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The other, which still subsist, and are sometimes called by their primitive name, advowees, though more usually patrons, were hereditary; as being the founders and endowers of churches, &c. Women were sometimes advowees. The canon law mentions some who had this title, and who had the same right of presentation, &c. in their churches, which the advowees themselves had. In a stat. 25, Edw. III. we meet with advowee paramount for the highest patron; that is, the king.

ADVOWSON, APPENDANT, that which depends upon the manor, as an appurtenance.

ADVOWSON IN GROSS, the right of presentation, which is principal or absolute, and does not belong to any manor as part of its right.

ADVOWSON. Though the nomination of fit persons to officiate in the dioceses, was originally in the bishops, yet they were content to let the founders of churches have the nomination of the persons to the churches so founded, reserving to themselves a right to judge of their fitness. Advowsons formerly were most of them appendant to manors, and the patrons were parochial barons: the lordship of the manor, and patronage of the church, were seldom in different hands, until advowsons were given to religious houses. But of late the lordship of the manor, and advowson of the church, have been divided. Advowsons are presentative, collative, or donative: presentative, where the patron presents or offers his clerk to the bishop of the diocese, to be instituted in his church; collative, where the benefice is given by the bishop, as original patron thereof, or by means of a right he has acquired by lapse; donative, as where the king or other patron does, by a single donation in writing, put the clerk into possession, without presentation, institution, or induction. Anciently, the patron had sometimes the sole nomination of the prelate, abbot, or prior; either by investiture, (i. e. delivery of a pastoral staff,) or by direct presentation to the diocesan; and if a free election was left to the religious, yet a conge d' elire, or licence of election, was first to be obtained of the patron, and the person elected was confirmed by him. If the founder's family became extinct, the patronage of the convent went to the lord of the manor. Unless the several colleges in the universities be restrained in the number of advowsons they may receive, it is argued they will in time acquire such a stock, as to frustrate the design of their foundation, (the education of youth,) by creating too quick a succession of fellows; so that there will not be in the colleges a sufficient number of persons of competent age, knowledge, and experience, to instruct and form the minds of the youth. In some colleges the number of advowsons is said to be already two thirds, or more, of the number of fellows. It is objected, on the other side, that the succession of fellows may be too slow as well as too quick; whereby persons well qualified may be detained so long in colleges as not to have strength or activity enough left for the discharge of parochial functions. Colleges holding more advowsons in number than a moiety of the fellows, are not capable of purchasing more. Grants of advowsons by Papists are void. Advowsons are tem

poral inheritances, and lay fees; they may be granted by deed or will, and are assets in the hands of heirs or executors. Presentations to advowsons for money, or other reward, are void. In Scotland, this right is called patronage. See PATROnage.


ADUN, in music, the key of A major; one of the twenty-four keys in modern music, called by the French, la majeur, and the Italians, la maggiorè. ADURE', v. ADUST,' ADUST ́ED, ADUS'TION.

Ad: uro, ustus. The verb is obsolete burnt, scorched, hot; dried with fire.

And althoughe, that to touche and se them wythoute, and throughe the bodyes; they were not exceadinge hotte nor pale, but that thair skynne was as redde colour adusted, full of a lytle thynne blaynes.

Nicoll's Thucidides, f. 57, col. 2. Such a degree of heat, which doth neither melt nor scorch, doth mellow, and not adure.

Bacon's Nat. Hist. No. 319. By this means, the virtual heat of the water will adust, or fragile. enter; and such a heat, as will not make the body Bacon.

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ADUSTION, in medicine, an inflammation of the parts about the brain, and its membranes, attended with a hollowness of the sinciput and eyes, a pale colour, and dryness of the body. The yolk of an egg, with oil of roses, applied by way of cataplasm, is recommended for this disorder; or the leaves of turnsol, the parings of a gourd, or the pulp of a pompion, applied in the same manner with oil of roses.

ADY, in natural history, the palm tree of the island of St. Thomas. It is tall, with a thick, bare, upright stem, thin and light, growing single on its root, and full of juice. The head shoots into a vast number of branches, which being cut off, or an incision made, afford a great quantity of sweet juice, which fermenting, supplies the place of wine among the Indians. The fruit, which is called abanga, is of the size and shape of a lemon; and is eaten roasted. The raw kernels are often mixed with mandioc meal, and are judged to be cordial. An oil is also prepared from this fruit, which answers the purpose

of butter, and is used for anointing stiff parts of the body. See ABANGA.

