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T would be a bad return to the continued favours we experience from the Public, if our zeal and industry was not proportioned to the importance of the subjećts on which we treated, and to their interest in them. The transačtions of soreign nations, however general or extenfive their consequences, however connected by interest or alliance we might be in them, or however brilliant the matter which they afforded for history, are not only of a secondary but very remote considcration, when placed in any degree of comparison with the subjećts of which we now treat. Our public affairs are unfortunately at present the history of all that part of the world which affords materials for any. Britains, however deeply, are not alone interested in the consequences. They may extend, not only to the o - ūt

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but widely into the more uncultivated parts of the Globe. It therefore behoved us, not to pass through negligence, omit through hurry, or render obscure by an ill-timed brevity, any matter which tended to the elucidation of a subjećt, in which our Readers are so immediately, and deeply concerned. The time of publication was with us, and we will believe with them, by no means the principal objećt of attel. tion. We might have saved much labour and time by publishing early, and, of course, more imperfeótly. Our Publisher has liberally seconded our views in affording the expence consequent of so great an extension of the Historical Article. He thinks he cannot do too much to testify his gratitude to the Public, and desires we would observe, that from the abundance of matter which is now necessarily discussed, it trebles in extent the amount of the History in any year of the late war. For ourselves, if we have the happiness to experience a continuance of that approbation with which we have been so long honoured by the Public, it will be an additional spur to our future industry. T H E

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Retrospective view of American affairs in the year 1775. Motives which led to the invasion of Canada. Forts of Chamble and St. John taken.

Montreal taken.

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surrender. Arnold appears before Quebec. It joined by General Mont

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Montgomery killed. Arnold wounded. Rebels retire from before the

walls.

S the hopes of a reconciA liation with the mother

country, upon the conditions claimed by the Americans, became more faint, so they grew more daring in their designs, and extended their views to the remote consequences, as well as to the immediate conduct of a war. The apParent tendency, and avowed de

Vol. XIX, 1776.

sign of the Quebec ačt, had early drawn their attention and awakened their apprehensions, in relation to the dangers with which they were threatened from that quarter. These apprehensions produced the address to the French inhabitants of Ca

nada, of which we have formerly

taken notice. The success which attended the [A] expe

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sovereign, carry war into his do

minions, and invade a province to .

which they could lay no claim, nor pretend no right, seemed such an outrage, as not only overthrew every plea of justifiable resistance, but would militate with the established opinions, principles, and feelings of mankind in general. On the other hand, the danger was pressing and great. The extraordinary powers placed in the hands of General Carleton, the Governor of Canada, by a late commission, were new, alarming, and evidently pointed out the puroses for which they were granted. É. these he was authorized to einbody and arm the Canadians, to march them out of the country for the subjugation of the other colo

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