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THE HONEY BEE.

but that she could adopt the words of the Psalm-sinner clean.-Though I walk through the valist : “Against Thee, Thee only, have I sinned,” ley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil. saying, "I feel that I have nothing to build upon, Oh how wonderful ! hard things have been made that I want everything; I am not prepared to easy, and bitter things sweet.' die, I want all my sins to be forgiven; I hope She remarked that at such a solemn hour, the I shall not be taken till the work is fully ac- world had no relish, "oh no!" she said, “it is complished.” The whole of the 51st Psalm, not worth a thought: she said, seemed to suit her case, and with so- • The world recedes, it disappears, lemnity repeated, “ 'Create in me a clean heart, Heaven opens on my eyes, my ears.'” oh, God! and renew a right spirit within me.' If I am saved, it will indeed be at the eleventh she said, “Oh if we should all meet in heaven,

To a young friend whom she tenderly loved, hour, I have been such a sinner.

will it not be delightful? oh! dear Thus did the Spirit of Truth search all things, we must all come to this, and nothing will do and bring this beloved friend sensibly to feel, as for any of us but the blood of the Lamb." she weightily expressed, "that at such a solemn

She continued for some time addressing those hour, it will not do to build upon having led a around her in this strain ; and to the question spotless and innocent life, something more is of her brother, whether she was happy? she rethen wanted to lean upon.”. She often observed, plied, “Yes, indeed I am happy.' Thus her how well it was for those who had given up their dying lips seemed to testify, that she was mer: hearts to serve their Saviour in the time of health, cifully brought to see the salvation of God, and -that had she done so, she should not now, in that he is able to save to the uttermost all those the hour of trial, have had to feel such deep who come unto him, through faith in Christ Jesus sorrow of heart,—that she could only hope for

our Lord.— Annual Monitor. mercy and forgiveness, adding, "If I perish, let it be at Thy footstool.”

As her bodily weakness increased, she remarked, “I often feel unable to read, or even to

A lecture on the Honey Bee was recently dethink; but I can cling ; this is about as much livered before the Smithsonian Institute at as I am able to do."

Washington, by Dr. Morris. A correspondent Though this beloved friend took these low of the National Intelligencer, in noticing the views of her own state, her company was deeply lecture, makes some interesting statements, and instructive and edifying to those around her, and furnishes some practical hints. Bees, said the a heavenly sweetness marked her deportment. lecturer, are villianous thieves. They enter the Her heart was often filled with gratitude to her hive and steal away the honey. Bees never pay heavenly Father for the extension of his love complimentary visits. A bee never lights upon and mercy, and she remarked many times, "I the platform of a hive not its own, with honest have indeed been mercifully dealt with." intentions. The careful observer will instantly

The dear sufferer rapidly declined; yet her detect a stranger bee. It is well known as an mind continued bright, and she was preserved enemy by the guard at the entrance of the hive; in a patient, waiting state; fully conscious of for a guard, day and night, is stationed there of the approach of death, she queried how long sufficient force to repel intruders, and will cerit was thought likely she might live? praying, tainly do it if this entrance in size is properly “Oh! dear Saviour, may it please thee not adjusted to the use of the community. Attention to take me till the work be fully accomplish to this subject will prevent robberies among bees. ed.”... She often said, "It is a solemn thing to Where, however, the entrance is of an unnecesdie;" and the evening preceding her death, sary and unreasonable size, enemies will effect when her friends were watching around her, she an entrance in spite of the guard. Then a war remarked that, believing her end was near, of extermination or subjugation ensues. It is "It felt very, very solemn to her.” At this fierce and dreadful. Reinforcements on both deeply interesting season, He who is indeed sides are rapid, and many bees are slain. The Love, condescended in great mercy to draw near, battle is soon determined, nearly always in faso that she seemed lifted above terrestrial things, of the assailants. The strong are most likely to and permitted a foretaste of those joys, of which attack the weak. The vanquished party then we consolingly believe, she now fully partici- unite with the conquerors, assist to carry away pates. Under this precious influence, her coun- their own honey, and go with it. Such is the tenance beamed with sweetness, and she em- war of bees. The following is the best way to phatically repeated many times,—"Divine com- manage robbing bees. Close the door of the passion ! mighty love !" and raising her hand, hive five minutes ; in this time the robbers will exclaimed, “Oh such love !-such love !—and have obtained their loads and will be pressing to to me, such a sinner; is it not marvellous ?" the door. Open it and let them out, and as soon adding, “a weary burdened soul, oh Lord, am as the hive is empty of these intruders, close I, but the blood of Jesus can wash the guilty again so nearly as that a single bee can pass at

a time. With so small a space the robbers will, the flights of enthusiasm, those in relation to war,
soon give over, after which open gradually have been making their way in the wrold, and
When robbers are thus suddenly checked, they gaining acceptance with philanthropists of every
often attack an adjacent hive with a rush which persuasion.
the guard cannot resist. This should be looked

