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come of the year amounted to £68,582. the feet of Christ, and to feel that they 4s. 8d. This sum includes £11,766. are only worth possessing, when, by the Ils. 9d., the legacy of the late Horatio grace of God, they are thus consecrated. Cock, Esq., of Colchester. The receipts to the highest and noblest purposes !" through Associations were £6,897. 6s. The BiSHOP OF Ohio, who has come 5d, more than those of last year. The to England to obtain pecuniary assistance expenditure of the year was £55,638. in behalf of the Episcopal Church of 16s. 5d. An enlargement of the Soci. America, and to invite young men of ety's operations in the West Indies and piety and talent to enter into the minisChina is contemplated. The Institution at try in that community, gave the folIslington was reported to be in a sound lowing account of the spread of Popery and thriving state, and to contain twen in the diocese with which he is conty-five Students. Thirty-one new Asso. nected :--Let the Meeting be informed, ciations have been formed during the that Popery, with all its errors, was past year. The number of Missionaries annually extended in that district by the sent out in the year was four in holy arrival of numerous bodies of its professorders, and five Catechists and artisans. ors. Was it known amongst them, that In the West African Mission there are since the year 1792, when the number of 474 communicants, and 3,100 attendants Roman Catholics in the then American on public worship. In the year 30,081 States did not exceed 18,000, they had copies of different publications have been increased, according to the accounts issued from the Malta press. The of some, to 800,000 2 though he did not school labours of the Rev. F. Mildner, of concur in thinking, that they amounted Syra, were proceeding satisfactorily. At to that number. He should, he thought, Smyrna there are upwards of 500 child. be nearer the correct statement, if he ren in the schools. In Egypt the Mis. estimated the whole, at present, at sionaries were prosecuting their labours 550,000. But was not that an enormous with diligence in the midst of many increase,- an awful spread of error within difficulties. In the several Missions of that period ? Let him not be underthe Society in India and Ceylon a steady stood as saying, that this increase was progress was reported. The Calcutta the result of proselytism. Protestantism Corresponding Committee thus describe gained as many from Popery as would fully the state of this part of India, with refer- counterbalance any loss it had sustained ence to the progress of Christianity in by proselytism to the Romish Church. that country :
The causes of the increase were princi. “It is inpossible to convey to friends pally these :- First, that America had at a distance any thing like an adequate extended her geographical boundary, and idea of the state of things at this Pre- now included within her limits persons sidency. There are numbers of intelli professing Popery, who did not before gent, educated, and well-informed young belong to the Union. In the next place, men among the natives, whom know- the numbers had been increased by ledge has taught to see the monstrous migrations from various parts of the confolly and absurdity of Hindooism, who, tinent of Europe ; but by far the largest notwithstanding, have no less feeling of portion of this increased number had hostility to the Christian religion ; too gone over from Ireland. He would estiproud to be led by error, but not humble mate the increase from that source alone enough to search for and submit to truth. to be 400,000 of the whole. These cir. There are others with a general convic- cumstances, then, gave to the Protestant tion of the truth of Christianity on their Episcopal Church of America strong minds, but who, from fear or interest, will demands on their brethren in Great Brinot submit to its requirements. Others tain, for the inroads which these migraare halting between two opinions, and tions from her shores were constantly waiting for some more favourable oppor- making amongst them. They were one tunity; while a few, a very few, are ready people; and, though separated by a to renounce father and mother, sister and wide extent of ocean, they were united brother, houses and lands, for Christ's in the belief of one common faith, and „sake. The fields here truly may be said in the worship of one Lord Jesus Christ. to be white unto the harvest. O for the He would then say to that Meeting, that spirit of a Schwartz, a Martyn, a Brainerd, he had come from the far west, as the to animate the minds of some of the fisher of men, to collect men of decided able youths of Oxford and Cam- piety, and no other. He came to solicit bridge, to induce them to listen to the young men of that description to go forth cry, Come over and help us,' and gladly with him to his remote church : he to lay their honours and acquirements at sought for them to go out, not to increase
their worldly fortunes, or to promote this purpose he asked for pecuniary aid their worldly comfort, but to go forth to to the extent of £2,000; and because be educated for the Mission on which the sum was so small, he feared there theywould be sent when properly qualified. was some danger of his not getting the This was one of the objects of his visit. whole of it; however, his confidence in But he had come also for another object: those to whom he appealed was strong ; he came to seek in this country the means and when he saw before him a sea of of giving proper education, not alone to heads, and a sea of hearts, he was disthose young men who might go out with 'posed, as a fisher of men, to do his Mas. him, but for diffusing the benefits and ter's bidding, “ Let down the net." blessings of education generally. For
III. THE BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. . The Thirty-first Anniversary Meeting Missionary from New Zealand; the of this Society was held at Exeter-Hall, Rev. John Hannah; the Rev. John on Wednesday, May 6th, and was more Williams, Missionary from the Southnumerously attended than any Meeting Sea Islands; the Rev. Hugh Stowell; since the formation of the Society.
