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34 Let Pharaoh do this, and let him appoint officers over the land,
and take up the fifth part of the land of Egypt in the seven plen35 teous years. And let them gather all the food of those good years
that come, and lay up corn under the hand of Pharaoh, and let 36 them keep food in the cities. And that food shall be for store to
the land against the seven years of famine, which shall be in the
land of Egypt; that the land perish not through the famine. 37 And the thing was good in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes
known among your tribes, and I will make to Pharaoh for bread. And the famine was over them rulers over you. De. i. 13. Where all the face of the earth ; and Joseph opened fore, brethren, look ye out among you seven all the storehouses, and sold unto the Egyptmen of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost, ians, and the famine waxed sore in the land and wisdom, whom we may appoint over this of Egypt. Ge xli. 48, 49. 56. For these two business (in ministering to the poor widows). years (said Joseph to his brethren) hath the Ac. vi. 3.
famine been in the land, and yet there are five 34 Officers over the land.] And Moses was years to the which there shall neither be earwroth with the officers of the host, with the ing nor harvest. And God sent me before you captains over thousands, and captains over to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and hundreds, which came from the battle. Nu. to save your lives by a great deliverance. Ge. xxxi. 14. And the guard stood, every man xlv. 6, 7. with his weapons in his hand, round about the Hand of Pharaoh.] And "he" (" Moses") king, from the right corner of the temple to said, O my Lord, send, I pray thee (to Phathe left corner of the temple, along by the raoh), by the hand of him whom thou wilt altar and the temple; and he brought forth send. Ex. iv. 13. the king's son (Jehoash), and put the crown 36 See verse 30. upon him, and gave him the testimony; and That the land, &c.] And there was no they made him king, and anointed him, and bread in all the land, for the famine was very clapped their hands, and said, God save the sore, so that the land of Egypt and all the king. 2 Ki. xi. 11, 12. And the men did land of Canaan fainted by reason of the fathe work (the repairs of the temple) faithfully, mine. And when money failed in the land of and the overseers of them were Jahath and Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, all the Obadiah, the Levites, of the sons of Merari; Egyptians came unto Joseph, and said, Give and Zechariah and Meshullam, of the sons of us bread, for why should we die in thy prethe Kohathites, to set it forward ; and other of sence? And Joseph said, Give your cattle, the Levites, all that could skill of instruments and I will give you for your cattle. And they of music. 2 Ch. xxxiv. 12. And Joel the brought their cattle unto Joseph. And Joseph son of Zichri was their overseer (of those who bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh, dwelt at Jerusalem): and Judah the son of only the land of the priests bought he not ; Senuah was second over the city. Ne. xi. 9. and Joseph said unto the people, Here is seed
And take up the fifth, &c.] In famine he for you, and ye shall sow the land ; and in shall redeem thee from death, and in war from the increase ye shall give the fifth part unto the power of the sword. Job v. 20. The eye Pharaoh. And they said, Thou hast saved of the Lord is upon them that fear him, to our lives, let us find grace in the sight of my deliver their soul from death, and to keep lord, and we will be Pharaoh's servants. Ge. them alive in famine. Ps. xxxiii. 19. Give xlvii. 13-25. not sleep to thine eyes nor slumber to thine 37 The thing.) Until the time that his eyelids. Go to the ant thou sluggard; con- word came the word of the Lord tried him. sider her ways, and be wise. Pr. vi. 4. 6. Ps. cv. 19. The tongue of the just is as A prudent man foreseeth evil, and hideth choice silver; the heart of the wicked is little himself. Pr. xxii. 3. and xxvii
. 12. So he worth. Pr. X. 20. A word fitly spoken is (the steward that was accused) called every like apples of gold in pictures of silver. Pr. one of his lord's debtors unto him, and said xxv. ii. But God delivered him (Joseph) unto the first, How much owest thou unto my out of all his afflictions, and gave him favour lord ? (desirous that they should receive him and wisdom in the sight of Pharaoh, king of into their houses.) Lu. xvi. 5.
