« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
downright fanaticism, as would be As to the godly discipline of the the attempt to unite practical Chris- Methodist body, which it is now tianity with drunkenness, or with attempted to model according to decursing and swearing. “Your glo- mocratic theories, and the principles rying is not good. Koow ye not of secular polity, I have no fear for that a little leaven leaveneth the that. The Conference, which has whole lump? Purge out therefore received this discipline as a sacred the old leaven, that ye may be a trust from their venerated Founder, new lump, as ye are unleavened. can never sacrifice it to satisfy the For even Christ our Passover is clamour of faction. Some of those sacrificed for us : therefore let us keep indeed who wish to supersede the the feast, not with the old leaven, regulations of Mr. Wesley do not neither with the leaven of malice and even belong to the body, and cer, wickedness; but with the unlea- tainly have no just claim to the chavened bread of sincerity and truth.” racter of Christian piety. They avow
What conceivable motive could their intention, if possible, to alter the Conference have in forming the the constitution of the Conference, Theological Institution, but the im- by which they would at once subprovement of the Methodist minis- vert the itinerant system, and throw try, and the consequent benefit of the the chapels into the hands of the congregations and societies? The In- Trustees, to the irreparable injury stitution is now pursuing its course, of the congregations and societies. with the most hopeful prospect of suc- Mr. Wesley gave to the Conference cess; but if it should ultimately fail, the exclusive right to appoint Preachfor want of due support, the men who ers to the Methodist chapels, limithave been accustomed to coinplain ing the exercise of that right to three that their Preachers were not ac- successive years in every appointceptable, and to stun the ears of ment; and in the Deed of Declara. Conference by importunate appli- tion, which he enrolled in Chancery, cations for more efficient appoint- he describes the Conference as conments, must in future be for ever sisting of Travelling Preachers only. silent on this subject. It is gratify. To this Instrument reference is made ing to find that many Preachers and in the deeds of all the Methodist friends have manifested a most ho- chapels which are regularly settled. nourable liberality in this case. On But if the original character of the what plausible ground a consistent Conference should be changed, it member of the Wesleyan body can pust, by necessary consequence, oppose the Theological Institution, lose that power of appointing Minisit is difficult to conjecture; the ters to the chapels, which is vested principle of such an establishment in it for the benefit of the Connexhaving been recognised among them ion; because it would no longer from the very beginning of their exist in its legitimate and legal form. existence. If it be wrong for the The Trustees might then appoint what Conference to send thirty young persons they pleased to occupy the Me
to Hoxton for literary and thodist pulpits, and deprive the contheological advantages, it was wrong gregations and societies entirely of for Mr. Wesley to send Jeremiah that itinerant Wesleyan ministry for Brettell, and Thomas Cooper, and the express purpose of which the difAdam Clarke, and others, to Kings- ferent chapels were erected. The Conwood School for that purpose; and ference can never betray, or even put it was wrong for Mr. Fletcher, the to hazard, a trust so sacred as this; holy Vicar of Madeley, to connect nor can the sober and pious part of himself, as President, with a similar the societies ever desire it. institution at Trevecka ;
Though no fears need be enter. which he held for many years, with tained for the essential principles of the greatest advantage, and which he the Wesleyan discipline, who can only resigned when subscription to the forbear to tremble for the spiritual tenets of Calvinism was required as interests of thousands now endanthe condition of his continuance. gered by party violence ? Never
were the prospects of the Connexion course of a few months ! How more encouraging in regard to the pro- many blessed revivals of religion sperity of the work of God, than they are thus prevented ! and how many were a few weeks ago; but now in children and young people, from many places the reverse is the case. In- what they now hear, will receive stead of devoting their whole time to injurious impressions which they prayer, the study of the Scriptures, the will never lose, and the effects of visitation of the sick, and the exer- which they will lament through etercise of their ministry, the Preachers nity! I envy not the feelings of that are called to defend themselves from man who, with the New Testament the most unfounded imputations, in his hand, can contemplate such and to guard their people against effects as these with either complathe attempts made to alienate them cency or indifference, and yet regard from their Pastors, and lead them them as the fruit of his own doings. astray. Instead of holding prayer- The spell of such a wretched fanatimeetings, and labouring to bring cism will, ere long, be broken; and sioners to God, several of the people the guilt of destroying souls for are now employed in reading con- whose redemption the Son of God troversial pamphlets, and in angry died will appear in its true and feardisputation with one another. How ful magnitude. “O my soul, come many of the men whose spirits are not thou into the secret” of those thus chafed, and whose time is thus men on whom this guilt will rest! spent, will be in eternity in the
EDUCATION OF MISSIONARIES.
