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wife died; and Judah was comforted, and went up unto his sheepshearers to Timnath, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite. And it was told Tamar, saying, Behold thy father in law goeth up 13 to Timnath to shear his sheep. And she put her widow's garments 14 off from her, and covered her with a vail, and wrapped herself, and sat in an open place, which is by the way to Timnath; for she saw that Shelah was grown, and she was not given unto him to wife. When Judah saw her, he thought her to be an harlot; 15 because she had covered her face. And he turned unto her by 16 the way, and said, Go to, I pray thee, let me come in unto thee; (for he knew not that she was his daughter in law.) And she said, What wilt thou give me, that thou mayest come in unto me? And he said, I will send thee a kid from the flock. And she said, 17
12 Was comforted.] And Isaac brought kill him, fear not; and the servants of Absalom her into his mother's tent, and took Rebekah, did unto Amnon as Absalom had commanded. and she became his wife ; and he loved her. 2 Sa. xiii. 23—29. And Isaac was comforted after his mother's Timnath.] See verse 1. And the border death. Ge. xxiv. 67. And the soul of king (of Judah) compassed from Baalah westward David longed to go forth unto Absalom, for he unto mount Seir, &c. and passed on to Timnah. was comforted concerning Amnon, seeing he (Of the uttermost cities of the tribe of the chilwas dead. 2 Sa, xiii. 39.
dren of Judah were), Jarmuth, and Adullam, Sheep-shearers.] Laban went out to shear Socoh, and Azekah; Cain, Gibeah, and Timnah, his sheep. Ge. xxxi. 19. And David heard with their villages. Jos. xv. 10. 35. 57. And in the wilderness that Nabal did shear his the seventh lot came out from the tribe of the sheep; and David sent out ten young men, children of Dan; (and of the coast of their inand said, Go to Nabal, and greet him in my heritance among others were) Elon, and Thimname; and thus shall ye say, Let the young nathah, and Ekron. Jos. xix. 43. And Sammen find favour in thine eyes: give, I pray son went down to Timnath, and saw a woman thee, whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto in Timnath of the daughters of the Philistines. thy servants, and to thy son David : and Nabal Ju. xiv. 1. answered David's servants, and said, Who is 14 And sat in an open place.] Now is "she" David ? and who is the son of Jesse? There be (" the harlot) without; now in the streets, many servants now-a-day that break away and lieth in wait at every corner. Pr. vii. 12. every man from his master; shall I then Lift up thine eyes (Judah) unto the high take my bread, and my water, and my flesh, places, and see where thou hast not been lien that I have killed for my shearers, and give it with. In the ways hast thou sat for them, as unto men whom I know not whence they be ? the Arabian in the wilderness : and thou hast And Abigail came to Nabal (having pacified polluted the land with thy whoredoms and David); and behold, he held a feast in his with thy wickedness. Je. iii. 2. Thou hast house, like the feast of a king: and Nabal's built thy high place at every head of the heart was merry within him, for he was very way, and hast made thy beauty to be abhorred, drunken : wherefore she (his wife) told him and hast opened thy feet to every one that nothing, less or more, until the morning light. passed by, and multiplied thy whoredoms. 1 Sa. xxv. 4. 8. 36. It came to pass, that Ex. xvi. 25. Absalom had sheep-shearers in Baal-hazor; Timnath.] See verses 12, 13. and Absalom came to the king, and said That Shelah was grown.] See verses 11. 26. (having invited the king's sons), Let the king, 16 Go to, I pray thee, &c.] And when she I beseech thee, and his servants, go with thy (Tamar) had brought " them" ("the cakes servant: and the king said to Absalom, Nay, which she had made for Amnon") unto him to my son, let us not all go now, lest we be eat, he took hold of her. 2 Sa. xiii. 11. chargeable unto thee; and he pressed him: What wilt thou give me.] What will ye howbeit he would not go, but blessed him. give me (said Judas). and I will deliver him Then said Absalom, If not, I pray thee, let my (Jesus) unto you? Mat. xxvi. 15. The love brother Amnon go with us; and the king said of money is the root of all evil, which while unto him, Why should he go with thee? But some coveted after, they have erred from the Absalom pressed him, that he let Amnon and faith, and pierced themselves through with all the king's sons go with him. Now Absalom many sorrows. 1 Ti. vi. 10. had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye 11 I will send thee a kid.] See com. verse now when Amnon's heart is merry with wine, 16. and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon: then
