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18 that thing which I do; Seeing that Abraham shall surely become
a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall 19 be blessed in him? For I know him, that he will command his
children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way
to the hill, she caught him by the feet; but thine house, and when thou walkest by the Gehazi came near to thrust her away. And way, and when thou liest down, and when the man of God said, Let her alone ; for her thou risest up. Deut. vi. 6, 7. And ye shall soul is vexed within her: and the Lord hath teach “ them” (“ the words of God," through hid it from me, and hath not told me. 2 Kings Moses) your children, speaking of them when iv. 27. Art not thou our God, who didst drive thou sittest in thine house, and when thou out the inhabitants of this land before thy people walkest by the way; when thou liest down, Israel, and gavest it to the seed of Abraham and when thou risest up. That your days thy friend for ever? 2 Chron. xx. 7. The may be multiplied, and the days of your secret of the Lord is with them that fear him, children, in the land which the Lord sware and he will shew them his covenant. Ps. xxv. unto your fathers to give them, as the days 14. Surely the Lord God will do nothing, but of heaven upon the earth. Deut. xi. 19. 21. he revealeth his secrets unto his servants the And he (Moses) said unto them, Set your prophets. Amos iii. 7. Henceforth I call you hearts unto all the words which I testify not servants, for the servant knoweth not what among you this day, which ye shall command the lord doeth; but I have called you friends, your children to observe, to do all the words for all things that I have heard of my Father of this law. Deut. xxxii. 46. As for me and I have made known unto you. John xv. 15. my house (said Joshua), we will serve the Abraham believed God, and it was imputed Lord. Josh. xxiv. 15. And thou, Solomon, unto him for righteousness; and he was called my son (said David), know thou the God of the friend of God. James ii. 23.
thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart 18 Become a great, &c.] See com. on chap. and with a willing mind: for the Lord searcheth xii. 2, 3.
all hearts, and understandeth all the imagina19 I know him, &c.] And what can David tions of the thoughts : if thou seek him, he say more unto thee, for thou, Lord God, will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, knowest thy servant.
2 Sam. vii. 20. For he will cast thee off for ever. I Chron. xxviii. the Lord knoweth the way of the righteous, 9. Job said, it may be that my sons have but the way of the ungodly shall perish. Ps. sinned, and cursed God in their hearts : i. 6. The Lord is in his holy temple ; the (therefore) he rose up early in the morning, Lord's throne is in heaven : his eyes behold, and offered burnt-offerings, according to the his eyelids try the children of men. Ps. xi. 4. number of them all. Job i. 5. I will open The eyes of the Lord are upon the righteous, my mouth in a parable; I will utter dark and his ears are open unto their cry. Ps. sayings of old, which we have heard and xxxiv. 15. I am the good shepherd, and known, and our fathers have told us.
We know my sheep, and am known of mine. will not hide them from their children, shewJohn x. 14. And "he” (“ Peter") said unto ing to the generation to come the praises of him, Lord, thou knowest all things : thou the Lord. For he established a testimony in knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto Jacob, and appointed a law in Israel, which him, Feed my sheep. John xxi. 17. Never- he commanded our fathers, that they should theless, the foundation of God standeth sure, make them known unto their children: that having this seal : the Lord knoweth them that the generation to come might know them, even are his. 2 Tim. ii. 19.
