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find grace in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh's 26 servants. And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt
unto this day, that Pharaoh should have the fifth part ; except 27 the land of the priests only, which became not Pharaoh's. And
Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen;
and they had possessions therein, and grew, and multiplied ex28 ceedingly. And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen
years: so the whole age of Jacob was an hundred forty and seven 29 years. And the time drew nigh that Israel must die: and he
you, to preserve you a posterity in the earth, Ne. ix. 23. And he increased his people and to save your lives by a great deliverance : greatly, and made them stronger than their so now, it was not you that sent me hither, enemies. Ps. cv. 24. He blesseth them also, but God. Ge. xlv. 6, 7, 8. But as for you so that they are multiplied greatly, and suf(said Joseph to his brethren), ye thought evil fereth not their cattle to decrease. Ps. cvii. against me; but God meant it unto good, to 38. I will hiss for them, and gather them, bring to pass, as it is this day, to save much for I have redeemed them; and they shall inpeople alive. Ge. 1. 20. He that withholdeth crease as they have increased. Zee. 1. & corn, the people shall curse him ; but blessing When the time of the promise drew nigh, shall be upon the head of him that selleth it. which God had sworn to Abraham, the people He that diligently seeketh good procureth grew and multiplied in Egypt. Ac. vii
. 17. favour, but he that seeketh mischief it shall 28 Seventeen years.] See Ge. xxxvii. 2 come unto him. Pr. xi. 26, 27.
The whole age of Jacob.] See verses & 9. Let us find grace, &c.] And (Abraham) and com. The days of our years are threesaid (unto the three men who stood by him), My score years and ten ; and if, by reason of lord, if now I have found favour in thy sight, strength, they be fourscore years, yet is their pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant. strength labour and sorrow. So teach us to Ge. xviii. 3. And Esau said (unto Jacob), Let number our days, that we may apply se me now leave with thee some of the folk" that hearts unto wisdom. Ps. xc. 10. 12. How are with me. And he said, What needeth it? many are the days of thy servant ? Ps. cxix. let me find grace in the sight of my lord. Ge. 84. xxxiii. 15. Then she (Ruth) said (to Boaz), 29 Must die.] See verse 9. and com. In Let me find favour in thy sight, my lord; for the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, til that thou hast comforted me, and for that thou thou return unto the ground; for out of it was hast spoken friendly unto thine handmaid, thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dast though I be not like unto one of thine hand- shalt thou return. Ge. iii. 19. And Joseph maidens. Ru. ii. 13.
said unto his brethren, I die; and God will 26 Except the land of the priests.] See verse surely visit you, and bring you out of this land 22. I will bring the worst of the heathen unto the land which he sware to Abraham, to (upon Israel), and they shall possess their Isaac, and to Jacob. Ge. I. 24. And the Lord houses ; I will also make the pomp of the said unto Moses, Behold, thy days approach strong to cease, and their holy places shall be that thou must die: call Joshua, and present defiled. Ez. vii. 24.
yourselves in the tabernacle of the congregt 27 Dwelt in the land of Egypt.] See verse tion, that I may give him a charge. De jui. 11.
14. And when thy days be fulfilled (sid the Grew, &c.] I will make thy seed as the Lord to David by the mouth of Nathan), and dust of the earth : so that if a man can number thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of be numbered. Ge. xiii. 16. and com. Thy thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. fathers went down into Egypt with threescore 2 Sa. vii. 12. We must needs die, and are as and ten persons ; and now the Lord thy God water spilt on the ground, which cannot be hath made thee as the stars of heaven for mul- gathered up again : neither doth God respect titude. De. x. 22. A Syrian ready to perish any person ; yet doth he devise means that was my father (shall the person say who offers his banished be not expelled from him. 9.8 the basket of first-fruits), and he went down xiv. 14. Now the days of David drew nigh into Egypt, and sojourned there with a few, that he should die ; and he charged Solomon and became there a nation, great, mighty, and his son, saying, I go the way of all the earth
: populous. De. xxvi. 5. Their children also be thou strong therefore, and shew thyself multipliedst thou (said the Levites) as the stars man. 1 Ki. ii. 1, 2. Is there not an appointed of heaven; and broughtest them into the land, time to man upon earth ? are not his days use concerning which thou hadst promised to their like the days of an hireling? Job vii. 1. I fathers, that they should
go in to possess it. a man die, shall he live again ? all the days el
called his son Joseph, and said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly with me; bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt: But I will lie with my fathers, and thou shalt carry me out of 30 Egypt, and bury me in their burying place. And he said, I will do as thou hast said. And he said, Swear unto me. And he 31 sware unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head.