To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine. When I profess to feel a solemn on arriving at the place of labour and intense interest in the prosperity commenced the study of the lanof Christian Missions, I need only guages of the country. After th: to state, that I declined the call of usual time of application I attempteu the church to be a Minister at home; to address the people in their own that I have served the sacred cause tongue. In my eagerness, however, in a foreign land for more than four. to preach Christ to the Heathen, I teen years; that for a considerable adopted (as others had done before part of this period I held an official me) the plan of speaking through an situation; that I did not leave the interpreter ; and every morning, work till compelled by sickness, and either in the Bazaar, or under a other family circumstances; that I shady tree, I attempted to explain am willing again to embark in Mis- and enforce the Gospel of salvation. siopary service ;--and I think that Such labours, however, in an unfathose who have not seen, and felt, vourable climate, joined to the study and acted as I have, will be disposed of the languages, soon reduced my to give me some credit for purity of health and spirits; and I began to motive.
despair of continuing in my work ; For several months previous to and as I could not think of leaving the voyage I was under the theolo- the Mission after so short a resigical instruction of that great and dence, I inquired for a place where holy man, the late Rev. Richard my bones might rest in peace, with. Watson ;* and at the same time had out molestation from the Heathen. the bigh privilege of living in the It has been the glory of the Mefamily of that distinguished Minis- thodist Connexion, that its Minister, the Rev. Jabez Bunting. Dur
ters have been selected from the ing our long passage to the East, I sheepfold, the plough, or the various diligently pursued my studies; and walks of mercantile life; and when "I regret that I did not send you copies
it shall cease thus to receive them, or of letters, and other communications, for
as Providence may otherwise send pour instructive and affecting biography of them, then will its moral worth and that eminent man.
influence sink into the vapid efforts
or sepulchral silence of some of the On arriving in our Eastern poscontinental Churches. Our societies, sessions, and taking up his residence from the commencement to the pre- in any of the various nations of sent period, have been eminently those vast regions, the Missionary aggressive; and though we have will have to take a part with able been buffeted by “friends” and Chaplains, and Missionaries of other foes, our spirit is unbroken, and we denominations, in the various plans go on, guided by our almighty of evangelizing the Heathen ; such Leader, to the certain subjugation preparing tracts, conducting of our enemies, and those of Christ. schools, translating the Scriptures,
In selecting Candidates for the corresponding with the Government Missionary work, great care has been and its officers. And will the Method. taken (after being fully convinced of ists allow their agents to go into their personal piety) to choose those such a work without due preparaindividuals who had received some tion? Can they consent that their mental culture ; and though scarcely sincere, and otherwise well-qualified, any have come up to the desired servants shall be crippled in their standard, we have not been without efforts, put to shame, and pointed at success; and taking the Methodist as ignorant and unqualified men ? system as a whole, it has worked as In addition to these duties, the Miswell as could reasonably be expected. sionary, in the absence of the reguBut that there are vast numbers of lar Minister, has often to Atend to young men among us, of first rate ta- the spiritual wants of his own counlents, and who yet bave not received trymen, who are, excepting the comadequate instruction for such an en- mon soldiers, well-educated men ; terprise, no competent judges will and is it a matter of small importdeny. And are those gems of our ance, that such services should be societies to remain in their native conducted in an acceptable manner ? mines, when we have the power to But with whom will the Missionexhibit their brilliance and send ary have to associate, and to whom them to enrich the Heathen, who will he minister, among the Heaare “wretched, and poor, and mis- then ? Men of every grade, and of erable, and blind, and naked ?” almost every acquirement: the learnWould this be just to our brethren, ed and haughty Brahmin, the proud to the church, to the Heathen, nobleman, the bold and superstiand to the means placed in our tious peasant, the ascetic, the phi. power?