the children which should be born; who should Command his children, &c.] See chap. xvii. arise and declare them to their children: that 23. 27. Only take heed to thyself, and keep they might set their hope in God, and not thy soul diligently, lest thou forget the things forget the works of God, but keep his comwhich thine eyes have seen, and lest they mandments; and might not be as their fadepart from thine heart all the days of thy thers, a stubborn and rebellious generation. life ; but teach them thy sons, and thy sons' The children of Ephraim, being armed, and sons ; specially the day that thou stoodest carrying bows, turned back in the day of before the Lord thy God in Horeb, when the battle. Ps. Ixxviii. 2–9. My son, keep thy Lord said unto me (Moses), Gather me the father's commandment, and forsake not the people together, and I will make them hear law of thy mother: bind them continually my words, that they may learn to fear me all upon thine heart, and tie them about thy the days that they live upon the earth, and neck. When thou goest, it shall lead thee; that they may teach their children. Deut. iv. when thou sleepest, it shall keep thee; and 9, 10. And these words which I command when thou awakest, it shall talk with thee. thee this day shall be in thine heart, and thou Prov. vi. 20, 21, 22. Train up a child in the shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, way he should go, and when he is old he will and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in not depart from it. Prov. xxii. 6. The living,
of the Lord, to do justice and judgment; that the Lord may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him. And the Lord 20 said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous; I will go down now, and see 21 whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it,
the living, he shall praise thee, as I do this thee. Jer. xiv. 7. Behold (" wicked rich day : the father to the children shall make men") the hire of the labourers which have known thy truth. Isa. xxxviii. 19. And ye, reaped down your fields, which is of you kept fathers, provoke not your children to wrath, back by fraud, crieth, and the cries of them but bring them up in the nurture and admo- which have reaped are entered into the ears nition of the Lord. Eph. vi. 4. (A bishop of the Lord of Sabaoth. James v. 4. must be) one that ruleth well his own house, Their sin is very grievous, &c.] See com. having his children in subjection, with all on chap. xiii. 13. gravity: (for if a man know not how to rule 21 I will go down, &c.] And the Lord his own house, how shall he take care of the came down to see the city and the tower church of God?) Let the deacons be the which the children of men builded. husbands of one wife, ruling their children, let us go down, and there confound their lanand their own houses well. 1 Tim. iii. 4, 5. guage. Gen. xi. 5. 7. and com. And I am 12. (I have remembrance of thee in my prayers come down to deliver “ them” (“the Israelnight and day) when I call to remembrance ites") out of the hand of the Egyptians. Exod. the unfeigned faith that is in thee, which ii. 8. I will come up into the midst of “thee" dwelt first in thy (Timothy's) grandmother (“ Israel') in a moment, and consume thee. Lois, and thy mother Eunice; and I am per- Exod. xxxiii. 5. For behold the Lord cometh suaded that in thee also. 2 Tim. i. 5. And forth out of his place, and will come down that from a child thou hast known the Holy and tread upon the high places of the earth. Scriptures, which are able to make thee wise Micah i. 3. For I came down from heaven unto salvation, through the faith which is in (said Jesus) not to do mine own will, but the Christ Jesus. 2 Tim. iii. 15.
will of him that sent me. John vi. 38. Por That the Lord may bring upon Abraham, the Lord himself shall descend from heaven &c.] Wherefore the Lord God of Israel saith, with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, I said indeed that thy house, and the house and with the trump of God; and the dead in of thy father should walk before me for ever. Christ shall rise first. 1 Thess. iv. 16. But now the Lord saith, Be it far from me ; And see whether, &c.] There is no darkfor them that honour me I will honour, and ness nor shadow of death where the workers they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed. of iniquity may hide themselves. Job xxxiv. Behold the days come, that I will cut off thine 22. Thou hast set our iniquities before thee, arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that our secret sins in the light of thy countenance. there shall not be an old man in thine house. Ps. xc. 8. The sin of Judah is written with 1 Sam. ii. 30, 31. For there stood by me a pen of iron, and with a point of a diamond : this night the angel of God, whose I am, and it is graven upon the table of their heart, and whom I serve, saying, Fear not, Paul, thou upon the horns of your altars. I, the Lord, must be brought before Cæsar; and, lo! God search the heart, I try the reins, even to give hath given thee all them that sail with thee. every man according to his ways, and accordPaul said to the centurion, Except these (the ing to the fruit of his doings. Jer. xvii. 1. 10. shipmen) abide in the ship, ye cannot be saved. And it shall come to pass at that time, that I Acts xxvii, 23, 24. 31.