ADYNAMIA, from a privative, and duvaμıç, strength, in medicine, debility, or weakness, from sickness.

ADYNAMON, among ancient physicians, a kind of weak factitious wine, prepared from must boiled down with water; to be given to patients to whom genuine wine might be hurtful.

ADYTUM, from a, not, and duw or dvvw, to enter, in pagan antiquity, the most retired and sacred place of their temples, into which none but the priests were allowed to enter. They were sometimes in the rear of, and sometimes under the temple. The only well preserved adytum is that of the little temple at Pompeii. See POMPEII. The statue of Diana of Portici was found in its interior, elevated a few steps at the back of the temple, and was kept in perfect darkness. The Sanctum Sanctorum of the temple of Solomon, was of the nature of the pagan adytum, none but the high priest being admitted

into it.

ADZENOTA, a small town of Valencia, in Spain, seated on the mountains Pegna Golosa, abounding with medicinal plants.

EA, in ancient geography, a celebrated city and port of Colchis, fifteen miles from the sea, according to Pliny. It was famous for containing the golden fleece of Jason at the time he reached this country. Some authors have considered it as the apolis of Ptolemy; from the Greek ata, earth, or the Heb. 8, island. From this city the Circe obtained the appellation of wa. Hom. Odyss. 1. i. v. 32. Virgil, 1. iii.

v. 386.

MACEA, in Grecian antiquity, solemn festivals and games celebrated at gina, in honour of Eacus.

EACIDES, in ancient history, an appellation given to Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, as the descendant of Eacus, by the Oracle, in the famous equivocal response, which led that monarch to his destruction. See PYRRHUS.

MACUS, in fabulous history, the son of Jupiter by Ægina, and king of the island Enopia, which he named Ægina after his mother. When the isle was depopulated by a plague, his father, in compassion to his grief, changed all the ants upon it into men and women, who were called Myrmidons, from μvpμnt, an ant. The foundation of the fable is said to be, that when the country had been depopulated by pirates, who forced the few that remained to take shelter in caves, Дacus encouraged them to come out, and by commerce and industry to recover what they had lost. His character for justice was such, that in a time of universal drought, he was nominated by the Delphic oracle to intercede for Greece, and his prayer was answered. See EGINA. It was also imagined that Eacus, on account of his impartial justice, was appointed by Pluto one of the three judges of the dead; and that it was his province to decide the fate of Europeans.

ÆBUDÆ. See HEBRIDES. ÆBURA, in ancient geography, a town of Spain in Estremadura, on the river Guadiana,

to the W. of Merida, now called Talavera. Long 7°, 15′ W. Lat. 38°, 40′ N.

ÆCHMALOTARCHA, in antiquity, a Greek term, signifying the chief or leader of the Jewish captives in Babylon. The Jews, who refused to follow Zerubbabel to Jerusalem, after the Babylonish captivity, elected a magistrate to govern them, whom they called ¬, rosch, guluth, q. d. chief of the captivity, which Origen and others translate by a Greek name of the like import, auxμadwrapxos, formed from aixaλwros, captive, aixun, war, and apxwv, commander. The Jewish writers assure us, that the achmalotarcha were only chosen out of the tribe of Judah. The eastern Jews had their princes of the captivity, as the western Jews had their patriarchs. The Jews are still said to have an achmalotarch at Babylon, but without the authority of the ancient ones.

ÆCIDIUM, in botany, of aukia, a wound or injury, (because, wherever this fungus attaches itself, the plant becomes diseased and tumid,) a species of parasitical fungi. Class and order cryptogamia fungi.

The essential characters are: head conspicuous, sessile,round, membraneous, and at length bursting with a teethed orifice. Seeds mealy, naked. Persoin defines twenty species, to which Mr. Sowerby makes several additions.

ECLANUM, or ECULANUM, in ancient geography, a town of the Hirpini in Italy, at the foot of the Apennines, to the E. of Abellinum, situated between Beneventum and Tarentum. It is now called Fricento, and lies 47 miles E. of Naples.

CLANENSES, or ECULANI, the inhabitants of Eculanum.

ECLUS, in entomology, a species of papilio, found at Amboyna, of black wings above, cinerous beneath, waved with black, and having a yellow spot.