18 Wilt thou give me a pledge, till thou send it? And he said,
What pledge shall I give thee? And she said, Thy signet, and thy
bracelets, and thy staff that is in thine hand. And he gave it her, 19 and came in unto her, and she conceived by him. And she arose,
and went away, and laid by her vail from her, and put on the 20 garments of her widowhood. And Judah sent the kid by the
hand of his friend the Adullamite, to receive his pledge from 21 the woman's hand: but he found her not. Then he asked the
men of that place, saying, Where is the harlot, that was openly by the
way side? And they said, There was no harlot in this place. 22 And he returned to Judah, and said, I cannot find her; and also
the men of the place said, that there was no harlot in this place. 23 And Judah said, Let her take it to her, lest we be shamed : behold, 24 I sent this kid, and thou hast not found her. And it came to pass
about three months after, that it was told Judah, saying, Tamar thy daughter in law hath played the harlot; and also, behold, she
Wilt thou give me a pledge.] And Judah by a parable was instructed to incline Darid: sent the kid by the hand of his friend the heart to fetch home Absalom). 2 Sa. xiv. 2–5. Adullamite, to receive his pledge from the 20 His friend the Adullamite.] Then Abiwoman's hand, but he found her not; and it melech called Abraham, and said unto hira, came to pass about three months after, that it What hast thou done unto us? and what have was told Judah, saying, Tamar thy daughter I offended thee, that thou hast brought on me, in law hath played the harlot: and also behold, and on my kingdom, a great sin? thou hast she is with child by whoredom; and Judah done deeds unto me that ought not to be done. said, Bring her forth, and let her be burnt; Ge. xx. 9. Thou shalt in any wise rebuke when she was brought forth, she sent to her thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him. father in law, saying, By the man whose these Le. xix. 17. But Samson's wife was given to are, am I with child; and she said, Discern, I his companion, whom he had used as his friend. pray thee, whose are these, the signet, and Ju. xiv. 20. Amnon had a friend, whose name bracelets, and staff. Ge. xxxviii. 20. 24. 25. was Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's broTake his garment that is surety for a stranger: ther: and Jonadab was a very subtile man and take a pledge of him for a strange woman. (who urged him to humble his sister Tamar). Pr. xx. 16. The children of this world are in 2 Sa. xiii. 3. And the same day (that Herol their generation wiser than the children of and his men of war mocked Jesus, and arrayed light. Lu. xvi. 8.
him in a gorgeous robe) Pilate and Herod were 18 Thy signet.] See verses 25, 26. As I made friends together, for before they were at live, saith the Lord, though Coniah the son of enmity between themselves. L2. xxij. 12 Jehoiakim king of Judah were the signet upon 23 Lest we be shamed.] Wherefore bast my right hand, yet would I pluck thee thence. thou despised the commandment of the Lord, Je. xxii. 24. The father (of the prodigal in to do evil in his sight? thou hast killed Uriah the parable) said to his servants, Bring forth the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his the best robe and put it on him: and put a wife to be thy wife, &c. 2 Sa. xii. 9. Whosa ring on his hand, &c. Lu. xv. 22.
committeth adultery, a wound and dishonour And he gave it her.] See verses 25, 26. shall he get, and his reproach shall not be Whoredom and wine, and new wine, take wiped away. Pr. vi. 33. What fruit bad ye away the heart. Ho. iv. 11.
