiments vicinity. At this place, in the year 1806, in the way of cultivation : but more par. a person of the name of Albrecht, under ticulars at a future opportunity. It apthe direction of the London Missionary peared necessary, on account of Mrs. Society, commenced a station, and his Cook's present circumstances, to delay abundant and faithful labours seemed, for our going to commence the Mission for a time, to promise much success. How some months ; but such a delay would ever, he and his wife and brother, all throw us back to a time of year when the being taken away by death, if the station overflowing of the Orange river, the exwas not immediately abandoned after treme heat of the weather, and other cirthat, little seems to have been done. cumstances, may, perhaps, necessarily inAnother tribe of Heathen, called Oer. volve a further delay of six months ; lams, being at war with them, and hav. making altogether a year before we ing invaded their country, set fire to the should reach them. Hence, we have deMission premises, and destroyed every termined to commit ourselves to Him in remaining appearance of cultivation, ex. whose service we go, and proceed. This cepting a few mouldering pieces of wall. decision will cause a further expense in

This place, the Chief recommends to oxen ; for although we have at present a us; and, on account of the plentiful sup. sufficient number, yet, many of them, ply of water for cattle, which is almost from the successive journeys they have the only recommendation to it as a sta. had, and the unfavourableness of the seation, it seems advisable to commence son, are so weak, that we shall be under here at least. However, there is another the necessity of leaving them to recruit, place where the Chief and a part of and of taking others.

WEST INDIAN MISSIONS. Our intelligence from the West Indies is, on the whole, very favourable. From the general tenour, indeed, of the communications received by our Committee we are strongly inclined to believe, that in certain gloomy accounts, inserted in the public Papers, the statements of the writers have either been greatly exaggerated, for purposes which it is not our province to develope, or describe a state of things which has only a very partial and local existence. It is true, (and we frankly, though with deep regret, admit the fact,) that, in a very few instances, our Missionaries have reported the detection, even in some of the negroes who were under their pastoral charge, of a spirit of insubordination, which exposed them both to legal and to ccclesiastical censure. At this no candid or thoughtful man will be in the least degree surprised. The evils entailed upon all parties in West Indian society, by centuries of slavery, are too deeply rooted, and have produced prejudices and habits of feeling too natural and influential, to admit of immediate or even speedy removal. No legislative enactment, however just and salutary, can undo at once the moral and social injury inflicted alike on the dominant and on the servile classes, by ages 'of oppression and wrong. The influence of vital religion has operated, as yet, only on a comparatively small portion of the negro population; and we must be content, notwithstanding our recent repentance, and renunciation of former sin, to pay, for years to come, the righteous penalty of previous negligence or opposition, in reference to the mental improvement and spiritual welfare of our fellow-subjects who were in bondage. The persons who espoused the sacred cause of eman.

cipation merely for political purposes, or only from the ordinary feeling of humanity, may imagine that, when that great measure was carried, their work was done, and their duty finally discharged. The Christian Emancipationist, on the contrary, who better understands the extent of the injury to be repaired, will feel that the day of slave liberation was eminently the period on which a more vigorous, and systematic, and universal prosecution of the means of religious education and evangeli. zation became the primary duty of British philanthropists. When the Legislator had finished his task, that of the School-Master and Missionary was to be begun afresh, and, indeed, in respect to large masses of yet wholly uninstructed negroes, absolutely commenced. Enough has been accomplished, by the limited efforts already made, and made too often in the face of an infatuated and most unfortunate resistance, to encourage the best hopes of general success, when the only means which can effectually improve the human character, and ameliorate the condition of man, shall have been fairly and fully tried. As it is, where Christian instruction has been patiently afforded, the evils to which we allude have been greatly diminished ; aud, if they occasionally arise, will be, in our opinion, quite as powerfully repressed and subdued by the godly discipline of the Missionary Pastor, as by the interference, however in some cases unavoidable and salutary, of magisterial or military authority.

