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Pharaoh, saying, I do remember my faults this day: Pharaoh was 10 wroth with his servants, and put me in ward in the captain of the guard's house, both me and the chief baker: And we dreamed a 11 dream in one night, I and he; we dreamed each man according to the interpretation of his dream. And there was there with us a 12 young man, an Hebrew, servant to the captain of the guard; and we told him, and he interpreted to us our dreams; to each man according to his dream he did interpret. And it came to pass, as 13 he interpreted to us, so it was; me he restored unto mine office, and him he hanged. Then Pharaoh sent and called Joseph, and 14 they brought him hastily out of the dungeon: and he shaved himself, and changed his raiment, and came in unto Pharaoh. wise in their own craftiness. And again, The on a tree, and the birds shall eat thy flesh Lord knoweth the thoughts of the wise, that from off thee. Ge. xl. 12-19. they are vain. 1 Co. iii. 18, 19, 20.
13 Me he restored.] See chap. xl. 12–22. 19 I do remember my faults.] It came to
See, I have this day set thee (Jerepass, that the butler of the king of Egypt and miah) over the nations, and over the kinghis baker bad offended their lord the king of doms, to root out, and to pull down, and to Egypt; and he put them in ward in the house destroy, and to throw down, to build, and to of the captain of the guard, into the prison, plant. Je. i. 10. And it was according to the place where Joseph was bound. Think the appearance of the vision which I saw, on me (said Joseph to the butler, having in even according to the vision which I saw terpreted his dream) when it shall be well when I came to destroy the city; and the with thee, and shew kindness, I pray thee, visions were like the vision that I (Ezekiel) unto me, and make mention of me unto Pha saw by the river Chebar: and I fell upon my raoh, and bring me out of this house : yet did face. Ez. xliii. 3. not the chief butler remember Joseph, but 14 Sent and called Joseph.] The Lord forgat him. Ge. xl. 1. 3. 14. 23.
maketh poor and maketh rich; he bringeth 10 Was wroth.] His wrath was kindled. low and lifteth up; he raiseth up the poor out And Joseph's master took him and put him of the dust, and lifteth up the beggar from the into the prison, a place where the king's dunghill, to set them among princes, and to prisoners were bound. Ge. xxxix. 20. And make them inherit the throne of glory : for Pharaoh was wroth against two of his officers, the pillars of the earth are the Lord's, and he against the chief of the butlers, and against hath set the world upon them. 1 Sa. ii. 7, 8. the chief of the bakers; and he put them in Until the time that his word came: the word ward in the house of the captain of the guard, of the Lord tried him. The king sent and into the prison, the place where Joseph was loosed him (Joseph); even the ruler of the bound. Ge. xl. 2, 3.
people, and let him go free. He made him Captain of the guard's house.) The Mi- lord of his house, and ruler of all his subdianites sold him (Joseph) into Egypt, unto stance: to bind his princes at his pleasure, Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, and captain and teach his senators wisdom. Ps. cv. 19of the guard. Ge. xxxvii. 36.
22. He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, 11 Dreamed a dream.] See Ge. xl. 5. 8. and lifteth the needy out of the dunghill : that and com.
he may set him with princes, even with the 12 See Ge. xxxix. 1. 20.
princes of his people. Ps. cxii. 7, 8. He interpreted to us our dreams. ] And And they brought him hastily, &c.] Then Joseph said unto him (the butler), This is the (when the locusts covered the land) Pharaoh interpretation of “it” (“ of your dream”): The called for Moses and Aaron in haste; and he three branches are three days; yet within said, I have sinned against the Lord your three days shall Pharaoh lift up thine head, God, and against you. Ex. x. 16. See 1 Sa. and restore thee unto thy place, and thou ii. 8. preced. com. and Ps. cxiii. 7, 8. Then shalt deliver Pharaoh's cup into his hand (when Daniel desired to be brought before the after the former manner when thou wast bis king) Arioch (whom the king had ordained to butler. When the chief baker saw that the destroy the wise men of Babylon) brought in interpretation was good, he said unto Joseph, Daniel before the king (Nebuchadnezzar) in I also was in my dream ; and, behold, I had haste. Da. ii. 25. three white baskets on my head. And Joseph He shaved himself.) And Mephibosheth, answered and said, This is the interpretation the son of Saul, came down to meet the king thereof: The three baskets are three days; (David), and had neither dressed his feet, nor yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up trimmed bis beard, nor washed his clothes, thy head from off thee, and shall hang thee from the day the king departed until the day VOL. I.