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ED, in ancient inscriptions, an abbreviature for DILATUS, which see.

EDES, in antiquity, a chapel or inferior kind of temple, distinguished by this, that it was not consecrated by the augurs, as those properly called temples were. Such was the ærarium, or treasury; called des Saturni.


ÆDICULA, in ancient architecture, the inner part of the temple, where the altar and statue of the deity stood: it is merely, perhaps, a diminutive of ædes, sometimes it signifies a small house. Edicule are often found on medals; and ancient sculptures contain the figure of the prince or founder of a temple or church, holding in his hand an ædicula or model of the building. The Romans erected one which they called ædicula ridicula to the god of mirth, in commemoration of the repulse of Hannibal by severe weather, after the battle of Canna, when he was advancing upon Rome.

ÆDILATUS, DILATE, the office of ædile See next article.

ÆDILE, ÆDILIS, from ades a house, in Roman antiquity, a magistrate whose business it was to superintend buildings of all kinds, especially public ones, as temples, aqueducts,

bridges, &c. to take care of the highways, public places, weights and measures, &c. to fix the prices of provisions, take cognizance of debauchees, punish lewd women, and such as frequented gaming houses. They had the inspection of comedies and other pieces of wit; and were obliged to exhibit magnificent games to the people, at their own expence, whereby many of them were ruined. To them also belonged the custody of the plebiscita, and the examination and censure of books. They had the power, on certain occasions, of issuing edicts; and, by degrees, they obtained a considerable jurisdiction, the cognizance of various causes, &c. This office ruined numbers by its expensiveness; so that, in Augustus's time, even senators declined it on that account.

All these functions, which rendered the ædiles so considerable, belonged at first to the ædiles of the people, ædiles plebeii, or minores; these were only two in number, and were first created in the same year as the tribunes: for the tribunes, finding themselves oppressed with the multiplicity of affairs, demanded of the senate to have officers, with whom they might entrust matters of less importance; and accordingly two ædiles were created; and elected every year at the same assembly as the tribunes. But these plebeian ædiles having refused, on a particular occasion, to treat the people with shows, as being unable to support the expence, the patricians offered to do it, provided they would admit them to the honours of the ædilate; which being agreed upon, two patrician ædiles were created, in the year of Rome 588; who were called ædiles curules, or majores; as having a right to sit on a curule chair, enriched with ivory, when they gave audience; whereas the plebeian ædiles. only sat on benches.-Besides sharing all the ordinary functions with the plebeians, their chief employ was, to procure the celebration of the grand Roman games, and to exhibit comedies, shows of gladiators, &c. to the people; and they were also appointed judges in all cases relating to the selling or exchanging estates. To ease these four first ædiles, Cæsar created a new kind, called ædiles cereales, as being deputed chiefly to take care of the corn. These ædiles cereales were also taken out of the order of patricians. In the municipal cities there were ædiles, and with the same authority as at Rome. We also read of an ædiles alimentarius, whose business seems to have been to provide diet for those who were maintained at the public charge, though others assign him a different office.-In an ancient inscription we likewise meet with ædile of the camp, ædiles castrorum.

ÆDILIS, in entomology, a species of cerambyx, found in the trunks of trees, and called also. capricornus rusticus.


ÆDILITAS. See ÆDILITIUM EDICTUM, among the Romans, was that whereby a remedy was given to a buyer, in case a vicious or unsound beast, or slave, was sold him. It was called ædilitium, because the preventing of frauds in sales and contracts belonged especially to the ædiles.

attended the temples of the goddesses. See next article.

EDITUUS, from ades, a temple, and tueor, to defend, in Roman antiquity, an officer belonging to the temple, who had the charge of the offerings, treasure, sacred utensils, and records. His duty was somewhat similar to that of our verger or beadle, but of superior trust and distinction.

ÆDON, in ancient mythology, a daughter of Pandarus, who being jealous of her sister Niobe, having more children than herself, attempted to kill the eldest of them, but in the attempt slew her own son; and was changed into a goldfinch as she endeavoured to kill herself. Hom. Od. xix. 518.

ÆDUI, in ancient history, a brave nation of Celtic Gaul, celebrated as the first allies of Cæsar in his invasion of Gaul. They were found between the 46°. and 47°. latitude.

ÆGADES, three small islands, lying on the west side of Sicily, opposite to the main land between Marsalla and Trapani. Their names are Levenzo, Favignana, and Maretimo.

