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THEN Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood i by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me. And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his brethren. And he wept aloud: and the Egyptians and 2 the house of Pharaoh heard. And Joseph said unto his brethren, 3 I am Joseph ; doth my father yet live?' And his brethren could not answer him ; for they were troubled at his presence. And 4

CHAP. XLV.-1 Could not refrain.] And xx. 3. And they all (the elders of Ephesus) Joseph made haste for his bowels did yearn wept sore, and fell on Paul's neck (who had upon his brother, and he sought where to said they should see his face no more), and weep, and he entered into his chamber and kissed him. Ac. xx. 37. wept there. And he washed his face, and 3 I am Joseph.] But straightway Jesus went out and refrained himself, and said, Set (walking on the sea) spake unto them (his dison bread. Ge. xliii. 30, 31. I have long ciples who were in a ship), saying, Be of good time holden my peace, I have been still, and cheer, it is I, be not afraid. Mat. xiv. 27. refrained myself. Now will I (the Lord) cry At the second time (of Jacob sending his sons like a travailing woman, I will destroy and into Egypt) Joseph was made known to his devour at once (for their idolatry). Is. xlii. brethren: and Joseph's kindred was made 14. Then I said (because the word of the known unto Pharaoh. Ac. vii. 13. And he Lord was made a reproach unto me Jeremiah), (Saul) said, Who art thou, Lord? And the I will not make mention of him, nor speak Lord said, I am Jesus, whom thou persecutest. any more in his name, but his word was in Ac. ix. 5. mine heart as a burning fire shut up in my For they were troubled at his presence.] But bones, and I was weary with forbearing, and now it is come upon thee (said Eliphaz to I could not stay. Je. xx. 9.

Job, reproving him), and thou faintest: it Cause every man to go out, &c.] Tell it toucheth thee, and thou art troubled. Job iv. not in Gath (said David lamenting over Saul 5. Therefore am I troubled at his presence; and Jonathan), publish it not in the streets of when I consider, I am afraid of him. Job xxiii. Askelon, lest the daughters of the Philistines 15. I will pour upon the house of David, and rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircum- upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit cised triumph. 2 Sa. i. 20. If thy brother of grace, and of supplications. And they shall shall trespass against thee, go, and tell him look upon me whom they have pierced, and his fault between thee and him alone. If he they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for Mat. xviii. 15. Him (Christ) God raised up him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstthe third day, and shewed him openly, not to born. Zec. xii. 10. And when the disciples all the people, but unto witnesses chosen be saw him (Jesus) walking on the sea, they fore of God, even to us, who did eat and drink were troubled, saying, It is a spirit. And with him after he rose from the dead. Ac. they cried out for fear. Mat. xiv. 26. For x. 40, 41. Charity doth not behave itself they all saw him, and were troubled, and unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily immediately he talked with them, and saith provoked, thinketh no evil. 1 Co. xiii. 5. unto them, Be of good cheer, it is I, be not

2 Wept aloud.] And all the congregation afraid. Mar. vi. 50. When Simon Peter (when they heard the news of those who were saw "it" (" the miraculous draught of fishes") sent to search the land of Canaan) lifted up he fell down at Jesus' knees, saying, Depart their voice, and cried, and the people wept from me, for I am a sinful man, O God. Lu. that night. Nu. xiv. 1. So they (Naomi v. 8. And as “they” (the discipleswho and Ruth) went until they came to Bethle- had seen Jesus as they went to Emmaus) thus hem. And it came to pass when they were spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of

to Bethlehem, that all the city was them, and saith unto them, Peace be unto moved about them; and they said, Is this you : but they were terrified and affrighted, Naomi ? Ru. i. 19. I beseech thee, O Lord, and supposed that they had seen a spirit. remember now (said Hezekiah, when warned Lu. xxiv. 36. 37. Behold, he cometh with to prepare for death) how I have walked clouds, and every eye shall see him, and they before thee in truth, and with a perfect also which pierced him, and all kindreds of heart, and have done that which is good in the earth shall wail because of him. Re. thy sight. And Hezekiah wept sore. 2 Ki. i. 7.


Joseph said unto his brethren, Come near to me, I pray you.

And they came near. And he said, I am Joseph your brother, 5 whom ye sold into Egypt. Now therefore be not grieved, nor

angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither : for God did send 6 me before you to preserve life. For these two years hath the fa

mine been in the land: and yet there are five years, in the which

4 I am Joseph your brother, whom ye sold, Lord had appointed to defeat the good counsel &c.] And they sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites of Ahitophel, to the intent that the Lord might for twenty pieces of silver ; and they brought bring evil upon Absalom. 2 Sa. xvii. 14. Joseph into Egypt. Ge. xxxvii. 28.

Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and 5 Re not grieved.] Comfort ye, comfort ye naked shall I return thither : the Lord gave, my people, saith your God. Speak ye com- and the Lord hath taken away : blessed be fortably to Jerusalem, and cry unto her that the name of the Lord. Job i. 21. He (the her "warfare” (or appointed time"), is accom- Lord) called for a famine upon the land; be plished, that her iniquity is pardoned, for she brake the whole staff of bread. He sent a hath received of the Lord's hand double for man before them, even Joseph, who was sold all her sins. Is. xl. 1, 2. Then said Jesus for a servant. Ps. cv. 16, 17.

Him (Jesus), (from the cross), Father, forgive them (who being delivered by the determinate counsel crucified him), for they know not what they and foreknowledge of God, "ye" ("the do. Lu. xxiii. 34. Ye ought to forgive him Jews") have taken (said Peter), and by (the incestuous person), and comfort him (on wicked hands have crucified and slain, whom whom punishment was inflicted of many), lest God hath raised up, having loosed the pains perhaps such an one should be swallowed up of death; because it was not possible that he of over much sorrow, 2 Co. ii. 7. For your should be holden of it. Ac. ii. 23, 24. And sakes forgave I it (the crime of the incestuous when “they” (the other apostles") had person), in the person of Christ, lest Satan heard that (what the chief priests and elders should get an advantage of us, for we are not had said to Peter and John), they lifted up ignorant of his devices. 2 Co. ii. 11.

their voice to God with one accord, and said, God did send me before you.] See verse Lord, thou art God, which hast made heaven 7, 8. And they (the people of the land of and earth, and the sea, and all that in them Egypt) said (unto Joseph), Thou hast saved is. Of a truth against thy holy child Jesus, our lives. Ge. xlvii. 25. As for you (said whom thou hast anointed, both Herod, and Joseph), Ye thought evil against me ; but Pilate with the Gentiles, and the people of God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as it Israel, were gathered together (according to is this day, to save much people alive. Ge. l. the words of David, where he says), Why do the 20. So the woman (Hannah) went her way heathen rage, and the people imagine vain (from the presence of Eli the priest), and did things ; the kings of the earth stood up, and eat, and her countenance was no more sad, the rulers were gathered together, against the and the Lord remembered her (that she bare Lord,and against his Christ. Ac. iv. 24. 27.25,26. a son, Samuel). 1 Sa. i. 18, 19. Thou didst The patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph it (didst take Uriah's wife) secretly, but I into Egypt, but God was with him, and deliwill do this thing before all Israel, and before vered him out of all his afflictions, and gave the sun (said the Lord to David). 2 Sa. xii. him favour, and wisdom in the sight of Pha12. And the king (David) said, What have raoh, king of Egypt; and he made him goI to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah (Abishai vernor over Egypt, and all his house. Now and Joab), so let “him” (Shimei ") curse, be- there came a dearth over all the land of cause the Lord hath said unto him, Curse David, Egypt and Chanaan, and great affliction, and who shall then say, Wherefore hast thou done our fathers found no sustenance. But when so? And David said to Abishai, and to all his Jacob heard that there was corn in Egypt, le servants, Behold, my son, which came forth sent out our fathers first. And at the second from my bowels, seeketh my life : how much time, Joseph was made known to his brethren; more now may this Benjamite do it? Let and Joseph's kindred was made known unto him alone, and let him curse, for the Lord Pharaoh. Then sent Joseph, and called his hath bidden him. It may be, that the Lord father Jacob to him, and all his kindred, threewill look on mine affliction, and that the Lord score and fifteen souls : so Jacob went down will requite me good for his cursing this day. into Egypt, and died, he and our fathers 2 Sa. xvi. 10, 11, 12. And Absalom, and all Ac. vii. 9-15. the men of Israel, said the counsel of Hushai 6 Two years, &c.] Behold (said Joseph the Archite is better (who advised Absalom to interpreting Pharaoh's dream), there course go to battle in his own person) than the coun- seven years of great plenty throughout all the sel of Ahitophel (who proposed that he himself land of Egypt; and there shall arise after should pursue after David that night), for the them seven years of famine; and all the

there shall neither be earing nor harvest. And God sent me be- 7 fore you to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance. So now it was not you that sent me 8 hither, but God: and he hath made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, and a ruler throughout all the land of Egypt. Haste ye, and go up to my father, and say unto him, Thus saith 9 thy son Joseph, God hath made me lord of all Egypt: come down