then in those things, whereof ye are not 19 Laid by her vail.] See verse 14. And ashamed ? for the end of those things is death. Joab sent to Tekoah, and fetched thence a Ro. vi. 21. But (we) have renounced the wise woman, and said unto her, I pray thee, hidden things of dishonesty; not walking in feign thyself to be a mourner, and put on now craftiness, nor handling the word of God demourning apparel, and anoint not thyself with ceitfully. 2 Co. iv. 2. For it is a shame even oil, but as a woman that had a long time to speak of those things which are done of mourned for the dead ; and come to the king them in secret. Ep. v. 12. Behold, I come (David): and when the woman of Tekoah as a thief; blessed is he that watcheth, and spake to the king, she fell on her face to the keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and ground, and did obeisance, and said, Help, ( they see his shame. Re, xvi. 15. king; and the king said unto her, What aileth 24 Played the harlot.] And they (Sien thee? and she answered, I am indeed a widow and Levi), said, Should "he" (" Skicka") woman, and mine husband is dead, &c. (she deal with our sister (Dinak) as with an bar
is with child by whoredom. And Judah said, Bring her forth, and let her be burnt. When she was brought forth, she sent to 25 her father in law, saying, By the man, whose these are, am I with child: and she said, Discern, I pray thee, whose are these, the
lot? Ge. xxxiv. 31. And his concubine (of Let her be burnt.] See Ge. xx. 3. 7. 9, and the Levite of Mount Ephraim) went away The man that committeth adultery with from him unto her father's house, &c. Ju, another man's wife, even he that committeth xix, 2. And I find more bitter than death, adultery with his neighbour's wife, the adulthe woman whose heart is snares and nets, terer and the adulteress shall surely be put to and her hands as bands; whoso pleaseth God death. Le. xx. 10. The daughter of any shall escape from her ; but the sinner shall be priest, if she profane herself she profaneth her taken by her. Ec. vii, 26. For of old time father : she shall be burnt with fire. Le. xxi. 9. I have broken thy yoke, and burst thy bands, They shall bring out the damsel, &c. to the and thou (Jerusalem), saidst, I will not trans- door of her father's house, and the men of her gress ; when upon every high hill, and under city shall stone her with stones that she die ; every green tree, thou wanderest, playing the because she hath wrought folly in Israel; so harlot. Je. ii. 20. Therefore (on account of shalt thou put evil away from among you. your wickedness) the showers have been with De. xxii. 21, If a man be found lying with a holden, and there hath been no latter rain, woman married to an husband, then they shall and thou hadst a whore's forehead, thou re- both of them die. De. xxii. 22–27. The fathers fusedst to be ashamed. The Lord said also shall not be put to death for the children, neiunto me in the days of Josiah the king, Hast ther shall the children be put to death for the thou seen that which backsliding Israel hath fathers; every man shall be put to death for done ? She is gone up upon every high moun. his own sin. De. xxiv. 16. David's anger tain, and under every green tree, and there hath was greatly kindled against the man (whom played the harlot. Je. iii. 3. 6. And I saw, Nathan described as taking his neighbour's ewe when for all the causes whereby backsliding lamb): and he said to Nathan, As the Lord Israel committed adultery I had put her liveth, the man that hath done this thing shall away, and given her a bill of divorce ; yet her surely die. And Nathan said to David, Thou treacherous sister Judah feared not, but went art the man. Thus saith the Lord God of and played the harlot also. Je. iii. 8. But thou Israel, &c. &c. 2 Sa. xii. 5. 7. And of them (Jerusalem) didst trust in thine own beauty, shall be taken up a curse by all the captivity and playedst the harlot because of thy renown, of Judah, which are in Babylon, saying, The and pouredst out thy fornication on every one Lord make thee like Zedekiah, and like Ahab, that passed by. Ex. xvi. 15. Thou hast whom the king of Babylon roasted in the fire; played the whore also with the Assyrians, because they have committed villany in Israel, because thou wast unsatiable ; yea, thou hast and have committed adultery with their neighplayed the harlot with them, and yet couldest bours' wives. Je, xxix. 22, 23. Judge not not be satisfied. And they shall burn thine that ye be not judged. Thou hypocrite, first houses with fire, and execute judgments upon cast out the beam out of thine own eye; and thee, in the sight of many women ; and I will then shalt thou see clearly to cast out the mote cause thee to cease from playing the harlot; out of thy brother's eye. Mat. vii. 1. 5. and thou also shalt give no hire any more. Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whoEz. xvi. 28. 41.
And Aholah played the soever thou art, that judgest, for wherein thou harlot when she was mine ; and she doted on judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for her lovers, on the Assyrians her neighbours. thou that judgest doest the same things ; but She multiplied her whoredoms in calling to we are sure that the judgment of God is acremembrance the days of her youth, wherein cording to truth against them which commit she had played the harlot in the land of such things. Ro. ii. 1, 2. Hast thou faith? Egypt. They went in unto her, as they go Have it to thyself before God! Happy is he in unto a woman that playeth the harlot: 80 that condemneth not himself in that thing went they in unto Aholah and unto Aholibah, which he alloweth. Ro. xiv. 22. the lewd women. Ex. xxiii. 5. 19. 44. Their 25 Discern, I pray thee.] See verse 18. mother hath played the harlot; she that con- This have we found (said the sons of Jacob), ceived thera hath done shamefully. For she know now whether it be thy son's coat or no? said, I will go after my lovers, that give me Ge. xxxvii. 32. These things hast thou done, my bread, and my water, my wool, and my and I kept silence, thou thoughtest that I fax, mine oil, and my drink. Ho. ii. 5. Thou was altogether such an one as thyself
, but I shalt not play the harlot; and thou shalt not will reprove thee, and set them in order before be for another man : so will I also be for thee. thine eyes. Ps. 1. 21. As the thief is ashamed Ho. iii. 3. Though thou Israel play the harlot, when he is found, so is the house of Israel yet let not Judah offend. Ho. iv. 15.