15 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I have dreamed a dream, and
there is none that can interpret it: and I have heard say of thee, 16 that thou canst understand a dream to interpret it. And Joseph
answered Pharaoh, saying, It is not in me: God shall give Pha17 raoh an answer of peace. And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, In my
he came again in peace. 2 Sa. xix. 24. And thee, whence shall I help thee? out of the (Evil-merodach) changed his (Jehoiachin's) barn-floor, or out of the winepress ? 2 KL prison garments : and he did eat bread con- vi. 27. Then Daniel (when he heard the tinually before him all the days of his life. king's dream) went to his house, and made 2 Ki. xxv. 29. When Mordecai perceived all the thing known to Hananiah, Mishael, and that was done (for extirpating the Jews by Azariah, his companions, that they would Ahasuerus and Haman) Mordecai rent his desire mercies of the God of heaven concernclothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes. So ing this secret ; that Daniel and his fellows Esther's maids and her chamberlains came should not perish with the rest of the wise and told it her. Then was the queen ex- men of Babylon. Then was the secret receedingly grieved ; and she sent raiment to vealed unto Daniel in a night vision. Then clothe Mordecai, and to take away his sack- Daniel blessed the God of heaven, and said, cloth from him; but he received it not. Es I thank thee, and praise thee, O thou God iv. 1. 4. It came to pass on the third day, of my fathers, who hast given me wisdom and that Esther put on her royal apparel, and might, and hast made known unto me now stood in the inner court of the king's house. what we desired of thee. But as for me Es. v. 1. (The Lord hath anointed "me") (said Daniel), this secret is not revealed to me (“ Christ") to appoint unto them that mourn for any wisdom that I have more than any in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, living, but for their sakes, that shall make the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of known the interpretation to the king, and that praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they thou (O king) mightest know the thoughts of might be called Trees of righteousness, the thy heart. Da. ii. 18, 19. 23. 30. I thought planting of the Lord, that he might be glo- it good (said Nebuchadnezzar) to shew the rified. I will greatly rejoice in the Lord, signs and wonders that the high God hath my soul shall be joyful in my God : for wrought toward me. Da. iv. 2. And whe he hath clothed me with the garments of (“ Peter") took “him" ("the lame max"') by salvation; he hath covered me with the robe the right hand, and lifted him up, and immeof righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh diately his feet and ancle bones received himself with ornaments, and as a bride strength. And when Peter saw it (kou the adorneth herself with her jewels. Is. Ixi. 3. 10. people wondered), he answered unto the peoAnd (Evil-merodach) spake kindly unto ple, Ye men of Israel, why marvel ye at this! “him” (“ Jehoiachin, king of Judah"), and or why look ye so earnestly on us, as though set his throne above the throne of the kings by our own power or holiness we (Peter and that were with him in Babylon; and changed John) had made this man to walk ? The God his prison garments. Je. lii. 32, 33.
of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the 15 I have heard say of thee.] See verses God of our fathers hath glorified his Son Jesus 9-13. The secret of the Lord is with them (in making this man whole). Ac. iii. 7. 12, 13 that fear him; and he will shew them his Which when the apostles, Barnabas and Paul, covenant. Ps. xxv. 14. An excellent spirit, heard of (that the priest of Jupiter and the and knowledge, and understanding, interpret- people of Lystra would have done sacrifice to ing of dreams, and shewing of hard sentences, them), they rent their clothes, and ran in and dissolving of doubts, were found in the among the people, crying out, Sirs, why do same Daniel, whom the king (Nebuchadnez- ye these things ? we also are men of like zar) named Belteshazzar: now let Daniel be passions with you, and preach unto you, that called (said the queen), and he will shew the ye would turn from these vanities unto the interpretation. I have heard of thee (said living God, which made heaven, and earth, Belshazzar to Daniel), that thou canst make and the sea, and all things that are therein interpretations and dissolve doubts. Da. v. Ac. xiv. 14, 15. By the grace of God (said 12. 16.
