Freedom of Association: Rights and Liberties Under the Law
ABC-CLIO, 2004 - 265 σελίδες
Freedom of Association: Rights and Liberties under the Law chronicles the evolution of a right derived from but not granted in the First Amendment--freedom of association. An opening analysis of the Supreme Court's ruling against a gay adult member of the Boy Scouts of America illustrates the range and complexity of this issue.
Historical discussions of colonial America, including the British Parliament's efforts to suppress political associations, set the stage for a careful scrutiny of the political and legislative activities of the 1950s and 1960s when the Supreme Court established freedom of association as a constitutionally protected right. A concluding chapter delves into the contemporary issues of antidiscriminatory and campaign finance laws and explores the ever-present tension between liberty--freedom from the state--and equality--protection by the state.
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As the 1960s wore on , fear of domestic communism subsided and the Court ,
reflecting a different attitude in a completely different political climate , took a
more critical view of loyalty oaths and a more sympathetic view of the rights of ...
The Klan contended that under the equal protection clause the statute
discriminated against them , since it excepted from its requirements several
associations having oath - bound membership , such as labor unions , the
Masonic fraternity ...
ELFBRANDT V. RUSSELL ( 1966 ) Arizona had passed a law requiring state
employees to take an oath to support the federal and state constitutions and state
laws . The legislature later passed a law providing that an employee is subject to
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