Freedom of Association: Rights and Liberties Under the Law
ABC-CLIO, 2004 - 265 σελίδες
Freedom of Association: Rights and Liberties under the Law chronicles the evolution of a right derived from but not granted in the First Amendment--freedom of association. An opening analysis of the Supreme Court's ruling against a gay adult member of the Boy Scouts of America illustrates the range and complexity of this issue.
Historical discussions of colonial America, including the British Parliament's efforts to suppress political associations, set the stage for a careful scrutiny of the political and legislative activities of the 1950s and 1960s when the Supreme Court established freedom of association as a constitutionally protected right. A concluding chapter delves into the contemporary issues of antidiscriminatory and campaign finance laws and explores the ever-present tension between liberty--freedom from the state--and equality--protection by the state.
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members . The statement read , “ As in all acts of association , the professor
accepts conventions which become ... hold a teaching position and lays upon the
university an obligation to reexamine his qualifications for membership in its
adopted resolutions barring Communists from membership in the organization .
Moreover , the petitioner testified that all prospective officers of the local
organization are thoroughly investigated for Communist or subversive
connections and ...
Under existing constitutional law , then , Arizona is free to require its teachers to
refrain from knowing membership in the designated organizations and to bar
from employment all knowing members as well as those who refuse to establish
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