losopher, the magician, the reli. On his voyage abroad a Mission- gious mendicant, the poet, and the ary has to associate with gentlemen believer in the Koran. And will of the first talents, who are going to the Methodist people allow their fill offices in the various departments devoted agents to contend with perof Government. He is expected to sons of such character, without the conduct the religious services of the necessary literary qualifications ? Are Sabbath; and to take part in the the Heathen, in addition to our own daily efforts to instruct and please countrymen, to be able to say that his companions on the deep. And we, who attempt to instruct and will the sources I have alluded to convert them, are unqualified men ? generally furnish men for such a that we are unable to meet them task? Who would like to go un. with “sound speech that cannot be prepared into such a scene? Who condemned ?” that we are not able would thus wish to be an object of to comply with the apostolic direcderision; and to be in himself an im- tion, “Let no man despise thee?” pediment to the cause he wishes to recommend ? To object that our
• I have often had to preach and read veteran fathers at home had not the prayers before the officers and men of the
Eastern squadron, and also those of the mirequisite qualifications, finds answer in the well-known fact, that nity of bearing my humble testimony to the
litary department; and I take this opportuthey had not to mingle with the great decorum those fine men always manisame kind of associates,
fested during divine service.
Who was "the Apostle of the Gen- terial usefulness and efficiency.” He tiles?” The learned, the zealous, the also eulogises the “ choice band of heroie Paul. Who wrote the letters excellent Missionaries, now occupyto the heathen converts of Rome, ing important stations abroad, some Corinth, Galatia, Ephesus, Philippi, of whom occasionally re-visiting and Thessalonica? The holy, the their native land, astonish us and the eloquent, the well-educated Paul. country at their intellectual improve
Who ought to be the best judges of ment, and the high consideration the necessary qualifications for la- which they have acquired in distant bourers in the foreign field ? Surely parts of the earth.” These observathose who have been long in it: and tions look well on paper; and, were yet there are some who have never they just, would be very gratileft their native shores, who talk as fying to the feelings of those conloudly and confidently as if they cerned. I confess I think our only, or they principally, had a right learned "friend,” who talks so much to be heard. If they had to co-ope- about “creditable” or “ inferior rate with men in the various eccle- scholarship,” would shrink under siastical associations,- if they had to the comparison ; and that he would converse and correspond with their feel himself also humbled in conintelligent countrymen in the civil, ducting the examination. The inDaval, and military departments,-ifference from such and from kindred they had to contend with the acute, observations is, that the present the bigoted, the polluted Heathen,- means of preparing our Missionaries they would soon find that they had are sufficient; and that (to use a come to very improper conclusions, common phrase) the system. works both in reference to themselves, and well. But are these laudatory and to the onerous duties of the Chris- confident assertions true? I must tian Missionary.
be allowed to ask, What is the indisFrom such a state of things, it pensable qualification of a Missionwill be believed I hailed with real ary among the Heatben? Is it not delight the prospect which our bre- a knowledge of their language? We thren bad of being trained (as well have not now the inspired gift of as the Missionaries of other Socie- tongues; we must begin with the ties) for their glorious enterprise; alphabet; and learn to read and and was at a loss to know, in after- write like a school-boy, and lisp and years, why there should be so much speak like a little child. Can a man delay; as the information reached study with advantage the grammar me from the Conference of 1823, of another language, when he has that something would be speedily not thoroughly studied that of his done. It was therefore with un- own? What reasonable man would feigned gratitude that I witnessed advocate such a procedure? “ But the decision of the last Conference, have not our Missionaries made that it was “ expedient that an In- equal progress in the different lan. stitution should be speedily formed guages with the progress made by for promoting the more efféctual im- Missionaries belonging to other soprovement of the Junior Preachers ;” cieties ?" I answer, They have not. and great has been my regret to bear in three Districts in the East we had several of our pious friends express eight brethren who never acquired serious doubts as to the propriety and the native language.* Have the Misnecessity of the measure. One who sionaries of other kindred Societies calls himself a “ friend,” says, “I ever been in such a predicament? By shrink not from a comparison of no means.