will search Jerusalem with candles, and punish 20 The cry of Sodom, &c.] The voice of the men that are settled on their lees, that thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the say in their heart, The Lord will not do good, ground. Gen. iv. 10. We will destroy this neither will he do evil. Zeph. i. 12. Neither
place” (“ Sodom”), because the cry of them is there any creature that is not manifest in is waxen great before the face of the Lord; his sight; but all things are naked and opened and the Lord hath sent us to destroy it. Gen. unto the eyes of him with whom we have to xix. 13. The shew of their countenance doth do. Heb. iv. 13. witness against them, and they (of Judah) I will know, &c.] Therefore now put off declare their sin as Sodom : they hide it not. thy ornaments (o Israel) from thee, that I Isa. iii. 9. For the vineyard of the Lord of may know what to do unto thee. E.rod. hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of xxxiii. 5. And thou shalt remember all the Judah his pleasant plant. And he looked for way which the Lord thy God led thee these judgment, but behold oppression ; for righte- forty years in the wilderness to humble thee, ousness, but behold a cry. Isa. v. 7. O and to prove thee, to know what was in thy Lord, though our iniquities testify against us, heart, whether thou wouldest keep his comdo thou it for thy name's sake; for our back mandments or no. Deut. viii. 2. The Lord slidings are many, we have sinned against your God proveth you, to know whether ye
22 which is come unto me; and if not, I will know. And the men
turned their faces from thence, and went toward Sodom: but 23 Abraham stood yet before the Lord. And Abraham drew near,
and said, Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked? 24 Peradventure there be fifty righteous within the city: wilt thou
love the Lord your God with all your heart near with a true heart, in full assurance of and with all your soul. Deut. xiii. 3. The faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an Lord God of gods, the Lord God of gods, he evil conscience, and our bodies washed with knoweth, and Israel he shall know; if it be pure water. Heb. x. 22. Elias was a man in rebellion, or if in transgression against the subject to like passions as we are, and he Lord, that we have built us an altar to turn prayed earnestly that it might not rain; and from following the Lord. Josh. xxii. 22. O it rained not on the earth by the space of Lord, thou hast searched me, and known me : three years and six months. James v. 17. thou knowest my down-sitting, and mine up Wilt thou also destroy, &c.] That be far rising; search me, O God, and know my from thee to do after this manner, to slay the heart; try me, and know my thoughts. Ps. righteous with the wicked. Gen. xviii. 25. cxxxix. 1, 2. 23. God knoweth your hearts But Abimelech had not come near her (Sarah), (Pharisees), for that which is highly esteemed and he said, Lord, wilt thou slay also a rightamong men is abomination in the sight of eous nation? Gen. xx. 4. And " they" God. Luke xvi. 15. As the truth of Christ (“ Moses and Aaron") fell upon their faces, is in me, no man shall stop me of this boast and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all ing in the regions of Achaia. Wherefore? Alesh, shall one man (Korah) sin, and wilt Because I love you not ? God knoweth. 2 thou be wroth with all the congregation! Cor. xi. 10, 11.
Numb. xvi. 22. And David spake unto the 22 The men turned their faces, &c.] And Lord when he saw the angel that smote the there came two angels to Sodom at even. people (of Jerusalem), and said, Lo, I have Gen, xix. 1.
