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Organs of nutrition and reproduction, axis, lateral organs, nutritive organs, flowers, fruit,—their varieties, arrangement, structure, and general characters.
(6) Physiology of Plants.-Life of plants, functions of the cell, plant food, nutrition, its processes and phenomena, assimilation and metastasis, absorption and respiration, circulation of water and of gases in plants. Sap. Process of growth. Phenomena of movement. General conditions of plant life; influence of air, moisture, heat, electricity, gravitation.
Reproduction of plants, asexual and sexual. Fertilization. Hybridization. Alternation of generation. Propagation. Ripening of fruits. Vitality of seeds. Phenomena and conditions of germination.
Diseases of plants-fungoid and other parasitic diseases, their nature, diagnosis, prevention and remedies, especially of agricultural plants, as rust, mildew, smut, bunt, coffee-blight. Malformations.
III.-AGRICULTURE. (One Paper and a Practical Examination.) (a) Soils.-Formation, classification, physical properties, agricultural capabilities of soils. Revenue survey system of classification. Sub-soils, good and bad soils, fertile and unfertile soils, their conditions and evidences. Improvement and reclamation. Exhaustion. Reh and other efflorescences. Irrigation, drainage, paring and burning, liming, mixing, warping, &c. Effects of tillage and planting.
(6) Manures.—General and special, their classification, economic use and suitability to and action upon different soils and Crops and at different stages. Farmyard manure, its production, management, and application. Indigenous systems, their merits and defects. Conditions influencing quality; Liquid manure, night-soil, ashes, green cropmanure, lime, chalk, , marl, gypsum, and other natural munures. Manurial resources of India. Artificial manures, their selection, value, uses and application.
(c) Implements and Machines.-Economy of labour-Man, bullock, water, steam-power and their relative advantages.
Implements and machines used on farms, details of construction, uses, points of excellence, management and preservation.
Indigenous implements, their merits and defects.
9. On the third Thursday after the commencement of the Examination, the Examiners will publish a list of successful Candidates in two Classes and Pass, the names being arranged in order of merit.
SECOND EXAMINATION IN AGRICULTURE.
The Second Examination in Agriculture will be held annually in Bombay, commencing on the first Monday in November. The Practical Examination iu Agriculture will be held at Poona or such other place as the Syndicate may appoint.
11. No undergraduate will be admitted to the Examination unless he shall have kept two terms in a School or College recognized in Agriculture by the University of Bombay subsequently to passing the First Examination.
N.B.-Bachelors of Science who have taken up Chemistry as one of their subjects may at their option be exempted from the Examination in Organic Chemistry.
12. Candidates must apply to the Registrar six weeks before the Examination. (Vide Form AT.)
13. Each Candidate must pay to the Registrar a fee of Rs. 15, for which a receipt will be given. (Vide Form AU.)
14. Failure to pass the Examination will not disqualify the Candidate for presenting himself at any subsequent Second Exainination on a new application being forwarded and a fresh fee paid. 15. Candidates will be examined in the following subjects :1.-ORGANIC CHEMISTRY AND MENSTRATION. (Two Papers and a
Practical Examination.) (1) Organic Chemistry.--Qualitative and quantitative analysis of organic compounds. Calculation of Formulæ. Molecular Formula. Polymerism. Isomerism. Radicles. Structural, Rational Formulæ. Homology. Physical properties of Organic Compounds. Colour. Solubility. Specific Gravity. Melting Point.
General classification of Organic Compounds.
Saturated and unsaturated Hydro-Carbons and their Haloid Derivatives in general. Methane, Ethylene, Acetylene. Coal gas and its manufacture. Chloroform.
Monatoinio, Diatomic, Triatomic alcohols in general. Methyl Alcohol. Ethyl Alcohol. Fermentation. Ethylene Glycol. Glycerine ; Relation of Fats to Glycerine.
Derivatives of Alcohols and Amines in general. Ethyl Ether. Methylamines.
Aldehydes and Ketones in general. Formic Aldehyde. Acetic Aldehyde. Acetone.
Monobasic and Diatomic Monobasic Acids, Dibasic and Tetratomic Dibasic Acids, Tetratomic Tribasic Acids in general. Formic Acid. Acetic Acid. Acetates of the Alkalis and of Lead. Butyric Acids. Palmitic, Stearic, Oleic Acids. Soap formation. Glycollic Acid. Glycocoll. Lactio Acids. Oxalic Acid. Malic Acid. Tartaric Acids. Citric Acid.
