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18 for God hath heard the voice of the lad where he is. Arise, list
up the lad, and hold him in thine hand; for I will make him a 19 great nation. And God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of
water; and she went, and filled the bottle with water, and gave 20 the lad drink. And God was with the lad; and he grew, and 21 dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer. And he dwelt in
the wilderness of Paran: and his mother took him a wife out of
behold, Saul came after the herd out of the holden, that they should not know him field ; and Saul said, What aileth the people (Jesus). And their eyes were opened (as he (of Israel) that they weep? And they told sat at meat with them), and they knew him, him the tidings of the men of Jabesh (to whom and he vanished out of their sight. Lu. xxiv. Nahash the Ammonite offered a reproachful 16. 31. condition, to thrust out their right eyes). 1 Sa. 20 God was with the lad.] See chap. xvii. xi. 5. What aileth thee now (Jewry about to 20. and com. And behold, I am with thee be invaded by the Persians) that thou art (Jacob), and will keep thee in all places wholly gone up to the house-tops ? Is. xxii. I. whither thou goest, and will bring thee again
Fear not, &c.] See chap. xv. 1. and com. into this land; for I will not leave thee until “ They" (“ Israel”) wandered in the wilder. I have done that which I have spoken to thee ness in a solitary way; they found no city to of. Ge. xxviii. 15. And the Lord was with dwell in. Then they cried unto the Lord in Joseph, and he was a prosperous man, and their trouble, and he delivered them out of he was in the house of his master, the Egyptheir distresses. Ps. cvii. 4. 6. For I the tian. And his master saw that the Lord wus Lord thy God will hold thy right hand, say- with him, and that the Lord made all that he ing unto thee, Fear not, I will help thee. Is. did to prosper in his hand. And the Lord xli. 13. When thou passest through the was with Joseph, and shewed him mercy, and waters, I will be with thee; and through the gave him favour in the sight of the keeper of rivers, they shall not overflow thee. When the prison. Ge. xxxix. 2, 3. 21. And the thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not angel of the Lord appeared unto him (Gideon), be burnt; neither shall the flame kindle upon and said unto him, The Lord is with thee, thou thee. Is. xliii. 2. He (Jesus) saith unto the mighty man of valour. Ju. vi. 12. And the ruler of the synagogue (whose daughter was woman (Manoah's wife) bare a son, and called dead), Be not afraid, only believe. Mar. v. 36. his name Samson ; and the child grew,
and 18 I will make him a great nation.] See the Lord blessed him. And the Spirit of the verse 13. chap. xvi. 10. and xvii. 20. and com. Lord began to move him at times, in the These are their generations: the first-born of camp of Dan, between Zorah and Eshtaol Ishmael, Nebaioth; then Kedar, and Adbeel, Ju. xiii. 24, 25. And the child (John) grew, and Mibsam, Mishma, and Dumah, Massa, and waxed strong in spirit, and was in the Hadad (or Hadar), and Tema; Jetur, Naphish, deserts till the day of his shewing unto Israel. and Kedemah. These are the sons of Ish- Lu. i. 80. And the child (Jesus) grew, and mael. 1 Chr. i. 29, 30, 31.
waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom, and 19 God opened her eyes.] Then the Lord the grace of God was upon him. Lu. ii. 40. opened the eyes of Balaam, and he saw the An archer.] He was a mighty hunter beangel of the Lord standing in the way, and fore the Lord; wherefore it is said, Even as his sword drawn in his hand; and he bowed Nimrod, the mighty hunter before the Lord. down his head, and fell flat on his face. Nu. Ge. x. 9. and com. See chap. xvi. 12. and com. xxii. 31. And Elisha prayed, and said, Lord, Now therefore take, I pray thee, thy weapons, I pray thee, open his eyes (of the young man, thy quiver and thy bow, and go out (said his servant) that he may see. And the Lord Isaac to Esau) to the field, and take me some opened the eyes of the young man, and he venison. Ge. xxvii. 3. The archers hare saw. And it came to pass when they (whom sorely grieved him (Joseph), and shot at hin, Elisha smote with blindness) were come into and hated him (said Jacob, blessing his sons) ; Samaria, that Elisha said, Lord, open the eyes but his bow abode in strength, and the arms of these men, that they may see : and the of his hands were made strong, by the hands Lord opened their eyes, and they saw, &c. of the mighty God of Jacob; from thence is 2 ki. vi. 17. 20. Then (in the day of Christ's the shepherd, the stone of Israel.
