« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
(f) Temperature of Soils.-Its origin. Conductivity of the soil for heat. Causes of loss. (2) Manures.- Mineral manures including silt; composition and effect. Manures of organic origin, cattle dung, urine, stable manure, sheep dung, night-soil, poudrette, green manures. Fermentation of farm-yard manure, and changes produced. Artificial manures. Application of manures from a chemical point of view.
(3) The Plant.—Proximate and ultimate, essential and non-essential constituents of plants. Assimilation of food, its products, and their transformation. Excretion of useless matters. Chemical 3omposition of seeds and stems of crops. Chemical changes during germination. Methods of analysis.
(4) Agricultural Animals. The chief constituents of the animal body, their formation and retrogressive metamorphosis during life; conditions affecting it. Relative value of food constituents to repair loss. Adaptation of food to requirements of animals under different conditions of life. Relation of food to manure.
(5) The Dairy.-Constituents of milk and their relative amount. Composition of cream, butter and cheese. Changes in dairy products due to fermentation.
Laboratory work.-Special methods employed in the analysis (1) of fodders as to the estimation of the moisture, their albuminoid and total nitrogen, the oil and et her extract, the woody fibre, the mineral matter and sand; (2) of manures, as to the water, the soluble and insoluble phosphate ard the total organic nitrogen ; (3) of milk, as to the ash, water, fat, total nitrogen, sugar (by Fehling's method); of cream and butter. III.-SURVEYING AND LEVELLING. (One) Paper and a Practical
Examination.) Construction of scales. Representative fraction. Diagonal scales. Surveying by the chain only. Cross staff. Field book. Prismatic compass. Surveying compass. Plane table. Method of plotting surveys. Levelling. Corrections for earth's curvature and for refraction. The Y and dumpy levels and their adjustments. Levelling field books. Bench marks. Plotting the work.
A plotted survey and section with the Survey and Level Books (certified as the work of the student by the head of an Institution recognized in Agriculture) should be submitted to the Examiners by each candidate.
IV.-VETERINARY. (One Paper and a Practical Examination.) (1) (a) HYGIENE.-- House accommodation for animals; situation, construction, ventilation, drainage, and fittings of stables and cow-sheds. Routine management of horses and valuable cattle. Ordinary shoeing of the horse and ox. Special shoeing to prevent vices of action.
(6) OBSTETRICS.-Heredity; effects of breeding in-and-in. Abortion. Ordinary parturition and its management. Primary action in obstructed birth. Castration. Sterility. Essentials for successful coupling. Special care of stallions. Principal diseases of young stock.
(c) MEDICINE AND SURGERY.—Signs of health and detection of ordinary signs of disease. How to make a simple post-mortem examination, with an elementary record of results. Nursing. First aid to the wounded; antiseptic treatment; treatment of simple injuries and diseases by methods which cannot possibly do harm and may do much good. Caro
after physic and blistering ; administration of medicines to the horse and ox and how to throw a horse and an ox. Names and detection of the principal external and internal diseases of the horse, og, and sheep, especially spavin, cur', ringbone, splint, galls, cough, hoose, constipation, diarrhea, indigestion, ophthalmia. Emergent treatment in hoven, colic, choking, sprain of the back sinews ("break-down").
The principal Epizootics, their nature, diagnosis, causes, prevention and cure :- especially rinderpest, glanders, surra, foot and mouth diseases, tuberculosis, anthrax.
Other contagious diseases, mange, ringworm, foot-rot.
Horace Hayes' Veterinary Notes for Horse-owners.
Fleming's Practical Horse-Shoeing. (2) PRACTICAL (1). Recognition of simple drugs.
(2). Administration of medicines to the horse and ox.
he is badly shod. (All questions in the practical will be based directly on the theoretical course.)
V.-AGRICULTURE. (Three Papers and a Practical Examination.) The courses specified for first and Second Examinations and in addition-Cattle--characteristics of Indian and foreign breeds, milking, working, meat or wool-growing breeds.
Physiology and anatomy of farm animals.- Dietary suited for particular purposes. Proportion of heat-giving and flesh-forming ingredients and sarieties of food from which required results are attainable. Milk, composition, yield of average animals of various breeds. Theory and practice of the manufacture of dairy products.
General management of farm animals. Breeding, gestation, parturition, names at various ages. Means of determining age. Average weight. Tractive force as shown by the dynamometer.
Life history of parasites of farm animals with prevention and remedies.
23. On the third Thursday after the commencement of the Examination tbe Examiners will publish a list of the successful Candidates in two Classes and a Pass, the names being arranged in order of merito
LICENTIATE OF CIVIL ENGINEERING.
24. A Candidate for the Degree of Licentiate of Civil Engineering must have passed the Previous Examination of the University of Bombay, or have passed an Examination in some University recognized by the University of Bombay which will be considered at least equivalent to the Previous Examination.
25. A Candidate will be reqnired to pass three Examinations, the first to be called the First Examination, the second the Second Examination in Civil
Engineering, and the third the Examination for the Degree of Licentiate of • Civil Engineering.
THE FIRST EXAMINATION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING. 26. The First Examination in Civil Engineering will be held annually in Bombay, commencing on the first Monday in November.
27. No Candidate will be admitted to this Examination unless he produce satisfactory testimonials of having kept two terms in a School or College recognized in Civil Engineering by the University of Bombay.