GEA, or ÆGE, in ancient geography, the name of dessa, so called from the following adventure: Caranus, the first king of Macedonia, being ordered by the oracle to seek out a settlement in Macedonia, under the conduct of a flock of goats, surprised the town of Ædessa, during a thick fog and rainy weather, in following the goats that fled from the rain; which goats ever after, in all his military expeditions, he caused to precede his standard; and in memory of this he called Edessa, Aiyaç, Ægaa. Hence probably, in the prophet Daniel's vision, the he-goat is the symbol of the king of Macedon.

ÆGEADÆ, the inhabitants of Egæ. See last article.

ÆGEON, in ancient mythology, a huge giant, the son of Titan and Terra, who was fabled to have had 100 hands, with which he threw 100 rocks at once, at Jupiter, who, when he had overcome him, bound him with 100 chains.

ÆGEUM MARE. See GEAN SEA. ÆGAGROPILA, or GAGROPILUS, from aryayoos, the rock goat, and milos, a ball, in natural history, a ball generated in the stomach of the rupicapra, or chamois goat, hard on the outside, and consisting of a substance like hair; similar to those sometimes found in cows, hogs, &c. It is sometimes called besoar Germanicum, or the German bezoar.

ÆGEA, a queen of the Amazons, who was drowned in the Egean Sea.

EGEAN SEA, in ancient geography, now the Archipelago, a part of the Mediterranean, which separates Europe from Asia and Africa; washing on the one hand, Greece and Macedonia; on the other, Caria and Ionia. It is uncertain whether the name is derived from Egea, queen of the Amazons, or Ægeus king of Athens, who both perished in it, or from its various isles appearing like a flock of goats at a distance. See EGEA and EGEUS.

ÆGELETHRON, in botany, a name used by some authors for the common mercurialis, or ÆDITUA, in antiquity, a female officer who English mercury, an eatable wild herb.

AGELSTAWICK, a good harbour, lying about half a mile from the town of Sodertledge, in Sudertorn, a district of Sudermania, in Sweden.

ÆGERITA, in botany, from aryepos, u poplar, or alder tree, because the first-discovered species of this genus grows on the wood of the alder, and was thence called Sclerotium Ægerita, which last word, on the establishment of the present genus, was taken for its generic name.-Class and order, Cryptogamia Fungi. Its Ess. CHAR. are sessile granulations solid, filled with a somewhat mealy powder.

ÆGEUS, in fabulous history, king of Athens, and father of Theseus. The Athenians having basely killed the son of Minos, king of Crete, for carrying away the prize from them, Minos made war upon them; and being victorious, imposed this severe condition on geus, that he should annually send into Crete seven of the noblest Athenian youths, chosen by lot, to be devoured by the Minotaur. On the fourth year of this tribute, the choice fell on Theseus: or, as others say, he himself intreated to be sent. The king, at his son's departure, ordered that as the ship departed with black sails, it should return with the same in case he perished; but, if he became victorious, he should change them into white. When Theseus returned to Athens, after killing the Minotaur, he forgot to change the sails, and his father, supposing him dead, cast himself headlong into the sea, which afterwards obtained the name of the Egean Sea. The Athenians decreed Egeus divine honours; and sacrificed to him as a marine deity, the adopted son of Neptune,

EGIALITIS, in botany, aıyıaλîrıç, an inhabitant of the coast, alluding to its place of growth. -A genus of plants, of the class and order, pentandria pentagynia. Its Ess. CHAR. CAL. one leaf, coriaceous, five-toothed, with folded angles: PET. five, their claws combined at the base, bearing the stamens: STIG. capitate. Pericarp prominent, angular, nearly cylindrical, coriaceous, without valves. Seed germinating, without albumen, and plumula conspicuous.

ÆGIAS, in medicine, a white speck on the pupil of the eye, which occasions a dimness of sight. ÆGICERAS, in botany, so called from ait, a goat, and kɛpaç, a horn, in allusion to the hornlike shape of the seed-vessel, a genus of plants of the class pentandria, and order monogynia. Its ESS. CHAR. CAL. five, deep imbricated segments: COR. salver-shaped, five-cleft, reflexed. Filaments joined at the base: STIG. simple. Follicle coriaceous, cylindrical. Seed solitary, with a hooded tunic. The last two plants are both natives of New Holland.

