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action admitted allow apparatus appears applied arrangement atmosphere attached axis axle bars beam boiler bottom carriage carried cause centre closed coal cock communication condenser connected consequently consists construction containing crank cylinder described diameter direction drawing effect employed enters equal escape experiments feet figure fire fixed fluid force four friction fuel furnace give given greater half heat horizontal improvements inch increased invention iron length less lever London lower machine machinery manner means metal method motion moving nearly necessary obtained operation packing paddles pass passage patent piece pipe piston placed plate position pressure prevent principle produced propelling pump quantity raised receive represents revolving ring road round shut side similar sliding smoke space steam engine stroke sufficient supply surface temperature tion tube turned upper valve vapour vessel weight wheel whole
Σελίδα 9 - One vessel of water rarefied by fire driveth up forty of cold water ; and a man that tends the work is but to turn two cocks, that, one vessel of water being consumed, another begins to force and refill with cold water, and so successively, the fire being tended and kept constant, which the selfsame person may likewise abundantly perform in the interim, between the necessity of turning the said cocks.
Σελίδα 79 - I intend, in many cases, to employ the expansive force of steam to press on the pistons, or whatever may be used instead of them, in the same manner as the pressure of the atmosphere is now employed in common fire engines. In cases where cold water cannot be had in plenty, the engines may be wrought by this force of steam only, by discharging the steam into the open air, after it has done its office.
Σελίδα 9 - ... which is but at such a distance. But this way hath no bounder, if the vessels be strong enough ; for I have taken a piece of a whole cannon, whereof the end was burst, and filled it three...
Σελίδα 48 - ... cooled the cylinder so much, as to require quantities of steam to heat it again, out of proportion to the power gained by having made a more perfect vacuum ; and on this account the old engineers acted wisely in loading the engine with only six or seven pounds weight on each square inch of the piston.
Σελίδα 46 - Papin's digester, and formed a species of steam-engine by fixing upon it a syringe, one-third of an inch diameter, with a solid piston, and furnished also with a cock to admit the steam from the digester, or shut it off at pleasure, as well as to open a communication from the inside of the syringe to the open air, by which the steam contained in the syringe might escape. When the communication between the digester and syringe was opened, the steam entered the syringe, and by its action upon the piston...
Σελίδα 584 - Liverpool, setting forth that they considered " the present establishments for the transport of goods quite inadequate, and that a new line of conveyance has become absolutely necessary to conduct the increasing trade of the country with speed, certainty, and economy.
Σελίδα 310 - I believe it may be made very useful to ships, but I dare not meddle with that matter; and leave it to the judgment of those who are the best judges of maritime affairs;" and he further remarks, " As for fixing the Engines in Ships, when they 1698.
Σελίδα 9 - An admirable and most forcible way to drive up water by fire, not by drawing or sucking it upwards, for that must be as the philosopher calleth it, infra spheeram activitatis, which is but at such a distance. But this way hath no bounder, if the vessels be strong enough ; for I have taken a piece of a whole cannon, whereof the end was burst, and filled it...
Σελίδα 747 - In some cases after the flame has passed through the burning fuel I cause it to pass through a very hot funnel, flue, or oven, before it comes to the bottom of the boiler, or to the part of the furnace where it is proposed to melt metal or perform other office, by which means the smoke is still more effectually consumed. In other cases I cause the flame to pass immediately from the fire-place into the space under a boiler, or into the bed of a melting or other furnace.
Σελίδα 594 - 7th. — The engine to be delivered complete for trial, at the Liverpool end of the railway, not later than the 1st. of October next. " 8th. — The price of the engine which may be accepted, not to exceed ^550. delivered on the railway; and any engine not approved, to be taken back by the owner. " NB — The Railway Company will provide the engine tender with a supply of water and fuel for the experiment. The distance within the rails is four feet eight inches and a half.