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AN OUTSIDER WINS THE DERBY.-A certain elinker now at a tremendous price has just won an extraordinary trial. The trainer considers it good enough to win the Derby in a canter. The advertiser, well known on the turf, has got full particulars from a person connected with the stable. Send stamped address immediately to Mr. Alfred Day, 8, Westmorelandroad, London, S.Ē.

The reply (lithographed) was as follows: "I do not usually send my advice gratis; but lay the odds to one pound against Prince Charlie for the Derby (he has not the remotest chance of winning), and send and join my list. I regret to say my outsider broke down badly yesterday, and will not run; I therefore advise you to put a good stake on the undermentioned at once, knowing it to be a certainty-Sunbeam Colt, win and place. Please put me on five shillings."

GRATIS.-JOHN BURLEY guarantees to send the winners and place-horses in the Derby and Oaks, with several certainties at York and Doncaster, for four stamps and envelope. Reward me from winnings.J. Burley, 16, Canal-street, Albany-road, Camberwell,

London. Established 1865.

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There was an enticing lavishness of promise in this that "fetched" my four stamps readily. The reply, having stated that "the inclosed names of horses are real good things, and ought not to be neglected if you wish to win money, and have a good start for the season,' gives Queen's Messenger to win the Derby, and the Sunbeam Colt for a place. It proceeds: "Any person sending ten shillings to put on the double event of Derby and Oaks, we guarantee (by Burley's system) to return a hundred and twenty-five pounds. Mr. Burley wishes it to be understood that he does not put money on in the common every-day system, as other commission men do (whereby you would ruin the Bank of England), but on an entirely new and honourable system originated by him. No other person knows the secret. Burley's betting club system is on the same principle as practised by the leading racing men of the day." It is to be hoped-I will not say for their own, but for Mr. Burley's sake that but few sent a remittance to be put on the double event named.

One may be shy of professional tipsters, but how was it possible to refrain from an outflow of confidence toward one advertising in a style of such pretension as this?

A GENTLEMAN of position in Turf circles will give to private gentlemen the benefit of a bona fide Turf secret. 10,000l. may be realised. Stamped address to C. H. Rawson, 3, Chatham-place, Old Kent-road, London. Derby winner, 1000l. to 307.

Besides, the revelation of the secret pos


sessed by the "gentleman of position" cost a penny stamp. I sent the stamp, and got the following reply:

Drummond has only to run up to his trial to win the

Derby in the commonest of canters, he having been tried many lengths better than Prince Charlie's public form: this alone should be sufficient for you to back him daily, and belongs to the most straightforward sportsto win a fortune, but in addition the horse is improving man on the Turf, and will be ridden by the most accomplished jockey of the day, G. Fordham; therefore this golden opportunity should not go by without benefiting you to the tune of a thousand. Being desirous of extending my connexion amongst sporting gentlemen residing in the country, if, after the Derby, you can introduce a few of your select friends, I shall feel greatly obliged. Terms of subscription, whole season, two guineas, including postage and telegrams. I have not as yet seen my way to introduce any of my "select friends" to the "gentleman of position."

The next advertisement which attracted my notice was a long and florid one of the Premier Racing Circular, proprietors, Messrs. James Rawlings and Co., 65, Yorkplace, Edinburgh." Concerning the Derby this advertisement contained the following glowing paragraph:

Over this race now-a-days it has become usual for every Briton to sport his "fiver" or "pony," and those who selection and nothing else for this event, as he will as would land a heavy sum by so doing must stand our surely cut down his field over Epsom Downs, and land the Blue Ribbon of 1872 in a common canter, as we are now penning these lines. Conscious that the probability-nay possibility-of defeat does not exist, we can consequently recommend our selection as an infallible full confidence that he will triumphantly carry us investment alike to large and small speculators, in the through in selecting our tenth Derby winner in succession. Not an hour should be lost in sending to us for these selections, as the remainder of the stable commiswhich it will be well-nigh impossible to get on at any sion may go into the market at any moment, after price, though at the present moment a good price is