Ge. xlix. kingdom) the eyes of the blind shall be opened, 23, 24. and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped. 21 In the wilderness of Paran.) And the Then shall the lame man leap as an hart, and children of Israel took their journeys out of the tongue of the dumb sing; for in the wil- the wilderness of Sinai, and the cloud rested derness shall waters break out, and streams in the wilderness of Paran. Nu. X. 12. And in the desert. Is. xxxv. 5, 6. But their eyes afterward the people removed from Hazeroth, (of the two disciples going to Emmaus) were and pitched in the wilderness of Paran. Nă.
the land of Egypt. And it came to pass at that time, that Abime- 22 lech and Phichol the chief captain of his host spake unto Abraham, saying, God is with thee in all that thou doest. Now therefore 23 swear unto me here by God that thou wilt not deal falsely with me,
xii. 16. And Moses, by the commandment of Ge. xxviii. 15. I have learned by experience the Lord, sent “ them" ("the searchers of the that the Lord hath blessed me (said Laban to land") from the wilderness of Paran. And Jacob) for thy sake. Ge. xxx. 27. And the they went, and came to Moses, and to Aaron, Lord was with Joseph, and he was a prosperand to all the congregation of the children of ous man; and his master saw that the Lord Israel, unto the wilderness of Paran, to Ka- was with him. Ge. xxxix. 2. And the Lord desh. Nu. xiii. 3. 26. And David arose, and said unto Joshua, This day will I begin to went down to the wilderness of Paran. 1 Sa. magnify thee in the sight of all Israel, that xxv. 1.
they may know that as I was with Moses, so A wife out of the land of Egypt.] And I I will be with thee. Jos. iii. 7. And the Lord will make thee swear by the Lord, the God of his God was with “him" (" Solomon"), and heaven (said Abraham to his servant), and the magnified him exceedingly. 2 Chr. i. 1. Take God of the earth, that thou shalt not take a counsel together (O ye people), and it shall wife unto my son of the daughters of the Ca- come to nought ; speak the word, and it shall naanites among whom I dwell; but thou shalt not stand. For God is with us. Isa. viii. 10. go unto my country, and to my kindred, and They (of Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sabea) shall take a wife unto my son Isaac. Ge. xxiv. 3, 4. make supplication unto thee, saying, Surely And Esau was forty years old when he took God is in “ thee” (“ Israel"), and there is none to wife Judith, the daughter of Beeri the Hit- else, there is no God. Is. xlv. 14. In those tite, and Bashemath the daughter of Elon, the days ten men shall take hold of the skirt of Hittite, which were a grief of mind unto Isaac him that is a Jew, saying, We will go with you; and Rebekah. Ge. xxvi. 34, 35. And Rebe- for we (out of all languages of the nations) kah said to Isaac, I am weary of my life be- have heard that God is with you. Zec. viii. 23. cause of the daughters of Heth : if Jacob take They shall call his (the Messiah's) name “ Ema wife of the daughters of Heth, such as these manuel," which, being interpreted, is “ God which are of the daughters of the land, what with us.” Mat. i. 23. If God be for us, who good shall my life do me ? Ge. xxvii. 46. can be against us? Ro. viii. 31. And thus And Isaac called Jacob and blessed him, and are the secrets of “his" heart (“ of one that charged him, and said unto him, Thou shalt believeth not'') made manifest. And so falling not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan : down on his face, he will worship God, and arise, go to Padan-aram, to the house of Be- report that God is in you, of a truth. ] Co. thuel, thy mother's father, and take thee a xiv. 25. For he (God) hath said, I will never wife from thence of the daughters of Laban, leave thee nor forsake thee. He. xiii. 3. Bethy mother's brother. Ge. xxviii. 1, 2. And hold, I will make them (who say they are Jews) "he" (" Samson") came up, and told his "fa- to come and worship before “thy” feet (“the ther" (" Manoah") and his mother, and said, church in Philadelphia”), and to know that I I have seen a woman in Timnath, of the have loved thee. Re. iji. 9. daughters of the Philistines ; now therefore 23 Swear unto me.] See chap. xiv. 22, 23. get her for me to wife. Ju. xiv. 2. So then and com. And I will make thee swear by the he that giveth her in marriage doeth well, but Lord, the God of heaven, and the God of the he that giveth her not in marriage doeth bet- earth, that thou (my servant) shalt not take a 1 Cor. vii. 38.