Paul) I am what I am; and his grace which 16 It is not in me.] See chap. xl. 8. with was bestowed upon me was not in vain: bati
And he (the Lord) said (to Aaron and laboured more abundantly than they all; yet Miriam), Hear now my words; If there be a not I, but the grace of God which was witia prophet among you, I the Lord will make me. 1 Co. xv. 10. Such trust have w myself known unto him in a vision, and will through Christ, to God-ward; not that we are speak unto him in a dream. Nu. xii. 6. And sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as he (the king of Israel) said (unto the woman of ourselves, but our sufficiency is of God. that cried "Help, my lord, o king," in the 2 Co. iii. 4, 5, &c. famine of Samaria), if the Lord do not help of peace, &c.] And he (Jacob) said to him
dream, behold, I stood upon the bank of the river: And, behold, 18 there came up out of the river seven kine, fat-fleshed and wellfavoured; and they fed in a meadow : And, behold, seven other 19 kine came up after them, poor and very ill-favoured and leanfleshed, such as I never saw in all the land of Egypt for badness: And the lean and the ill-favoured kine did eat up the first seven 20 fat kine : And when they had eaten them up, it could not be 21 known that they had eaten them; but they were still ill-favoured, as at the beginning. So I awoke. And I saw in my dream, and, 22 behold, seven ears came up in one stalk, full and good : And, be- 23 hold, seven ears, withered, thin, and blasted with the east wind, sprung up after them: And the thin ears devoured the seven good 24 ears: and I told this unto the magicians; but there was none that could declare it to me. And Joseph said unto Pharaoh, 25
(Joseph), Go, I pray thee, see whether it be thy mouth sweet as honey. And I took the well with thy brethren, and well with the little book out of the angel's hand, and ate it flocks, and bring me word again. Ge. xxxvii. up, and it was in my mouth sweet as honey, 14. If thou (Jerusalem) hadst known (said and as soon as I had eaten it my belly was Jesus), even thou, at least in this thy day, the bitter. Re. x. 9, 10. things which belong unto thy peace; but Still ill - favoured.) They shall not be now they are hid from thine eyes. Lu. ashamed in the evil time, and in the days of xix. 42.
famine they shall be satisfied. Ps. xxxvii. 17 In my dream.] See verses 1. 7. 19. And he (Israel) shall snatch on the right
18 Fat-fleshed, &c.] The Lord shewed me hand, and be hungry, and he shall eat on the (said Jeremiah), and behold, two baskets of left hand, and they shall not be satisfied. figs were set before the temple of the Lord, They shall eat every man the flesh of his own after that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon arm. Is. ix. 20. had carried away captive Jeconiah the son of 23 Thin.] See verse 6. Their inhabitants Jehoiakim king of Judah. Then said the (of the fenced cities destroyed by Sennacherib, Lord unto me, What seest thou, Jeremiah? king of Assyria) were of small power, they And I said, Figs; the good figs, very good ; were dismayed and confounded; they were and the evil, very evil, that cannot be eaten, as the grass of the field, and as the green they are so evil. Thus saith the Lord, the herb, as the grass on the housetops, and as God of Israel; Like these good figs, so will I corn blasted before it be grown up. 2 Ki. acknowledge them that are carried away cap- xix. 26. Let “them” (“ the enemies of Israel") tive of Judah, whom I have sent out of this be as the grass upon the housetops, which place into the land of the Chaldeans for their withereth afore it groweth up, wherewith the good. And as the evil figs, which cannot be mower filleth not his hand, nor he that bindeth eaten, they are so evil; surely, thus saith the sheaves his bosom. Ps. cxxix. 6, 7. "They" Lord, So will I give Zedekiah the king of (“ Israel and Judah") have sown the wind, Judah, and his princes, and the residue of and they shall reap the whirlwind. It hath Jerusalem that remain in this land, and them no stalk : the bud shall yield no meal: if so that dwell in the land of Egypt: and I will be it yield, the strangers shall swallow it up. deliver them to be removed into all the king- Ho. viii. 7. Ephraim is smitten, their root doms of the earth, for their hurt; to be a is dried up, they shall bear no fruit: yea, reproach and a proverb, a taunt, and a curse, though they bring forth, yet will I slay even in all places whither I shall drive them. And the beloved fruit of their womb. Ho. ix. 16. I will send the sword, the famine, and the Though he be fruitful among his brethren, an pestilence among them, till they be consumed east wind shall come, the wind of the Lord from off the land that I gave unto them, and shall come from the wilderness, and his spring to their fathers. Je. xxiv. 1. 3. 5. 8, 9, 10. shall become dry, and his fountain shall be
21 Eaten them up.] And he (the Lord) dried up. Ho. xiii. 15. said unto me, Son of man, cause thy belly to 24 I told this unto the magicians.] See verse eat, and fill thy bowels with this roll I give 8. Then the magicians (when they saw the thee. Then did I eat it, and it was in my plague of lice) said unto Pharaoh, This is the mouth as honey for sweetness
. Ez. iii. 3. finger of God. Ex. viii. 19. I told the dream And I (John) went unto the angel, and said before " them” (“the "magicians”), but they unto him, Give me the little book: and he did not make known unto “me" (" Nebuisaid unto me, Take it, and eat it up, and it chadnezzar'') the interpretation of the dream. shall make thy belly bitter, but it shall be in Da. iv. 7.