The charge for this Midas-like circular was but six stamps, in return for which I received quite a batch of documents. I quote from the Circular as follows: "Were we to write pages we could only sum up as now in four words: He, Prince Charlie, cannot be beaten ; and we would use every power of persuasion we possess to induce every reader of these lines to back him to win them as large a sum as they can possibly afford, satisfied as we are that such an absolute moral certainty was never previously known in the history of the Turf. .. The Derby is the greatest certainty for Prince Charlie ever known in the history of the Turf. . . . No one must neglect to stand this moral, as such a


dead certainty' does not often occur." To prevent any such neglect on my part, an elaborate voucher-so much resembling a cheque that my mouth watered-was in

closed, stating that my correspondents had taken for me the bet of "one hundred pounds to twenty pounds Prince Charlie to win the Derby." Although this was an unsolicited favour, I venture to trust that it has not inconvenienced my zealous and emphatic correspondents.


Messrs. H. WILSON and DIXON, commission

agents of Hull and Edinburgh, will bona fide send the winner of the Great Northern Handicap or the Epsom Derby to any gentleman who will let them stand in to win 201 On receipt of a letter addressed to H. Wilson, Turf Herald Office, Hull, a telegraphic message will be sent off at once gratis.

This hardly applied to me; but in another advertisement from the same people in the same paper I found the following:


An outsider at 40 to 1 will get a place (10 to 1 for a place). This is the very best thing we ever knew. Heard of it at Chester, and if our other selected makes the least mistake, this outsider will not only get a place but win right out.

And this with a batch of other winners was to be had for three shillings. I sent the money, received in return a printed circular, which the following passage alone concerned me:

After duly weighing up, we must come to the conclusion that Prince Charlie is not in a false position, for

he has done all that has been asked of him, but then his price is not remunerative enough, therefore we have studied and searched the stables through for other animals who will pay better than backing the favourite, and we strongly recommend that Laburnum, Wenlock, and Bertram be backed for wins and places, knowing that a most clever school are going for the lot.

By another post came a piece of red tissue paper, on which it was that "each subscriber stands in to win ten shillings to nothing on Laburnum," which sum, in case of that horse winning, would be remitted. Beneath was the following: "Tip-Laburnum or Prince Charlie to win. Young Sydmonton for place. The Oaks-Delrict" (sic.)

WHAT WILL WIN THE DERBY? TRY FAIRPLAY'S LONG SHOTS. My Derby outsider at 50 to 1. Sure to be placed. Inclose two stamped directed envelopes, J. FAIRPLAY, Ipswich.

Digby Grand, Enfield, and Marmora proved what I advised.

What Fairplay's outsider has done, I for one shall never know. The following is the reply I received: "My Derby outsider will prove another Hermit; I will put anything on for you, but I will not spoil the market till the owner's commission is done." I do not habitually see my way to investing on pigs in pokes, and therefore did not accept Mr. Fairplay's offer.

Notwitstanding that I did not recognise the association between Kingsclere and Soho, I sent the requisite remittance in reply to the following advertisement:


winner of the Derby and two for places. Send twelve stamps and directed envelope to Mr. TOM WALSH, Post-office, Greek-street, Soho, London.

And duly received a little fly-leaf like a tract, which enunciated in large type the statement that "Druid or Bethnal Green will win."

The North of England Turf Guide, sole proprietors, Messrs. Grey and Wilkinson, 67, Waterloo-street, Glasgow, claimed to "contain

some of the finest and most genuine information ever placed before the public. Of Messrs. Grey and Wilkinson's Derby selection, the advertisement spoke


One of the most genuine investments they ever knew, and it is as sure to win as this is in print, for besides being a public performer of the first class, it has been tried so highly and so satisfactorily that nothing stable, everything is as open as the day, and the heaps can possibly beat it. There is no secret made by the of money that have, and are still, being put down on their champion, shows how highly they estimate his chance of success.


The circular, which cost six stamps, gave the following information: Not only do we feel confident of success, but look on loss as utterly impossible. Prince Charlie is sure to win the Derby; nothing can possibly beat him, and he will canter in the easiest winner ever known. We have often been confident, and with good cause too, but this is the greatest certainty ever we did know."

Probably the reader has by this time had enough of the tipsters. The "greatest certainty" ever I knew is that I have parted with about a pound's worth of stamps to very little purpose.