And it came to pass after these things, that one told Joseph, 1 Behold, thy father is sick: and he took with him his two sons,
my appointed time will I wait, till my change Barzillai to David), I pray thee, turn back come. Job xiv. 14. I know that thou wilt again, that I may die in mine own city" bring me to death, and to the house appointed ("Rogelim" in Gilead), and be buried by the for all living. Job xxx. 23. Have mercy upon grave of my father, and of my mother. 2 Sa. me, O Lord ; for I am weak: O Lord, heal xix. 37. Thy carcase (said the old prophet to me; for my bones are vexed : my soul is also the disobedient prophet whom he had seduced) sore vexed; but thou, O Lord, how long? shall not come unto the sepulchre of thy faPs. vi. 2, 3. None of them can by any means thers. 1 Ki. xiii. 22. Then I (Nehemiah) redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom was very sore afraid (when the king Artarerxes for him: that he should still live for ever, and said unto me, Why is thy countenance sad ?), not see corruption. Ps. xlix. 7.9. What man and said unto the king, Why should not my is he that liveth, and shall not see death? countenance be sad, when the city, the place shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the of my fathers' sepulchres, lieth waste? Then grave? Ps. Ixxxix. 48. It is appointed unto the king said unto me, for what dost thou men once to die, but after this the judgment. make request ? And I said, If it please the He. ix. 27.
king, and if thy servant have found favour in Put, I pray thee, thy hand, &c.] See Ge. thy sight, that thou wouldest send me unto xxiv. 3. and com.
Judah, unto the city of my fathers' sepulchres, Bury me not, &c.] And Joseph took an that I may build it. Ne. ii. 3, 4, 5. oath of the children of Israel, saying, God 31 Swear unto me.] See chap. xxiv. 3. and will surely visit you, and ye shall carry up my com. bones from hence. Ge. 1. 25. Jacob went And Israel bowed himself, &c.] And the down into Egypt and died, he and our fathers, “man” (“ Abraham's servant,” being invited and were carried over into Sychem, and laid by Rebekah to lodge with her father Bethuel) in the sepulchre that Abraham bought for a bowed down his head, and worshipped the sum of money of the sons of Emmor, the Lord. Ge. xxiv. 26. And one told Jacob, and father of Sychem. Ac. vii. 15, 16. By faith said, Behold, thy son Joseph cometh unto Joseph, when he died, made mention of the thee : and Israel strengthened himself, and sat departing of the children of Israel : and gave upon the bed. Ge. xlviii. 2. The king's commandment concerning his bones. He. xi. (Solomon's) servants came to bless our lord 22.
king David, saying, God make the name of 30 Lie with my fathers.] Abraham buried Solomon better than thy name, and make his Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of throne greater than thy throne. And the king Machpelah, before Mamre: the same is He- bowed himself upon the bed. 1 Ki. i. 47. bron in the land of Canaan. Ge. xxiii. 19. By faith, Jacob, when he was a dying, blessed and com. The purchase of the field, and of both the sons of Joseph; and worshipped, the cave that is therein (in the field of Mach- leaning upon the top of his staff. He. xi. 21. pelah), was from the children of Heth. Ge. xlix. 32. My father (said Joseph to Pharaoh) CHAP. XLVIII.-- Thy father is sick.] made me swear, saying, Lo, I die: in my Lord, behold (said the sisters of Lazarus), he grave which I have digged for me in the land whom thou lovest is sick. John xi. 3. of Canaan, there shalt thou bury me. Now His two sons.] And unto Joseph were born therefore, let me go up, I pray thee, and bury two sons, before the years of famine came : my father, and I will come again. And Joseph which Asenath, the daughter of Poti-pherah returned into Egypt, he and his brethren, and priest of On, bare unto him; and Joseph all that went up with him to bury his father, called the name of the firstborn“ Manasseh" after he had buried his father. "Ge. I. 5. 14. (i. e. "forgetting"); and the name of the See com. on verse 29. Let thy servant (said second called he “Ephraim" (i. e. "fruit,
2 Manasseh and Ephraim. And one told Jacob, and said, Behold,
thy son Joseph cometh unto thee: and Israel strengthened himself, 3 and sat upon the bed. And Jacob said unto Joseph, God Almighty
appeared unto me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and blessed me, 4 And said unto me, Behold, I will make thee fruitful, and multiply
thee, and I will make of thee a multitude of people ; and will give 5 this land to thy seed after thee for an everlasting possession. And
ful"). Ge. xli. 50, 51, 52. Unto Joseph in will not leave thee, until I have done that the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and which I have spoken to thee of. And Jacob Ephraim, which Asenath, the daughter of awaked out of his sleep, and he said, Surely Poti-pherah priest of On, bare unto him. Ge. the Lord is in this place, and I knew it not: xlvi. 20. And Joseph saw Ephraim's chil- and he was afraid, and said, How dreadful is dren of the third generation. Ge. I. 23. After this place ! this is none other but the house of this (that his blessings were doubled at the God, and this is the gate of heaven. And hand of God) lived Job an hundred and forty Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took years, and saw his sons, and his sons' sons, the stone that he had put for his pillows, and even four generations. Job xlii. 16. Yea, set it up for a pillar, and poured oil upon the thou (who fearest God) shalt see thy children's top of it; and he called the name of that place children. Ps. cxxviii. 6.
