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Allium cernuum. There is a singularity in the form of germen in this species, which we do not - recollect to have seen described in any other; it is triangular, and the angles are elongated at the top of the germen into a bifid process.
In a note added to this article, Mr. Ker remarks, that Allium stri. etum is not a native of the Cape, as he had before stated it to be on the authority of Jacquin, but of North America ; and that Ornitho. galum vivalve, of Linnæus, is the same plant.
Albuca vittata appears to be a species not before described.
Allium flavum. *Yellow flowers are uncommon in this genus ; this and moly are the only ones we recollect. Mr. Ker, in a former arti.' cle, No. 1143, corrected a mistake that he had fallen into at No. 973, in giving a wrong plant for Allium paniculatum. He now di. rects, that the observation there made, that “the pedicles are intera mixed with small round bulbs” should be expunged, as it' belongs to oleraceum, between which and paniculatum, these bulbs are one of the chief distinctions.
In the above enumeration, we have brought all the aloes together, though intermixed with the other plants in the publication.
In Dr. Sims's department in the same four numbers, we find;
Phlox pilosa and amænd, two nearly allied species; the former is supposed to be the aristata of Michaux, and the latter his philosa. Both these plants were introduced by Mr. Fraser, of Sloane-square, who, it is here remarked, has made seven voyages to North America, for the laudable purpose of increasing our knowledge in the vegetable productions of that part of the world.“
Claytonią alsinoides. This species, according to Dr. Sims, is disa tinct from sibirica, for which it has been generally taken. Introm duced from Nootka Sound, by Mr. Archibald Menzies,
Goodlo pubescens. A decandrous papilionaceous plant, from Van Diemen's Island ; which country being subject to a frost, it is pro. bable, that its vegetables will be found sufficiently hardy to endure our winters without shelter.
Lupinus Nootkatensis. Another discovery of Mr. A. Menzies, on the north-west coast of America,, and already become very common in our gardens.
Othonna amplexicaulis. From the singularity of its foliage, this plant makes a very picturesque drawing. It is a rare species, and was communicated by Mr. Knight, nursery man, King's-rcad, Chelsea..
Billardiera mutabilis. An elegant little shrub from New South Wales. . -... .
Lonicera flava. Supposed to be a new species of woodbine, from North America, discovered by Mr. Fraser, of Sloane-square.
Lobelia lutea; from the Cape of Good Hope. Dr. Sims queries whether this properly belongs to the genus lobelia; to us the rever. şion of the flower does not seem at all sufficient for a separation; neither is this singular, we know at least of one other species, in which the same take place; and in this species, likewise, the tube is nearly, if not altogether, wanting,
: : : Mantisia
Mantisia saltatoria. This is one of the most singular acilamineous plants we have seen. It is at the sanie time very beautiful. The airylooking party-coloured corollas, have been fancifully compared to dancing girls. Dr. Sims thought it resembled the insect called mantis, whence his generic name. But adopting at the same time the former notion he has given it the specific name of saltutoria : and in English has called it opera girls. Though we were at first somewhat shocked at so whim." sical and apparently unscientific a name, yet upon further consideration we do not see much to object to in it. Hitherto no attempt has been made to reduce the English names to a scientific form, and whilst ladiestresses, friars-cowl, Jupiters distaff, love-lies-bleeding, fresh-water-soldier, fair-maids of France, are to be found in the most scientific catalogue that this country has produced, we need not be over fastidious. We might perhaps go farther, and maintain that as names taken from a fancied si. milarity when converted into Greek, rank with the best, why should they be despised when purely English? In our opinion ladies-slipper is in no respect inferior to cypripedium; nor would orchestridia be better than.opera-girls. .
In Dr. Roxburgh's essay on the scitamenia, this plant is referred to the genus globba, with which it is certainly a near affinity, but in our opinion, Dr. Sims's reasons for separating it are quite sufficient
Cluytia alaternoides. A plant of no great beauty, but no intelligible representation of it was before extant. This name was originally clutia, and was given by Boerhaave, in honor of a Dutch professor, Cluyt; and very properly changed by Mr. Dryander to cluytia, which, while it agrees better with the botanist's name prevents its being confounded with alusia.
· Lobelia gigantea. This has been supposed to be the tupa of Feuille, one of the most poisonous plants upon record; smelling to the flowers, proving, according to the Holy Father, violently emetic; and rubbing the eyes with the fingers, accidentally smeared with the juice, infallibly destroying the eyes. Dr. Sims, indeed, found no inconvenience from dissecting, as well as smelling to the lowers of this plant; which, how ever, he has given good reasons for supposing not the same species as the one described, and figured by Father Deuillee.
Stapelia gemihata. This has been before figured by Masson, but Mr. Edward's drawings are so superior, that we cannot call them superfluous.
Potentilla clusina. The petals are not so round in this as in Jacquin's figure, and are abcordal, in which respect Clusius's own figure corres
Menyanthes sarmentosa. A water plant from. New South Wales.
Panax quinquefolia. The celebrated Ginseng of the Chinese ; so'. famed through China and Japan for its medicinal virtues, particularly as a restorative ; and so totally neglected by the medical practitioners of Eu. rope, though easily attainable from North America.
Panax pusilla. This is a much smaller species than the last, and has a round root, very like a small potatoe.
Fumaria fermosa. This is a third plant occurring in this report, and another still remains, which was introduced from the north-west coast of America, by Mr. Archibald Menzies, and a very valuable addition to our gardens it seems to be ; being easily propagated perfectly hardy, iod very beautiful, both in foliage and lower.
