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3. Describe the various contrivances in nature, by which cross fertilization is ensored, and give the distinguishing characters of anemophilons azd entomophilous plants.

4. How do mosses and lichens disintegrate and fertilize a rock ? What is our present information as regards the true character of lichens ?

5. Describe the processes of grafting and budding, and give the rationale of the process.

6. Give the life history of the parasitic Fungi known as Smut of the : Order Ustilaginæ.

7. Give the general characters of the Natural Orders Combretacea, 5 Solanacea and Zinziberaceæ. Name the economical and agricultural plants belonging to each of them.

8. Describe the plants placed before you.

FRIDAY, STH NOVEMBER.
[10 A.M. TO I P.M.]

CHEMISTRY OF AGRICULTURE.

N.B.- The two Sections should be kept separate.
Definite chemical changes should be represented by equations,

SECTION 1.

]. State fully the different kinds of food required by plants and their 12 sources, How are they assimilated and transformed ? What useless matters ere excreted ?

2. Describe the chemical changes taking place during germination and 12 state the different conditions influencing it.

3. Explain the metabolic changes by which food.stuffs are converted !! into animal tissue,

What do you understand by retrogressive metamorphosis and what are the conditions affecting it ?

4. What functions are played by micro-organisms in agriculture ? 12 Explain the different fermentation processes of the dairy.

SECTION II. 5. Give a concise description of the mechanical analysis of the soil and 13 state for what end it is made.

Trace the origin of potash and of clay in the soil from the so-called primitive and the trap rocks.

6. Discuss the reasons why the ahsorptive power of the soil both for 13 phosphoric acid and for alkalis ard alkaline earths is maintained to be more of & chemical than of a physical nature. Explain how it affects the fertility of the soil.

7. Wherein consists the value of animal excreta as a manure and why 13 are liquid excreta of greater value than solid ones? Explain the importance of litter and why its amount should be different for soils of different nature,

8. Describe concisely the rapid methods by which the amount of fat in 11 silk is estimated as to the apparatus, the operations and the calculations.

THURSDAY, 7TH NOVEMBER.

[10 A.M. TO 1 P...]

SURVEYING AND LEVELLING,

N.B.—The answers must be illustrated by sketches as far as possible.

1. Explain the construction and use of a scale of chords,

6

8

2. What do you understand by Representative fraction and explain the principle of Vernier scale and construct a scale of 1/100 to show feet and inches.

3. Describe briefly the method of making a survey by the chain only: 30 Mention how its accuracy is tested from time to time and the purpose as well as the situations for wbich it is most suitable.

4. Briefly describe the construction and mode of using the Prismatic 10 compass and explain wherein the surveying compass differs from the Prismatic compass,

5. Describe the Y level, its corrections, and adjustments and the method 12 of using it. Also state wherein it differs from the Dumpy level. Mention the sources of errors in levelling and how they are minimized.

6. Describe the principle of contouring and the advantages of this mode 12 of survey. Explain contour lines and the method of conducting a contour survey of an extensive area in a hilly country.

7. Describe two of the methods of finding the distance of an inaccessible 10 object situated on the other side of a river.

8. Draw a plan of a seven sided field from the following measurements 16 on a scale of 100 feet to an inch and find the angles at D, E and F :

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LFGA • 134o.

FG = 440 feet,

GA

300 feet.

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9. 1,500 feet of a road was lined out and levels taken on pegs 200 feet apart as per staff readings given below ; arrange these as they ought to be entered in the level field-book and reduce the levels to & datum 60 fest below peg numbered 0. Plot the section to a scale of 200 feet to an inek horizontal and 20 feet to an inch vertical, and state whether the peg si e is higher or lower than the peg at 1,800 feet and by how much : Distances,

Staff Readings. 0

4.50 200

3:19 400

2.65 600

1.01 600

5:10

3.90 1000

2-67 1200

1.93 1200

5.10 3 400

4.95 1600

3.97 1800

1 65

800

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1. In building a shed for 30 cattle, what cubic space would you allow for each animal ? How would you ventilate the shed, of what materials would you make up the floors, and what should their level be ?