Beth-el: but the name of that city was called 2 Strengthened himself.] Charge Joshua Luz at the first. Ge. xxviii. 12-19. Jacob (said God to Moses), and encourage him, and came to “Luz," which is in the land of Castrengthen him: for he shall go over (Jordan) naan (that is “ Beth-el"), he and all the peobefore this people (Israel), and he shall cause ple that were with him. Ge. xxxv. 6. And them to inherit the land which thou shalt see. he built there an altar, and called the place De. iii. 28. Jonathan Saul's son arose, and El-Beth-el: because there God appeared unto went to David into the wood (to Ziph), and him, when he fled from the face of his brother. strengthened his hand in God. 1 Sa. xxiii. Ge. xxxv. 7. And God appeared unto Jacob 16. Then (as the rulers of the Jews knew not again when he came out of Padan-aram, and whither I went or what I did) I told them of blessed him: and God said unto him, I am the hand of my God which was good upon God Almighty; be fruitful, and multiply, &c. me; as also the king's (Artaxerxes') words The land which I gave Abraham and Issac, that he had spoken unto me: and they said, to thee I will give it; and to thy seed after Let us rise up and build : so they strengthened thee will I give the land. Ge. xxxv. 9. U. 12. their hands for this good work. Ne. ii. 18. He (Jacob) had power over the angel, and preThe Lord will strengthen him (the charitable vailed; he wept and made supplication into man) upon the bed of languishing; thou wilt him; he found him in Beth-el, and there he make all his bed in his sickness. Ps. xli. 3. spake with us. Ho. xii. 4. My son, if thine heart be wise, my heart shall Luz.] And the house of Joseph sent to rejoice, even mine. Pr. xxiii. 15. Finally, descry Beth-el (now the name of the city bemy brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in fore was Luz). Ju. i. 23. the power of his might. Ep. vi. 10.
4 I will make thee fruitful.] I will make of 3 God Almighty appeared, &c.] See Ge. thee a great nation, and I will bless thee (stid xvii. 1. and com. And I saw no temple therein God to Abram), and make thy name great ; (in the heavenly Jerusalem): for the Lord God and thou shalt be a blessing. Ge. xii. 2 and Almighty, and the Lamb, are the temple of it. And thou saidst (said Jacob to God, I Re. xxi. 22.
will surely do thee good; and make thy seed Appeared unto me.] And he (Jacob) dreamed as the sand of the sea, which cannot be num(a dream); and behold, a ladder set upon the bered for multitude. Ge. xxxii. 12 Aod earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the and behold, the angels of God ascending and country of Goshen, and they had possessions descending on it: and behold, the Lord stood therein, and grew and multiplied exceedingly. above it, and said, I am the Lord God of Ge. xlvii. 27. And the children of Israel Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty, and give it, and to thy seed : and thy seed shall be the land was filled with them. And then as the dust of the earth ; and thou shalt spread built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the Raamses. Ex. j. 7. 11. north, and to the south : and in thee, and in Will give this land. ] When the Mast thy seed, shall all the families of the earth be High divided to the nations their inheritarer, blessed : and behold, I am with thee, and will when he separated the sons of Adam, he ** keep thee in all places whither thou goest, the bounds of the people according to the and will bring thee again into this land : for I number of the children of Israel. D. Ir
now thy two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, which were born unto thee in the land of Egypt before I came unto thee into Egypt, are mine; as Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine. And thy 6 issue, which thou begettest after them, shall be thine, and shall be called after the name of their brethren in their inheritance. And 7 as for me, when I came from Padan, Rachel died by me in the
8. And I will bring again the captivity of my ites, &c. &c. These are the families of the people of Israel, and they shall build the sons of Ephraim, according to those that were waste cities, and inhabit them; and they shall numbered of them, thirty and two thousand plant vineyards, and drink the wine thereof. and five hundred. Nu. xxvi. 28–37. See They shall also make gardens and eat the Jos, xiv. 4. preced. com. and Jos. xvi. and xvii. fruit of them; and I will plant them upon Now thus saith the Lord that created thee, O their land; and they shall no more be pulled Jacob, and he that formed thee, O Israel, Fear up out of their land which I have given them, not, for I have redeemed thee, I have called saith the Lord thy God. Am. ix. 14, 15. thee by thy name; thou art mine. Is. xliii. 1.