It is the fate of many old songs to be remembered, sung, and thoroughly relished long after the names of the writers of the words, or composers of the music, or both, have been forgotten. Sometimes this obscurity results from the words or music having been frequently altered in detail, without leaving distinct trace of the original form. Sometimes the writers were men who achieved nothing else worthy of record, and never had the luck to be talked about. In other instances the song did not become popular till after the writer's death, when


the means of verification were lost. in not a few cases uncertainty has resulted from the proneness of music publishers to issue their sheets undated, leaving it doubtful which of two old editions preceded the other in order of time.

There is a famous old school-song which is in this predicament, so far at least as the words are concerned; while the music itself cannot with certainty be assigned to one or the other of two composers who happened to possess the same name. Dulce Domum is the song here referred to. Every Winchester boy or Wykehamist-that is, every boy that has been educated at the famous old Winchester School-knows this song; and if he does not, when as an old boy he has become a bishop, judge, statesman, or general, still sing the song, he nevertheless delights to hear the annual singing of it in the old room, if opportunity leads his steps in that direction. William of Wykeham was the founder of the school; and the Wykehamists are wont to celebrate their patron by singing and dining and other pleasant observances.

What is known of this song of Dulce Domum? According to tradition, a Winchester schoolboy was once, for some misconduct, kept in when all the other boys. had departed for their summer holidays. He was confined to his room, according to one story; chained to a tree in the schoolground, according to another; but at any rate he pined and pined with melancholy, thinking of home and its enjoyments, and comparing his own loneliness with the buoyant freedom of his companions. He wrote a song to relieve his sadness, and cut the words "Dulce Domum" on the bark of the tree. Drooping and declining with very hopelessness, he died before the next school-time began. Now this is a touching story, that goes to the heart of every one; nevertheless there is one weak point about it. There is not a word of sadness in the old song. It speaks of the joyous delights of a holiday, a change from the school to the home'; but it says nothing of the miseries endured by a boy who has unexpectedly been shut out from participation in the pleasure. As the song is in Latin, we will not reprint all the six verses, but will give the first, to show the style:

Concinamus, O sodales! Eja! quid silemus! Nobile canticum! Dulce melos, domum; Dulce domum resonemus !

with a chorus of:



Domum, domum, dulce domum;

Dulce, dulce, dulce domum! Dulce domum, resonemus !

There were two English translations of song given in the Gentleman's Magamany years ago. One of them adhered pretty closely to the metre of the original; but the other was rather a paraphrase, or imitation, in the metre called in psalm-books eights and sevens:

Sing a sweet melodious measure,
Waft enchanting lays around;
Home! a theme replete with pleasure,
Home! a grateful theme resound!
(CHORUS) Home, sweet home, an ample treasure,
Home! with ev'ry blessing crown'd!
Home! perpetual source of pleasure!
Home! a noble strain, resound!

Another imitation, sung as a breaking-up holiday song for school, begins:

Let us all, my blithe companions,
Join in mirthful, mirthful glee!
Pleasant our subject!

Sweet, oh sweet our object!

Home, sweet home, we soon shall see!

The best translation of the real Dulce Domum is considered to be that by Bishop Wordsworth, who was formerly second master of Winchester School. This we will give in full:

Come, companions, join your voices,
Hearts with pleasure bounding,
Sing we the noble lay,

Sweet song of holiday,

Joys of home, sweet home, resounding.
(CHORUS) Home, sweet home, with ev'ry pleasure,
Home with ev'ry blessing crown'd,
Home, our best delight and treasure,
Home, the welcome song resound.

See, the wish'd-for day approaches,
Day with joys attended;

School's heavy course is run,
Safely the goal is won,
Happy goal, where toils are ended.
Home, sweet home, &c.

Quit, my weary Muse, your labours,
Quit your books and learning;

Banish all cares away,
Welcome the holiday,

Hearts for home and freedom yearning.
Home, sweet home, &c.

Smiles the season, smile the meadows;
Let us, too, be smiling;

Now the sweet guest is come,
Philomel, to her home,
Homeward, too, our steps beguiling,
Home, sweet home, &c.

Roger, ho! 'tis time for starting,
Haste with horse and traces,

Seek we the scene of bliss,
Where a fond mother's kiss
Longing waits her boy's embraces.
Home, sweet home, &c.