The dream of Pharaoh is one : God hath shewed Pharaoh what 26 he is about to do. The seven good kine are seven years; and the 27 seven good ears are seven years : the dream is one. And the
seven thin and ill-favoured kine that came up after them are seven
years ; and the seven empty ears blasted with the east wind shall 28 be seven years of famine. This is the thing which I have spoken
unto Pharaoh : What God is about to do he sheweth unto Pharaoh. 29 Behold, there come seven years of great plenty throughout all the 30 land of Egypt: And there shall arise after them seven years of
famine; and all the plenty shall be forgotten in the land of Egypt;
25 God hath shewed Pharaoh, &c.] See in the knowledge of him. Ep. i. 16, 17. verse 16 and com. I will at this time send all After this "I" (" John") looked, and, behold, my plagues upon thine heart, and upon thy a door was opened in heaven. And the first servants, and upon thy people, that thou voice which I heard was as it were a trumpet mayest know that there is none like me in all talking with me, which said, Come up hither, the earth. Ex. ix. 14. And the Lord said and I will shew thee things which must be unto Joshua, Be not afraid because of them: hereafter. Re. iv. I. for to-morrow about this time will I deliver 26 See chap. xl. 12. and com. them up all slain before Israel; thou shalt Are seven years.] See verses 2. 5. 29. 47. hough their horses, and burn their chariots 53. The three baskets are three days. Ge. with fire. Jos. xi. 6. The Lord hath made xl. 18. Thus shall ye eat "it" (" the passknown his salvation, his righteousness hath over"); with your loins girded, your shoes on he openly shewed in the sight of the heathen. your feet, and your staff in your hand ; and ye Ps. xcviii. 2. Let “them” (“ the idols”) bring shall eat in haste : it is the Lord's passthem forth, and shew us what shall happen: over ; seven days shall ye eat unleavened let them shew the former things what they bread. Ex. xii. 11. 15. And (our fathers) be, that we may consider them, and know the did all drink the same spiritual drink, for latter end of them, or declare us things for to they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed come. Shew the things that are to come here- them, and that Rock was Christ. 1 Co. I. 4. after, that we may know that ye are gods; yea, The dream is one.] And they (the man and do good, or do evil, that we may be dismayed, his wife) shall be one flesh. Ge. ii. 24. And and behold it together. Is. xli. 22, 23. Let thou shalt make fifty taches of gold, and all the nations be gathered together, and let couple the curtains together with the taches, the people be assembled : who among them and it shall be one tabernacle. Ex. xxvi. 6. can declare this and shew us former things ? 27 Seven years of famine.] Gad (the ser) let them bring forth their witnesses, that came to David, and told him, and said unto they may be justified, or let them hear, and him, Shall seven years of famine come unto say, It is truth. Is. xliii. 9. There is a God thee in thy land ? (as a punishment for numbering in heaven that revealeth secrets; and he that Isræl). 2 Sa. xxiv. 13. Then spake Elisha revealeth secrets maketh known to "thee" unto the woman (the Shunammite) whose son (“Nebuchadnezzar”) what shall come to pass. he had restored to life, saying, Arise, and go Forasmuch as thou sawest (said Daniel) that thou and thine houshold, and sojourn wherethe stone was cut out of the mountain with- soever thou canst sojourn, for the Lord hath out hands, and that it brake in pieces, the called for a famine, and it shall also come upon iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the the land seven years. 2 Ki. viii. 1. gold ; the great God hath made known to the 28 See verses 16. 25. and com. king what shall come to pass hereafter. Then 29 See verses 26. 46. 49. the king Nebuchadnezzar fell upon his face, 30 Seven years of famine.] See verses 27. and worshipped Daniel, and commanded that 54. and com. And Elijah the Tishbite said they should offer an oblation and sweet odours unto Ahab, As the Lord God of Israel liveth, unto him. Da. ii. 28. 34. 45, 46. Surely before whom I stand, there shall not be dex, the Lord God will do nothing but he re- nor rain, these years, but according to my vealeth his secret unto his servants the word. 1 Ki. xvii. I. But I tell you of s prophets. Am. iii. 7. Then shall two be in truth, many widows were in Israel in the days the field: the one shall be taken, and the other of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three left. Mat. xxiv. 40. But take ye heed : be- years and six months, when great famine was hold, I have foretold you all things. Mar. throughout the land. Lu. iv. 25. Elias was xiii. 23. I cease not to make mention of you a man subject to like passions as we are, and in my prayers, that the God of our Lord he prayed earnestly that it might not rain, Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give and it rained not on the earth by the space unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation of three years and six months. Ja v. 17.
and the famine shall consume the land ; And the plenty shall not 31 be known in the land by reason of that famine following; for it shall be very grievous. And for that the dream was doubled unto 32 Pharaoh twice; it is because the thing is established by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass. Now therefore let Pharaoh look 33 out a man discreet and wise, and set him over the land of Egypt.