T. R. Guest, Esq.; and the Marquis of It was announced that the chair would Cholmondeley. be taken at eleven o'clock, but long be- The Report stated that the distribu. fore that time, notwithstanding the uni- tion by the Paris Bible Society had, in favourable state of the weather, every the year just closed, amounted to 62,194 part of the Hall, save a few seats reserved Bibles and Testaments; the distribution on the platform, was so closely occupied, of the previous year had not exceeded as in many instances to be inconvenient 55,666. The accounts from Paris conto the parties; but even with that incon- tained also most gratifying intelligence venient pressure, there was not sufficient of the progress of the Society in Switzerroom for all who claimed admittance. land, in some parts of which a distribuUnder these circumstances' it was deter- tion to the amount of 27,000 copies had mined that the lower room should be been effected by two of the Society's opened for those who could not gain colporteurs. It further appeared that admission into the greater, and that after the visitation of the cholera in several the Report had been read to the large parts of Spain drove many, chiefly of the Meeting, it should be taken down and more wealthy classes, to seek an asylum read in the lower room, where the in France, where their attention had 'Treasurer of the Society, John Thornton, been called by the Agents of the Society Esq, had consented to take the chair to the holy Scriptures, which had Several distinguished supporters of the hitherto been a sealed book to them. Society kindly acceded to the sugges. The Report gave extracts from Dr. Pintions made to them, that they should kerton's report of the distribution of deliver their addresses to the Meeting Bibles and Testaments in the north of in the lower room. Amongst these Europe. From this it appeared that were the Hon. and Rev. Baptist Noel, 27,935 copies had been distributed last Rev. Charles Daly, Rev. John Clayton year in the Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Gerand the Rev. Dr. Morison. At eleven man, Polish, and other languages; and that o'clock Lord Bexley, the President of a considerable number of these had found the Society, came on the platform, accom. their way into the hands of Roman Ca. panied by the Marquis Cholmondeley, tholics. As a proof of the necessity of the Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, great exertions on the part of the Society, Lord Lorton, Lord Mountsandford, Lord the Report mentioned that an image in Teignmouth, the Bishop of Ohio, the a monastery was visited by at least Rev. Archdeacon Corrie, the Rev. J. W. 150,000 pilgrims in the course of the Cunningham, J. P. Ďlumptre, Esq., year; that it kept twenty bookbinders M. P., J. Hardy, Esq., M.P., s. Lush. in constant employment, to stitch up and ington, Esq, .M.P., and many other prepare for delivery a history and descripdistinguished supporters of the Society. tion of this image, such was the great
The Speakers at this Meeting were demand for it. Unfortunately, however, Lord Teignmouth; the Bishop of Lich. there was no demand for the New or field and Coventry ; the Bishop of Old Testament ; indeed, they werc not Ohio; the Rev. Archdeacon Corrie ; ailowed to be sold at all. After advert. the Rev. Dr. Spring, Representative of ing to the satisfactory progress of Bible the American Bible Society; the Rev. distribution in other parts of Germany, John Leifchild; the Rev. W. Yate, in Sweden, and Russia, the principal
Bible Society of which latter place had al- first was a legacy of £11,695. 12s. 9d., ready distributed 717,977 copies of the sa- (less by the legacy duty,) being a cred Scriptures, the Report adverted to the bequest of the late Horatio Cock, Esq. ; state of Portugal and Spain. In the and the other a sum of £15,000., given former country there was now no prose- exclusively for the Negro Fund. But cution for religious opinion, but every when these were taken into account, the man was allowed to choose which reli- general subscriptions of the Society gion he pleased, and to worship God would be found to be little less than according to the dictates of his own those of the previous year. In these conscience. In the islands of the Medi. were included a sum of £29,184. 13s. terranean and in Greece the distribution 7d. ; being the amount of free donations of the holy Scriptures had gone on from Auxiliaries to the Parent Society. favourably; and the prospect was equally The expenditure within the year was favourable in Moldavia, Wallachia, £84,249. 13s. 4d., leaving a balance Bucharest, and part of Persia.
