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structive sin of “evil-speaking," I ject, beseeching you to look up can only commend you to Mr. for grace to make it the rule of your Wesley's Sermon on that sub. lives.
To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine. On referring to the history of the Ecclesiastical history informs us church, and of Missionary enters that for the greater part of the thirprise, I find that so early as the sixth teenth and fourteenth centuries, century, an institution was founded England, Hungary, the Margraviate by St. Columba, under the designa- of Brandenburg, Pomerania, &c., tion of the Monastery of Iona, in the were supplied with Missionaries by a Hebrides, for the express purpose of united Society of Waldenses and preparing men for Missionary labour. Bohemians, (who settled at Saltz The institution is called by one of the and Laun, on the river Eger in Bo. early biographers of Columba, “a hemia,) from a seminary of their seminary of all kinds of learning, brethren in Italy, wbither, as to a and a nursery of Divines for plant. University, they sent their youth ing churches."
from Bohemia. The Waldenses them. In the ninth century, which has selves were partly supplied with Pasbeen emphatically called " the age tors from this seminary. of Missions," a Missionary college To the celebrated Roman Catholic was founded by Adalard, or Alard, Missionary Society, the “ Congrega. cousin-german of Charlemagne, at tio de Propaganda Fide,” which was New-Corbie, or Cosway, upon the instituted in the sixteenth century, Weser; and we are informed that it was added, by Pope Urban VIII., a was “ expressly instituted to be a college or seminary for the education nursery of evangelical labourers, in of its Missionaries. The institution, the instruction and conversion of wbich continues to the present day, the northern nations of Europe.” is under the management of thirteen Alard also founded several monas- Cardinals, on whom devolves the teries, in which he promoted learn- duty of watching over its interests ing and science; but the Missionary and success. Its revenues are imcollege is stated to have been his fa. mense, arising from the donations vourite institution.
and bequests of Popes, and other In the thirteenth century, that pro- eminent and wealthy individuals. verbially dark period in the history It is enriched with an ample library, of Europe, James the First of Arra- and a printing office, furnished with gon, in order to communicate Chris- the types of one hundred and eightian instruction to his Moorish sub- teen languages. The Chinese interjects, established a number of Arabic preters who accompanied Lord Maschools in Majorca and Barcelona, cartney to China were procured in wbich a considerable number of from this college. Another someyouths were educated for the purpose what similar institution is the se. of being able to preach the Gospel minary or college of Foreign Misin the Arabic tongue. Here, then, sions, founded at Paris in 1663, by is an especial instance of an institu. F. Barnard de St. Theresa, aided by tion, or, rather, a number of institu. the liberal contributions of persons tions, being founded for the purpose zealous for the promotion of the Roof making those who were to com- man Catholic religion. It is in close municate instruction to people of a connexion with the “Congregatio de foreign origin, acquainted with the Propaganda Fide,”at Rome, and parlanguage of that people. It should tially under its direction. The Misbe kept in mind that, in the present sionaries it provides are chiefly sent day, this forins a most material part to Siam, Tonquin, and Cochin China. of the education of a Missionary; Bergier, in his Dictionnaire Theoloand that it is attended with no small gique, mentions eighty other less labour and expense.
considerable seminaries, erected in different parts of Europe, with the Missionary Society of England, in same design of preparing those who particular, commenced its labours were educated in them, for such by the aid of this seminary Missions as were deemed most eli- ' In reviewing these different insti. gible.