wife unto my son of the daughters of the 22 Abimelech.] See chap. xx. 2. and com. Canaanites among whom “I” (“ Abraham") Then Abimelech went to him (Isaac) from dwell. Ge. xxiv. 3. Let there be now an Gerar, and Ahuzzath one of his friends, and oath betwixt us (said Abimelech to Isaac). Phichol the chief captain of his army (to make Ge. xxvi. 28. Now therefore come thou (Jaa covenant). Ge. xxvi. 26.
cob), let us make a covenant, I (Laban) and God is with thee.) So Abraham prayed thou, and let it be for a witness between me unto God, and God healed Abimelech, and his and thee. The God of Abraham, the God of wife, and his maid-servants, and they bare Nahor, the God of their father, judge betwixt children. Ge. xx. 17. And they (Abimelech us. And Jacob sware by the fear of his and friends) said, We saw certainly that the father, Isaac. Ge. xxxi. 44. 53. Thou shalt Lord was with “ thee” (“Isaac"), and we fear the Lord thy God, and serve him, and shalt said, Let there now be an oath betwixt us, swear by his name. De. vi. 13. Now thereeren betwixt us and thee, and let us make a fore I (Rahab) pray you swear unto me, by covenant with thee. Ge. xxvi. 28. And the Lord, since I have showed you kindness, behold, I (the Lord) am with“thee" (" Jacob"), that ye (Joshua and people of Israel) will and will keep thee in all places whither thou also show kindness unto my father's house, goest, and will bring thee again into this land. and give me a true token. Jos. ii. 12. If
nor with my son, nor with my son's son: but according to the
kindness that I have done unto thee, thou shalt do unto me, and 24 to the land wherein thou hast sojourned. And Abraham said, I 25 will swear. And Abraham reproved Abimelech because of a well
of water, which Abimelech's servants had violently taken away. 26 And Abimelech said, I wot not who hath done this thing: neither 27 didst thou tell me, neither yet heard I of it, but to day. And
Abraham took sheep and oxen, and gave them unto Abimelech;
there be good toward David, and I send not from the well's mouth; then we water the unto thee, and show it thee (said Jonathan), sheep. Ge. xxix. 8. But Moses fled from the Lord do so and much more to Jonathan; the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of but if it please my father (Saul) to do thee evil, Midian, and he sat down by a well. Now the then I will show it thee, and send thee away, priest of Midian had seven daughters, and that thou mayest go in peace. And Jonathan they came and drew water, and filled the caused David to swear again, because he loved troughs to water their father's flock. And him. And Jonathan said to David, Go in the shepherds came and drove them away; peace, forasmuch as we have sworn, both of but Moses stood up and helped them, and waus, in the name of the Lord. 1 Sa. xx. 13. tered their flock. Er. ii. 15--17. And it 17. 42. Swear now therefore to me, by the came to pass when “she” (“ Achsah") came Lord, that “thou” (“ David”) wilt not cut off to him (Othniel), that she moved him to ask of my (Saul's) seed after me; and that thou wilt her “ father" (" Caleb") a field ; and Caleb not destroy my name out of my father's house. said unto her, What wilt thou? And she said And David sware unto Saul. 1 Sa. xxiv. 21, unto him, Give me a blessing: for thou hist 22. And he (the Egyptian whom he, David, given me a south land; give me also springs found in the field) said, Swear unto me by God, of water. And Caleb gave her the upper that thou wilt neither kill me, nor deliver me springs and the nether springs. Ju. i. 15. into the hands of my master, and I will bring A reproof entereth more into a wise man, than thee down to this company (the Amalekites). an hundred stripes into a fool. Pr. xvii. 10. 1 Sa. xxx. 15. And thou shalt swear (said Debate thy cause with thy neighbour himself. the Lord to Israel), The Lord liveth, in truth, Pr. xxv. 9. Open rebuke is better than secret in judgment, and in righteousness, and the love. Pr. xxvii. 5. If thy brother shall tresnations shall bless themselves in him, and in pass against thee, go and tell him his fault him shall they glory. Je. iv. 2. Moreover, I between him and thee, alone : if he shall bear call God for a record upon my soul, that to thee, thou hast gained thy brother. Mat. spare you, I came not as yet unto Corinth. xviii. 15. 2 Co. i. 23. For men verily swear by the Servants had violently taken away.) And greater, and an oath for confirmation is to there was a strife between the herdmen of them an end of all strife. He. vi. 16.
