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STANDARD VI.

ADAPTED TO THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE NEW CODE, 1871.

EDITED BY

A FORMER H.M. INSPECTOR OF SCHOOLS.

LONDON:
CHARLES GRIFFIN AND COMPANY,

STATIONERS' HALL COURT.

1872.

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This book is intended as a higher Reading-book, either for the First Class in the School or for Pupil-teachers.

Selections are given from the best authors in prose and poetry, from Bacon and Chaucer to the present time, arranged in chronological order.

In order to make the book complete, both for children in Standard VI. and for Pupil-teachers, suggestions and helps have been given for Composition, Analysis of Sentences, Letter-Writing, Essay-Writing, Paraphrase, and Punctuation. Lessons are also inserted in a few simple Scientific subjects.

The Section devoted to Arithmetic will be found to contain a complete guide to Proportion, Vulgar Fractions, and Decimals, both as regards Rules and Examples.

REQUIREMENTS OF THE NEW CODE, 1871.

READING.To read with fluency and expression.

WRITING.-A short theme or letter, or an easy paraphrase.

ARITHMETIC.—Proportion, Vulgar Fractions, and Decimals.

PAGK

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SELECTIONS FROM PROSE WRITERS.

FRANCÌS BACON, Of Studies...

JOHN MILTON, A Speech

6

EDWARD HYDE, Earl of Clarendon, Adventures of Charles II...

8

John EVELYN, The Fire of London

11

SAMUEL PEPYS, The Great Plague...

15

JOHN LOCKE, Practice and Habits...

20

JONATHAN SWIFT, The Spider and the Bee

22

RICHARD STEELE, Alexander Selkirk

24

JOSEPH ADDISON, The Mountain of Miseries

27

Buffon, The First Man

32

LORD CHATHAM, Speech

35

SAMUEL JOHNSON, Necessity and Luxury ...

38

DAVID HUME, Character of Queen Elizabeth

39

LAWRENCE STERNE, The Starling

41

WILLIAM ROBERTSON, Character of Mary, Queen of Scots

43

GOLDSMITH, A Philosophic Vagabond

45

GIBBON, Conquest of Jerusalem

52

RICHARD B. SHERIDAN, Invective against Warren Hastings

54

EDMUND BURKE, Panegyric on the Eloquence of Sheridan

57

COBBETT, Rural Rides

57

SIR WALTER SCOTT, The Siege, 59; A Highland Mansion

62

CHARLES LAMB, Moral Courage

68

JANE AUSTEN, The Voluble Lady

70

LORD BROUGHAM, Negro Slavery

71

WASHINGTON IRVING, Westminster Abbey, 73; Rural Life in England 75

THOMAS DE QUINCEY, The Mail-coach and the Rail

79

JOHN WILSON, The Snowstorm

80

JAMES F. COOPER, The Ariel among the Shoals

82

SIR F. B. HEAD, The Canadian Indians

91

WILLIAM WHEWELL, The Microscope and Telescope

99

LORD MACAULAY, Trial of the Seven Bishops, 100; On Bunyan, 105; Origin

of the English Nation

108

HALLAM, Domestic Comfort in the Fifteenth Century

109

HARRIET MARTINEAU, The Coast of Norway, 111; Willie, the Poor Lost Lad 113

Hugu MILLER, Old Red Sandstone

117

LORD LYTTON, Vance and Lionel at the Fair, 123; Uncle Jack

125

WILLIAM M. THACKERAY, The Last Days of Colonel Newcombe

127

CHARLES DICKENS, Death of Paul Dombey, 130; A Coach-drive, 135; Death

of Eittle Nell

139

DEAN STANLEY, The Passover, 143; The Last View from Pisgah

144

Rev. C. KINGSLEY, The Fir Plantation, 145; The Fox-hunt, 147; Scotch Firs 150

JOHN RUSKIN, Grass, 161; Office of the Mountains, 153; Lichen and Mosses,

155; Mysteries of the Clouds

156

SELECTIONS FROM THE POETS.

EDMUND SPENSER, The Seasons

168

CARÍSTOPHER MARLOWE, The Shepherd to his Love

159

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215

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220

LORD BYRON, The Night before Waterloo, 221; The Coliseum by Night,

223; Apostrohpe to the Ocean, 224; The Letter H ...

226

MRS. SIGOURNEY, Flowers

227

SHELLEY, To the Skylark

228

THOMAS HOOD, Past and Present

231

MRS. HEMANS, The Voice of Spring

232

BBYAN WALTER PROCTOR, The Sea

233

LORD MACAULAY, Defence of the Bridge

234

ALFRED TENNYSON, The Brook

238

N.B.-In two or three cases above, where the lives overlap, the order is given
according to the date of death instead of that of birth.

COMPOSITION. Analysis of Sentences
PABAPHRASE
LETTER-WRITING
ESSAY-WRITING
PUNCTUATION ...
SCIENTIFIC SECTION :—Matter, 264; Forces and Motion, 268; The Me-

chanical Powers, 270; Heat

ARITHMETIC

241

247

251

254

263

277

285

THE SCHOOL BOARD

READERS.

STANDARD VI.

SELECTIONS FROM PROSE WRITERS,

CHRONOLOGICALLY ARRANGED.

FRANCIS BACON:

1561-1626.

Of Studies.-From his "Essays." STUDIES serve for delight, for ornament, and for ability. Their chief use for delight is in privateness and retiring; for ornament, is in discourse ; and for ability, is in the judgment and disposition of business; for expert men can execute, and perhaps judge of particulars, one by one; but the general councils, and the plots and marshalling of affairs, come best from those that are learned. To spend too much time in studies is sloth; to use them too much for ornament is affectation ; to make judgment wholly by their rules is the humour of a scholar; they perfect nature and are perfected by experience—for natural abilities are like natural plants, that need pruning by study; and studies themselves do give forth directions too much at large, except they be bounded in by experience. Crafty men contemn studies, simple mer admire them, and wise men use them; for they teach not their own use ; but that is a wisdom without them, and above them, won by observation. Read not to contradict and confute, nor to believe and take for granted, nor to find talk and discourse, but to weigh and consider. Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested : that is, some books are to be read only in parts; others to be read, but not curiously; and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence and attention. Some books also may be read by deputy, and extracts made of them by others; but that would be only in the less important arguments, and the meaner sort of books ; else distilled books are, like common distilled waters, flashy things.

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