Egypt; and he made him governor over Egypt 35 Gather all the food.) And he (Joseph) and all his house. Ac. vii. 10. gathered up all the food of the seven years Good in the eyes of Pharaoh.) And when which were in the land of Egypt, and laid up Phinehas the priest, and the princes of the the food in the cities; and Joseph gathered congregation and heads of the thousands of rn as the sand of the sea ; and when all the Israel which were with him, heard the words
Egypt was famished, the people cried that the children of Reuben and the children
of all his servants. And Pharaoh said unto his servants, Can we 38 find such a one as this is, a man in whom the Spirit of God is? And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Forasmuch as God hath shewed 39 thee all this, there is none so discreet and wise as thou art : Thou shalt be over my house, and according unto thy word shall 40 all my people be ruled : only in the throne will I be greater than tbou. And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, See, I have set thee over 41
of Gad and the children of Manasseh spake, it house and in the field. And he left all that pleased them. Jos. xxii. 30. And all the he had in Joseph's hand ; and he knew not people took notice of it (how David lamented ought he had, save the bread which he did over Abner, killed by Joab), and it pleased eat: and Joseph was a goodly person, and them. 2 Sa. iii. 36. And Ahab spake unto well-favoured, &c. Ge. xxxix. 4, 5, 6. It was Naboth, saying, Give me thy vineyard, that I not you that sent me hither (said Joseph to his may have it for a garden of herbs, because it brethren), but God : and he hath made me is near unto my house : and I will give thee a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, for it a better vineyard than it ; or, if it seem and a ruler throughout all the land of Egypt. good to thee, I will give thee the worth of it Haste ye, and go up to my father, and say in money. 1 Ki. xxi. 2.
unto him, Thus saith thy son Joseph, God 38 In whom the Spirit of God is.] And hath made me lord of all Egypt: come down the Lord said unto Moses, Take thee Joshua, unto me, tarry not. And (Jacob's sons) told him, the son of Nun, a man in whom is the Spirit, saying, Joseph is yet alive, and he is governor and lay thine hand upon him. Nu. xxvii. 18. over all the land of Egypt. Ge. xlv. 8, 9. 26. But there is a spirit in man: and the inspira- He (Pharaoh) made him lord of his house, tion of the Almighty giveth them understand- and ruler of all his substance; to bind his ing. Job xxxii. 8. Therefore made I a princes at his pleasure, and teach his senators decree to bring in all the wise men of Baby- wisdom. Ps. cv. 21, 22. Seest thou a man lon before me, that they might make known diligent in his business ? he shall stand beunto me the interpretation of the dream. But fore kings; he shall not stand before mean at the last Daniel came in before me, in whom Pr. xxii. 29. Then the king Nebuis the spirit of the holy gods; this dream chadnezzar fell upon his face, and worshipped (said the king) I Nebuchadnezzar have seen. Daniel, and commanded that they should offer Now thou, O Belteshazzar, declare the inter- an oblation and sweet odours unto him. Then pretation thereof, forasmuch as all the wise the king made Daniel a great man, and gave men of my kingdom are not able to make him many great gifts, and made him ruler known unto me the interpretation : but thou over the whole province of Babylon, and chief art able, for the spirit of the holy gods is in of the governors over all the wise men of thee. Da. iv. 6. 8. 18. There is a man in Babylon. Da. ii. 46. 48. Then commanded thy kingdom (said the queen to Nebuchad- Belshazzar, and they clothed Daniel with nezzar), in whom is the spirit of the holy scarlet, and put a chain of gold about his gods; and in the days of thy father, light neck, and made a proclamation concerning and understanding and wisdom, like the wis- him, that he should be the third ruler in the dom of the gods, was found in him. Then kingdom. Da. v. 29. Then this Daniel was was Daniel brought in before the king. And preferred above the presidents and princes, the king spake and said unto Daniel, I have because an excellent spirit was in him. Da. even heard of thee, that the spirit of the gods vi. 3. is in thee, and that light and understanding Be ruled.] Then Samuel took a vial of oil, and excellent wisdom is found in thee. Da. and poured it upon his (Saul's) head, and v. 11. 13, 14. Then this Daniel was pre- kissed him, and said, Is it not because the ferred above the presidents (of whom Daniel Lord hath anointed thee to be captain over was first) and princes, because an excellent his inheritance ? Sa. x. l. My heart hath spirit was in him; and the king thought to been secretly enticed, or my mouth hath set him over the whole realm. Da. vi. 3. kissed my hand. Job xxxi. 27. Kiss the Son, 39 See verse 16. 25. 28. 33.
lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, 40 Shalt be over my house.] And Joseph when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed found grace in his sight, and he served him, are all they that put their trust in him. Ps. and he made him overseer over his house, and ii. 12. all that he had he put into his hand. And it 41 See, I have set thee over, &c.] And came to pass, from the time that he had made Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I am Pharaoh, and him overseer in his house, and over all that without thee shall no man lift up his hand or he had, that the Lord blessed the Egyptian's foot in all the land of Egypt. Ge. xli. 44. house for Joseph's sake; and the blessing of See verse 40. and com. And the keeper of the Lord was upon all that he had in the the prison committed to Joseph's hand all the
42 all the land of Egypt. And Pharaoh took off his ring from his
hand, and put it upon Joseph's hand, and arrayed him in vestures 43 of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck; And he made
prisoners that were in the prison ; and what- Mordecai the Jew, that sitteth at the king's soever they did there, he was the doer of it. gate. Then took Haman the apparel and the Ge. xxxix. 22. Mordecai the Jew was next horse, and arrayed Mordecai. And Mordecai unto king Ahasuerus, and great among the came again to the king's gate : but Haman Jews, and accepted of the multitude of his hasted to his house mourning, and having his brethren, seeking the wealth of his people, head covered. Es. vi. 7-12. And the king and speaking peace to all his seed. Es. x. 3. took off his ring, which he had taken from A wise servant shall have rule over a son that Haman, and gave it unto Mordecai. Write causeth shame, and shall have part of the ye also (said the king to Esther and to Morinheritance among the brethren. Pr. xvii. 2. decai) for the Jews, as it liketh you, in the Seest thou a man diligent in his business? king's name, and seal it with the king's ring. he shall stand before kings. Pr. xxii. 29. And he wrote in king Ahasuerus' name, and “ They” (“the Chaldeans”) answered again, sealed it with the king's ring. And More and said, Let the king tell his servants the decai went out from the presence of the king dream, and we will shew the interpretation of in royal apparel of blue and white, and with it. The king answered and said, I know of a great crown of gold, and with a garment of certainty that ye would gain the time, because fine linen and purple. "Es. viii. 2. 8. 10. 15. ye see the thing is gone from me. Da. ii. 7, Mordecai the Jew was next unto the king 8. I thought it good to shew the signs and Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews, and wonders that the high God hath wrought accepted of the multitude of his brethren, toward me: how great are his signs! and seeking the wealth of his people, and speak. how mighty are his wonders ! His kingdom ing peace to all his seed. Es. x. 3. The is an everlasting kingdom, and his dominion father (of the prodigal in the parable) said to is from generation to generation. Da. iv. 2, 3. his servants, Bring forth the best robe, and Then this Daniel was preferred above the pre- put it on him; and put a ring on his hand, sidents and princes, because an excellent and shoes on his feet. Lu. xv. 22. spirit was in him; and the king thought to Fine linen.] Fine linen with broidered set him over the whole realm. Da. vi. 3. work from Egypt was that which thou spreadAnd Jesus came, and spake unto them, saying, est forth to be thy sail (Tyrus); blue and All power is given unto me in heaven and in purple from the isles of Elishah was that which earth. Mat. xxviii, 18. Wherefore God also covered thee. Ez. xxvii. 7. hath exalted him (Jesus), and given him a A gold chain about his neck.] They (the name which is above every name : that at instruction of thy father, and the law of the the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of mother) shall be an ornament of grace unto things in heaven, and things in earth, and thy head (my son), and chains about thy neck things under the earth : and that every tongue Pr. i. 9, 10. She (a virtuous woman) maketh should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the herself coverings of tapestry; her clothing is glory of God the Father. Phi. ii. 9, 10, 11. silk and purple : she maketh fine linen, and
42 His ring, &c.] And the king (Aha- selleth it; and delivereth girdles unto the mersuerus) took his ring from his hand, and gave chant. Pr. xxxi. 22. 24. Thy (the Ckurck's) it unto Haman, the son of Hammedatha the cheeks are comely with rows of jewels, thy Agagite, the Jews' enemy. And the king neck with chains of gold. Ca. i. 10. I clothed said unto Haman, The silver is given thee, and thee (Jerusalem) with broidered work, and the people also, to do with them as it seemeth shod thee with badgers' skin, and girded thee good to thee. Then there was written ac- about with fine linen, and I covered thee with cording to all that Haman had commanded, in silk. I decked thee also with ornaments, and the name of Ahasuerus was it written,and sealed I put bracelets upon thy hands, and a chain with the king's ring. Es. iii. 10, 11, 12. on thy neck. Ez. xvi. 10, 11. See Da. x. 7. And Haman answered the king, For the mari preced. com. I have heard of thee (said Bela whom the king delighteth to honour, let the shazzar to Daniel), that thou canst make inroyal apparel be brought which the king terpretations and dissolve doubts : now, if useth to wear, and the horse that the king thou canst read the writing (on the wall), and rideth upon, and the crown royal which is set make known to me the interpretation thereof, upon his head. And let this apparel and thou shalt be clothed with scarlet, and have a horse be delivered to the hand of one of the chain of gold about thy neck, and shalt be the king's most noble princes, that they may third ruler in the kingdom. Then commanded array the man withal whom the king de- Belshazzar (when Daniel interpreted the lighteth to honour. Then the king said to writing), and they clothed Daniel with scariet, Haman, Make haste and take the apparel and and put a chain of gold about his neck, and the horse, as thou hast said, and do even so to made a proclamation concerning him, that he