These facts and considerations, afford encourageto, and it will be prudent, at the time of closing ment to such as have embraced the broad principles the entrance to the hive first attacked, also great. of Christianity in all their fulness and force, to ly to reduce the width of the entrance to all the

maintain them with the firmness and decision which hives standing near, until this danger is past. These directions are given on the presumption their importance demands. And it may be well that the hive is ventilated, as every hive should to remember that while many of the evils which the be. Without ventilation, in a hot day, five min- unbridled passions of men have introduced into utes exclusion of the atinospheric air may be civil society, may be palliated, and measurably redangerous or fatal. In this case caution must strained, by bringing the passions, prejudices, and be used, but

upon

the same principle the intelli- interests of men to counteract and counterbalance gent apiarian can still succeed.--Jour. of Com. each other, it is the spirit of Christianity alone which

can secure the enjoyment of general and permanent FRIENDS REVIEW.

peace.

Still any measures, rational and innocent in
PHILADELPHIA, SECOND MONTH 15, 1851.

themselves, which tend to lop off any of the
branches of this evil tree may be hailed with satis-

faction. It is probably known to many of our
The letter from Washington, which appears in readers, that Dr. Franklin made an effort, nearly
this week's number, though the circumstance to seventy years ago, to introduce into the law of na-
which it relates may appear in the view of somne, a tions a provision to respect the private property of
movement of little importance, affords encourage- unarmed citizens, in time of war, both on the
ment to hope that the principles of peace are gra- water and on the land. And in a treaty with the
dually, though slowly acquiring an ascendancy in king of Prussia, formed in 1785, of which he was
the view of the civilized world. As the reference a principal negotiator, the following article was
of national questions to the arbitration of a neutral introduced :
and disinterested power, is little or nothing more "If war should arise between the two contracting
than the adoption, in the adjustment of national parties, the merchants of either country then resi-
disputes, of the same principles which are univer- ding in the other, shall be allowed to remain nine
sally recognised between individuals, where law fairs, and may depart freely, carrying off all their

to . and order prevail, it may well be a matter of sur effects without molestation or hindrance. And all prise, that so little has yet been done towards sub- women and children, scholars of every faculty, culstituting the arbitrament of reason and justice, for tivators of the earth, artizans, manufacturers, and the decisions of the sword.

fishermen, unarmed, and in habiting unfortified

towns, villages, and places; and in general, all others The halo of honour which has been spread round whose occupations are for the common subsistence the achievements of warriors, from the days of and benefit of mankind, shall be allowed to conNimrod to our own time, and the efforts of most tinue their respective employments, and shall not governments, not excluding that under which we

be molested in their persons; nor shall their houses

or goods be burnt or otherwise destroyed, nor their live, have had, and while they exist, must continue fields wasted by the armed force of the enemy, into to have, a powerful influence in retarding the whose power, by the events of the war, they may progress of the pacific principle among men.

happen to fall: but if anything is necessary to be Situated as the United States are, or at least, the same shall be paid for at a reasonable price.

taken from them for the use of such armed force, would be if we were duly careful to cultivate peace And all merchant and trading vessels, employed in among ourselves, an effort to introduce the princi- exchanging the products of different places, and ples of arbitration into our treaties with the other thereby rendering the necessaries, conveniences, civilized nations of the globe, would appear par- tained, and more general, shall be allowed to pass

and comforts of human life, more easy to be obticularly appropriate if originating with our gener free and unmolested; and neither of the contracting al government. The measures which have been powers shall grant or issue any commission to any adopted in Europe, as well as on this side of the private armed vessels, empowering them to take or Atlantic, conclusively prove that there is a pro

destroy such trading vessels, or interrupt such cota

merce.'-Franklin's Works. gressive movement, on this great subject; and that while the doctrines, more distinctly promul

Upon the renewal of this treaty in 1799, this

clause was abandoned. gated by George Fox and his coadjutors than they had previously been in modern days, were regarded

MARRIED, at Friends' meeting-house at Back by many of the wise and learned in the world, as Creek, Grant Co., Indiana, on Firth day, the 230