We again, however, repeat the expression of our joyous and grateful persuasion, that our negro societies, very generally, have hitherto done honour to their religious profession, and will continue to exbibit an example of orderly and peaceable conduct to all around tbem. A larger number of Missionaries is still urgently requested ; and the most affecting representations are made of the great want of chapel-accommodation in various places. The desire of the negroes to hear the word of God, and to be taught to read the holy Scriptures, is truly delightful.

To the Bishop of Jamaica, the best thanks of the Society are respectfully tendered, for his kindness and liberality in allowing to our Mis sionary the use of the vacant Episcopal chapel or school-house at the Pedro-Plains.

CHRISTIAN RETROSPECT. To many persons it would have been Legislature. At the same time, a pashighly satissactory, if the Wesleya sion for what is called Reform is exten. body could direct its exclusive attention sively prevalent ; and many persons call to the spread of true religion, both at for sweeping and extensive changes in home and abroad, leaving to others all our existing institutions. To the nature public questions of secular polity ; but, of these changes no Christian patriot can considering the character and circum. be indifferent. Should they be conduct. stances of the present times, this is im. ed upon infidel principles, or be carried to possible. The late measure of Parlia- an undue extent, theywill inflict a permamentary Reform has conferred the elec. nent injury upon a country towards which tive franchise upon Methodists, as well Almighty God has long manifested a peas other people ; and the upright and culiar regard, and which appears designed conscientious exercise of that trust is at by Him to be a general blessing to the once a religious and a moral duty : for world. Under these circumstances the the cause of our common Christianity, Wesleyan Methodists, in common with and the national welfare, are both con. Other classes of serious Christians, have cerned in the procecdings of the British patriotic duties to discharge ; and have therefore long felt the need of some pub- quarters, it is not desirable, generally, lication which should regularly bring be- that such accounts should be transferred fore them the most important passing from one to the other, so as to appear in events, with such suggestions as would both. The friends and correspondents lead to a just conception of their charac, of each may therefore be left at liberty ter and practical bearing.

to choose which they would prefer. To supply this desideratum a weekly “ The Watchman," appearing weekly, Newspaper has been commenced during will give the advantage of an earlier pubthe present month, under the appropriate lication; the Magazine may be regarded title of “ The Watchman,” of which

as the more permanent record. three numbers lie before us. These we

As a Newspaper adapted to the use of have carefully read ; and if they may be Methodist and other religious families, regarded as a fair specimen of the work, we hail the appearance of “ The Watchof which we have no doubt, the paper man" with sincere pleasure. There are will unquestionably prove of lasting ad parents professing godliness, who have vantage to the people for whose use it is dedicated their children to the Lord in designed. It is calm, temperate, digni- baptism, and daily pray for their converfied, and extensive in its range of topics; sion, who nevertheless every week place free from party-violence, and from all before their unsuspecting offspring a pubthose low and disgusting personalities lication, the distinguishing feature of which render a considerable portion of which is that of speaking “all manner the public press one of the greatest nuis- of evil falsely” against a body of exemances of the present age ; yet on all ques- plary Ministers of Christ, and that upon tions which involve Christian principle the authority of anonymous slanderers. ( The Watchman” is firm and uncom. Suppose these parents can themselves promising, and knows neither men nor read such a work without spiritual loss, party. It is just such a paper as Chris, which is extremely doubtful; we would tian parents may place before their child put the question to their consciences, ren, without fear that their minds will be how they can answer it to God, to whom contaminated by the perusal. There is their children belong, thus wantonly to one feature of this publication which ap- use means which are directly calculated pears to us to be of special interest and to inspire them with a thorough disgust importance, and to which we trust ils for all religion, and to make them infidels, conductors will continue to pay due at- scoffers, and blasphemers? The parents tention. We mean the early Missionary who pursue this desperate and perilous intelligence which it contains. We have course are now left without excuse. long regarded it as a serious defect, that They may obtain the information which there was no organ through which an they want without hazarding the Chrisaccount of the principal Missionary tianity of their families. Meetings held throughout the country The agitation which of late prevailed could be laid before the Connexion; in some parts of the Methodist Connexion, marked as many of those meetings often and for which the establishment of the are by instances of liberality, and a glow « Wesleyan Theological Institution" of generous and pious feeling, which was the pretext, has in a great measure were not surpassed even in the best and subsided. Its character and object are now purest times of the Christian church. generally understood, and strongly conIn no respect does “ The Watchman” demned, both by the societies and the appear to interfere with this Magazine, but Preachers. Ample proof of this is conin its notices of the opening of Method- tained in the admirable “ Declarations” ist chapels, and short characteristic which have been put forth in all parts of sketches of deceased members of the so- the kingdom; and which avoy an un. ciety. As these publications may be flinching determination to maintain the expected to circulate mainly in the same Wesleyan discipline inviolate. The men at