him to ride in the second chariot which he had ; and they cried before him, Bow the knee: and he made him ruler over all the land of Egypt. And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I am Pharaoh, 44 and without thee shall no man lift up his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt. And Pharaoh called Joseph's name Zaphnath - 45 paaneah; and he gave him to wife Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On. And Joseph went out over all the land of Egypt. And Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before 46 Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh, and went throughout all the land of Egypt. "And in 47
should be the third ruler in the kingdom. 45 Priest of, &c.] And Melchizedek, Da. v. 16. 29. Then came the first (servant king of Salem, brought forth bread and wine of the nobleman in the parable), saying, Lord, (for Abram), and he was the priest of the thy pound hath gained ten pounds : and he most high God. Ge. xiv. 18. Now the “priest" said unto him, Well, thou good servant; be- (or “prince") of Midian had seven daughters : cause thou hast been faithful in a very little, and they came (while Moses sat down by a well) have thou authority over ten cities. And the and drew water, and filled the troughs to water second came, saying, Lord thy pound hath their father's flocks. Ex. ii. 16. David's gained five pounds : and he said likewise to sons were chief rulers. 2 Sa. viii. 18. And him, Be thou also over five cities. Lu. xix. Ira also the Jairite was a chief ruler about 16–19.
David. 2 Sa. xx. 26. 43 And they cried before him.] Let the On.] And unto Joseph in the land of royal apparel be brought which the king Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, (useth to wear, and the horse that the king which Asenath, the daughter of Poti-pherah, rideth upon, and bring him Mordecai) on priest of On, bare unto him. Ge. xlvi. 20. * horseback through the street of the city, and 46 Thirty years old, &c.] Joseph, being proclaim before him, Thus shall it be done seventeen years old, was feeding the flock with unto the man whom the king delighteth to his brethren; and the lad was with the sons of honour. Es. vi. 8, 9.
Bilhah, and with the sons of Zilpah, his father's Bow the knee.] It was not you that sent wives; and Joseph brought unto his father me hither (said Joseph to his brethren), but their evil report. Ge. xxxvii. 2. Take the God; and he hath made me a father to Pha sum of the sons of Kohath, from thirty years raoh. Ge. xlv. 8.
old and upwards, even until fifty years old, Ruler over all the land, &c.] And Joseph all that enter into the host to do the work in was the governor over the land. Ge. xlii. 6. the tabernacle of the congregation. Nu. iv. 3. The man who is the lord of the land (said David was thirty years old when he began to Joseph's brethren) spake roughly to us, and reign, and he reigned forty years. 2 Sa. v. 4. took us for spies of the country. And the And Jesus himself began to be about thirty man, the lord of the country, said unto us, years of age, being (as was supposed) the son Hereby shall I know that ye are true men ; of Joseph the son of Heli. Lu. iii. 23. leave one of your brethren here with me, and He stood before Pharaoh.] And David came take food for the famine of your housholds, to Saul and stood before him, and he loved and be gone.
Ge. xlii. 30. 33. He (God) him greatly; and he became his armour-bearer. hath made me a father to Pharaoh (said Jo- 1 Sa. xvi. 21. And Rehoboam consulted with seph), and ruler of all his house, and a ruler the old men that stood before Solomon his throughout all the land of Egypt. Joseph is father while he yet lived, and said, How do ye yet alive (said the sons of Jacob to him), and advise that I may answer this people ? (all he is governor over all the land of Egypt. Israel, who asked to have the heavy yoke which Ge. xlv. 8. 26. To “whom" (" Simon his father put upon them made lighter :) but he Magus ") " they all" (the “people of Sama- forsook the counsel of the old men, which they ria") gave heed, from the least to the greatest, had given him (to serve and speak good words saying, This man is the great power of God. to all Israel), and consulted with the young Ae. viii, 10.
men that were grown up with him, and which 44 Lift up his hand or his foot.] But stood before him. 1 Ki. xii. 6. 8. Seest thou against any of the children of Israel (said a man diligent in his business? he shall stand Moses in the sight of Pharaoh's servants and of before kings. Pr. xxii. 29. And the king his people) shall not a dog move his tongue, (Nebuchadnezzar) communed with them; and against man or beast, that ye may know how among them all was found none like Daniel, that the Lord doth put a difference between Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah: therefore the Egyptians and Israel. Ex. xi. 7.