plenty shall be forgotten in the land of Egypt, saved them by a great deliverance. 1 Ch. xi. and the famine shall consume the land: and 14. Great deliverance giveth he to his king, the plenty shall not be known in the land by and sheweth mercy to his anointed, to David, reason of that famine following, for it shall be and to his seed for evermore. Ps. xviii. 50. very grievous. Ge. xli. 29, 30, 31. And the Thou art my king, O God, command deliverseven years of dearth began to come according ances for Jacob. Ps. xliv. 4. This Moses as Joseph had said, and the dearth was in all whoin they refused, saying, Who made thee a lands : but in all the land of Egypt there was ruler and a judge? The same did God send to bread : and the famine was over all the face be a ruler and a deliverer by the hand of the of the earth. And Joseph opened all the angel which appeared to him in the bush. storehouses, and sold unto the Egyptians : and Ac. vii. 34. the famine waxed sore in the land of Egypt. 8 It was not you that sent me.] See verse Ge. xli. 54. 56. When that year was ended, 5. and com. Ye have not chosen me; but I they (the Egyptians) came unto him the have chosen you, and ordained you, that ye second year, and said unto him, We will not should go and bring forth fruit, and that your hide it from my lord, how our money is fruit should remain. John xv. 16. Jesus anspent; my lord also hath our herds of cattle: swered (Pilate), Thou couldest have no power there is not ought left in the sight of my lord at all against me, except it were given thee but our bodies and our lands. Ge. xlvii. 18. from above. John xix. 11. So then it is not

Earing nor harvest.) Then Joseph said of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, unto the people (of Egypt), Behold, I have but of God that sheweth mercy. Ro. ix. 16. bought you this day, and your land for Pha Father to Pharaoh.] And Pharaoh said raoh ; lo, here is seed for you, and ye shall unto his servants, Can we find such a one as sow the land. Ge. xlvii. 23. Six days thou this is, a man in whom the Spirit of God is. shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Forasmuch as rest: in earing time and in harvest thou shalt God hath shewed thee all this, there is none so

Ex. xxxiv. 21. And the elders of that discreet and wise as thou art. Thou shalt be city (the next unto the slain man) shall bring over my house, and according unto thy word down the heifer (which hath not been wrought shall all my people be ruled. And Pharaoh with, and which hath not drawn the yoke), called Joseph's Zaphnath-paaneah. unto a rough valley which is neither eared And he gave him to wife Asenath, the daughnor sown, and shall strike off the heifer's neck ter of Poti-pherah priest of On. And Joseph there in the valley (as an expiation). De. xxi. 4. was thirty years old when he stood before And he (the king whom ye seek, said Samuel) Pharaoh, king of Egypt. And in the seven will appoint him captains over thousands, and plenteous years the earth brought forth by captains over fifties, and will set them to ear handfuls, and he gathered up all the fruit of his ground, and to reap his harvest, &c. 1 Sa. the seven years, which were in the land of viii. 12. Then (in shewing his mercies to his Egypt, and laid up the food in the cities. The Church) will he (the Almighty) give the rain food of the field which was round about every of thy seed that thou shalt sow the ground city laid he up in the same. Ge. xli, 38—49. withal. In that day shall thy cattle feed in And Micah (who had stolen silver from his large pastures; the oxen likewise, and the mother, and had an house of gods) said unto young asses that ear the ground, shall eat

“ him”

(a Levite of Beth-lehem), Dwell clean provender, &c. Is. xxx. 23, 24.

and be unto me a father and a priest, 7 To save your lives.] And he (Samson, and I will give thee ten shekels of silver by having slain a thousand Philistines with the the year, and a suit of apparel, and thy vicjaw of an ass) was sore athirst, and called on tuals : so the Levite went in. Ju. xvii. 10. the Lord, and said, Thou hast given this great I was a father to the poor, and the cause deliverance into the hand of thy servant, and which I knew not I searched out. Job xxix. now shall I die for thirst, and fall into the 16. He made him (Joseph) lord of his house, hand of the uncircumcised. Ju. xv. 18. And and ruler of all his substance : to bind his they (the three mighties of David) set them- princes at his pleasure ; and teach his senators selves in the midst of that parcel of ground wisdom. Ps. cv. 21, 22. (which was full of barley), and delivered 9 See verses 13. 19, 20. 26. 28. it, and slew the Philistines, and the Lord


with me,

10 unto me, tarry not : And' thou shalt dwell in the land of Goshen,

and thou shalt be near unto me, thou, and thy children, and thy

children's children, and thy flocks, and thy herds, and all that 11 thou hast: And there will I nourish thee; for yet there are five

years of famine ; lest thou, and thy household, and all that thou 12 hast, come to poverty. And, behold, your eyes see, and the eyes

of my brother Benjamin, that it is my mouth that speaketh unto 13 you. And ye shall tell my father of all my glory in Egypt, and of

