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200. There is a screw, whose threads are 4 of an inch asunder; if it be turned by a, lever 10 feet long, what weight will be balanced by 120 pounds power? 201. There is a machine, in which the
power moves over 10 feet, while the weight is rais.
Ans. 362057, 158 ed 1 inch; what is the power of that machine, that is, what is the ratio of the weight to the power?
Ans. 120. 202. A man put 20 apples into a wine gallon measure, which was afterwards filled by pour. ing in 1 quart of water; required the contents of the apples in cubic inches. Ans. 1734 inches.
203. A rough stone was put into a vessel, whose capacity was 14 wine quarts, which was afterwards filled with 24 quarts of water; what was the cubic content of the stone ?
Ans. 6644 inches.
FORMS OF NOTES, BONDS, RECEIPTS,
that time is an injury to him. The law, there
fore, to do him justice, allows him interest No. 1.
from the time the money becomes due, as & Overdean, Sept. 17, 1802. compensation for the injury: For value received, I promise to pay to Oli 8. Upon the same principle, a note payable ver Bountiful,or order, sixty-threc dollars fifty- on demand, without any mention made of infour cents, on demand, with interest after
three terest, is on interest after a demand of payment, months.
WILLIAM TRUSTY. for upon demand such noles immediately be Attest, Timothy Testimony.
9. If a note be given for a specific article, as No. II.
rye, payable in one, two, or three months, or Bilfort, Sept. 17, 1802. in any certain time, and the signer of such note For value received, I promise to pay to 0. suffers the time to elapse without delivering R., or bearer,
cents, three such article, the holder of the note will not be months after date. PETER PENCIL, obliged to take the article afterwards, but may
demand and recover the value of it in money.
BONDS. For value received, we, jointly and severally, promise to pay to C. D., or order, A Bord, with a Condition, from one to an. dollars-cents, on demand, with interest.
other. ALDEN FAITHFUL. Know all men by these presents, that I, C.
JAMES FAIRFACE. D. of, &c., in the county of, &c., am held and Attest, Constance Adley.
firmly bound to E. F., of, &c., in two hun
dred dollars, to be paid to the said E. F., or Observations.
his certain attorney, his executors, adminis1. No note is negotiable, unless the words trators, or assigns, to which payment, well "or order," otherwise "or bearer," be inser and truly to be made, I bind myself, my heirs, ted in it.
executors and administrators, firmly by these 2. If the note be written to pay him or or- presents. Sealed with my seal. Dated the der," (No. 1.) then Oliver Bountiful may en-eleventh day of, in the year of our Lord dorse this note, that is, write his name on the one thousand eight hundred and two. backside, and sell it to A, B, C, or whom he The Condition of this obligation is such, pleases. Then A, who buys the note, calls on that, if the above-bound C. D., his heirs, ex. William Trusty for payment, and if he negecutors, or administrators, do and shall well lects, or is unable to pay, A may recover it of and truly pay, or cause to be paid, unto the the endorser.
above-named E. F., his executors, adminis3. If a note be written to pay him or bear-urators, or assigns, the full sum of two huner," (No. II.) then any person, who holds the dred dollars, with legal interest for the same, note, may sue and recover the same of Peter on or before the eleventh day of
ensuing the date hereof,--then this obligation 4. The rate of interest, established by law, to be void, or otherwise to remain in full force being six per cent. per annum, it becomes un- and virtue. necessary, in writing notes, to mention the Signed, &c. rate of interest ; it is sufficient to write them for the payment of such a sum, with interest, A Condition of a Counter Bond, or Bond for it will be understood legal interest, which of Indemnity, where one man becomes is six per cent.
bound for another. 5. All notes are either payable on demand, The condition of this obligation is such, that or at the expiration of a certain term of time whereas the above named A, B. at the special inagreed upon by the parties, and mentioned instance and request, and for the only proper debt the note, as three months, a year, &c.