exceeding £23,000 ; but the engageIn Calcutta, and other parts of the ments of the Society amount to above East Indies, there had been a much sixty-nine thousand pounds. The disgreater than ordinary distribution of Bi. tribution by the Society in the past year bles and Testaments, and larger collec- amounted to six hundred and fifty-three tions had been made to forward the thousand six hundred and four Bibles objects of the Society. The accounts and Testaments, and portions of the from New South Wales, and the islands holy Scriptures, including those sent to of the Pacific, were also most satisfac the West Indies, &c. ; but even after tory. Two translations of the New deducting the latter, it would be found Testament into the language of the that there had been a considerable indifferent islands in the Pacific had been crease of the issues in the last year as brought to this country by the Rev. W. compared with the previous years. The Yate, and the Rev. J. Williams, and Report, after again adverting to the were now in the course of being printed exertions made for the West Indies, and by the Society. The attention of the the prospect held out that those exertions Society had, during the last year, been would, under the divine blessing, be atgreatly directed to the West Indies, with tended with complete success in the the view of an extensive distribution of religious instruction of the negro, prothe Scriptures to such of the newly ceeded to state, that the present year, emancipated negroes as could read. An 1835, was the third centenary anniver. extra subscription of £15,000 had been sary of the first printing of an English raised for the purpose of promoting that Bible. It then contrasted the state of object without interfering with the gene. society, and of England generally, of ral funds of the Society. The first ship- that day, with their condition at present; ment made by the Society to that part and traced the moral greatness of England of the world consisted of 73,695 copies now, compared with what it was then, of the Scriptures, the conveyance of to its exertions to promote the free cir.. which was given by the owners of the culation of the holy Scriptures. At vessels without any expense to the that period the Bible was a ponderous, Society. From returns from the Isle of clumsy, and at the same time an exFrance, it appeared that 60,000 negroes pensive book. At present it was neatly had received civil freedom, not one in ten and elegantly printed, of a convenient of whom knew how to read; and the igno- size, and so reduced in price as to be rance was, of course, great in proportion. placed within the reach of almost every
Adverting to the progress made by the class of society. At that time the number North American Bible Society, the of copies in circulation was very small; Report stated that its receipts in the last the extent of the demand in the present year were 88,600 dollars ; that its issue day, as contrasted with that, might be of Bibles and Testaments exceeded judged of from this fact, that in one day 110,000 copies, making the whole distribu- last month orders had been given for tion, since the commencement, one mil. 365,000 copies of new editions. The lion, one hundred and thirteen thousand. circumstances under which the Bible was
The entire receipts of the past year first printed in England afforded as amounted to £107,926. ls. ; being the striking a contrast as any he had men. largest amount ever received in one year tioned. The first English copy of the since the Society's first commencement. Bible had not been sent forth to the In that amount there were two items public under the auspices of any body of which could not be included in the per- men. It was not even printed in manent income of the Society. The England, but made its appearance at Zurich, where it was printed under the meeting together, reading chapters, and care of one who was in exile on account asking pertinent questions. That was a of his religion, the venerable Coverdale. very different scene from what he had Now, however, the highest and most witnessed for the first few years of his redistinguished nobles of the land, and sidence among them. Formerly they the highest dignitaries of the Church, delighted in dancing, in singing wardeemed it an honour to be associated for songs, in relating silly tales, and in dethe purposes of ushering multiplied vising schemes of cruelty and blood; but copies of it into the world. The Report the pleasure which they experienced while concluded by an eloquent exhortation to engaged in reading the word of God was the members of the Society to persevere far greater than any they experienced in promoting the great work in which while engaged in their native amusements. they were engaged, in faith, in confi- And they entertained a high respect for dence, and in brotherly love.