sinned, and I have done wickedly; but these Stood yet before the Lord.] See verse 1. and sheep, what have they done ? Let thine hand,
Therefore he (the Lord) said that he I pray thee, be against me, and against my would des them, had not Moses, his cho- father's house. 2 Sam. xxiv 17. Doth God sen, stood before him in the breach, to turn pervert judgment? or doth the Almighty peraway his wrath (at the golden calf ), lest he vert justice ? Job viii. 3. Wilt thou conshould destroy “them" (" the Israelites"). demn him that is most just ? Job xxxiv. 17. Ps. cvi. 23. Then said the Lord unto me, The Lord is in his holy temple; the Lord's Though Moses and Samuel stood before me, throne is in heaven: his eyes behold, his yet my mind could not be toward this people: eyelids try the children of men. For the cast them (the Jews) out of my sight, and let righteous Lord loveth righteousness; his them go forth. Jer. xv. I. Shall evil be countenance doth behold the upright. Ps. xi. recompensed for good ? for “ they” (“ who 4.7. But if our unrighteousness commend devised Jeremiah's death") have digged a pit the righteousness of God, what shall we say ! for my soul. Remember that I stood before is God unrighteous, who taketh vengeance ? thee (O Lord) to speak good for them, and (I speak as a man.) God forbid : for then to turn away thy wrath from them. Jer. how shall God judge the world ? Rom. iii. xviii. 20. And I sought for a man among 5, 6. them (of Jerusalem) who should make up the 24 There be fifty righteous, &c.] And he hedge, and stand in the gap before me, for (God) said, I will not destroy "it" ("Sodor") the land, that I should not destroy it, but I for ten's sake. Gen. xviii. 32. Except the found none. Ezek. xxii. 30. But he (Ste- Lord of hosts had left unto us a very small phen) being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up remnant, we should have been as Sodom, and stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of we should have been like unto Gomorrab. God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of Isa. i. 9. Run ye to and fro through the God. Acts vii. 55. I exhort, therefore, that, streets of Jerusalem, and see now and know, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and seek in the broad places thereof, if ye and giving of thanks, be made for all men. can find a man, if there be any that executeth 1 Tim. ii. 1.
judgment, that seeketh truth, and I will par 23 Drew near, &c.] But it is good for me don it. Jer, v. 1. Enter ye in at the strai. to draw near to God. Ps. Ixxiii. 28. Their gate ; for wide is the gate, and broad is the nobles (of Israel) shall be of themselves, and way, that leadeth to destruction, and many their governor shall proceed from the midst of there be which go in thereat : because strait them; and I will cause him to draw near, and is the gate, and narrow is the way which he shall approach unto me. For who is this leadeth unto life, and few there be who find that engaged his heart to approach unto me? it. Matt. vii. 13, 14. saith the Lord. Jer. xxx. 21. Let us draw
also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that are therein? That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay 25 the righteous with the wicked : and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be, far from thee : shall not the Judge of all the earth do right? And the Lord said, If I find in Sodom fifty 26 righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their
Spare the place for the fifty, &c.] Fear not, 17, 18, 19. The Lord trieth the righteous, Paul ; thou must be brought before Cæsar: but the wicked, and him that loveth violence, and lo, God hath given thee all them that his soul hateth : upon the wicked he shall sail with thee. Acts xxvii. 24.
rain snares, fire and brimstone, and an hor- 25 That be far from thee, &c.] Righteous rible tempest. This shall be the portion of art thou, O Lord, when I plead with thee; their cup: for the righteous Lord loveth righteyet let me talk with thee of thy judgments: ousness; his countenance doth behold the Wherefore doth the way of the wicked pros- upright. Ps. xi. 5, 6, 7. So that a man shall per ? Wherefore are all they happy that deal say, Verily there is a reward for the righteous; very treacherously? Jer. xii. l.