of the above-bound C.D., together with the said 6. If a bond or note mention no time of pay-C.D., is, and by one bond or obligation bearing ment, it is always on demand, whether the equal date with the obligation above-written, words "on demand" be expressed or not. held and firmly bound unto E. F., of, &c., in
7. All notes, payable at a certain time, are the penal sum of dollars,conditioned for the on interest as soon as they become due, though payment of the sum of, &c., with legal interest in such notes there be no mention made of in- for the snine, on the day of -next ensuing terest. This rule is founded on the principle, the date of the said in part recited obligation, that every man ought to receive his money us in and by the said in part recited bond, with vben due, and that the non-payment of it at the conditiou thereunder written, may more
fully appear ;-if, therefore, the said C. D., Receipt for Money received for another his heirs, executors, or administrators, do and
Person, shall well and truly pay, or cause to be paid,
Salem, Aug. 10, 1827. unto the said E. F., his executors, administra Received from P.C. one hundred dollars, tors, or assigns, the said sum of, &c., with le- for account of J. B, ELI TRUMAN. gal interest of the same, on the said
day of, &c., next ensuing the date of the said in Receipt for Interest due on a Note. part recited obligation, according to the true
Amherst, July 6, 1827. intent and meaning, and in full discharge and Received of I. S. thirty dollars, in full of satisfaction of the said in part recited bond or one year's interest of $500, due to me on the obligation,-then, &c.,-otherwise, &c.
-last, on note from the said I. S.
SOLOMON GRAY. Note. The principal difference between a nole and a bond is, that the latter is an instru: Receipt for Money paid before it becomes due ment of more solemnity, being given under Beal. Also, a note may be controled by a Received of T. Z. ninety dollars, advanced special agreement, different from the note, in full for one year's rent of my farm, leased whereas, in case of a bond, no special agree to the said T. 1., ending the first day of April ment can in the least control what appears to next, 1823. HONESTUS JAMES. have been the intention of the parties, as expressed by the words in the condition of the Note. There is a distinction between rebond.
ceipts given in full of all accounts, and others in full of all demands. The former cut off
accounts only; the latter cut off not only, ac. RECEIPTS.
counts, but all obligations and right of action Sitgrieves, Sept. 19, 1802. Received from Mr. Durance Adley ten dol
ORDERS. lars in full of all accounts. ORVAND CONSTANCE.
Archdale, Sept. 9, 1802.
Mr. Stephen Burgess.--For value received, Sitgrieves, Sept. 19, 1802.
pay to A. B., or order, ten dollars, and place Received of Mr. Orvand Constance five dol. The same to my account. lars in full of all accounts.
SAMUEL SKINNER. DURANCE ADLEY.
Pittsburgh, Sept. 2, 1821. Receipt for Money received on a Nute. Mr. James Robottom. Please to deliver Mr.
Sitgrieves, Sept. 19, 1802. L. D. such goods as he may call for, not ex: Received of Mr. Simpson Eastly by the ceeding the sum of twenty-five dollars, and nand of Titus Trusty) sixteen dollars twenty:place the same to the account of your humble five cents, which is endorsed on his note of servant,
NICHOLAS REUBENS. June 3, 1802 PETER CHEERFUL. 4 Receipt for Money received on Account.
Sitgrieves, Sept. 19, 1802, Received of Mr. Orand Landike fifty dollars on account. ELDRO SLACKLEY.
BOOK KEEPING. It is necessary that every man should have some regular, mniform method of keeping his accounts. What this method shall be, the law does not prescribe ; but, in cases of dispute, it requires that the book, or that on which the charges were originally made, be produced in open court, when he will be required to answer the following questions : *Is this your book, and the method in which you keep your accounts ? Did you make the charges, now in dispute, at the time they purport to have been made ? Are they just and true? Have you received pay for them, or any part? If so, how much ?
An answer in the affirmative, under oath, to the above questions, (the last only excepted.) is all that is required to substantiate his claim.
For farmers and mechanics, the following method will be found both convenient and easy. It consists in having one single book, entering the name of the person with whom an account is to be opened at the top of the lefi hand page, Dr., and at the top of the right hand page, Cr., as follows:
DR. James Macknight. James Macknight, 1827.
1827. Jan. 5. to 5 cords of Wood, at $1675, 875 April 8. By one Plough, May 16.1.o one day's work, self and May 10. By repairing Cart Wheels, oxen,
150 Sept. 12. By Cash to balance, July 4
0 4 bushels of Rye, at 75
Sicts 925 150 250