ashamed. Je. ii. 26. Their conscience also
26 signet, and bracelets, and staff. And Judah acknowledged them,
and said, She hath been more righteous than I; because that I
gave her not to Shelah my son. And he knew her again no more. 27 And it came to pass in the time of her travail, that, behold, twins 28 were in her womb. And it came to pass, when she travailed, that
the one put out his hand : and the midwife took and bound upon 29 his hand a scarlet thread, saying, This came out first. And it
came to pass, as he drew back his hand, that, behold, his brother
came out: and she said, How hast thou broken forth ? this breach 30 be
upon thee: therefore his name was called Pharez. And after
bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean- all the world may become guilty before God. while accusing, or else excusing, one another; Ro. iii. 19. in the day when God shall judge the secrets Because that I gave, &c.] See verse 14. of men by Jesus Christ. Ro. li. 15, 16. And he knew her again no more.] Now it Judge nothing before the time, until the Lord is come upon thee (who hast instructed many) come, who both will bring to light the hidden and thou faintest; it toucheth thee and thou things of darkness, and will make manifestart troubled, Job iv. 5. Surely it is meet to the counsels of the hearts. 1 Co. iv. 5. And be said unto God, I have borne chastisement, I saw the dead small and great stand before I will not offend any more. That tokich I God, and the books were opened; and an- see not, teach thou me; if I have done ini. other book was opened, which is the book of quity I will do no more. Job xxxiv. 31, 32 life ; and the dead were judged out of those Once have I spoken, but I will not answer things which were written in the books, ac- (said Job, humbling himself before God). yea, cording to their works. Re. xx. 12.
twice, but I will proceed no further. Job ul. 26 Acknowledged them.] And he (Jacob) 5. Bring forth therefore fruits meet for reknew it (Joseph's coat), and said, It is my pentance. Mat. iii. 8. The night is far son's coat, an evil beast hath devoured him. spent, the day is at hand ; let us therefore Ge. xxxvii. 33.
cast off the works of darkness, and let us put She hath been more righteous, &c.] And on the armour of light. Ro. xiii. 12. - For the he (Saul) said to David, Thou art more right- grace of God that bringeth salvation hath eous than I; for thou hast rewarded me good, appeared to all men, teaching us, that denying whereas I have rewarded thee evil. 1 Sa. ungodliness, and worldly lusts, we should live xxiv. 17. And David spake unto the Lord, soberly, righteously, and godly, in this prewhen he saw the angel that smote the people sent world. T'it. ii. 11, 12. That he (that (with pestilence, for his numbering the people), hath suffered in the flesh), no longer should and said, Lo, I have sinned, and I have done live the rest of his time in the flesh, to the wickedly; but these sheep, what have they lusts of men, but to the will of God. For the done? Let thine hand, I pray thee, be against time past of our life may suffice us to have me, and against my father's house. 2 Sa. wrought the will of the Gentiles; when we xxiv. 17. Thou also (Jerusalem), which hast walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, judged thy “sisters" ("Sodom and Samaria"), revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolbear thine own shame for thy sins, that thou atries. 1 Pe. iv. 2, 3. hast committed more abominable than they : 29 His name was called Pharez.] And the they are more righteous than thou; yea, be sons of Judah ; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and thou confounded also, and bear thy shame, in Pharez, and Zarah. Ge. xlvi. 12. And the sons that thou hast justified thy sisters. Ez. xvi. of Judah after their families were ; of Shelah, 52. Thou (O God) art of purer eyes than to the family of the Shelanites : of Pharez, the behold evil, and canst not look on iniquity; family of the Pharzites : of Zerah, the family wherefore lookest thou upon them that deal of the Zarhites. Nu. xxvi. 20. And Tamas, treacherously, and holdest thy tongue when his daughter in law bare "him" (" Jude") the wicked devoureth the man that is more Pharez, and Zerah. 1 Ch. ii. 4. (In Jerse righteous than he. Hab. i. 13. And they lem dwelt the children of Judah) Uthai the which heard "it" (" that he that was without son of Ammihud, the son of Omri, the son of sin, should first cast a stone at the woman taken Imri, the son of Bani, of the children of in adultery"), being convicted by their own Pharez, the son of Judah. 1 Ch. ix. 4 A! conscience, went out one by one, beginning at Jerusalem dwelt certain of the childres of the eldest even unto the last. John viii. 9. Judah ; Athaiah, the son of Uzziah, the son Now we know, that what things soever the of Zechariah, the son of Amariah, the son of law saith, it saith to them who are under the Shephatiah, the son of Mahalaleel, of the law; that every mouth may be stopped, and children of Perez. All the gons of Peres that
ward came out his brother, that had the scarlet thread upon his hand : and his name was called Zarah.