Abram's cattle and the herdmen of Lot's cattle. I have done unto thee.] And Abimelech Ge. xiii. 7. and com. See preced. com. took sheep and oxen, and men-servants, and 26 I wot not, &c.] See chap. xiii. 7. But women-servants, and gave them unto Abraham, Gehazi, the servant of Elisha the man of God, and restored him Sarah his wife. Ge. xx. 14. said, Behold, my master hath spared Naaman,
24 I will swear.] And there came one that this Syrian, in not receiving at his hands that had escaped (when Lot was taken in battle), which he brought; but as the Lord liveth, I and told Abram the Hebrew ; for he dwelt in will run after him, and take somewhat of him. the plain of Mamre, the Amorite, brother of And when he came to the tower, he took Eschol, and brother of Aner; and these were " them" (" the two talents of silver and tag confederate with Abram. Ge. xiv. 13. If it changes of raiment"), and bestowed them in the be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peace- house; and he let the men go, and they deably with all men. Ro. xii. 18. See Heb. vi. parted. 2 Ki. v. 20. 24. 16. preced. com.
27 Took sheep, &c.] And Abram said to 25 Reproved Abimelech.] for all the wells, the king of Sodom, I have lift up mine hand which his father's servants had digged in the unto the Lord, the most high God, the posdays of Abraham his father, the Philistines sessor of heaven and earth, that I will not take had stopped them, and filled them with earth. from a thread even to a shoe-latchet, and that And the herdmen of Gerar did strive with I will not take any thing that is thine, lest Isaac's herdmen, saying, 'The water is ours; and thou shouldest say I have made Abram rich. he called the name of the well Esek, because Ge. xiv. 22, 23.
A gift is as a precious stone they strove with him. Ge. xxvi. 15. 20. And in the eyes of him that hath it: whithetsoever " they” (“ the people of Laban”) said, We can- it turneth, it prospereth. Pr. rrii
. 8. A not (water the flocks) until all the focks be man's gift maketh room for him, and bringeth gathered together, and till they roll the stone him before great men: a man that hath friends
and both of them made a covenant. And Abraham set seven ewe 28 lambs of the flock by themselves. And Abimelech said unto Abra- 29 ham, What mean these seven ewe lambs which thou hast set by themselves? And he said, For these seven ewe lambs shalt 30 thou take of my hand, that they may be a witness unto me, that I have digged this well. Wherefore he called that place Beer- 31 sheba; because there they sware both of them. Thus they made 32 a covenant at Beer-sheba : then Abimelech rose up, and Phichol the chief captain of his host, and they returned into the land of the Philistines. And Abraham planted a grove in Beer-sheba, 33
must show himself friendly; and there is a but that it may be a witness between "us" friend that sticketh closer than a brother. (" the two tribes and a half, Reuben, Gad, MaPr. xviii. 16. 24. A gift in secret pacifieth nasseh"), and "you” (“the heads of the thouanger; and a reward in the bosom, strong sunds of Israel''), and our generations after wrath. Pr. xxi. 14. The liberal deviseth Therefore said we, that it shall be, that liberal things, and by liberal things shall he we may say, Behold the pattern of the altar stand. Is. xxxii. 8.