Everlasting possession.]. I will give unto Now when I passed by thee (said God to Jethee (said God to Abram), and to thy seed rusalem under the similitude of an helpless after thee, the land wherein thou art a infant) and looked upon thee, behold, thy stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an ever- time was the time of love, and I spread my lasting possession; and I will be their God. skirt over thee, and covered thy nakedness ; He that is born in thine house, and he that is yea, I sware unto thee, and entered into a cobought with thy money, must needs be cir- venant with thee, saith the Lord God, and cumcised: and my covenant shall be in your thou becamest mine. Ez. xvi. 8. And they flesh for an everlasting covenant. Ge. xvii. 8. (that fear the Lord) shall be mine, saith the 13.
Lord of hosts, in that day when I make up 5 Two sons.] See verse 1, and com. Divide my jewels, and I will spare them as a man this land (said the Lord to Joshua) for an in- spareth his own son that serveth him. Mal. heritance unto the nine tribes, and the half iii. 17. I will be a father unto you (who tribe of Manasseh. Jos. xiii. 7. For the chil- touch not the unclean thing), and ye shall be dren of Joseph were two tribes, Manasseh and my sons and daughters, saith the Lord AlEphraim; therefore they gave no part unto mighty. 2 Co. vi. 18. Blessed be the God the Levites in the land (on the other side and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, having Jordan, which was allotted as the inheritance of predestinated us unto the adoption of chiltwo tribes and a half), save cities to dwell in, dren by Jesus Christ to himself, according to with their suburbs for their cattle, and for the good pleasure of his will. Eph. i. 5. their substance. Jos. xiv. 4. See Jos. xvi. Reuben and Simeon.] Now the sons of and xvii. throughout.
Reuben, the firstborn of Israel ; (for he was Are mine.] And ye shall be holy unto me the firstborn ; but, forasmuch as he defiled his (said the Lord), for I the Lord am holy, and father's bed, his birthright was given unto have severed you from other people, that ye the sons of Joseph the son of Israel; and the should be mine. Le. xx. 26. These are the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the names of the men that shall stand with you birthright ; for Judah prevailed above his (said God to Moses); of the children of Joseph; brethren, and of him came the chief ruler, but of Ephraim; Elishama, the son of Ammihud; the birthright was Joseph's). The sons I say of Manasseh, Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur; of Reuben were Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, of the children of Joseph, namely, of the chil- and Carmi. 1 Ch. v. 1-3. Of the tribe of dren of Ephraim, that were numbered of them, Manasses were sealed twelve thousand ; of were forty thousand and five hundred; of the the tribe of Simeon were sealed twelve thou. children of Manasseh that were numbered of sand; of the tribe of Levi were sealed twelve them, were thirty and two thousand and two thousand ; of the tribe of Issachar were sealed hundred. Nu. i. 5. 10. 32–35. The sons of twelve thousand; of the tribe of Zabulon were Joseph after their families were Manasseh and sealed twelve thousand ; of the tribe of Joseph Ephraim; of the sons of Manasseh ; of Machir were sealed twelve thousand; of the tribe of the family of the Machirites; of Gilead (the Benjamin were sealed twelve thousand. Re. son of Machir) come the family of the Gilead- vii. 6—8. ites, &c. &c. These are the families of Ma- 6 And shall be called, &c.] The children nasseh, and those that were numbered of of Joseph were two tribes, Manasseh and them, fifty and two thousand and seven hun- Ephraim; therefore they gave no part unto dred. These are the sons of Ephraim after the Levites in the land, save cities to dwell their families ; of Shuthelah the family of the in, with their suburbs for their cattle and for Shuthalhites; of Becher the family of the their substance. Jos. xiv. 4. Bachrites; of Tahan the family of the Tahan- 7 Padan.] Isaac was forty years old when
land of Canaan in the way, when yet there was but a little way to
come unto Ephrath: and I buried her there in the way of 8 Ephrath ; the same is Beth-lehem. And Israel beheld Joseph's 9 sons, and said, Who are these? And Joseph said unto his father,
They are my sons, whom God hath given me in this place. And he said, Bring them, I pray thee, unto me, and I will bless them.