the Bible as the word of God. They did The Rev. W. YATE, from New-Zea- not ask, “What does Mr. Yate, or Mr. land, stated, that the Missionaries in that Clark, or Mr. Hamlyn say?" but, “What island had been diligently employed in does the Bible say?" They took up the translating the word of God into the language of Scripture in its most literal native tongue; and the whole of the New meaning; and when they came to pasTestament had been completed about sages which they did not understand, they six months. The difficulties they had to would run to the Missionary in order to contend with were very great : there was have them explained. One instance Mr. no grammar of the language, and they Yate related, which, though it might aphad to use great efforts, and search for pear ludicrous, did not, he fully believed, words, and for appropriate and significant arise out of any intention on the part of modes of expression. Thiry-eight chap- the individual to do wrong. A boy who ters of the book of Genesis had been was in his employ came to his room one completed also; and as far as they had day with his head reeking with train-oil. gone, he thought the translation was so He told the boy how contrary he had correct, that it would not stand in need of acted to his wish, and how very unpleaany material alteration when another sant he had made himself. A number of edition should be called for. They had persons were sitting near under a veranda, formed a Committee for conducting the to whom the boy called cut, “Hear what translation ; and had from time to time this angry man says ! Do you not tell us called in the aid of natives, upon whom that we are to do all that the Bible says ? " they thought they could depend. If ever “Certainly I do," replied Mr. Yate; they made any mistake, they were sure to “but what has that to do with your be laughed at by the natives, some of making yourself such a frightful figure ?" whom would say, as they saw them pass, «Why, Jesus Christ says in his Gospel, " There goes the booby who made such a that when we fast we are not to disfigure mistake the other day !” When the first our faces, but to anoint our heads. This portion of the New Testament was trans- morning the pig got into the stable and lated into the language of New Zealand, it ran away with my breakfast, so that I was was very cordially received by the natives. obliged to fast : therefore I went and In consequence of the formation of ele- anointed my head with oil.” Mr. Yate mentary schools, about eight hundred of took occasion from that singular interprethem could read; and immediately after the tation of the word of God, to explain the Scriptures were brought into the country, nature of fasting on the following Sabbath, those who could read were supplied with and to point out the difference between a the parts; but they were supplied with voluntary and an involuntary fast. Anothem as the fruits of their own industry: ther circumstance he related to show how no one copy was given away ; but the peo. the natives valued the word of God. A ple expressed their willingness to work, as flag was about to be given to the natives some of them did for six weeks, that they in a certain place, that they might hoist it might obtain the portion of the word of on particular occasions, and three were God. That mode of obtaining them had brought out that they might make their led the possessors to value them more, choice. An old native named Deepa got and to take greater care of them, than if up, with the Scriptures in his hand, and they had received them free of all charge. told the people to listen to him, for that When they received a copy, they invari. he had got something new to say to them. ably read it to their families, and those Holding up the Scriptures, he said, “ If who had time read it morning, noon, and you get this book into your hearts, you night. In his visits to the native villages, will not quarrel any more ; you will not be had often seen five or six of them stop to inquire how much you may get by
de hoisting of that flag. Jesus Christ Europe, the Bible Society was there ; if ays in this book, “This is my command to Asia, the Bible Society was there ment, That ye love one another.' Now, also; or if he regarded many-millioned ho else could have told you this ? Could China, or the extensive regions of Africa, ay of the natives ? No; for they never or the beautiful islands which bestudded 'ard of such a thing. Could any of the the bosom of the Pacific, in all those