N.B.-Candidates who have passed the Intermediate Examination for the Degree of B.Sc. will be allowed to appear for the First Examination in Civil Engineering after attending for one term only (viz., the second term of the year), at a College recognized in Civil Engineering, and they will be required (at their option) to satisfy the Examiners in Subjects I and III only. A similar concession as to terms will be allowed to candidates who have passed the B.A. Examination in group cor d and those who have passed in group c will be required (at their option) to satisfy the Examiners in Subjects II and III only, and those who have passed in group d in Subjects I and III only. Candidates exempted under this provision will not be classed or be eligible for Prizes.
28. Candidates must apply to the Registrar six weeks before the Examination. (Vide Form AX.)
29. Each Candidate must pay to the Registrar a fee of Rs. 15, for which a receipt will be given." (Vide Form AY.)
30. Failure to pass the Examination will not disqnalify the Candidate for presenting himself at any subsequent First Examination, on a new application being forwarded und a fresh fee paid. 31. Candidates will be examined in the following subjects :
1.--MATHEMATICS. (Two Papers.) 1. Trigonometry and Logarithms (Solution of Plane Triangles with expressions for the Area. The nature and use of Logarithms) and Mensuration of surfaces and solids.
2. Euclid, Book XI, 21 propositions, and Geometrical Conic Sections as in Besant's Geometrical Conic Sections, Chapters I–V, both inclusive.
One Paper and a Practical Examination.
Energy-varieties of Energy Conservation and dissipation of
Energy. Universal Attraction-its laws. Laws of Falling Bodies. Atwood's Machine General Characters of Liquids. Compressibility of Liquids-the Piezometer, the Hydraulio Press
Artesian Wells. Principle of Archimedes. Specific gravity. Statement and illustration of the laws of Capillary Phenomena. Pressure of the Atmosphere. Barometer. Fortin's and Gay Lussacos
barometers and the Aneroid. Barometric corrections, 'Determin
nation of heights by the barometer. Compressed Air Manometer. Bourdon's Steam Gauge. Balloons. Air-pump-Sprengel's Air-pump. Lifting and forcing Pumps. Sound and Noise. Cause of Sound. Propagation of Sounds, Causes influencing intensity of Sound. Velocity of Sound in Gases. Doppler's principle. Velocity of Sound in Liquids and in Solids. Reflection of Sound. Echoes and Resonances. Refraction of Sound. Measurement of the number of Vibrations. Properties of Musical Tones. Perception of Sounds. The Ear. Interference of Sound. Beats. Vibration of Strings. Sonometer. Laws of Transverse Vibrations.
Nodes and Loops. Wind Instrument. Mouth and Reed Instruments. Shut and open
pipes, and tones produced by them. Nodes and loops of pipes.
Formulæ relative to pipes. Kundt's experiments. Vibrations of Rods, Plates and Membranes. Lissajou’s graphic method, Leon Scott's Phonautograph, Edison's
Phonograph. König's manometric flames. Temperature-Thermometers. Expansion of Solids. Coofficient of Expansion and methods of
determining it. Harrison's gridiron pendulum and Graham's mercurial pendulum.
The Compensating balance. Expansion of Liquids--apparent and real, Dulong and Petit's me
thods for the determination of coefficient of absolute expansion of liquids. The weight thermometer. Maximum density of water.
Expansion of Gases. Gay Lussac's method for the determination of
coefficient of expansion of Gases. The air-thermometer. Absc lute scale of Temperature. Relation between Pressure, Volume, and
Temperature. Change of State. Latent Heat, Fusion, Solidification. Vaporization.
Condensation. Laws of Fusion, Solution. Change of volume in melting and in solidification. Effect of pressure on the melting point. Regelation. Retardation of Solidification. Freezing Mix
tures. Vapours-saturated and non-saturated vapours. Maximum Tension.
Tension in two communicating vessels at different temperatures.
Conditions affecting the rapidity of Evaporation. Ebullition and its laws. Kinetic theory of Gases as explaining
ebullition and evaporation. Influence of Pressure on the boiling point. Measurement of heights
by the boiling point. Cold due to evaporation. Wollaston's Cryophorus Carre's Ice-machine.
Carre's Ice-machine. Liquefaction of Vapours. Distillation. Dalton's laws of mixture of Gases and Vapours. Spheroidal State. Density of Vapours. Gay Lussac's method of determining it. Hygrometry. Dew-point. Hygrometers of Daniell, Regnault, and
Mason. Use of August's formula. Conductivity of Solids, Liquids and Gases. Convection. Land and Sea Breezes. The Trade Winds, Radiation-its laws. Causes which modify the intensity of radiant
heat. Theory of Exchanges. Laws of Reflection. Identity of
absorbing and radiating powers. Ritchie's experiment. Causes affecting the formation of dew. Specific Heat. Unit of Heat. Calorimeters of Black and of Lavoisier
and Laplace. The methods of cooling and of mixtures. Determination of Latent Heat of Fusion by the method of mixtures.
Latent Heat of Steam. Regnault's formula. Relation between Heat and Work. Joule’s equivalent. Mechanical, Physical, and Chemical sources of Heat. Practical Examination.—“On the construction and use of apparatus." N.B.-Text-book recommended —Ganot's Treatise on Physics.
III.-ENGINEERING. 1.-Surveying and Levelling. (One Paper and a Practical Examina
tion.) Construction of scales. Representative fraction. Diagonal scales. Surveying by the chain only. Cross staff. Field book. Prismatic compass. Surveying compass. Plane Table. Method of plotting surveys. Levelling. Corrections for earth's curvature and for refraction. The Y and dumpy levels and their adjustments. Levelling field books. Bench-marks. Plotting the work.