AEGIDA, in ancient geography, now Capo d' Istria, the principal town on the north of the territory of Istria, situated in a little island, joined to the land by a bridge. In an old inscription, it is called Egidis Insula. It was afterward called Justinopolis, after the emperor Justin. Lon. 14°, 20′ E. Lat. 45°, 50' N.

ÆGIDES, in medicine, a disorder of the eyes mentioned by Hippocrates, occasioned by small white cicatrices in the eye, arising from an efflux of corrosive humour. See ALBUGO.

ÆGIDION, in pharmacy, collyrium for inflammations and defluxions of the eyes.

GILOPS, ayıλwy, Gr. signifying goat-eyed, the goat being subject to this ailment. A tumour or swelling in the great corner of the eye, by the root of the nose, either with or without an inflammation. Authors frequently use the words agilops, anchilops, and fistula lachrymalis, synonymously: but the more accurate, after Ægineta, make a difference.-The tumour, before it becomes ulcerous, is properly called anchilops; and, after it has got into the lachrymal passages, and has rendered the os lachrymale carious, fistula lachrymalis. If the ægilops be accompanied with an inflammation, it is supposed to take its rise from the abundance of blood, which a plethoric habit discharges on the corner of the eye. If it be without an inflammation, it is supposed to proceed from a viscous pituitous humour, thrown upon this part. The method of cure is the same as that of ophthalmia. But before it has reached the lachrymal passages, it is managed like other ulcers. If the ægilops be neglected, it bursts, and degenerates into a fistula, which eats into the bone.

EGILOPS, in botany, the cerrus, or holm oak, a species of QUERCUS, which see.


EGILOPS, WILD FESTUC, a genus of the monæcia order, belonging to the polygamia class of plants, and ranking under the fourth natural order, Gramina.-The characters are: hermaphrodite, a two-valved glume, triflorous : COR. a two-valved glume, the outermost valve terminated by three aristæ, or awns, the interior awnless: STAM. three capillary filaments; style, two: Seed, one, oblong. Male calyx and cor. each a glume as in the former; and stamina, the same number.-There are seven species, natives of Italy, and some other parts of Europe. The flour of the ægilops cerris, or festuca, has been reputed a remedy for the above-mentioned disease of the eye.

ÆGIMURUS, in ancient geography, an island in the bay of Carthage, about thirty miles distant from that city, now Goletta. This island being afterwards sunk in the sea, two of its rocks remained above water, which were called Are, as mentioned by Virgil, because the Romans and Carthaginians entered into an agreement to settle their mutual boundaries at these rocks.

EGINA, in fabulous history, the daughter of Esopus, king of Boeotia, was beloved by Jupiter, who debauched her in the form of a lambent flame, and carried her from Epidaurus, to a desart island called Enope, which was named after her.

ÆGINA, in geography, an island in the Saronic Bay, twenty miles from the Piraeus, formerly vying with Athens for naval power, and at the sea-fight of Salamis, disputing the palm of victory with the Athenians. The Greeks had a common temple in it dedicated to Jupiter. It was surrounded by Attica, the territory of Megara, and the Peloponnesus, each distant about 100 stadia, or twelve miles and a half. In circumference, it was reckoned 180 stadia, or twenty-two miles and a half. It was washed on the E. and S. by the Myrtoan and Cretan seas. It is now called Eyina, or Egina. The temple

above-mentioned, is situated on the summit of a mountain called Panhellenius, about an hour's walk distant from the shore. The Eginetans affirm it was erected by Eacus; in whose time Hellas being terribly oppressed by drought, the Delphic oracle was consulted, and the response was, That Jupiter must be rendered propitious by Eacus. The cities entreated him to be their mediator: he sacrificed and prayed to Jupiter Panhellenius, and procured rain. The temple was of the Doric order, and had six columns in front. Twenty-one of the exterior columns were lately standing, with two in the front of the pronaos and of the posticum, and five of the number which formed the ranges of the cell. The entablature, except the architrave, is fallen. The stone is of a light brownish colour, much eaten in many places, and indicating very great age. Some of the columns have been injured by boring to their centres for the metal. In several, the junction of the parts is so exact, that each seems to consist of one piece. This ruin Mr. Chandler considers as scarcely to be paralleled in its claim to a remote antiquity. Near the shore is a barrow, raised, according to tradition, in memory of Phocus, the son of Eacus, who was killed by his brother Peleus. See PELEUS. This barrow in the second century, when seen by Pausanius, was surrounded with a fence, and had on it a rough stone. The terror of some dreadful judgment to be inflicted from heaven, had preserved it entire and unaltered to his time; and in a country depopulated and neglected, it may still endure for many ages. The soil of this island, as described by Strabo, is very stony, especially the bottoms, but in some places, not unfertile in grain. Besides corn, it produces olives, grapes, and almonds; and abounds in pigeons and partridges. It has been related, that the Eginetans annually break their eggs, to prevent their multiplying, and occasioning a famine. They have no hares, foxes, or wolves. The rivers in summer are all dry. The vaiwode or governor farms the revenue of the grand seignior; of which, about half is paid by a caratch-money, or poll-tax.