10 In the land of Goshen.] And Joseph given me, be with me where I am ; that they made ready his chariot, and went up to meet may behold my glory, which thou hast given Israel his father, to Goshen, and presented me, for thou lovedst me before the foundation himself unto him; and he fell on his neck, of the world. John xvii. 24. and wept on his neck a good while. And 11 There will I nourish thee.] The land of Israel said unto Joseph, Now let me die, since Egypt is before thee, said Pharaoh to Joseph. I have seen thy face, because thou art yet And Joseph brought in Jacob his father, and alive. And Joseph said unto his brethren, set bim before Pharaoh. And Jacob blessed and unto his father's house, I will go up, and Pharaoh. And Pharaoh said unto Jacob, shew Pharaoh, and say unto him, My brethren, How old art thou? And Jacob said unto and my father's house, which were in the land Pharaoh, The days of the years of my pilof Canaan, are come unto me ; and the men grimage are an hundred and thirty years. are shepherds, for their trade hath been to And Joseph placed his father and his brethren feed cattle; and they have brought their in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had come flocks, and their herds, and all that they have. manded. And Joseph nourished his father, And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall and his brethren, and all his father's housecall you, and shall say, What is your occupa- hold, with bread, according to their families. tion ? that ye shall say, Thy servants' trade Ge. xlvii. 6—8. 11, 12. “Ye" ("Scribes and hath been about cattle from our youth even Pharisees”) say, Whosoever shall say to his until now, both we, and also our fathers. That father or his mother, It is a gift by whatsoever ye may dwell in the land of Goshen ; for every thou mightest be profited by me; and honour shepherd is an abomination unto the Egypt- not his father or his mother, he shall be free. ians. Ge. xlvi. 29–34. Then Joseph came Thus have ye made the commandment of God and told Pharaoh (that his father and brethren of none effect by your tradition. Mat. xv. 5, 6. were in the land of Goshen), and he took some Full well (said Jesus to the Pharisees) ye reject of his brethren, even five men, and presented the commandment of God, that ye may keep them unto Pharaoh ; and Pharaoh said unto your own tradition. For Moses said, Honoar them, What is your occupation ? And they thy father and thy mother; and whoso curseth said unto Pharaoh, Thy servants are shep- father or mother, let him die the death. But herds ; for to sojourn in the land are we come; ye say, If a man shall say to his father or we pray thee let thy servants dwell in the land mother, It is corban, that is a gift, by whatof Goshen. And Pharaoh spake unto Joseph, soever thou mightest be profited by me, ke saying, The land of Egypt is before thee. In shall be free, and ye suffer him no more to do the best of the land make thy father and ought for his father or his mother. Mar. vi. brethren to dwell. And if thou knowest any 9–12. If any widow have children or nemen of activity among them, then make them phews, let them learn first to shew piety at rulers over my cattle. Ge. xlvii

. 1-6. And home, and to requite their parents, for that is I will sever in that day the land of Goshen, in good and acceptable before God. 1 Ti v. 4. which my people dwell, that no swarms of 12 Your eyes see.] And they knew not flies (as a plague) shall be there (said the that Joseph understood them; for he spate Lord), to the end thou mayest know, that I unto them by an interpreter. Ge. xlii. x am the Lord in the midst of the earth. Ex. Behold my hands and my feet, that it is! viii. 22. Only in the land of Goshen, where myself; handle me and see. Lu. xxiv. 39 the children of Israel were, was there no hail Then saith he (Jesus) to Thomas (kis sebe (as a plague). Ex. ix. 26.

lieving disciple), Reach hither thy finger, and And thou shalt be near unto me.] In my behold my hands ; and reach hither thy hand Father's house are many mansions ; if it were and thrust it into my side, and be not faithless, not so, I would have told you : I go to prepare but believing. John xx. 27. a place for you. And if I go and prepare a 13 My glory in Egypt.] See verse 10, and place for you, I will come again and receive com. of which salvation (of your souls) the you unto myself, that where I am there ye prophets have enquired and searched diligently, may be also. John xiv. 2, 3. Father, I will who prophesied of the grace that should use (said Jesus) that they also whom thou hast unto you. Searching what, or what mannet

all that
ye have seen; and ye shall haste and bring down my

father hither. And he fell upon his brother Benjamin's neck, and wept; 14 and Benjamin wept upon his neck. Moreover he kissed all his 15 brethren, and wept upon them: and after that his brethren talked with him. And the fame thereof was heard in Pharaoh's house, 16 saying, Joseph's brethren are come: and it pleased Pharaoh well, and his servants. And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, say unto thy 17 brethren, This do ye; lade your beasts, and go, get you unto the