he took Rebekah to wife, the daughter of It came to pass, when the time was come Bethuel the Syrian of Padan-aram, the sister about, after Hannah had conceived, that she to Laban the Syrian. Ge. xxv. 20.
bare a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, Rachel died by me, &c.] See chap. XXXV. Because I have asked him of the Lord. 1 S. 9. 16–19. When thou art departed from me i. 20. And Eli blessed Elkanah and his to-day (said Samuel to Saul), then thou shalt wife, and said, The Lord give thee seed of this find two men by Rachel's sepulchre in the woman, for the loan which is lent to the Lord. border of Benjamin at Zelzah; and they will And they went unto their own house. And say unto thee, The asses which thou wentest the Lord visited Hannah, so that she conto seek are found ; and, lo, thy father hath ceived, and bare three sons and two daughters. left the care of the asses, and sorroweth for 1 Sa. ii. 20, 21. All these were the sons of you, saying, What shall I do for my son ? Heman, the king's (David's) seer in the words 1 Sa. X. 2. In Rama was there a voice heard, of God, to lift up the horn. And God gave to lamentation, and weeping, and great mourn- Heman fourteen sons and three daughters, ing, Rachel weeping for her children, and 1 Ch. xxv. 5. The sons of Obed-edom vert would not be comforted because they are not. Shemaiah the firstborn, Jehozabad the seMat. ii. 18.
cond, Joah the third, and Sacar the fourth, Ephrath.] And the name of the man (who and Nethaneel the fifth, Ammiel the sixth, went to sojourn in the country of Moab with Issachar the seventh, Peulthai the eighth: for his wife and his two sons) was Elimelech, and God blessed him (Obed-edom). 1 Ch. xxvi
. the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of 4,5. Lo, children are an heritage of the his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites Lord, and the fruit of the womb is his reward, of Bethlehem. Ru. i. 2. See 1 Sa. i. 1. Ps. cxxvii. 3. Behold, I and the children David was the son of that Ephrathite of Beth- whom the Lord hath given me, are for signs lehem-judah whose name was Jesse, and he and for wonders in Israel, from the Lord of had eight sons, and the man went among men hosts which dwelleth in mount Zion. 18. viii. for an old man in the days of Saul. 1 Sa. 18. Neither let the son of the stranger that xvii. 12. But thou Bethlehem Ephratah, hath joined himself to the Lord speak, saying, though thou be little among the thousands of The Lord hath utterly separated me from his Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth people ; neither let the eunuch say, Behold, I unto me that is to be ruler in Israel, whose am a dry tree. For thus saith the Lord unto goings forth have been from of old, from ever- the eunuchs that keep my sabbaths, and choose lasting. Mi. v. 2.
the things that please me, and take hold of my My sons.] And Jacob's anger was kindled covenant ; even unto them will I give in mine against Rachel; and he said, Am I in God's house, and within my walls
, a place and a name stead, who hath withheld from thee the fruit better than of sons and daughters; I will give of the womb ? Ge. xxx. 2. And he (Esau) them an everlasting name that shall not be out lifted up his eyes, and saw the women and the off. Is lvi. 3–5. children, and said (unto Jacob), Who are those Bless them.] Make me savoury meat (sazid with thee? And he said, The children which Isaac to Esau), such as I love, and bring it to God hath graciously given thy servant. Ge. me that I may eat, that my soul may bless xxxiii. 5. And the Lord make the woman thee before I die. God give thee (said Isose that is come into thine house (said the people to Jacob) of the dew of heaven, and the fatness to Boaz, speaking of Ruth) like Rachel and of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine; let like Leah, which two did build the house of people serve thee, and nations bow down to Israel ; and do thou worthily in Ephratah, and thee: be Lord over thy brethren, and let thy be famous ; let thy house be like the house of mother's sons bow down to thee; cursed to Pharez (whom Tamar bare unto Judah) of the every one that curseth thee, and blessed by he seed which the Lord shall give thee of this young that blesseth thee (said Isaac to Jacob unda woman. So Boaz took Ruth, and she was his the person of Esau). And when Esau heard wife ; and when he went in unto her the the words of his father (that he had blessed Lord gave her conception, and she bare a son. Jacob), he cried with a great and exceeding And the women said unto Naomi (her mother bitter cry, and said unto his father, Bless me, in law), Blessed be the Lord which hath not even me also, O my father. And he said, Thy left thee this day without a kinsman, that his brother came with subtilty and bath taken name may be famous in Israel. Ru. iv. 11–14. away thy blessing. And he said, Is be not