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ult., Robert Corder, recently from Essex Co., Eng. through Congress. Indeed, a strong prejudice land, to ELIZABETH, daughter of Seth Winslow. bas fastened itself on the popular mind, through

Married,—At Friends' meeting, Green Plain, the constant misrepresentation of demagogues,
Clark Co., Ohio, on the 29th of last month, SAMUEL H.
Hadles, of Clinton county, Ohio, to Rure Smity, and if any movement had been proposed at all,

against both these arms of the public service; of the former place.

it would have been one to reduce, rather than to DIED, on the 16th of last month, at the residence increase their efficiency. It is safe, therefore, to of her son, Elijah Brownell, Raisin, Mich., Mary assume the peace basis of 1845 as the standard Battey, in the 77th year of her age; a member for estimating what would have been the exand minister of Adrian monthly meeting, formerly penditures for the army and navy during the of Bristol county, Massachusetts.

seven succeeding years, if the war with Mexico

had not happened. Correspondence of the North American and U. S. Gazette.

Allowing the excess thus occasioned by the WASHINGTON, January 26.

war in these two departments over the peace In order to ascertain how much the Mexican Indians in new territory, instalments under Mex

basis of 1845, and adding the cost for pensions, war has actually cost the country, and what sort ican treaty, payment of claims against Mexico, of an indefinite addition it has made to the annual expenses of the Government, it is necessary to go in New Mexico and Utah, and the like, and we

surveys, &c. in California, territorial governments back to the year immediately preceding that event, figure out the difference of $124,252,719 80 as when the army and navy, and other branches of the public service, were on the peace establish the positively ascertained consequence of the ment, that the contrast in a given number of years this colossal column of one hundred and twenty

war. . And it is a very astounding fact that in between what the expenditures would have been if peace had continued, and what they have be- four millions, the Union—or Mr. Walker speakcome in consequence of the war, may be clearly ing through it—has excepted to but one paltry exhibited. Let us fix the fiscal year ending in the account by the Secretary of the Treasury

item of thirty-seven thousand dollars, charged in 1852, as the terminus of the proposed series of for the renewal of "diplomatic intercourse with years

. The expenses for the year ending 30th for the renewal of "diplomatic intercourse with June, 1845, were $21,380,049 36, exclusive of

Mexico !" Allowing this deduction, and the public debt. By multiplying these figures by dignity of the fractional figures in the column seven, an aggregate of $119,660,345 53 is found of thousands would hardly be impaired. But if in the year 1852. Now, by ascertaining the ac- should it be located? Our diplomatic relations

this particular charge is not rightly placed, where tual and estimated expenses of these seven years, with Mexico bad been suspended before the and deducting the aggregate under the peace establishment, as already stated, we shall get at the breaking out of the war. The Mexican Minisreal difference between the cost of maintaining from Washington. No cost had therefore ac

ter had asked his passports, and withdrawn the Government before and since these extraordinary burthens were imposed. According to the crued to the treasury for a legation at Mexico official figures of the Secretary of the Treasury,

until after the treaty of peace. which exhibit the items of expense in detail, the make up the aggregate of the hundred and forty

The remaining twenty-one millions, which Actual and estimated expenditures from the 1st July, '45,

millions of difference in seven years, are account. to 1st July, '52, exclusive of

ed for by appropriations for the census, deficienpublic debt, are

$294,807,407 95

cies in post office, erection of patent office, cost Expenditures for same period,

of collecting revenue from customs, lands, &c., taking basis of peace estab

refunded duties, drawbacks, &c., building of cuslishment of '45, exclusive of

tom houses and other like necessities. The public debt,

149,660,345 52

total may be shown in a few figures giving re

sults. Difference chargeable to war, on

Aggregate excess of expenditure in War Dethis basis,

$145,147,062 43 partment for seven years, over peace estab

jishment of 1845, But it is not asserted that this whole immense

$84,838,795 32 difference has been occasioned directly by the war. Do in Navy Department, 19,058,858 11 Part of it occurred through independent legisla

Do. in State Department,

18,878,971 58

4,205,751 50 tion, for objects demanded by the public inter- Do. in Civil Department,

Do. Miscellaneous, ests, and which the Democratic majorities in

18,164,685 92 Congress were justified in enacting. But of the stated difference, $124,252,719 80 are chargea