of the Lord which our fathers made, not for Made a covenant.] Let there be now an burnt-offerings, nor for sacrifices ; but it is a oath betwixt us (Abimelech and Isaac), even witness between us and you. Jos. xxii. 26, betwixt us and thee, and let us make a cove- 27, 28. And Joshua said unto all the people, nant with thee; and they sware one to ano- Behold, this stone (which he had set up under ther. Ge. xxvi. 28. 31. Now therefore come an oak by the sanctuary of the Lord) shall be thou (Jacob), let us makea covenant, I (Laban) a witness unto us, for it hath heard all the and thou, and let it be for a witness between words of the Lord which he spake unto us; me and thee. Ge. xxxi. 44. Then Jonathan it shall therefore be a witness unto
lest and David made a covenant, because he loved ye deny your God. Jos. xxiv. 27. him as his own soul. 1 Sa. xviii. 3. And 31 Called that place, &c.] And he (Isaac) (the king of Babylon) hath taken of the king's called it (that place where they found water) (Zedekial's) seed, and made a covenant with Shebah. Therefore the name of the city is him, and hath taken an oath of him. Ez. Beer-sheba unto this day. Ge. xxvi. 33. xvii. 13. God gave them (the Gentiles) over Beer-sheba.] See com. on verse 14. to a reprobate mind, to do those things which 32 They made a covenant.] See verse 27. are not convenient, without understanding, These (the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorcovenant-breakers, &c. who knowing the judg- rah, and the kings of Admah, Zeboim, and ment of God, that they which commit such Bela) were confederate with Abram. Ge. xiv. things are worthy of death, not only do the 13. And Jacob sware (to Laban) by the same, but have pleasure in them that do them. fear of his father Isaac. Ge. xxxi. 53. Then Ro. i. 28. 31, 32. Though it be but a man's (when Saul would not let David return home) covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man dis- Jonathan and David made a covenant. 1 Sa. annulleth, or addeth thereto. Ga. iii. 15. xviii. 3.
29 What mean these seven ewe lambs, &c.] The Philistines.] Out of the land (Shinar) And “he” (“ Esau”) said, What meanest thou went forth Asshur, &c. And Mizraim begat by all this drove which I met? And he (Jacob) Ludim, &c. &c. and Pathrusim, and Casluhim said, These are to find grace in the sight of my out of whom came Philistim, and Caphtorim. Lord. Ge. xxxiii. 8. And it shall come to Ge. x. 14. And it came to pass when he pass when your children shall say unto you, (Isaac) had been there a long time, that What mean ye by this service ? that ye shall Abimelech, king of the Philistines, looked out say, It is the sacrifice of the Lord's passover. at a window, and saw, and behold, Isaac was Er. xii. 26, 27. And Samuel said, What sporting with Rebekah his wife. He (Isaac) me aneth then this bleating of the sheep in had possession of flocks, and possession of mine ears, and the lowing of the oxen which herds, and great store of servants, and the I hear ? And Saul said, They have brought Philistines envied him. Ge. xxvi. 8. 14. And them from the Amalekites, &c. 1 Sa. xv. 14, 15. it came to pass when Pharaoh had let the
30 That they may be a witness, &c.] Let people (of Israel) go, that God led them not “it” (“our covenant") be witness between through the way of the land of the Philistines, me and thee (Laban and Jacob). And Laban although that was near. Ex. xiii. 17. And said, “ This heap” (“the pillar”) is a witness the children of Israel did evil again in the between me and thee this day: this heap be sight of the Lord, and the Lord delivered witness, and this pillar be witness. Ge. xxxi. them into the hand of the Philistines forty 44. 48. 52. Let us now prepare to build an years.
Ju, xiii. 1. allar, not for burnt-offering, nor for sacrifice ; 33 Planted a grove in Beer-sheba.] Thou
and called there on the name of the Lord, the everlasting God. 34 And Abraham sojourned in the Philistines' land many days.
