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CHAP. V.

DISCOVERY AND SETTLEMENT.

Discoveries of Columbus and the Cabots. Great River discovered

by Hudson. Hudson detained in England. Dutch trade to the Great River. Licensed Trading Company First Settlement. West India Company. New Netherland. First Governor. Van Twiller's Administration. Kieft Stuyvesant. New Netherland surrendered to the English,

41

CHAP. VI.

FROM 1665 to 1710.

Administration of Nichols. Lovelace. New York retaken by the

Dutch, and soon after restored to the English. Andros. Dongan. Revolution. Leisler. Sloughter. Bellomont. War with the French, &c.

53

CHAP. VII.

FROM 1710 To 1743.

Hunter's administration. Expedition against Canada. Administration of Burnet, Montgomery, Crosby, and Clarke,

64

CHAP. VIII.

FROM 1743 to 1760.

George Clinton appointed Governor. War with France. Expedition

against Louisburg. Incursions of the French and Indians. Operations of the war in 1746. Capture of the French fleet. Indian depredations. Termination of the war. Osborne appointed Governor, dies, and is succeeded by Delancey. Hostilities again commenced with the French. Colonial Convention. Hardy appointed Governor. Colonies prosecute the war,

77

CHAP. IX.

CONTINUATION OF THE FRENCH WAR.

Formal declaration of war. Campaign of 1756, and capture of Oswe

go. Campaign of 1757, and capture of Fort William Henry. Expedition against Ticonderoga. Capture of Fort Frontenac. Campaign of 1759. Surrender of Ticonderoga and Crown Point.

Capture of Niagara. Wolfe's expedition against Quebec. War
terminated in 1760 by the entire conquest of Canada, .

, 91

CHAP. X.

FROM 1760 To 1775.

Prospects of the Colony. Controversy relative to the New Hamp-

shire Grants. Opposition from the settlers. Stamp Act. Con-
gress at New York. Disturbances occasioned by the Stamp Act.
Stamp Act repealed. Assembly restrained. Further attempts to
tax the Colonies. Controversy with the Grants becomes serious.
Parties prevented from proceeding to hostilities by the contro-
versy with Great Britain,

103

CHAP. XI.

COMMENCEMENT OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR.

Origin of the controversy with Great Britain. State of affairs in the

colony. Convention appoint delegates to the Provincial Con-
gress. War breaks out at Lexington. Disturbances in New
York. Capture of Ticonderoga and Crown Point. Gov. Tryon
arrives. Expedition against Canada. Surrender of Chambly,
St Johns and Montreal. Montgomery appears before Quebec.
His death. Inhabitants of Tryon county disarmed. Provincial
troops enter New York. Americans evacuate Canada. Decla-
ration of Independence,

114

CHAP. XII.

THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR.

FROM 1776 To 1778.

Disposition of British and American troops at New York.

Battle on
Long Island, Americans evacuate New York. Americans con-
tinue to retreat. Fort Washington taken by the British. Ope-
rations on Lake Champlain. Convention adopt the State Con-
stitution. Commencement of the northern campaign in 1777.
Invasion of Burgoyne. His capture. Enterprise of Clinton.
State Government organized,

126

CHAP. XIII.

REVOLUTIONARY WAR, CONTINUED TO ITS TERMINATION.

Legislative proceedings. Revival of Controversy relative to the

Grants. Treaty of Alliance with France. British army concen

PREFACE.

The present volume is offered to the citizens of New York as a humble contribution to the means of educating youth. It is the opinion of the Compiler that History may be most successfully taught, by beginning with details concerning the spot where the pupil lives.The knowledge also of what belongs to the story of “our own, our native land,” is not only interesting, but in the highest degree useful and necessary

So far as the Compiler of this volume is inforined, there is no work on the History of New York, susceptible of introduction into schools, or capable of conveying, even to mature minds, an outline of the subject. An attempt therefore to supply what seems an obvious blank in the list of books for education, in this State, with whatever degree of success it may be executed, it is thought will be looked upon with favor.

In preparing the work, the Compiler could of course aim only to give an abstract of the subject; and his endeavor has been therefore merely to exhibit the principal events which belong to the History of the colony and State of

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