Manchester who formed the conspiracy induced to give their sanction to princifor its'subversion may now be considered as ples the bearing of which they did not fairly defeated ; and bitterly have some of perceive; but which, when explained, them already repented of their sin and the goodness of their own hearts would folly. A feeble attempt has just been made lead them loudly to condemn. Their in London to keep up the agitation, by some fault is, that, before they put themselves persons calling themselves Trustees, who into the hands of artful men, they did not have published a document, to which they take advice of persons more experienced have affixed their names, recommending than themselves. The document in ques. a ner system of Wesleyan polity. It is a tion will make no impression upon the Dere repetition of the project which some societies in London, where its authors are of the parties put forth a few years ago, known; and we make these statements, and which the late lamented Mr. Watson that its true character may be estimated so ably exposed in his “ Affectionate by our friends in the country. No TrusAddress," It simply amounts to this, – tees of leading influence, and established That if the Local Preachers of any Cir. Methodistical reputation, have either cuit cannot agree, suppose upon a ques. given their names or their countenance to tion of doctrine; or, a Leaders' Meeting this unworthy attempt to subvert the cannot agree upon a question of discipline Wesleyan discipline, and unsettle the and morality; they shall both have the minds of the unwary. right of appeal to a Quarterly Meeting About forty years ago the Wesleyan the decision of which shall be final. For body was greatly agitated by the operaon no account whatever shall an appeal tion of democratic principles called forth to the Conference be allowed, whoever by the French Revolution; and an attempt may feel themselves aggrieved. So that has been recently made to produce simiwhatever a Quarterly Meeting, under lar effects, by a revival of the same princi. any circumstances, can be brought to sanc- ples; but the plan · has entirely failed ; tion, though it be as remote from Wes- and there is reason to believe that the leyan Methodism as the most destructive whole will be overruled to the lasting heresies, or the utmost laxity of moral benefit of the Connexion. The Preachers conduct, no power upon earth shall either and the societies will more correctly uncontrol or correct it! It is easy to per- derstand the principles of their union; ceive that the design of all this is, to they will more strongly feel that their divest the Wesleyan ministry entirely of mutual interests are essentially one ; and its pastoral character ; a proposal which maintain each other's rights with increasis equally at variance with the constitution ing firmness and tenacity. · Already has of Methodism, and the doctrine of a blessed reaction taken place. The the New Testament. The originators of funds of the Theological Institution and the document, recommending this scheme, of the Missionary Society are both libeare perhaps some of the most restless men rally supported. In many places the work that any section of the Methodist Con- of God is rapidly improving; the people nexion ever tolerated ; and have for years have exchanged the habit of disputation disturbed the societies to which they re- for the spirit of prayer; and the probabispectively belong. Some of the persons lity is, that, after all, the present year will who have affixed their names to this do- be a time of considerable prosperity to the eument have no connexion with the Wes. Connexion. Never did its character stand leyan body; and all their yearnings of so high as at present, among all serious, concern for its peace and prosperity are moderate, and thoughtful men, for Chrismerely assumed for the sake of effect. tian loyalty, and steadiness of purpose. Others of the signaturists are well-mean- May its influence still he used for the ing men, estimable in private life, whose maintenance of holiness, truth, and providential calling is certainly not that of peace! forrning plans of government, either for

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London, Jan. 24th. the church or the world. They have been

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