stood they before the king. Da. i. 19. Watch
48 the seven plenteous years the earth brought forth by handfuls. And
he gathered up all the food of the seven years, which were in the land of Egypt, and laid up the food in the cities : the food of the
field, which was round about every city, laid he up in the same. 49 And Joseph gathered corn as the sand of the sea, very much, until 50 he left numbering; for it was without number. And unto Joseph
were born two sons before the years of famine came, which Asenath 51 the daughter of Poti-pherah priest of On bare unto him. And
Joseph called the name of the firstborn Manasseh : For God, said he, 52 hath made me forget all my toil, and all my father's house. And
ye therefore, and pray always, that ye may be unto him. Ge. xlvi. 20. and com. And now accounted worthy to escape all these things thy two sons (said Jacob to Joseph) Ephraim that shall come to pass, and to stand before and Manasseh, which were born unto thee in the Son of man. Lu. xxi. 36. Now unto the land of Egypt, before I came unto thee him who is able to keep you from falling, and into Egypt, are mine : as Reuben and Simeon, to present you faultless before the presence of they shall be mine. Ge. xlvii. 5. his glory with exceeding joy, to the only wise Asenath.] See verse 45. also Ge. xlvi. 20. God our Saviour, be glory and majesty, do- preced. com. minion and power, both now and ever. Amen. 51 Called the name.] And now thy two Jude 24.
sons Ephraim and Manasseh, which were 47 Handfuls.] Then Isaac sowed in that born unto thee in the land of Egypt, are land (of Abimelecth), and received in the same mine (said Jacob to Joseph); and Joseph took year an hundredfold. Ge. xxvi. 12. There them both, Ephraim in his right hand toward shall be an handful of corn in the earth upon Israel's left hand, and Manasseh in his left the top of the mountains: the fruit thereof hand toward Israel's right hand, and brought shall shake like Lebanon. Ps. lxxii. 16. them near unto him; and Israel stretched out
48 He gathered up all the food, &c.] See his right hand, and laid it upon Ephraim's verses 34, 35, 36. and com. And as for the head, who was the younger, and his left hand people, he removed them to cities, from one upon Manasseh's head: guiding his hands end of the borders of Egypt even to the other wittingly, for Manasseh was the firstborn: end thereof. Ge. xlvii. 21.
and he blessed them that day, saying, In thee 49 As the sand of the sea.] I will multiply shall Israel bless, saying, God make thee as thy seed (said the Lord to Abraham) as the sand Ephraim and Manasseh : and he set Ephraim which is upon the sea shore. Ge. xxii. 17. before Manasseh. Ge. xlviii. 5. 13, 14. 20. For they (the Midianites and Amalekites) came “ His" (" Joseph's") glory (said Moses) is like up (against Israel) with their cattle and their the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are tents, and they came as grashoppers for mul- like the horns of unicorns : with them he shall titude. Ju. vi. 5. And the Midianites, and push the people together to the ends of the the Amalekites, and all the children of the earth : and they are the ten thousands of east, lay along in the valley (before Gideon), Ephraim, and they are the thousands of Malike grashoppers for multitude; and their nasseh. De. xxxiii. 17. camels were without number, as the sand by Manasseh.] See verse 30. and com. Hearken, the sea side for multitude. Ju. vii. 12. And O daughter, and consider, and incline thine the Philistines gathered themselves together ear; forget also thine own people, and thy to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, father's house. Ps. xlv. 10. For I will not and six thousand horsemen, and people as the contend for ever, neither will I be always sand which is on the sea shore for multitude. wroth: for the spirit should fail before me, I Sa. xiii. 5. His (Job's) substance also was and the souls which I have made. Is. Isii. 16. seven thousand sheep, and three thousand Forget all my toil.] For his (God's) anger camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and endureth but a moment; in his favour is life: five hundred she-asses, and a very great hous- weeping may endure for a night, but joy hold. Job i. 3. He rained flesh also upon cometh in the morning. Thou hast turned for them as dust, and feathered fowls like as the me my mourning into dancing: thou hast pat sand of the sea. Ps. lxxviii. 27. As the host of off my sackcloth, and girded me with gladheaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand ness. Ps. xxx. 5. 11. Let him (that is ready of the sea measured, so will I multiply the to perish) drink, and forget his poverty, and seed of David my servant. Je. xxxiii. 22. remember his misery no more. Pr. xxxi. 7.
50 Unto Joseph were born, &c.] And unto He who blesseth himself in the earth shall Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Ma- bless himself in the God of truth ; because the nasseh and Ephraim, which Asenath, the former troubles are forgotten, and because daughter of Poti-pherah, priest of On, bare they are hid from mine eyes. Is. lxv. 16.