EGINA, was the capital of the above island. Its site has been long forsaken. A remnant of a temple of Venus, is situated near the port, which was principally frequented. The theatre resembled that of the Epidaurians both in size and workmanship. The walls belonging to the ports and arsenal were of excellent masonry, and may be traced to a considerable extent, above, or nearly even with, the water. Here is a small chapel of St. Nicholas, several mean churches, and a square tower with a draw-bridge. This structure, was erected by the Venetians, while at war with the Turks in 1693. This island is generally garrisoned with about 800 men.

EGINETA, in botany, a genus of plants, belonging to the class and order, didynamia angiospermia; the characters of which are; the cup an oval, inflated, and coloured spatha; univalve; opening longitudinally near the top. The flower consists of one petal. Its base large, round, and inflated. The tube short, cylindric, and open; and the mouth small, but expanded, and turns back at the edge. The STAM. four

crooked filaments; two of them of the length of the flower, and the other two a little shorter. The antheræ are oblong, and stand close to one another at their top. The germen of the pisti! is oval; the style is subulated, and of the length of the stamina; and the stigma is large, round and bending. The Hortus Malabaricus is the only work in which we have a description of the plant.

EGINETA, (Paulus,) a celebrated surgeon of the island of Egina, from whence he derived his name. According to M. Le Clerc's calculation, he lived in the fourth century; but Abulpharagius, who is allowed to give the best account of those times, places him with more probability in the seventh. His knowledge in surgery was great, and his works are deservedly famous. Fabricius ab Aquapendente has transcribed his remarks in a variety of places. He is the first writer who takes notice of the cathartic quality of rhubarb; and, according to Dr. Milward, is the first in antiquity, who deserves the title of a man-midwife.

ÆGINETE, or GINENSES, the inhabitants of Ægina; they applied early to commerce, and were the first who coined money, which from them was called Noucμa Aiyivaiov, Æginetan coin. Νομισμα From their industry, they got the title of Myrmidons, or the nation of ants. See ACUS and EGINA.

ÆGINETICUM AS, the money of Egina, which was inuch esteemed in ancient Greece.

ÆGINHARD, the celebrated secretary and supposed son-in-law of Charlemagne. He is said to have been carried through the snow on the shoulders of the affectionate and ingenious Imma, to prevent his being traced from her apartments by the emperor her father: a story which the elegant pen of Addison has copied and embellished from an old German chronicle, and inserted in the third volume of the Spectator-This happy lover seems to have possessed a heart not unworthy of so enchanting a mistress, and to have returned her affection with the most faithful attachment; for there is a letter of ginhard's still extant, lamenting the death of his wife, which is written in the tenderest strain of connubial affection. He was a native of Germany, and was educated by the munificence of his imperial master, of which he has left the most grateful testimony in his preface to the life of that monarch. Eginhard, after the loss of his wife, is supposed to have passed the remainder of his days in religious retirement. His life of Charlemagne, his annals from 741 to 889, and his letters, are inserted in the second volume of Duchesne's Scriptores Francorum. There is an improved edition of this valuable historian, with the annotations of Hermann Schmincke, in 4to, 1711.

ÆGIPAN, from A, a goat, in heathen mythology, a denomination given to the god Pan, because he was represented with the horns, legs, feet, &c. of a goat.

ÆGIPANES, in ancient history, a sort of monsters mentioned by Pliny, Solinus, and Pomp. Mela. Salmasius, in his notes on Solinus, takes Egipan to have signified the same, in Libya, with Sylvanus among the Romans.

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