ropeans ? No ; for they only think of portions of the globe he found the Bible what they can gain. Could the Mission- Society, enabling the Missionary to
rics ? Not unless they learned it out of overcome his difficulties, and assuring .hat book. No: Jesus Christ himself has him, that, when he had laboured induscaught it us; and he says, “This is my triously and successfully, permanency commandment, That ye love one another."" and stability should be given to his Then he concluded by exhorting all pre labours. That had been the case in sent to learn to read, that they might be reference to the labours in which he and ible in their own tongue to understand his brethren had for years been engaged ; he wonderful works of God. The edition for no sooner had the version of the of the Scriptures which they possessed Scriptures, which they had been instruhad been printed in New South Wales; mental in accomplishing, been presented it comprised the Gospels, the Acts of the to the Bible Society, than the Committee Apostles, the Epistle to the Romans, and munificently agreed to print five thouthe First Epistle to the Corinthians. But sand copies for the natives. Mr. W’ilthe Missionaries had since translated the liams then presented the first portion whole of the New Testament, and the which had been printed to the noble British and Foreign Bible Society had Chairman, containing the Gospel of St. promised to render them assistance in Matthew, wishing his Lordship to reprinting it. He did hope that before long gard it as an earnest of what would be ihey should be able to complete a transla presented to him at some future period. tion of the whole Scriptures, and present When he first visited the islands there it to the New Zealanders in their own was no part of the Scriptures in the congue. When the boxes containing the native tongue ; now they had the whole Scriptures arrived in the island, the natives of the New Testament in the Taheitan said, “A box is come full of knowledge, language, and the whole Bible was in which shall go from the North Cape progress. Their American brethren, down to the South. We have often had also, had effected a translation of the something come which we thought good, New Testament, many thousand copies -casks of rum, and barrels of powder, of which were in circulation. A similar and boxes of muskets; but what is now labour had been accomplished by the come is to teach us not to drink rum, nor Wesleyan Missionaries at Tongataboo. co set fire to powder, nor to use muskets, Mr. Yate and his brethren had been but to do us good for ever and ever." Mr. translating also, so that the once-cannibal Yate then read a few extracts from letters New Zealanders would soon be able to written by the natives, in which, with read in their own tongue the wonderful much force and simplicity, they evinced works of God. The work of translation the high estimation in which they held among such a people was no easy task. the word of God. One earnestly requested When he went to the islands the natives a copy of the Gospels, offering a large pig had no letters, no signs of language, no as payment; another promised to save his hieroglyphics, no idea of communicating wages to purchase it. Another said that words by figures or marks on paper. his heart was sick for the word of God, King Pomare was the first to learn to and that he desired it more than axes and write ; and when it was noised abroad, blankets.
that he was able to converse with the The Rev. J. WILLIAMS, Missionary Missionaries at a distance, by means of a from the South Sea Islands, said, that few marks made on a piece of paper, all he had been employed for the London the natives were astonished, and regarded Missionary Society in those islands for it as a prodigy. It had been the aim of about eighteen years. Missionaries were the Missionaries to get as correct a versent forth by Christians to visit distantsion as possible. Each Missionary took lands; and when they had done so, and his allotted portion of the translation, had acquired a knowledge of the lan and when he had completed it, he sent it guages, and translated the word of God to his brethren for inspection ; they exinto those languages, then they needed amined it carefully, and made any the aid of that Society, to put their remark which they thought necessary. labours into a permanent and lasting It was then returned to the translator, form. If he looked to the continent of who corrected it, availing himself of the