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Properties of Musical Tones.
Perception of Sounds. The Ear.
Interference of Sound. Beats.
Vibration of Strings. Sonometer. Laws of Transverse Vibrations.
Nodes and Loops
Wind Instruments. Mouth and Reed Instruments.
Shut and open pipes, and tones produced by them.
Nodes and loops of pipes. Formulæ relative to pipes.
Kundt's experiments.
Vibrations of Rods, Plates and Membranes,
Graphic representation of vibratory motions,
Temperature, Thermometers,
Coefficient of expansion and methods of determining it in solids, liquids

and gases

Absolute scale of temperature. Relation between Pressure, Volume and Temperature.

Change of State. Latent Heat, Fusion, Solidification, Vaporization, Condensation.

Laws of Fusion, Solution, Change of volume in melting, and in solidification. Effect of pressure on the melting point. Regelation. Retardation of Solidification,

Freezing mixtures, Vapours. Saturated and non-saturated vapours. Maximum Tension. Tension in two communicating vessels at different temperatures. Conditions affecting the rapidity of Evaporation.

Ebullition and its laws. Kinetic theory of Gages as explaining ebullition and evaporation,

Influence of Pressure on the boiling point. Measurement of heights by the boiling point,

Cold due to evaporation,
Wollaston's Cryophorous. Carre's Ice-machines,
Liquefaction of Vapours, Distillation.
Dalton's laws of mixture of Gases and Vapours,
Spheroidal State.
Density of Vapours, and methods of determining it.
Hygrometry, Dew-point.
Conductivity of Solids, Liquids and Gases.
Convection. Land and Sea Breezes. The Trade Winds.

Radiation. Its_laws. Causes which modify the intensity of radiant beat. Theory of Exchanges. Laws of Reflection. Identity of absorbing and radiating powers.

Causes affecting the formation of dew.
Specific Heat, Calorimetry.

Determination of Latent Heat of Fusion, Latent Heat of Steam, Reg. nault's formula. The steam engine.

Relation between Heat and Work. Joule's equivalent.
Mechanical, Physical and Chemical sources of Heat.

Paper II.-Light, Electricity and Magnetism

Theories of Light.
Laws of propagation of Light.
Images produced by small apertures.

Methods of Römer, Bradley, Fizeau and Foucault for the determination of the Velocity of Light.

Photometers.

Laws of Reflection at plane surfaces. Single images produced by mirrors. Hadley's Sextant.

Reflection at spherical surfaces. Foci of mirrors and Formation of images.

Laws of single Refraction. Index of Refraction. Total Reflection. Critical Angle.

Transmission of Light through transparent media with parallel faces.
Prisms. Conditions of emergence.
Spherical Lenses. Foci and Formation of images.
Decomposition of White Light. Solar Spectrum.

Single Prism Spectroscope. Explanation of the dark lines of the Solar Spectrum

Chromatic aberration. The general principles involved in the construction of achromatic lenses and direct vision spectroscopes.

Optical Instruments. The Microscope. Reflecting and refracting Telescopes. Camera obscura.

Structure of the Eye.

General Principles of the Undulatory Theory of Light. Interference, Double Refraction in uniaxial crystals.

Plane Polarisation of Light. Interference of plane polarised light.

Nicol's prism.

Properties of Magnets,

Magnets and Magnetic substances. Laws of Magnetic attraction and repulsion. The Coulomb Torsion balance,

Magnetic Induction.
Magnetic Shell. Lines of Magnetic force.
Methods of Vagnetisation,
Directive Force of the Earth's Magnetism. Mariner's Compass.

Magnetic Elements and the general principles of the methods of their determination.

Development of Electricity by friction.
Electrical Attraction and Repulsion.
Bennett's and Bohnenberger's Electroscopese

Laws of Electric Action.
Distribution of Electrioity on conductors Electric density.
Action of points.
General explanation of the Laws of Capacity and potential.
Condensers, Leyden Jar.

Cylinder and plate electric machines, General principle of electrio machines working by induction.

Electrophorus,
Electric Discharge.

General principle of the construction of Thomson's Quadrant electrometer. Lane's and Harris' Unit Jars,

Lightning discharge. Lightning conductors,
Galvani's experiment.
Volta's pile and crown of cups.
Polarization of Electrodes. Local action.

The principal Batteries in use, viz., those of Smee, Daniel, Minotto Grove, Bunsen, Le Clanche, and the single fluid bichromate element The dry pile.

Grove’s Gas Battery. Plante’s Secondary Battery.
Electromotive Force. Strength of currents. Resistance.

Ohm's Law and its application in the arrangement of the cells of a battery.

Heating, luminous and chemical effects of a current.

Anions and Kations. Faraday's Fundamental Laws of Electrolysis. Faraday's Voltameter.

Magnetic effects of the current.
Oersted's experiment. Ampere's rule.
Astatic Needle.
Sine and Tangent Galvanometers.
Nobili's Astatic Galvanometer.
Principle of Thomson's Reflecting Galvanometer.

The fundamental laws of the action of linear currents, parallel and oblique, on one another.

Electric Shell. Solenoid. Ampere's theory of Magnets. Electromagnets.

Electric Telegraph. The single needle and Morse instruments. Induced currents. Lenz's Law. Clark's Magneto-electric Machine. Siemens's Armature. Gramme's Ring.

Principle of Dynamo-electric Machines. Bell's telephone. Hughes' microphone. Thermo-electric current. Nobili's Thermopile.