tutions, we cannot but confess, In the same century (the six while we ought at the same time to teenth) a Protestant, named Antho- lament, our inferiority with respect ny Walæus, of Leyden, recommended to colleges and seminaries for proa seminary to be founded for the moting the greater efficiency of our elucation of young men of known Missionary Societies; both as Engpiety, prudence, zeal, and diligence, lishmen, when compared with other to be employed as Missionaries, es- European nations, and as Protest. pecially to India. This object he ants, when compared with Roman proposed to the Dutch East India Catholics. Company, who appear so far to have There is, in the present day, a countenanced the plan, as to have much greater necessity for such an placed several persons under the care appendage as the “ Wesleyan Theoand instruction of Walæus himself. logical Institution” to our Mis
In 1714 Frederick the Fourth, sionary Society, than formerly exKing of Denmark, in order more isted ; inasmuch as the Missionaries effectually to promote his benevolent have now, not only to become acdesigns in sending Missionaries to quainted with the standard language India, established the Royal College of a country, but also with the nuof Missions at Copenhagen, for the merous dialects into which the laninstruction and preparation of such guages of most heathen nations are persons as were destined to engage divided : whereas the Missions of in the eastern Missions. In con- former ages were in a great measure nexion with this college, the cele- confined to Europe, in which there brated University of Halle, in Saxo were but comparatively few lanny, may very justly be noticed, as it guages, and still fewer corruptions of furnished the Danish Mission with them. It should also be remeinits first Missionaries. Indeed there bered, that between the languages of was in close connexion with it an Europe there has always been a great oriental and theological college, for degree of assimilation; which is very the study of eastern languages, and far from being the case with those of the instruction of Missionary candi- foreign and heathen countries. So dates ; and also an extensive print- conclusive is this view of the subject ing-office, chiefly for the purpose of to my own mind, that I do not hesiprinting and circulating the Scrip. tate to affirm, that I believe if a Mistures in different languages.
sionary college, for the sole purpose I will mention one more, the Mis- of preparing Missionaries for heathen sionary Seminary at Berlin, which countries, were founded, it would be was commenced towards the latter nubly supported, afford invaluable part of the last century, by the Rev. assistance to the Missionary cause, John Jænicke, of Berlin, and Baron and in no small degree serve to Von Schending, of Dobrilugk, in hasten that happy day, when the Saxony. This seminary supplied Redeemer's name shall be celebrated different Societies with worthy and through every land and by every laborious Missionaries. The Church tongue.
POWER OF CHRISTIAN PRINCIPLE.
To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine. The following interesting account Perhaps you will judge it to be not was written by a French Clergyman, unworthy of the attention of your a correspondent of the “New-York numerous readers. Observer,” and recently inserted in In 1814 Madam Calame, a native that very able and useful publication of the canton of Neufchatel, in Swit. zerland, Arst conceived the thought founded in reason; but it was foundof educating poor girls. She saw a ed on a more solid basis, on faith. large number left in wretchedness, Madam Calame found herself forabandoned to all the snares of ignor- saken by all these reasonable people, ance, and the seductions of vice. who judge of the future by their She pitied their unhappy situation, limited understanding, and who forand associating herself with some get only one thing in their calculabenevolent ladies, she placed at dif. tions, and that is the faithfulness of ferent schools five young girls, who God. She found herself alone. Even were taught at the expense of this the ladies who had left her, spared small committee. Soon the number not their reproaches. They accused of children increased, and Madam her of acting presumptuously, and Calame felt the necessity of a special of pride in exercising her authority. establishment, where they would be “You wish to be a little Napoleon," wholly free from the influence of the they said to Madam Calame. bad examples to which some of them Madam Calame, compelled to diwere exposed at home. In 1816 the rect alone the establishinent, but aswhole number of orphans received sisted from on high, lost not her amounted to sixty.
courage. She kept the poor orphans, This year, as is well known, was a and supported them with her feeble period of great want. Grain cost resources. During the second year three or four times as much as usual; of the famine (1817) she was even and the faith of Madam Calame was obliged to borrow money, that she put to a painful trial. Most of the might not die of hunger with her ladies composing the committee pro. pupils; but she recoiled from no posed to send back the young girls sacrifice, and God provided soon to their families. “Where shall we after for her wants by collections. find,” said they, “bread enough to The famine ceased; Madam Calame nourish all these children, and means received abundant aid, and was able to support the institution? We must to build a larger and more commodiabandon the undertaking.”
