Freedom of Association: Rights and Liberties Under the Law
ABC-CLIO, 2004 - 265 σελίδες
Freedom of Association: Rights and Liberties under the Law chronicles the evolution of a right derived from but not granted in the First Amendment--freedom of association. An opening analysis of the Supreme Court's ruling against a gay adult member of the Boy Scouts of America illustrates the range and complexity of this issue.
Historical discussions of colonial America, including the British Parliament's efforts to suppress political associations, set the stage for a careful scrutiny of the political and legislative activities of the 1950s and 1960s when the Supreme Court established freedom of association as a constitutionally protected right. A concluding chapter delves into the contemporary issues of antidiscriminatory and campaign finance laws and explores the ever-present tension between liberty--freedom from the state--and equality--protection by the state.
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Although the famous spy trials of Hiss and the Rosenbergs during the 1940s and
1950s involved people who were identified as Communists , the top leadership of
the party was never implicated in such activities . The recently revealed ...
The organizations involved in those cases differed markedly from the Boy Scouts
. They were quasi - commercial organizations ; they did not have a moral code
logically related to membership criteria ; and they did not have goals exclusively
Scales involved the construction of the Smith Act and a holding that the
membership clause did not reach members who knew of the illegal aims of the
Party but lacked an active membership and an intent to further the illegal ends .
Noto also ...
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