Shall be forgotten.] See verse 21. And hand that is stretched out, and who shall turn the name of the second (of his sons) called he it back? Is. xiv. 24. 26, 27. I am God, Ephraim : for God hath caused me (Joseph) declaring the end from the beginning, and to be fruitful in the land of my affliction. from ancient times the things that are not Ge. xli. 52. Let him drink (that is ready to yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and perish), and forget his poverty, and remember I will do all my pleasure: calling a ravenous his misery no more. Pr. xxxi. 7. He who bird from the east, the man that executeth blesseth himself in the earth shall bless him my counsel from a far country: yea, I have self in the God of truth ; and he that sweareth spoken it, I will also bring it to pass : I have in the earth shall swear by the God of truth; purposed it, I will also do it. Is. xlvi. 10, 11. because the former troubles are forgotten, and Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my because they are hid from mine eyes. Is. Ixv. 16. words shall not pass away. Mat. xxiv. 35.
Consume the land.] And there was no Established, &c.] Tophet is ordained of bread in all the land ; for the famine was very old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath sore, so that the land of Egypt and all the made it deep and large: the pile thereof is land of Canaan fainted by reason of the famine. fire and much wood; the breath of the Lord, Ge. xlvii. 13. Moreover, he called for a famine like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it. on the land, he brake the whole staff of Is. xxx. 33. Then shall the king say to them bread. Ps. cv. 16.
on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my 31 Grievous, &c.] The hand of the Lord Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you was heavy upon them of Ashdod (for having from the beginning of the world. Then shall brought the ark of God into the house of Dagon), he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart and he destroyed them, and smote them with from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, preemerods. 1 Sa. v. 6. The earth shall reel pared for the devil and his angels. Mat. to and fro like a drunkard ; and shall be xxv. 34. 4). But to sit on my right hand, removed like a cottage, and the transgression and on my left hand, is not mine (Christ's) thereof shall be heavy upon it; and it shall to give : but it shall be given to them for fall, and not rise again. Is. xxiv. 20.
whom it is prepared. Mar. x. 40. It is 32 Doubled unto Pharaoh.) Behold (said written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, Joseph to his brethren), we were binding neither have entered into the heart of man, sheaves in the field, and, lo, my sheaf arose the things which God hath prepared for them (in my dream), and also stood upright; and, that love him. 1 Co. ii. 9. And the four behold, your sheaves stood round about, and angels were loosed, which were prepared for made obeisance
to my sheaf. And he an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, dreamed yet another dream, and told it his for to slay the third part of man. Re. ix. 15. brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a 33 Therefore let Pharaoh look out a man, &c.] dream more; and, behold, the sun and the O king (said Daniel to Nebuchadnezzar), let moon, and the eleven stars, made obeisance my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and break
Ge. xxxvii. 7. 9. God speaketh off thy sins by righteousness, and thine inionce, yea, twice, yet man perceiveth it not. quities by shewing mercy to the poor : if it In a dream, in a vision of the night, when may be a lengthening of thy tranquillity. Da. deep sleep falleth upon men, in slumberings iv. 27. Hearken now unto my voice (said upon the bed. Job xxxiii. 14, 15. This is Jethro to Moses) I will give thee counsel, and the third time I am coming to you; in the God shall be with thee : thou shalt provide mouth of two or three witnesses shall every out of all the people able men, such as fear word be established. 2 Co. xiii. 1.
God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and It is because the thing is established, &c.] place such " them” (“the people of God is not a man that he should lie, neither Israel”), to be rulers of thousands, and rulers the son of man, that he should repent: hath of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of he said, and shall he not do it? or bath he tens : and let them judge the people at all spoken, and shall he not make it good ? Nu. seasons: and it shall be that every great xxiii. 19. The Lord of hosts hath sworn, matter they shall bring unto thee, but every saying, Surely as I have thought, so shall it small matter they shall judge; so shall it be
to pass ; and as I have purposed, so easier for thyself, and they shall bear the shall it stand. The Lord of hosts hath pur. burden with thee. Ex. xviii. 19. 21, 22. posed upon the whole earth, and this is the Take you wise men, and understanding, and