2. Give the causes, symptoms and treatment of Tabes Mesenterica.

3. Describe and give the uses of the following shoes :—Three-quarter, half, patten, feather-edged, and Fitzwygram.

4. Give the reasons in full why animals are castrated, and describe the different methods by which the operation is performed.

5. Describe the exostoses of the horse and give their treatment.

6. Describe the varieties of anthrax and give the diagnostic symptoms of each.

7. In selecting a sire and dam, what are the points you would particularly look for if it were desired to breed horses for military parposes, cattle for farm work, and mules for transport.

8. Name the different kinds of wounds and the various methods of 1 treatment.

9. What are the causes, symptoms and treatment of "rot" in sheep? 10. What directions would you give for nursing a case of influenza?

WEDNESDAY, 6TH NOVEMBER.

[10 A.M. TO 1 P.M.] AGRICULTURE-PAPER I.

1. In what respect does the dung of animals differ from the food on 20 which they live ?

2. Give the analyses of black cotton soil and describe its physical 20 features.

3. What points would you take into consideration in fixing the value of 20 A field for agricultural purposes ?

4. Explain why the system of drainage, which is so useful in improving 20 the soils of England, is not adapted to the ordinary requirements of the cultivator of India.

5. What kinds of rock usually yield good soils ? Give the composition 20 of the natural varieties of clay and indicate their modes of production.

WEDNESDAY, 6TI NOVEMBER.

[2 P.M. TO 5 P.M.]

AGRICULTURE-PAPER II.

1. What do you understand by albuminoid ratio ? Determine the albu« 25 minoid ratio of Barley and Til seeds.

2. Give the rotations of crops of your district, and discuss their merits 15 and defects.

3. Name the diseases affecting the Jowari crop and describe any one of 20 them.

4. Give the approximate weights of Nitrogen and Phosphoric Acid 25 removed from the soil by a sugarcane crop, and state the quantity of Safilowercake that would recoup the loss of Nitrogen thus occasioned.

5. State the quantity of manure ordinarily applied per acre in the 15 case of the following manures :

Farmyard manure ; Castor cake; Pondrette.

THURSDAY, 7TH NOVEMBER.

[2 P.M. TO 5. P. M.] AGRICULTURE-PAPIR IJI.

1. What are the signs of pregnancy and approaching parturition in the 15 case of a buffalo ?

20

2. Write a short note on the management and feeding of young stock.

3. Give the distinguishing characteristics of indigenous and foreign 15 breeds.

4. What are the essential differences between butter and cheese? Briefly 20 describe the method of making cheese and explain why it cannot be made here,

15

5. Give the life history of Warblefly and state what measures should be adopted to prevent the attack of the disease.

6. Write down a description of the Malvi breed of cattle.

15

XVII.

FIRST EXAMINATION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING.

EXAMINERS.

FABDUNJI MANCHERJI DASTUR, M.A.
KAVASJI JAMSHEDJI SANJANA, M.A.

In Mathematics,
JAMSHEDJI E. DARUVALA,B.A., B.Sc.
A. C. L. WILKINSON, M.A., F.R.A.S. ......
The Rev. F. X. HAAN, S.J.
H. N. ALLEN, B.Sc., Ph. D.

...
F. L, SPROTT, C.E.
R80 Bahadur HIMATLAL DHIRAJRAM, In Engineering.

A.M.I.C.E.

.:: } In Physica Биінлявам, }

...

MONDAY, 4T1 NOVEMBER.

[2 P.M. TO 5 P.M.]

TRIGONOMETRY AND MENSURATION.

1. Define tangent and secant for angles of any magnitude, and find the 10 relation between them.

If the angles x, y, z be eliminated between the four equations

cos x sin y sin z = a, cos y sin z sin x = b,
cos z sin x sin y = C, cos x cos y cos 2 =

- d, prove that the result is abcd = (ab + cd) (ac + db) (ad + bc).

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