Difference for seven years, $145,147,062 43 able exclusively to the war, and to no other But there are other heavy items which have cause. Every body knows, that without the not yet been presented in the account, and which happening of such an event, no augmentation of will figure pretty lagely as charges directly the army or navy could have been carried against the war. It is already ascertained that

the war,

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the expenditures for the seven years ending in In 1469, thirty-five years after this the tenth 1852, and chargeable exclusively to the hostili- printing press in Europe was established at ties with Mexico, amounted, exclusively of pub- Paris, and in 1471, the first press was establishlic debt, to

$124,252,719 80 ed in England. In our own country the first Add interest on war debt to

press was set up in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1852,

13,387,544 06 | in the year 1638, and as late as 1700 there were Interest on same debt from '52 to

but four presses in all the colonies. The great maturity,

41,173,493 38 improvements in printing, therefore, have mostPublic Lands granted, &c. 17,346,750 00 ly been of recent origin, the old system of hand Claims pending and estimated, 765,069 37 presses having been kept up until a comparatively Texas boundary stock to be is

recent date.

Although every age has been in sued,

10,000,000 00 some measure progressive, the last ten years have Interest on said stock for 14

been most remarkably characterized as the era years,

7,000,000 00 of astonishing inventions and startling discoMexican claims under treaty, 3,250,000 00 veries, among which one of the most masterly ef

forts of mechanical skill, and human ingenuity, Real cost resulting directly from

is the great printing press, last constructed for

$217,175,576 61 the New York Sun. It is 40 feet in length, This is the legacy in dollars and cents which having eight printing cylinders, or eight places the Democratic Administration of Mr. Polk be where the sheets are drawn in to be printed. queathed to the country and to their successors

There are likewise eight places where the sheets in office ; and great as the sum is, it does not

are discharged. The types are secured upon include a host of claims which will yet be pre

the outer surface of a large drum or cylinder sented. The country may well ponder upon this and as it revolves, the types at each revolution statement, when the wealth and advantage of give eight impressions. The sheets, as fast as the acquisition of Mexican territory are glorified, they are printed, are caught by contrivances

called “flyers,” and laid down evenly one upon

another. The machine is two stories in height, IMPROVEMENTS IN PRINTING-HOE'S MAMMOTH the second story being approached by visitors

and workmen by means of flights of stairs at In the year 1435, in a small, meanly con- each end, and platforms with railings extended structed workshop in Strasburg, might have been around. seen a humble unassuming German, busily and The sight which this huge machine presents carefully occupied in patiently carving hundreds when in operation baffles proper description. of mysterious looking little pieces of some me. The sheets flying in and out with lightning tallic substance, which were prepared and laid rapidity, the buzz of wheels, the clink of springs aside with all the care and precaution that would the jumping of arms,' and the movement of have been observed in preserving the most pre- other parts, give it the appearance of instinctive cious treasure. This individual was John Ĝut- life. In case of accident, it is but the work of a tenberg, the inventer of moveable types for print- minute to set the machine in motion, printing ing, and it is a remarkable, and most interesting with one or more cylinders. In front of the fact that the very first use to which the discovery machine there is a counting apparatus affixed, of printing was applied, was the production of the so arranged as to register, in plain figures before Holy Bible. This was accomplished at Mentz, the eye, every impression taken, adding up the between the years 1450 and 1455. Of the first same as fast as printed. The number of sheets printed Bible, eighteen copies are known to be printed, from one copy to one hundred millions, in existence, four of which are printed on vellum. may thus be instantly known at any time, day Two of these are in England, one being in the or night, by looking at the register. In the Grenville collection. One is in the Royal Libra- construction of this press, there are employed no ry of Paris. Of the fourteen remaining copies, less than six thousand bolts and screws, one ten are in England—there being a copy in the thousand two hundred wheels, two hundred and libraries of Oxford, Edinburg, and London, two wooden rollers, four hundred pullies, four and seven in the collections of different noble- hundred tape guides, besides an amazing men.

PRESS.

amount of cogged wheels, arms, braces, and This was the first successful attempt, and at other connections. There are also required to that time considered the most astonishing triumph give motion to the various parts of the machine of inventive genius in its application to the no less than five hundred yards of belting. The production of printed matter; and the rival and number of men employed in working this masuccessor of Guttenberg, John Fust or Faust, all chine is as follows : one foreman, three assistant are aware, was believed to have formed an foremen, eight feeders, two boys, two engineers affinity with the prince of darkness, for the -in all sixteen persons. By the aid of these wonderful facility with which he could multiply individuals, the inventor says, the machine perprinted copies by his art.

forms in one hour the amount of labour, to.