Cyanogen and Hydrocyanic Acid. The Cyanides, Ferrocyanide and Fer. ricyanide of Potassium.
Amides of fatty Acids and of Carbonio Acid in general. Acetamide. Urea, Uric Acid.
Carbohydrates in general. Arabinose. Glucoses. Grape Sugar, Maltose, Fruit Sugar.
Saccharoses: Cane Sugar, Milk Sugar. Cellulose. Starch. Dextrine. Gums.
Application of the Polariscope for the determination of Sugars.
Phenols and Aromatic Acids in general. Carbolio Acid, Benzoic Acid, Oxybenzoic (Salicylic) Acids. Trioxybenzoic (Gallic) Acid. Tannin.
Terpenes and Camphors in general. Pinene. Caoutchouc. Japan and Borneo Camphor.
Resins, Glucosides, Albumens and Albuminoids 'n general. Amygdalin.
Laboratory work. The determination of Potassium, Magnesium, Calcium, Copper, Aluminium and Iron gravimetrically ; also of Chlorine, Sulphuric and Phosphoric Acids gravimetrically; and of Nitric Acid volumetrically ; by Pelouze's Method.
(2) Mensuration.--Mensuration of plane and spherical surfaces, including the quantity of land cultivated by various machines, the surface occupied by different crops, areas of roofs, brickwork, &c. Mensuration of solids, regular and irregular, including capacities of tanks, ponds, wells, &c.; the sliding rule, its description and use, taking out quantities of walls, roads and building materials, excavations and embankments, measurement of standing and felled timber, converted timber, haystacks, manure heaps, &c., weight of hay, cattle, &o.
II.-BOTANY. (One Paper.) Classification and description of plants. General principles, systems, natural and artificial classes, orders, genera, species and varieties. Method of systematic description of plants.
Cryptogamia or flowerless plants, algæ, fungi, lichens, mosses, ferns. Agency of mosses and lichens in disintegrating and fertilizing rock.
Phanerogamia or flowering plants, gymnosperms, angiosperms. Monocotyledons, dicotyledons. Distinctive characters of the larger divisions.
Natural orders, names, position, and principal characters of the orders containing the chief agricultural and economic plants. Scientific names, characters, relationships, habits, and uses of the more important species, especially of grasses, cereals and fibres, their geographical distribution and limitation. Seeds of agriculture, their identification, conditions affecting their germinating power, character and quality ; effect of age ; liability to disease. Adulteration of seeds and its detection. Weeds and noxious plants, description and identification of the principal species, their haunts, and injuries to crops and animals. Arboriculture, names, descrip. tions and habits of the principal fruit, shelter and timber trees, their eultivation, growth and propagation. Diseases and injuries, their prevention and remedies." Economic and sanitary uses and application. Geographical distribution and limitation. Examination and identification of seeds, botanical analyses of samples, examination and description of plante, dissection of typical specimens. Collection and preservation of specimens. Experiments in vegetable physiology. Treatment of plant disease. III.–VETERINARY. (One Paper and a Practical Examination.)
Anatomy and Physiology of farm animals. (a)-EXTERIOR ANATOMY of the horse, ox (buffalo), and sheep ; names of the different parts of the body as seen in the living animal; differences between the animals above specified. The orifices of the body and their component parts-Action-Conformation and selection for special purposes.
(6)-INTERIOR ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY :(1).—The skeleton ; names and recognition of the different bones and
joints--distinguishing between those of the horse and ox. (2). The following muscles—Diaphragm, biceps, serratus, masticatory
extensors and flexors of fore and hind limbs. (3)-The digestive, urinary, and lymphatic apparatus.—Their peculiari
ties in the ox as compared with those of the horse. Foods, and feeding for fat, work and speed. B 1961-8
(4). The respiratory apparatus. (5).-Circulatory apparatus.- The general form and divisions of the
heart and its functions. Arteries, the aorta, posterior aorta, and vessels at which the pulse can be taken in horse and ox. The veins
at which a horse or ox is ordinarily bled. (6).- The Skin.--Hair, horn, hoof. Heat regulation of the body.
Sweating. (7).—The Eye.-Outlines of its anatomy and of the physiology of vision.
Enumeration of the special senses. (8).-Outlines of the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system. (9).--Animal heat and thermometry. (10).—Birth, growth, development, decline, death, generation.