Wheatstone's bridge. Measurement of resistances.
Practical Examination : On the construction and use of apparatus.
Text-book or Text-books to be recommended by the Syndicate.*

* The text-book at present recommended is Ganot's Physics.

(e) Natural Science i. -Botany, Structural, Morphological, and Histological-Two

Papers and a Practical Examination. Structure, appearances under the microscope, functions and life-history of

simple Unicellular Plants, such as Saccharomyces and Protococcus as

types of vegetable life. Structure and farm, movements, growth, in Pasteur's fluid, relation to

putrefaction and power of resisting desiccation of Bacteria. Structure, functions, and life-history of Penicillium Muoor, or some other

simple Fungus. Btructure, Functions and life-history of Chara or Nitella. Morphology, histology, and history of the reproduction of a Fem. Morphology and histology of a Flowering Plant: structure of a flower ;

homologies of leaves and floral organsı; histology of ordinary vegetable tissues, such as epidermis, parenchyma, fibro-vasoular tissue, and their

arrangement in the stem and leaves. Growth of a Flowering Plant, formation of wood and bark; nature of

cambium. Reproduction of a Flowering Plant ; structure of ovule ; methods of

fertilization ; development of ovule in the seed ; germination ; homologs

with the reproductive organs of the Forn. General principles of Vegetable Nutrition ; chemical constituents of

plants ; food of plants and its sources ; aotion of green parts of plants : structure and vital processes of the stem and root ; nature and flow of

sap. Flowering plants ; their Parts ; the Leaf; Stem ; Buds and Branches ;

the various forms and the duration of plants; the Root and underground Stem; Inflorescence; the Flower ; Calyx; Corolla ; Stameus and Pistil; the Fruit and Seed ; Cells and their contents; forms and sizes of cells ; general properties and structure of the Cell-wall ; the kinds of cell and their connection with each other; Surface

covering and appendages of Plants. Candidates may be called on to examine, describe and classify plants from any of the following orders :-

Anonacea, Cruciferæ, Capparidaceae, Malvacea, Tiliaceæ, Meliaceæ, Ampelideæ, Rutacea, Leguminosa, Lythraceæ, Passifloraceæ, Cucurbitaceæ, Myrtacea, Combretacew, Rubiaceæ, Compositæ, Apocynaceo, Asclepiadaceæ, Convolvulacræ, Solanacea, Labiatæ, Verbenacea, Scrophulariaceae, Nyctaginiacea, Amarantaceæ, Euphorbiaceæ, Aristolochiacere, Cycadaceæ, Orchidea, Scitaminew, Amaryllidaceæ, Liliaceæ, Commeli. naceæ, Palmæ, Aroideæ, Gramineæ, Filices, Fungi, Algæ.

Text-book recommended-Henfrey's Botany.

ii.-Zoology-Two Papers and a Practioal Examination,

Structure, functions and life-history of the following animals as types of some of the chief divisions of the Animal Kingdom :- Amoeba, Vorticella, Actinia, Earthworm, Lobster or Crayfish, Cockroach, Slug or Snail, Frog.

General histology of chief tissues :--blood ; pavement, columnar, ciliated and glandular epithelium ; connective tissue ; cartilage ; bone ; muscle ; nerve fibres and nerve cells.

A general knowledge of the classes of the Animal Kingdom, principles of zoological classification, distribution and development.

Text-books recommended-Nicholson's Manual of Zoology (New Edition 1889).

Huxley and Martin's Biology (Edition, 1890).
U) Roman History and General Jurisprudence and Roman Law,

i.- Roman HistoryText-book-Merivale's History of the Roman Empire. (Two papers.)

ii.-General Jurisprudence and Roman Law. (Two papers.) Text-books to be prescribed by the Syndicate (the same as those for the First LL.B. Examination).

32. The Examination will be conducted by means of printed questions to be answered in English, except when otherwise specified.

33. On the Fourth Thursday in November, or so soon thereafter as may be found practicable, the Examiners will publish a list of successful Candidates, in two Classes and Pass, the names in each Class and Pass being arranged in alphabetical order.

34. A Certificate will be given to those who pass the Examination. (Vide Form N.)

BACHELOR OF SCIENCE. 35. Candidates for the Degree of Bachelor of Science must have passed the Previous Examination, and will be required to pass two subsequent Examinations, the one to be called the Intermediate Examination for the Degree of Bachelor of Science, and the other the Examination for the Degree of Bachelor of Science.

N.B. (1)–Masters of Arts, who in the Examination for B.A. have passed in Group (c), (d) or (e), or the subjects in the opinion of the Syndicate equivalent thereto when the examination was passed, and who in the examination for the Degree of M.A. have passed in Branch IV, V, VI or VII of that Examination, may obtain the Degree of B.Sc. on passing an examination in such of the subjects prescribed for that degree as in the opinion of the Syndicate shall be properly complementary to those in which the Candidates have already passed, regard being had to the rules prescribed for the Final Examination for the Degree of B.Sc. But Candidates passing under this provision shall not be classed or be eligible for prizes.

N.B. (2)—A Bachelor of Arts may obtain the Degree of B.Sc. on passing (a) the final examination for B.Sc. and (b) the portions of the Intermediate Examination for the Degree of B.Sc. the subjects of which are not included in the examinations he has already passed.

I.-THE INTERMEDIATE EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE

OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE.

36. The Intermediate Examination for the Degree of Bachelor of Science will be held annually at Bombay, commencing on the first Monday in November.

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