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(3) That the order, decision, rule or regulation is unreasonable.

(6) Nothing contained in this section shall be construed to limit the right of the commission, at any time and from time to time, to adopt new or different rules or regulations or new or different standards of safety, or to abrogate, change or modify any existing rule, regulation, or standard, or any part thereof, or to deprive the commission of continuing jurisdiction over the same or to prevent the enforcement in the manner provided by this act, of any rules, regulations or standard of the commission, or any part thereof, when so adopted, or changed, or modified.

Sec. 84. (a) Within thirty days after the application for a rehearing is denied, or, if the application is granted, within thirty days after the rendition of the decision on the rehearing, any party affected thereby may apply to the supreme court of this state or to the district court of appeal of the appellate district in which such person resides, for a writ of certiorari or review (hereinafter referred to as a writ of review) for the purpose of having the lawfulness of the original order, decision or award or the order, decision or award on rehearing inquired into and determined.

(b) Such writ shall be made returnable not later than thirty days after the date of the issuance thereof, and shall direct the commission to certify its record in the case to the court. On the return day the cause shall be heard in the court unless for good cause the same be continued. No new or additional evidence may be introduced in such court, but the cause shall be heard on the record to the commission as certified to by it. The review shall not be extended further than to determine whether or not:

(1) The commission acted without or in excess of its powers. (2) The order, decision or award was procured by fraud. (3) The order, decision, rule or regulation is unreasonable.

(4) If findings of fact are made, whether or not such findings of fact support the order, decision or award under review.

(c) The findings and conclusions of the commission on questions of fact shall be conclusive and final and shall not be subject to review; such questions of fact shall include ultimate facts and the findings and conclusions of the commission. The commission and each party to the action or proceeding before the commission shall have the right to appear in the review proceeding. Upon the hearing the court shall enter judgment either affirming, modifying or setting aside the order, decision or award.

(d) The provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure of this state relating to writs of review shall, so far as applicable and not in conflict with this act, apply to proceedings in the courts under the provisions of this section. No court of this state (except the supreme court and the district courts of appeal to the extent herein specified) shall have jurisdiction to review, reverse, correct or annul any order, decision or award of the commission or to suspend or delay the operation or execution thereof, or to restrain, enjoin or interfere with the commission in the performance of its duties; provided, that a writ of mandamus shall lie from the supreme court or the district courts of appeal in all proper cases.

Sec. 85. (a) The filing of an application for a rehearing shall have the effect of suspending the order, decision, award, rule or regulation affected, in so far as the same applies to the parties to such application, unless otherwise ordered by the commission, for a period of ten days, and the commission may, in its discretion and upon such terms and conditions as it may by order direct, stay, suspend or postpone the same during the pendency of such rehearing.

(6) The filing of an application for, or the pendency of, a writ of review, shall not of itself stay or suspend the operation of the order, decision, award, rule or regulation of the commission subject to review, but the court before which such application is filed may, in its discretion, stay or suspend in whole or in part the operation of the order, decision, award, rule or regulation of the commission subject to review upon such terms and conditions as it may by order direct.

Sec. 86. (a) Whenever this act, or any part or section thereof, is interpreted by a court, it shall be liberally construed by such court.

(b) If any section, subsection, subdivision, sentence, clause or phrase of this act is for any reason held to be unconstitutional, such decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of this act. The legislature hereby declares that it would have passed this act, and each section, subsection, subdivision, sentence, clause and phrase thereof, irrespective of the fact that any one more sections, subsections, subdivisions, sentences, clauses or phrases is declared unconstitutional.

(c) This act shall not be construed to apply to employers or employments which, according to law, are so engaged in interstate commerce as not to be subject to the legislative power of the state

or

or to employees injured while they are so engaged, except in so far as this act may be permitted to apply under the provisions of the Constitution of the United States or the acts of congress.

Sec. 87. (a) Any employer, having in his employment any employee not included within the term "employee" as defined by section fourteen of this act or not entitled to compensation under this act, and any such employee, may, by their joint election, elect to come under the compensation provisions of this act in the manner hereinafter provided.

(6) Such election on the part of the employer shall be made by filing with the commission a written statement to the effect that he accepts the compensation provisions of this act, which, when filed, shall operate, within the meaning of section twelve of this act, to subject him to the compensation provisions of this act, and of all acts amendatory thereof, for the term of one year from the date of filing, and thereafter without further act on his part, for successive terms of one year each, unless such employer shall, at least sixty days prior to the expiration of such first or any succeeding year, file in the office of the commission a notice in writing that he withdraws his election. Such acceptance shall not be held to include employees whose employment is both casual and not in the usual course of the trade, business, profession or occupation of the employer, unless expressly mentioned therein.

(c) Any employee in the service of any such employer, shall be deemed to have accepted, and shall, within the meaning of sec-· tion twelve of this act, be subject to the compensation provisions of this act, and of any act amendatory thereof, if, at the time of the accident for which liability is claimed:

(1) The employer charged with such liability is subject to the compensation provisions of this act, whether the employee has actual notice thereof or not; and

(2) Such employee shall not, at the time of entering into his contract of hire, have given to his employer notice in writing that he elects not to be subject to the compensation provisions of this act; or, in the event that such contract of hire was made in advance of the election by the employer, such employee shall have given to his employer notice in writing that he elects to be subject to such provisions, or without giving either of such notices, shall have remained in the service of such employer for thirty days after the employer has filed his election.

Sec. 88.

The commission shall, not later than the first day of

December of each calendar year, subsequent to the year 1913, make a report to the governor of the state covering its entire operations and proceedings for the previous fiscal year, with such suggestions or recommendations as it may deem of value for public information. Such report shall be printed and a copy thereof furnished to all applicants within this state.

Sec. 89. The sum of one hundred eighty-seven thousand four hundred seventy dollars is hereby appropriated out of any money in the state treasury, not otherwise appropriated, to be used by the industrial accident commission in carrying out the purposes of this act, and the controller is hereby directed to draw his warrant on the general fund from time to ime favor of said industrial accident commission for the amounts expended under its direction, and the treasurer is hereby authorized and directed to pay the same.

Sec. 90. All acts or parts of acts inconsistent with this act are hereby repealed.

Sec. 91. The compensation provisions of this act shall not apply to any injury sustained prior to the taking effect thereof.

Sec. 92. This act shall take effect and be in force on and after the first day of January, A. D. 1914.

No. 11,147.

Frank C. Jordan, Secretary of State.

Frank H. Cory, Deputy.

STATE OF CALIFORNIA.

Department of State.

I, FRANK C. JORDAN, Secretary of State of the State of California, do hereby certify that I have carefully compared the annexed copy of Senate Bill 905, Chapter 176, with the original now on file in my office, and that the same is a correct transcript therefrom, and of the whole thereof. Also, that this authentication is in due form and by the proper officer.

Witness my hand and the Great Seal of State, alt of[SEAL] fice in Sacramento, California, the 18th day of June, A. D. 1913.

FRANK C. JORDAN,

Secretary of State.

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