ous house. The undertaking pros“But if the relatives of these chil. pered more and more. There were dren,” replied Madam Calame, “were in the institution of Billodes, in 1827, unable in ordinary times to support more than one hundred and fifty them, still less can they do so during pupils ; in 1828, one hundred and this season of want. We shall plunge ninety; in 1829, two hundred and these young girls into a more fright- ten; in 1830, two hundred and sixty; ful misery than that from which we and now there are nearly three hun. wished to take them.”
dred. “True ; but still the means at the To lodge these three hundred disposal of the committee are abso- children, boys and girls, several lutely insufficient to supply the wants large buildings have been erected. of the establishment.”
Madam Calame admitted into ber “Yes, according to human view; institution children of every age and but not according to the promises of of both sexes; she never refused a God. Let us trust in Him who go. child, unless for want of room. The verns all things by his powerful poorest were received as well as those hand; and the pressure of the times who could pay something; and, when
will be a motive for us to increase a place becarne vacant, there were - our small family, rather than dimialways many children proposed for nish it."
it. Each of the pupils in the estab“Ah! if you could make this snow lishment is employed in preparing disappear which covers the earth,” for some useful pursuit; some for replied a lady, “and show me the domestics, others for artisans, nurses, grass to feed your sheep, I would and even instructers. To facilitate aid you in this undertaking ; but as the object, shoemakers, tailors, carI think it is not founded in reason, penters, &c., are employed in the I cannot join you."
establishment. No, indeed, this work was not I wish I could give you an exact
and complete idea of the establish- regret which he suffered for having ment of Madam Calame; but these caused pain to his benefactress. details would occupy too much It is easy to understand that childspace. I must confine myself to say, ren, placed under such discipline, ing that it contains several schools, receive the Gospel more readily than which embrace all ages, and all they would otherwise. Many of them branches of study, from those pur- become true Christians, and give ofsued in the infant-school, up to geo- ten affecting proofs of the sincerity graphy,drawing, history,&c. By a spe of their piety. One day, some girls cial blessing of the Lord, Madam Ca- asked for the use of a little unocculame always found excellent instruct. pied corner in the garret. When iners, attentive to the education of their quired of what they would do, they pupils, not from mercenary motives, replied with some embarrassment but from the same love and zeal for that they wanted a solitary place the Gospel, which prompted the where they might retire, for they worthy founder of the institution. often felt the need of going and pray
The principal object of study, it is ing to the Lord in secret. almost superfluous to remark, is re. Such is the institution of Billodes. ligion. The children are early taught But how, it will be asked, was Mato know and fear God, to love Jesus dam Calame able to nourish so many Christ, and to obey his command. children? The reply is very easy : ments. Every thing is begun and Madam Calame trusted wholly in ended with prayer. A sweet and the goodness and faithfulness of her solid piety pervades their words and Master, and her expectation was actions. These three hundred or never deceived. She regarded herphans, gathered from fifty different self as charged with the care of these places, consider themselves as one orphans; and she knew that the Lord great family, of which Madam Ca. would give her all things necessary. lame is the kind mother. No dis. She lived only by faith, and someputes are heard in the house; peace times suffered the anxieties so natu. and the blessing of the Lord reign ral to the human heart. Often she there. Their work is done in a spi. did not know at night how she rit of order and obedience to the should get bread for her children in word of God. And, what is admir- the morning; but the Lord always able, the most perverse children provided by means which human submit to this Christian discipline, foresight could not discover. Thus and are reformed. Since the founda- it was ordinarily found, at the end tion of this institution only one of every year, that the receipts were child has been sent away as incorris equal to the expenses. When she gible. But, in some cases, children, had nothing more, Madam Calame brought up as vagabonds, have been was not afraid frankly to tell hier unable to yield to the discipline of children; she told them with all Billodes, and have fled. But God Christian simplicity that she had no watches over these little runaways, more money nor food to nourish and brings them back always better