of time, the Spirit of Christ which was in fell on his neck and kissed him. Lu. xv. 20. them, did signify, when it testified beforehand And “they all” (“the elders of Ephesus”) the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that wept sore, and fell on Paul's neck, and kissed should follow. Unto whom it was revealed, him. Ac. xx. 37. that not unto themselves, but unto us, they did Talked with him.] Thou holdest mine eyes minister the things which are now reported waking ; I am so troubled that I cannot speak. unto you by them that have preached the Ps. Ixxvii. 4. gospel unto you, with the Holy Ghost sent 16 It pleased Pharaoh well.] Abram said down from heaven. 1 Pe. i. 10–12. And unto Sarai, Behold thy maid (Hagar) is in the city (the new Jerusalem) had no need of thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee. Ge. the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it; xvi. 6. And Abimelech said (to Abraham), for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Behold, my land is before thee ; dwell where kings of the earth do bring their glory and it pleaseth thee. Ge. xx. 15. And “their” honour into it. Re. xxi. 23.

(" the sons of Jacob") words pleased Hamor, Bring down my father, &c.] Then sent and Shechem Hamor's son (requiring them to Joseph, and called his father Jacob to him, and be circumcised). Ge. xxxiv. 18. And now all his kindred, threescore and fifteen souls. therefore let Pharaoh (said Joseph) look out Ac. vii, 14.

a man discreet and wise, to set him over the 14 Fell upon his brother Benjamin's neck.] land of Egypt. Ge. xli. 33. In this ye did And Jacob kissed Rachel, and lifted up his not believe the Lord your God (said Moses to voice and wept. Ge. xxix. 11, and com. And the children of Israel), who went in the way he (Joseph, upon meeting his father,) fell on before you, to search you out a place to pitch his neck, and wept on his neck a good while. your tents in; in fire by night, to shew you Ge. xlvi. 29. God gave them (the Gentiles) by what way ye should go, and in a cloud by over to a reprobate mind, being without un- day. De. i. 33. And all the people took derstanding, covenant-breakers, without natu notice of it (of David's fasting for Abner's ral affection, implacable, unmerciful. Ro. i. 31. death by Joub), and it pleased them. 2 Sa.

15 Kissed all his brethren.] See verse 2, iii. 36. And the thing (the keeping a solemn and com. and xxix. 11-13, and com. The passover) pleased "the king" ("Hezekiah"), Lord grant you (said Naomi to Orpah and and all the congregation. 2 Chr. xxx. 4. Ruth) that ye may find rest each of you in the And the saying (respecting the decree against house of her husband. Then she kissed them, Vashti the queen) pleased the king (Ahasuand they lifted up their voice and wept. And erus), and the princes. Es. i. 21. Let the they lifted up their voice and wept again, and maiden (said the king's servants) which pleasOrpah kissed her mother-in-law; but Ruth eth the king be queen instead of Vashti. Es. clave unto her. Ru. i. 9. 14. Then Samuel ii. 4. Then said Zeresh his (Haman's) wife, took a vial of oil, and poured it upon his and all his friends to him, Let a gallows be (Saul's) head, and kissed him. 1 Sa. x. 1. made of fifty cubits high, and tomorrow speak And as soon as the lad was gone (through thou to the king, that Mordecai may be hanged whom David was apprised of his danger from thereon: then go thou in merrily with the Saul, by the artifice of Jonathan,) David arose king to the banquet. And the thing pleased out of a place towards the south, and fell on Haman, and he caused the gallows to be his face to the ground, and bowed himself made. Es. v. 14. And the saying (of the three times, and they kissed one another, and twelve, recommending the appointment of deawept one with another, until David exceeded. cons) pleased the multitude (of the disciples) ; 1 Sa. xx. 4). Joab came to the king, and told and they chose Stephen, a man full of faith, him (how Absalom sought his father's presence). and of the Holy Ghost, and Philip, and ProAnd when he had called for Absalom, he came chorus, and Nicanor, and Timon, and Parto the king, and bowed himself on his face to menas, and Nicolas, a proselyte of Antioch. the ground. And the king kissed Absalom. Ac. vi. 5. 2 Sa. xiv. 33. And he (the prodigal in the 17 Lade your beasts.] Then Joseph comparable) arose, and came to his father. But manded to fill their sacks with corn, and to when he was yet a great way off his father restore every man's money into his sack, and saw him, and had compassion, and ran and to give them provision for the way; and thus

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