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THE

ARTILLERIST'S MANUAL,

AND

BRITISH SOLDIER'S COMPENDIUM.

BY

MAJOR F. A. GRIFFITHS.

R. F. P. ROYAL ARTILLERY.

Si quid novisti rectius istis,
Candidus imperti : si non, his utere mecum.

SIXTH EDITION.

Published by Authority.

LONDON:

SOLD BY W. H. ALLEN AND CO., LEADENHALL STREET ;
PARKER, FURNIVALL, AND PARKER, MILITARY LIBRARY, WHITEHALL;

CLOWES AND SONS, CHARING CROSS ;
SIMPKIN, MARSHALL AND CO., STATIONERS' HALL COURT ;

LOW AND SON, 47, LUDGATE HILL;
J. BODDY AND SON, E. JONES, WOOLWICH ;
AND ALL BOOKSELLERS.

1854.

231. C. 23.

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PREFACE

In this, the Sixth Edition of “ THE ARTILLERIST'S MANUAL, AND BRITISH SOLDIER'S COMPENDIUM,” considerable alterations, and additions will be found, these having been called for by the increased circulation of the work, and also by the exigencies of the combined Services.

Were the present publication to have been but a mere transcript of the preceding, it would have been a most ungracious return for the very gratifying reception of the work by the Military* and Nayal authorities, and a large proportion of the officers of all Services. A glance at the following alterations, and additions will suffice to prove that they were necessary for the completion of the work (as far as its limited size would admit), in order that the Manual might, as hitherto, be considered a compendium of theoretical and practical information, adapted for all branches of the Services.

Alterations, and Additions.
Percussion small arms. Bullets. Charges, &c. -
Platoon exercise, and different firings for the ordinary,

or rifle musket.
Light balls. Smoke balls. Carcasses.
Fuzes, metal. Fuzes, Captain Boxer's.
Common case shot. Grape shot.
Charges, high, low, distant, &c.
Ranges, &c.

e | 68-pr., 56-pr., 32-pr. brass howitzer.
wg d. 8-inch howitzer. Carronades. Mortars.

* Vide GENERAL ORDER, dated April 25, 1840; also Memorandum, Field battery exercise.

dated December 10, 1840, page vi,

Revised, in conformity Application of field artillery

to last Edition of Equipment of batteries.

“ FIELD BATTERY Weight of harness, carriages, &c.

EXERCISE, AND
Encamping, and picketing.

MOVEMENTS,” &c.
Embarking, and disembarking. I
Troop of Horse Artillery, establishment.
Field battery
S 24-pr. howitzers Last

s
7
er

establishment.
9-pr. guns
Ball cartridge brigade, equipment.
Exercise of heavy Ordnance, &c. Revised, in conformity

to last Edition of “ INSTRUCTIONS, AND REGULA

TIONS FOR THE SERVICE OF HEAVY ORDNANCE."
Congreve Rockets, exercise, &c. Ricochet firing.
Platforms. Colonel Alderson's platform.
Sleighs. Scaling ladders. Tonnage table.
Permanent fortification. Maxims, &c. Vauban's First

System.*
Field fortification. Principles, and maxims.
Construction, &c., of field works.
Method of tracing field works on the ground.
Naval bombardments.
Shelter from an enemy's fire.
Trigonometry. Trigonometry without logarithms.
The mechanical powers.
Cordage. Chains. Iron rods.
Transverse strength, and weight of materials.
Mensuration of planes. ..

&c. &c. &c. To meet the requirements of officers on active service, and military students in general, an epitome of permanent, and field fortification, with a plate, has been introduced into the Manual; aided by which, in conjunction with “TRIGONOMETRY;” “ RECONNOITRING, AND SURVEYING;”

* Vauban himself disclaimed any title to the invention of a system: he merely modified, or improved the methods of architects and engineers preceding him. The mode of construction of Vauban's First system, described in the Manual, is a combination of the methods at the Royal Military College, Roval Military Academy, and Addiscombe Seminary, a variation existing in the Plans, and Profiles adopted at these institutions.

" HEIGHTS, AND DISTANCES,” and “ PRACTICAL GEOMETRY," officers will be able readily, and efficiently, to execute high, and important duties, when employed on the staff, &c. &c.

“ MECHANICS,” “CORDAGE,” “TIMBER,” have been revised ; and modified, in conformity to the works on these subjects recently published, and from data of a scientific, and experienced civil engineer.

Officers of the Navy are referred to “ Naval BOMBARDMENTS," (extracted from Sir Howard Douglas's highly valued publication, entitled “A TREATISE ON NAVAL GUN. NERY, &c."); considerable additions to the tables of ranges, &c., of heavy ordnance; shot, and shells; charges, full, distant, &c.; naval rifle; tonnage, cordage, chains, &c. &c., as a slight testimony that every exertion has been made to render the work worthy the continued notice of the Lords of the Admiralty, and the acceptation of it by all ranks of the Naval Service.

In each successive edition of the Manual, the requirements of the officers of the East India Company's Service * have been borne in mind, similarly to those of the Queen's Service, (especially the Ordnance corps, for whom the original compilation was chiefly undertaken,) and it is hoped that the present edition may be approved by all ranks, and by all Services at Home, and Abroad.

Frederick A. Griffiths.

December 19, 1854.

* The Court of Directors have manifested their opinion of “THE ARTILLERIST'S MANUAL,&c., by a liberal distribution of each edition to the officers in command at the several Presidencies, &c. &c.

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