AND Joseph was brought down to Egypt; and Potiphar, an I
dwelt at Jerusalem were four hundred three David secretly, and say, Behold, the king hath score and eight valiant men. Ne. xi. 4. 6. delight in thee; and Saul saw and knew that (In the genealogy of Jesus we read) which was the Lord was with David; and that Michal the son of Aminadab, which was the son of Saul's daughter loved him. I Sa. xviii. 14. Aram, which was the son of Esrom, which was 22. 28. And “he” (“ who delights in the the son of Phares, which was the son of Juda. law of the Lord”) shall be like a tree Lu. iii. 33.
planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth 30 Zarah.] Of the sons of Zerah ; Jeuel forth his fruit in his season : his leaf also shall and their brethren, six hundred and ninety. not wither, and whatsoever he doeth shall 1 Ch. ix. 6. Judas begat Phares and Zara of prosper. Ps. i. 3. The Lord of hosts is Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom ; and Esrom with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Ps. begat Aram. Mat. i. 3.
xlvi. 7. 11. I will be with him (that loveth
the Lord) in trouble. I will deliver him, and CHAP. XXXIX.-1 Was brought down, honour him. Ps. xci. 15. Associate your
And the Midianites sold him into selves, 0 ye people, and ye shall be broken in Egypt unto Potipbar, an officer of Pharaoh's, pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries : and captain of the guard. Ge. xxxvii. 36. And gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in Joseph said unto his brethren, Come near to pieces. Take counsel together, and it shall me, I pray you ; and they came near. And he come to nought ; speak the word, and it shall said, I am Joseph your brother, whom ye sold not stand : for God is with us. Is. viji. 9, 10. into Egypt. Ge. xlv. 4. He sent a man before Fear thou not; for I am with thee : be not disthem, even Joseph, who was sold for a servant. mayed; for I am thy God: I will strengthen Ps. cv. 17.
thee; yea, I will help thee ; yea, I will uphold The Ishmeelites.] See chap. xxxvii. 25. 28. thee with the right hand of my righteousness.
2 The Lord was with Joseph.] The Lord Is. xli. 10. When thou passest through the was with Joseph, and shewed him mercy, and waters I will be with thee; and through the gave him favour in the sight of the keeper of rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when the prison ; the keeper of the prison looked thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not not to any thing that was under his hand, be be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon cause the Lord was with him; and that which he thee. Is. xliii. 2. I will make thee unto this did, the Lord made it to prosper. Ge. xxxix. people a fenced brazen wall: and they shall 21. 23. God is with thee in all that thou fight against thee, but they shall not prevail doest (said Abimelech and Phichol to Abra- against thee: for I am with thee to save
Ge. xxi. 22. And the Lord appeared thee and to deliver thee, saith the Lord. unto him (Isaac) the same night, and said, I Je. xv. 20. A virgin shall be with child, and am the God of Abraham: fear not, for I am shall bring forth a son, and they shall call with thee, and will bless thee, and multiply his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted thy seed for my servant Abraham's sake.is, God with us. Mat. i. 23. And the patriGe. xxvi. 24. and com. And Samuel grew, archs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: and the Lord was with him, and did let none but God was with him, and delivered him of his words fall to the ground. 1 Sa. iii. 19. out of all his afflictions, and gave him favour Then answered one of the servants, and said, and wisdom in the sight of Pharaoh, king of Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse the Beth- Egypt; and he made him governor over Egypt lehemite, that is cunning in playing, and a and all his house. Ac. vii. 9, 10. What mighty valiant man, and a man of war, and shall we then say to these things ? If God be prudent in matters, and a comely person, and for us who can be against us? Ro. viii. 31. the Lord is with him. 1 Sa. xvi. 18. David In the house of his master the Egyptian.] Let behaved himself wisely in all his ways; and every man abide in the same calling wherein the Lord was with him. And Saul com- he was called. Art thou.called, being a sermanded his servants, saying, Commune with vant ? Care not for it: but if thou mayest VOL. I.