(c)-PRACTICAL.-Recognition of different organs of the body. Description of individual animals. Use of the clinical thermometer. Taking the pulse. Text Books—Huxley's Elementary Physiology (Chaps. I.–VIII and
Vertebrata Anatomy of Horse and Ox. IV.-AGRICULTURE. (Two Papers and a Practical Examination.) Culture of cereals, pulses, root and forage crops, oil-seeds, fibres, dye stuffs, sugar, tea, coffee, cinchona, cocoanut, arrowroot, spices.
Quantity of seed required ; of produce. Time required. Average cost of production and value. Ensilage and dry systems of storing fodder. Suitable conditions for storing and changes which occur in stored fodder.
Preparation of crops for market. - Threshing, winnowing, manufacture of sugar, starch, fibres and other staple agricultural products. Composition of crops at various stages of development with reference to the most profitable reaping time, the changes that occur in approaching maturity, and the exhaustion of soils.
Rotation of crops.—Principles and practice of rotation in different districts. Tillage by primitive and improved implements.
The economy of transplantation. Ráb and kumri cultivation. Effective work and motive power required for agricultural implements, as shown by the dynamometer.
Fruit culture.-— 'The theory and practice of grafting and pruning. Gathering, storing, preserving, and selling fruit.
Life history of fruit-tree pests with reference to prevention and remedies.
Culture of market garden crops.--Seed-sowing, transplanting, gathering, and preparation for market. Produce, cost, average value, and selling.
Irrigation.-Soils and crops adapted for irrigation. Methods and machines used and quantity of water required ; capacity of water channels. | Climatic conditions affecting agriculture. The effects of latitude, altitude, rainfall, exposure, aspect, proximity to water, marshes, forests, mountains, hereditary influence in plants and animals.
16. On the third Thursday after the commencement of the Examination, the Examiners will publish a list of the successful Candidates in two Classes and Pass, the names being arranged in order of merit.
EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF LICENTIATE
OF AGRICULTURE. 17. The Examination for the Degree of Licentiate of Agriculture will be held annually in Bombay, commencing on the first Monday in November. The Practical Examination in Agriculture will be held at Poona or such other place as the Syndicate may appoint.
18. No undergradaate will be admitted to this Examination unless he shall bave kept two terms in a School or College recognized in Agriculture by the University of Bombay subsequently to passing the Second Examination.
19. Candidates must apply to the Registrar six weeks before the Examination. (Vide Form AV.)
20. Each Candidate must pay to the Registrar a fee of Rs. 20, for which a receipt will be given. (Vide Form AW.)
21. Failure to pass the Examination will not disqualify the candidate for presenting himself at any subsequent Examination for the Degree of Licentiate of Agriculture on a new application being forwarded and a fresh fee paid.
22. Candidates will be examined in the following subjects :1.–NATURAL SCIENCE. (Two Papers and a Practical Examination.)
(1) Geology.—Definitions of geological terms. The principal rocks and their component minerals. Translation and consolidation of materials
. Fossilization. Central heat. Volcanoes. Earthquakes and other movements of the earth's crust. Succession of strata. Formation of coal. Metamorphism of rocks. Igneous rocks. Geographical distribution of the stratified and igneous rocks in India. Mode of constructing geological maps and sections.
(2) Botany. -Subjects of the First and Second Examinations more fully treated. Practical.- Recognition of the more important rocks and minerals. II.-CHEMISTRY OF AGRICULTURE. (One Paper and a Practical
Examination.) (1) The Soil. -The four main constituents: Mineral, Organic, Liquid, and Gaseous.
(a) The Mineral Portion of the Soil.—The constituents of rock minerals. Origin of the soil and the causes of its formation. The principal Indian soils, Mechanical analysis of soils, chemical composition. Potential and available plant-food. Inorganio impurities of soils, such as Salts of Sodium, Pyrites, &c.
(6) The Organic Constituents of Soils.-Nature of and changes in this material, and the causes. Influence of organic constituents and of micro-organisms on the soil. Assimilation of Nitrogen.
(c) Absorptive Power of Soils for various substances. Its cause and its effect.
(d) The Water of the Soil.-Its origin and composition. Water capacity of soils, causes of loss. Influence of water on the soil. Relation of drain-waters to the substances absorbed by the soil.
(e) The Gaseous Constituents of Soils.-Origin and composition,