பக்கம் ADDITION of MONEY. In the first Example. The Farthings are 159 which is three Pence three Farthings, put down under the Farthings, and carry three to the Pence place, and the Sum of the Pence is 55, which is 4 Shillings and 7 Pence ; place the 7 under the Pence, and carry 4 to the Shillings, and the Sum is 129 Shillings, which is 6 Pounds 9 Shillings; place down the 9, and carry 6 to the Pounds, then proceed as in the last Examples of whole Numbers. Addition is proved by making a second Addition of the fame Şums, omitting the top Line ; then adding the Sum to the top Line, if it makes the Sum of the whole it is right. N. B. Addition of Time, Weight, Measure, &c. &c. is performed in the fame Manner, only observing how many of the inferior makes one of the next, ascending by the Tables after Divifion. Waga 深 Cề cuc ca SUBTRACTION S the taking a small Number from a large one, and the Number found is called the Remains, The Excess or the Difference. As from 12 takę 4, and there remains 8. . Examples. N. B. In the first Example, I take 4 from 7, and there remains 3, and so place it down, and proceed to the End of that Example. But in the second Example, I cannot take 8 from 7, and it makes 17, then 8 from 17, and there refts 9, which I place down, and carry one that I borrowed to the 7, and it makes 8; then 8 from 2 I cannot, but I borrow 10, and add it to the 2, and it makes 12 ; then 8 from 12, and there remains 4, which place down ; and fo proceed to the End, remembring to carry one to the next Figure when you borrow the 1o. If you add the Remains to your least given Number, the Sum will be the greater Number given, which is the Proof. 1. From 274 : 19:03 Take 175: 16 : 04 5 1. S. d. From 37 : 17:11 Take 24:13:10 1 2 Differ. 13 : 4 : 13: 4: 1 Remains 99 : 02:11 Proof 37: 17:11 Proof 274: 19:03 N. B. What you carry at in Addition, you borrow at in Subtraction. A Gentleman bought an Estate, valued at 74271. 17 s. 11 d. and his Calh is only 1498 l. 18 s. 11 d. 1, how much must he fend for to his Banker to be enabled to pay for it? Place the Sums thus : 1. d. Value of the Estate 7427 : 17:11 The Cash at home 1498 : 18:11 s. This comes from the Banker 5928: 18:11 Proof 7427:17:11 N. B. The Cash brought from the Banker, being added to the Cash at home, must be the Value of the Eftate. What Sum of Money added to 374 la 11 s. 5d. 1, will make it 1000 l, Place it as follows: I. d. 1000 : 00 : 00 374:11:05 1 625:08:06 this is the Sum you must add. 1000:00:00 Proof. What ( What is the Difference betwixt 2071. 145. 2d, and 1761. 195. ud. 1. d. 207: 14 : 02 Least Sum 176:19:11; A Steward received the following Sums for his Lord ; from A. 172 l. 17 s. 11 d. ; from B. 160 l. 145. 8 d. from C. 2701. Il s. 4 d. from D. 1201. II S. 6 d. from E. 192 I. II s. 8 d. And he fent to his Lord Bank Notes, Value 407 1. 17 s, id. Paid Workmen 621. 17 s. id. Paid the WineMerchant 42 l. 175. cod. His own Salary for a Quarter 121. 10 s. ood. What remains of his Lord's in his Hands? From A. 172:17:11 | Sent in Notes 407:17:11 From B. 160: 14: 8 P:Workmen 62:17:11 From C. 270: 11:4 W.Merchant 42:17:00 From D. 120:11:6 Salary 12:10:00 From E. 192: 1 192: 11:8 T. laid out. 526:02:10 Tot, rec. 917:07:02 Money in 2 : Disburst. 526:02:10 Hand. 391:04:04 } Ballance, 391:04:04 Proof 917:07:02 If the Tower of London was built by the Conqueror in the Year 1077, how many Years is it Since, this Year being 1750. The |