verily he is a God that judgeth in the earth. That the righteous should be as the wicked, Ps. lviii. 11. Lift up thyselt, thou Judge of &c.] Behold, God will not cast away a per- the earth ; render a reward to the proud. Ps. fect man, neither will he help the evil doers. xciv. 2. “He" (" the Lord') cometh to judge Job viii. 20. This is one thing, therefore I the earth : with righteousness shall he judge said it: he destroyeth the perfect and the the world, and the people with equity. Ps. wicked. If the scourge slay suddenly, he will xcviii. 9. Is God unrighteous, who taketh laugh at the trial of the innocent. Job ix. 22, vengeance ? God forbid! for then how shall 23. All things have I seen in the days of my God judge the world ? Rom. iii. 6. vanity; there is a just man that perisheth in The Judge.] For the Father judgeth no his righteousness, and there is a wicked man man, but hath committed all judgment unto that prolongeth his life in his wickedness. the Son; and hath given him authority to Eccles. vii. 15. Though a sinner do evil an execute judgment also, because he is the Son hundred times, and his days be prolonged, of man. John v. 22. 27. For we must all yet surely I know that it will be well with appear before the judgment-seat of Christ, them that fear God, which fear before him. that every one may receive the things done in But it shall not be well with the wicked, his body, according to that he hath done, neither shall he prolong his days, which are whether it be good or bad. 2 Cor, v. 10. as a shadow, because he feareth not before 26 If I find in Sodom, &c.] But yet in “it” God. Eccles. viii. 12, 13. Say ye to the ("the land" )shall be a tenth, and it shall return, * righteous, that it shall be well with him, for and shall be eaten; as a teil-tree, and as an they shall eat the fruit of their doings. Woe oak, whose substance is in them, when they unto the wicked, it shall be ill with him, for cast their leaves, so the holy seed shall be the the reward of his hands shall be given him. substance thereof. Isa. vi. 13. For though Isa. iii. 10, 11. The righteous perisheth, and thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, no man layeth it to heart; and merciful men yet a remnant of them shall return: the conare taken away, none considering that the sumption decreed shall overflow with righterighteous is taken away from the evil to come.
Isa. X. 22. In that day shall Israel He shall enter into peace: they shall rest in be the third with Egypt, and with Assyria, their beds, each one walking in his upright- even a blessing in the midst of the land. Isa. ness. Isa. Ivii. 1, 2. Then shall ye return, xix. 24. Thus saith the Lord, As the new and discern between the righteous and the wine is found in the cluster, and one saith, wicked, between him that serveth God, and Destroy it not, for a blessing is in it: so will him that serveth him not. Mal. iii. 18. I do for my servants' sakes, that I may not
Shall not the Judge, &c.] He is the rock : destroy them all. Isa. Ixv. 8. Run ye to and his work is perfect, for all his ways are judg- fro through the streets of Jerusalem, and see ment; a God of truth, without iniquity; just now, and know, and seek in the broad places and right is he. Deut. xxxii. 4. Doth God thereof, if ye can find a man, if there be any pervert judgment? or doth the Almighty per that executeth judgment, that seeketh the vert justice ? Job viii. 3. Shall even he that truth, and I will pardon it. Jer. v. 1. And hateth right govern ? And wilt thou condemn I sought for a man among them that should him that is most just? Is it fit to say to a make up the hedge, and stand in the gap king, Thou art wicked, and to princes, Ye are
for the land, that I should not ungodly? How much less to him that ac- destroy it, but I found none. Ezek. xxii. 30. cepteth not the persons of princes, nor re- Except those days should be shortened, there gardeth the rich more than the poor? for should no flesh be saved; but for the elect's sake they all are the work of his lands. Job xxxiv. those days shall be shortened. Matt. xxiv. 22. VOL. I.
27 sakes. And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have
taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which am but dust and 28 ashes: Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous :
wilt thou destroy all the city for lack of five? And he said, If I 29 find there forty and five, I will not destroy it. And he spake unto
him yet again, and said, Peradventure there shall be forty found 30 there. And he said, I will not do it for forty's sake. And he said
unto him, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak: Per. adventure there shall thirty be found there. And he said, I will
27 I have taken upon me, &c.] And “he” live. And he said, Is he yet alive ? he is my (" Abraham") said unto him, Oh let not the brother. Now the men did diligently observe Lord be angry, and I will speak: Oh let not whether any thing would come from him, and the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this did hastily catch it: and they said, Thy once, &c.