them. In such cases, she endeavour. disposed to amend. A boy of twelve ed to impart to them her own confiyears, and quite ignorant, fled one dence, and, when deliverance came, day to Neufchatel; and there, not they joined also with her in blessing knowing what to do, he applied to a Him who nourished them as by his friend of Madam Calame, who sent own hand. Affecting scenes of joy him back with a letter asking her and gratitude towards God frequentpardon. This intercession, however, ly terminated these moments of penuwas unnecessary; for his adopted ry and distress. Twenty years of conmother, when she saw him coming, stant experience of the faithfulness went to meet the new prodigal, and of God, it will readily be seen, carembraced him several times. She ried the faith of Madam Calame to then reproved him, but with great such a point that it was changed to tenderness; and the child was suffi- sight. ciently punished in the shame and At the commencement of the winter of 1829 (to cite one example take care of the widow and the oramong a thousand) the measles pre- phan. The Lord strengthened my vailed in the establishment; sixty- faith; he granted me grace to enable one children were attacked, and four me to commit to him this large fadied. The expenses caused by this mily, and to perceive that he is able sickness were enormous; and the ne and willing to sustain them; and that cessity of having separate apartments since he forgets not the young rafor the sick, joined to the want of vens, he will not forget the children room, caused much pain and embar- of men. I said in the fulness of my rassment. But God provided all, heart, “Yes, my God, I trust in thy as he always does. At the terminapromises. There will be no more tion of the epidemic, the Physician need of collections! These two hunprescribed to the convalescent fruits dred and fifty persons, gathered to. cooked in water. But all their re- gether by thy great mercy, belonged sources were exhausted; they had to thee before they did to me; I no more money nor provisions. place them in thy arms!' At this What should they do? Madam Ca. time I received two letters from lame addressed herself to Him who Christian friends; one from Brushas said, “Call upon me in the day sels, the other from the vicinity of of trouble, and I will deliver thee. Neufchatel ; both of which stated And in fact, she received the same that having seen by the public paday from a distant friend, a present pers that I had announced a defi. of a hundred pounds of dried prunes. ciency in my receipts for 1831, they This friend was ignorant of what had felt self-reproached for having too passed at Billodes, but did not doubt, long neglected the orphans; to rewhen she sent this gift to Madam pair this neglect they sent me two Calame, that it would be in answer sums which amply supplied the deto her prayers to the Lord.
ficiency of the preceding year. FifBut let Madam Calame herself teen days after, I received a letter speak, in a letter she addressed in from Liverpool, stating that some the year 1833, to some pious persons friends having heard of the instituwho had sent her some discourses. tion founded for poor children, had This letter shows her whole heart, put at my disposal £72. 10s. sterling, and should be remembered by Christ- a sum equal to the whole year's colians as a monument of the faith of a lection! You may judge what were Christian and of the faithfulness of my sensations in view of this kindGod.
ness of the Lord, who so promptly “You know perhaps that, since answered the confidence with which 1815, I have lived from day to day, he had inspired me! What probawithout knowing whence I should bility could there be, in human view, get money to pay my accounts. that the divine mercy would convey The small sums I receive for some to Liverpool my cries, and that the children do not nearly cover half money would there be raised which their indispensable expenses ; and was refused here? Bless with me for a hundred children, at least, Him whu has promised his people I receive nothing at all. This that though a woman may forget her void is supplied in part by an an- sucking child, he will not forget nual collection in the commune. But ther. Would that all the world our unhappy political and com. might join me in gratitude, and inercial condition, as well as the in proclaiming the faithfulness of dearness of provisions in our moun. God.” tains, renders this collection very Thus Madam Calanie proceeded difficult; and one of the ladies em for twenty years, always confiding ployed in receiving this money in God, and always blessed ; receivshowed such strong repugnance, that ing day by day, as the Israelites in my heart was much afflicted. It was in the desert, all that she needed, and the month of February, 1832. I kept rendering hearty thanks for his my grief to myself; I complained goodness towards her and her oronly to Him who has promised to phans. The institution of Madam