How is the deficiency in any average number of our young
• Three of them read two or three sermen taken out within the last ten or fifteen years with that of an equal them preached in Portuguese. And in the
mons in Singalese or Tamul, and four of number of young Dissenting Ministers, with all their academical train. eight alluded to, I do not include two, who
died before they had time to acquire the ing, in point of talent, creditable language ; nor do I notice those who gained scholarship, and above all, of minis.
an imperfect knowledge of it.
our case to be accounted for ? Prin- his legitimate studies ; and after his cipally because our Missionaries had arrival in the country, instead of not been sufficiently trained in the having for the first time to enter acquiring of languages; and because upon the study of a new language, some of them never had the requi. in an unfavourable climate,-instead site talent. Those eight men cost, of having his attention distracted by before they reached Mission ground, a thousand novelties from such a at least one thousand six hundred pursuit,-instead of having his menpounds; and what did they cost dur- tal and spiritual energies depressed, ing the years which they spent there? and his zeal baffled, he will, in the and how much on their return to this course of a few short weeks, be able country? “ But has not immense to enter on his ministerial labours. good resulted from our labours ? " What, then, is the conclusion ? Yes; but this only enhances the va. That no place, no plan will be so lue of competent qualifications, as economical, so efficient, and so seen in the labours of those who suited to the wants of the case, as were adequate to the work. Have the Institution. I appeal to the sixty we not also several excellent Assist. brethren at home, who have laboured ants, natives of the country, who in foreign climes ; and I refer them have been trained in our Columbo to their own fears, annoyances, and Institution, and our other schools ? impediments, in the attainment of
Looking, therefore, at the “ Wes- knowledge,- I appeal to the two leyan Theological Institution,” do hundred and seventy brethren now in we not see the promise of a happier the Missionary field, appeal to day? Is there not also a certain pros- British Christians, and to those of pect of a great saving to the Mission our own societies who have not as funds? In the Institution candidates yet fully approved of the Instituwill be instructed in the languages tion in reference to the home-work, of the countries where they will have -I appeal, in the name of at least to labour; and cases of inaptitude six hundred millions of Heathen, for such an acquirement will be de. speaking their different languages, for tected; and, by consequence, all the help in this hallowed cause; and demoney that would have been spent clare that, instead of ten candidates in sending forth incompetent men in the Institution, we, looking at our will be saved. Is it not a fact, that rigbtful part of the field, ought to many who are otherwise able and have a hundred. We have sounded useful men, have not the gift of easily the whoop of war against Satan and acquiring a new language, especially all his works, and we go on to cerafter they have arrived at the period tain victory. Away, then, with the of manhood? See, tben, how much dis. railings and wailings of disappointed tress of feeling will also be prevented ? ainbition! The archer has broken How many are the fears, “I shall his bow, and stands before us the mi. never be able to learn this strange serable victim of his own temerity. language !” On his voyage out, the
A LOVER OF ALL CHRISTIAN Missionary will be able to prosecute Dec. 6th, 1834. MISSIONARIES.
HORÆ BIBLICÆ. No. XI.
MARY AND MARTHA. To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine. It is a remarkable peculiarity in coveries will continue to present the holy Scriptures, that in propor- themselves to the mind of every tion as they are closely studied, and devout and intelligent student. The their meaning is accurately compre- latent and undesigned coincidences hended, their perfect truth and un- in the different books of Scripture, rivalled beauty are apparent. Much which have been pointed out by has been done by Commentators, Doctors Paley and Graves, and by Critics, and Divines, to elucidate Mr. Blunt, are immensely important these sacred records ; but new dis- in the Deistical controversy, as they