1 And it came to pass after these things that God did tempt Abra.
ham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I
shalt not plant thee a grove of any trees 1 Ch. xxix. 15. Hear my prayer, O Lord, near unto the altar of the Lord thy God, and give ear unto my cry. Hold not thy which thou shalt make thee. De. xvi. 21. peace at my tears, for I am a stranger with And the children of Israel did evil in the sight thee, and a sojourner, as all my fathers were. of the Lord, and forgat the Lord their God, Ps. xxxix. 12. By faith he (Abraham) soand served Baalim and the groves. Ju. iii. 7. journed in the land of promise, as in a strange
Called there on the name, &c.] And to country, dwelling in tabernacles, with Isaac and Seth, to him also there was born a son, and he Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise. called his name Enos. Then began men to These all (the excellent persons of old times) call upon the name of the Lord. Ge. iv. 26. died in faith, not having received the proAnd "there” (“the plain of Moreh") "he" mises, but having seen them afar off, and were (“Abram") builded an altar unto the Lord, persuaded of them, and embraced them, and and called upon the name of the Lord. Ge. confessed that they were strangers and pil. xii. 8. And he (Isaac) went up from thence grims on the earth. He. xi. 9. 13. Dearly to Beer-sheba, and he builded an altar there, beloved, I beseech you, as strangers and piland called upon the name of the Lord. And grims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war he called "it" (the "place where his servants against the soul. 1 Pe. ii. 11. found water") Shebah, therefore the name of the city is Beer-sheba unto this day. Ge. CHAP. XXII.–1 God did tempt Abrahan.) xxvi. 23. 25. 33.
And he (Moses) cried unto the Lord, and the Everlasting God.] The eternal God is thy Lord shewed him a tree, which when he refuge, and underneath are the everlasting had cast into the waters, the waters were arms (O Israel). De. xxxiii. 27. Before the made sweet: there he made for them a mountains were brought forth, or ever thou statute and an ordinance, and there he hadst formed the earth and the world, even proved them, and said, If thou wilt dilifrom everlasting to everlasting, thou art God. gently hearken to the voice of the Lord thy Ps. xc. 2. Hast thou not known, hast thou God, and wilt do that which is right in his not heard, that the everlasting God, the Lord, sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth and keep all his statutes, I will put none of not, neither is weary? There is no searching these diseases upon thee, which I have brought of his understanding. Is. xl. 28. For thus upon the Egyptains : for I am the Lord that saith the high and lofty one that inhabiteth healeth thee. Ex. xv. 26, 27. Behold, I will eternity, whose name is holy, I dwell in the rain bread from heaven for you, and the pechigh and holy place. Is. lvii. 15. But the ple shall go out and gather a certain rate Lord is the true God; he is the living God, every day, that I may prove them, whether and an everlasting king. Je. x. 10. For the they will walk in my law or no. Er. xvi. 4. invisible things of him, from the creation of And thou shalt remember all the way which the world, are clearly seen, being understood the Lord thy God led thee these forty years, by the things that are made, even his eternal in the wilderness, to humble thee, and to power and Godhead. Ro. i. 20. But now prove thee, to know what was in thine heart. is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the De. viii. 2. The Lord your God proveth you, prophets (i. e. the revelation of the mystery to know whether ye love the Lord your God which was kept secret since the world began), with all your heart, and with all your soul according to the commandment of the ever- De. xiii. 3. That through them (the nations lasting God, made known to all nations for which Joshua left when he died) I may prove the obedience of faith. Ro. xvi. 26. Now Israel, whether they will keep the way of unto the king eternal, immortal, invisible, the the Lord, to walk therein, as their fathers only wise God, be honour and glory, for ever did keep it, or not. Ju. ii. 22. And again and ever, Amen. 1 Ti. i. 17.
the anger of the Lord was kindled against 34 Sojourned.] And Abraham journeyed Israel, and he moved David against them to from thence toward the south country. Ge. say, Go, number Israel and Judah. 2 Sa. xxiv, xx. 1.
For we are strangers before thee 1. God left him (Hezekiah) to try him, thai (said David in his prayer, fc.) and sojourners, he might know all that was in his heart. as were all our fathers: our days on the earth 2 Ch. xxxii. 31. The fining pot is for silver, are as a shadow, and there is none abiding. and the furnace for gold, but the Lord trieth