Gen. xviii. 30. 32. And (Ezra) brother Ben-hadad! Then he said, Go ye, said, O my God, I am ashamed, and blush to bring him. Then Ben-hadad came forth to lift up my face to thee, my God, for our him; and he caused him to come up into the iniquities are increased over our head, and chariot. 1 Kings xx. 32, 33. O that I knew our trespass is grown up unto the heavens. where I might find him (God), that I might Ezra ix. 6. Wherefore I abhor myself, and come even to his seat! I would order my cause repent in dust and ashes. Job xlii. 6. There- before him, and fill my mouth with arguments fore take unto “ you” now (“ Job's three Job xxiii. 3, 4. friends”) seven bullocks, and seven rams, and If I find there forty and five, &c.] See con. go to my servant Job (said God), and offer up on verse 26. and 29. for yourselves a burnt offering; and my ser 29 Yet again.] Take the helmet of salvant Job shall pray for you, for him will I vation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is accept, lest I deal with you after your folly, the word of God ; praying always with all in that ye have not spoken of me the thing prayer and supplication in the spirit, and which is right, like my servant Job. Job xlii. watching thereunto with all perseverance, and 8. Then said I, Woe is me! for I am undone; supplication for all saints. Ephes. vi. 18. Let because I am a man of unclean lips, and I us therefore come boldly unto the throne of dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find for mine eyes have seen the King, the Lord grace to help in time of need. Heb. iv. 16. of hosts. Isa. vi. 5. Men ought always to 30 Oh let not the Lord be angry, &c.] Then pray, and not to faint. Luke xviii. 1.
Judah came near unto him (his brother Joseph), Which am but dust and ashes, &c.] And and said, Oh my lord, let thy servant, I pray the Lord God formed man of the dust of the thee, speak a word in my lord's ears, and let ground. Gen. ii. 7. and com.
What is man,
not thine anger burn against thy servant. that thou art mindful of him, and the son of Gen. xliv. 18. And Gideon said unto God, man, that thou visitest him? Ps. viii. 4. Let not thine anger be hot against me, and I Lord, what is man, that thou takest know- will speak but this once, &c. Judges vi. 39. ledge of him, or the son of man, that thou All the king's servants, and the people of the makest account of him? Ps. cxliv. 3. I am king's provinces, do know, that whosoever, a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the whether man or woman, shall come unto the midst of a people of unclean lips. Isa. vi. 5. king, into the inner court, who is not called, When Simon Peter saw "it" (“the mira there is one law of "his” (of " Ahasuerus") culous draught of fishes”) he fell down at Jesus' to put him to death, except such to whom the knees, saying, Depart from me, for I am a king shall hold out the golden sceptre, that he sinful man, O Lord. Luke v. 8. For in this may live. Go gather together all the Jews that (our earthly tabernacle) we groan, earnestly are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me desiring to be clothed upon with our house (said Esther), and neither eat nor drink three which is from heaven. 2 Cor. y. 2.
days, night or day: I also and my maidens 28 Wilt thou destroy all the city, &c.] And will fast likewise, and so will I go in unto the now I beseech thee, let the power of my Lord king, which is nat according to the law; and be great, according as thou hast spoken (said if I perish, I perish. Esther iv. 11. 16. Be. Moses). Pardon, I beseech thee, the iniquity hold I ain vile, what shall I answer thee!! of this people (for their murmuring at the will lay mine hand upon my mouth. Job report of the spies), according unto the great xl. 4. When he maketh inquisition for blood, ness of thy mercy. Numb. xiv. 17. 19. So he remembereth them: he forgetteth not the they (the Syrians) girded sackcloth on their cry of the humble. Ps. ix. 12. Lord, thou loins, and put ropes on their heads, and came hast heard the desire of the humble: thou will to the king of Israel (Ahab), and said, Thy prepare their heart, thou wilt cause thine ear servant Ben-hadad saith, I pray thee let me to hear, Ps. X. 17.
God is greatly to be