From Oct. 29, to Nov. 27.
drya-damp. 29 70 43' 36'296 297 2 -10
clear., * iiiii.. 3037 42 36 298 299
- 15 Snow .. clear ...-... 31 35 43 44 30 299 293
28 fog .. cloudy.. rain." 1 49 47 42 297 296 297
-cloudy. - rain . cloudy. 2 41 47 42 299 -
30 - 27 rain .
. cloudy. 3 45 47. 45 299 — —
25 15 10 rain.
. . 4/44 46 41 298
35 20 -Rain .. . clear i. 5 37 41 42 996
24 15 25 cloudy.. clear. rain in night 6 41 43 40
20 clear.. rain .. clear.. r. in d. 7,40 41 -29
20 rain .. cloudy. , rain. r.ing. 853 -40 291
22 rain ..- ..- ..9 40 43 41 295
26 clear .-..-... 1. in d. 10'45 47 46 289 286
20 rain ... .... clear .. halo 1145 46 43 292 294
- 30 25 20 cloudy... . rain.. .s.inn. 12 45 46 41 295
25 clear: -.. rain .clear ..v. 13,40 43 41 302
17 21 clear .... ....-ii 1440 42 43
cloudy.. rain..-....inn. 1551 55 54 295
- 10 41 clear: .rain ..... 16'53 55 52 293
2 15 10
clear , ., rain ... ' 17.50 51 48 293 10 20 15
clear ..-... .. r. in a. 1847 50 49 295
clear ... cloudy ... rain .,'. 1950 - 47295
- 10 cloudy. . rain .,- ..' 20 46 47 49 296
8 10 19 cloudy.. .. rain .. in n. 21'51 55 5029
40 50 43 rain .. clear . rain ... 22 43 47 49
38 clear .. hail .... rain .. 23 48 52 49 299
35 clear . .... rain ... 21 50 51 48 297 0
-38 - 40 fog ... rain .. rain ... 25 46 49 45 295
-38 39 38 clear . . rain ... ... 26 45 46 45293 2
40 37 cloudy.... rain ... 27 43 48 471292 -0 - 40 - 41 cloudy.. clear .. cloudy. . 15. Sensible temperature like Midsummer. 16.
much lowered. 15, 16, 17, 18, and 19. The humidity of the atmosphere, as indicated by the hygrometer, changed from considerable dampness during the early part of the month, to a high degree of dryness; and on the 20th returning to an increased humidity. The hygrometer employed was made by Adams, of the arísta of the wild oat, and was placed in the open air, but sheltered from rain. The apparent state of the atmosphere gave no indication of this variation in the degree of aqueous solution ; nor is there any cause to think that the instrument did not act correctly, as far as its powers go..
22. Stormy showers. Three P. M. heavy fall of hail covering the ground, but soon dissolving : wind S.W.... succeeded by a starry evening. On the 30th of October, the approach of winter seen by the first fall of snow.
Pince's-Street, Cuvendish-Square, Nov. 29, 1810. ,
mana la lligi ulli
* The degree of any state of the weather is indicated by a number of points added to the description. Thus clear , is the first approach tu a bright atmosphere ; cteur ..., india cate; its most uuclouded state.
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS.
We are much obliged to our old and valuable correspondent Mr. Goodwin for his interesting communication. We had heard of the ravages of Scarlatioa Maligna in various districts, but were not aware, that they had been o extensively fatal as our correspondent narrated. We do not presume to dictate any mode of treatment, but as that which Mr. Goodwin pursued, and which indeed has been recommended bythe best practical writers on the subject, in many instances failed, and in none seemed to be beneficial, we suggest the propriety of directly reversiog it, of strictly enforcing what is termed the antiphlogistic plan; and more especially in the commencement of the disorder, administering purgatives, and applying the cold affusion. On this important aod interesting snbject, we earnestly solicit communicacions from practitioners who have tried the effect of this practice in the more severe forms of the disease. We also wish them to direct their attention to any local circumstances which might influence the fatality of a complaint, which in many instances is extremely mild, and in others again, ruoniog its course with rapidity, assuming the most malignant character, and resisting the efiect of remedies.
We are obliged to “Socrates' for his hints, and when he is better acquainted with us, hope that he will not dispute our intention of performing our duty to the public with fidelity._Upon referring to the Gentleman's Magazine for September 1762, we could not find the case of Premature Puberty to which he alluded.
We have to acknowledge communications from Dr. Arnold, Dr. Hamilton, Dr. Clough, Mr. Goodwin, Mr. Kenworthy, and Mr. Chamberlain, which will appear in our next number.
END OF VOL. XXIV.
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ABDOMEN, a case of tumour in Beer, Dr. on epidemical ophthalmia.
349 Books, CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF MF-
DICAL.---Thomæ Simsoni, Dis-
364 practical Essay on Cancer, by C.
528 Todd Thompson, 80. An Essay on
422 Surgeons of the Vaccine Institution,
Egg. By J. A. Paris, M. D. 164.
415 Practical Observations on Disorders
92, of the Stomach, By G. Rees, M.
373 Fontaine, 329. A Conspectus of
274 M. D. 340. An account of Spina
524 sertation on Retroversion of the
Womb. By S. Merriman, M.D.
61, 233 the Rectum and Anus. By T. Cope-
87 cal and Surgical Journal, No. xxiver
187 dress to the Lincolnshire Medical
Description of an Affection on the