By

accomplish which, by the old mode, would put forth any opinions of our own, but the dehave required the employment of six thousand ductions of science, for the truth of which any men.

one acquainted with vegetable physiology can Such is this wonderful machine, alike won- vouch. derful in its operations, and in its effects calcu- Plants, in a growing state, absorb the oxygen lated to exert an almost superhuman influence gas of the atmosphere, and throw off carbonic over the mind, for which we are indebted to our acid; these are facts, and as oxygen is necessary ingenious and estimable fellow citizen, Richard to life and carbonic acid injurious to it, the M. Hoe, Esq., to whom more than any other conclusion has been jumped at, that plants in individual, the world is indebted for the facili- apartments must have a deleterious influence. ties of speedy interchange of thought and the But there is another fact equally irrefragable, transniission of knowledge through the press that plants feed on the carbonic acid of the atmoWith the venerable sage who taught us to con- sphere, and are, indeed, the grand instruments trol in its destructive course, the lightning at employed in the laboratory of Nature for puriour will—the distinguished artist, by whose dis- fying it from the noxious exhalations of animal coveries we are enabled to employ the sunbeam life. From the spacious forests to the blade as a pencil of light, and the cloud as a shadow of grass which forces itself up through the or those whose late discoveries have enabled us crevices of a street pavement, every portion of to compel at our bidding the fierce electric verdure is occupied in disinfecting the air. messenger, with speed of light to do our will, means of solar light the carbonic acid, when --we honor the inventor of this mighty engine, taken in by the leaves, is decomposed, its carcapable of impressing with“ breathing thought bon going to build up the structure of the plant, 20,000 sheets of mammoth dimensions per hour. and its disengaged oxygen returning to the air And as the last gift of the genius of the inventor we breathe. It is true that this process is to the public, we hail this most noble and beau- stopped in the darkness, and that then a very tiful production of modern art, capable of com- small portion of carbonic acid is evolved by pletely revolutionizing the world.

plants; but as it is never necessary for a patient Improvements like this bave accomplished to sleep in a room with flowers, we need say nofar more than was even claimed for all the thing on that subject. Cleanliness, and other fabled genii of eastern legends, and the world considerations, would suggest having a bedroom with such productions of intelligence and skill as free as possible during the night, and our obcan never again retrograde into darkness and ject is answered if {we' show that vegetation is error. The first printed edition of the bible not injurious in the day. That it is on the concost five years of unremitting toil in the print-trary, conducive to health, is a plain corollary of ing alone, now one minute is sufficient to fur- science. nish a complete copy of the Sacred Volume. Perhaps the error we are speaking of may Such are the improvements of the Nineteenth have originated from confounding the effects of Century.-Farmer and Mechanic.

the odours of plants with a general result of their presence. Now all strong scents are injurious,

and those of some flowers especially so, and FLOWERS IN A SICK ROOM.

ought on no account to be patronized by the Among the terrors of our youth we well re-invalid. But it happens, fortunately, that a very member there were certain poisonous exhal- large class of plants have either no scent at all

, ations said to arise from plants and flowers or so little as to be of no consequence, so that if allowed to share our sleeping room during there is still room for an extensive selection. the night, as though objects of loveliness when This, then, is one rule to be observed in chamseen by daylight took advantage of the darkness ber gardening. Another is, that the niants admitto assume the qualities of the ghoul or the vam- ted should be in perfect health, for while growing pire. Well do we remember how materval vegetation is healthful, it becomes noxious when anxiety removed every portion of vegetable life sickly or dead. Thirdly, let the most scrupulous from our bedroom, lest its gases should poison cleanliness be maintained; the pots, saucers, and us before morning! This opinion, and the the stands being often subjected to ablutions. cognate one that plants in rooms are always Under this head also we include the removal of injurious, is prevalent still, and it operates dying leaves, and all flowers before they have most unfavourably in the case of the bed ridden, quite lost their beauty, since it is well known or the invalid, by depriving them of a chamber that the petals become unpleasant in some vagarden which would otherwise make time put rieties as soon as the meridian of their brief life off his leaden wings, and while away, in inno- is passed. By giving attention to these simple cent amusement, many a lagging hour. Now regulations, a sick chamber may have its winwe assure our readers that this is a popular dows adorned with flowers without the slightest superstition, and will endeavour to put them in risk to the health of the occupant, and in saying posession of the grounds on which our state- this we open the way to some of the most gentle ment is founded. In doing so, we do not lenitives of pain, as well as the sources of rational

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