Freedom of Association: Rights and Liberties Under the Law
ABC-CLIO, 2004 - 265 σελίδες
Freedom of Association: Rights and Liberties under the Law chronicles the evolution of a right derived from but not granted in the First Amendment--freedom of association. An opening analysis of the Supreme Court's ruling against a gay adult member of the Boy Scouts of America illustrates the range and complexity of this issue.
Historical discussions of colonial America, including the British Parliament's efforts to suppress political associations, set the stage for a careful scrutiny of the political and legislative activities of the 1950s and 1960s when the Supreme Court established freedom of association as a constitutionally protected right. A concluding chapter delves into the contemporary issues of antidiscriminatory and campaign finance laws and explores the ever-present tension between liberty--freedom from the state--and equality--protection by the state.
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The Court declared the antiendorsement provision a clear violation of core
political speech . Writing for the Court , Justice Marshall declared , “ Because the
ban on party endorsements by political parties burdens political speech while
Any financial institution that knowingly fails to comply with subsection ( a ) ( 2 )
shall be subject to a civil penalty in an amount that is the greater of( A ) $ 50,000
per violation ; or ( B ) twice the amount of which the financial institution was ...
Rights and Liberties Under the Law Robert J. Bresler. protecting , 57 , 74 , 75 , 79
, 81–82 , 85 , 98 social / political standards and , 6 , 110 violation of , 2–3 , 48 , 62
, 80 , 219 weakening of , 67–68 Freedom of speech , xii , xv , xvi , xviii , 22 , 29 ...
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