Sing once more, the gate surrounding,
Loud the joyous measure;

Lo! the bright morning star,
Slow rising from afar,

Still retards our dawn of pleasure.

Home, sweet home, &c.

Such thoughts might have occurred to the Winchester boy before he knew that he was to be kept in; but we must perforce agree with those critics who think that the language does not betoken the brokenhearted sadness of the lad when incarcerated. However, there the words are, and the question still remains unansweredwho wrote them? Doctor Milner, writing his History of Winchester, seventy or eighty years ago, says, "The existence of the song of Dulce Domum can only be traced up to the distance of about a century; yet the real author of it, and the occasion of its composition, are already clouded with fable." Doctor Milner, Doctor Hayes, Doctor Busby, Mr. Malcolm, Mr. Brand, Bishop Wordsworth, Mr. Mackenzie Walcott, Mr. Chappell, Doctor Rimbault, all have written on the subject; but none have found the name of the author, or the date of composition, of Dulce Domum.

Concerning the music, there is a pretty general agreement that it was composed by John Reading, the organist; but some place it in the time of Charles the First, others in that of Charles the Second. Doctor Rimbault has pointed out that there were three musical men of this name in the seventeenth century, all organists; and that the real John Reading was probably he who was organist at Winchester during the later years of Charles the Second's reign. Mr. Chappell gives the tune in his excellent work on the Popular Music of the Olden Time. It is a plain, simple melody, in common time, with eight bars for the song, and eight more for solo and chorus; being easy to learn and easy to sing, it clings to the memory of those who have any local ties of attachment to it.

The song, be it written by whom it may, is sung annually at Winchester School. Doctor Busby, in his Concert Room and Orchestra Anecdotes, after narrating the tradition of the Winchester boy, adds, " In memory of the melancholy incident, the scholars of Winchester School or College, attended by the master, chaplains, organist, and choristers, have an annual procession, and walk three times round the pillar or tree to which their unhappy fellow-collegian was chained, chanting as they proceed the Latin Dulce Domum.' The Reverend Henry Sissmore, who died about twenty years ago, at the advanced age of ninety-five, and was wont to speak of his experience as a Winchester boy in the early part of George the Third's reign, remembered the boys singing Dulce Domum

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under the tree. On one occasion, finding a sort of shed built up there, they pulled it down before they began to sing; the head master, Doctor Warren, who sat on a pony hard by, enjoying the fun. The present Domum tree in the ground is not the original, but probably an offshoot from it. Mr. Mackenzie Walcott, writing in 1852, said, "At the present time, the Domum is sung on the last six Saturdays of the 'long half,' just before 'evening hills;' and daily before and after dinner, the beautiful Wykehamist graces are chanted by the choir singers. He gave an engraving of the hall, with the assembled boys singing the Domum. Mr. Chappell, some years later, stated, "Dulce Domum is still sung at Winchester on the eve of the break-up day. The collegians sing it first in the schoolroom, and have a band to play it; afterwards they repeat it at intervals throughout the evening, before the assembled visitors, in the college mead or playground.”

Mr. Mackenzie Walcott, in his pleasant volume concerning William of Wykeham and his colleges, tells how affectionately the old Winchester boys regard the annual celebration: "Still in July the annual festival comes round, which commemorates the old tradition of the Domum song, and has been made the season for gathering together the family of Wykeham, drawing close again the bands of love which bind together kindred hearts.... Reassembling around this, their father's hearth, the rallying place of their common affections, the young and the old, all children and brothers, growing young again and unselfish, forgetting every difference of age and fortune, among the dear remembrances of boyhood. Beautiful, indeed, is it, when the school walls are gay with garlanded flowers and festooned flags, and the floors are hid with the crowds of those who come to keep the high day of Winton; when the bands burst forth in joyous melody, and the choristers and gracesingers lift up their voices, Concinamus, O Sodales-then the chorus and burden Domum Domum thrills through the very heart, quickens and blends all in one warm, genial, genuine flow of joy and kindliness. Dulce Domum, the green home of memory in the sterile waste of years-Domum, domum, dulce Domum."

Another old song, concerning which there has been a controversy, is associated so exclusively with festive doings that we do not hear it or of it at any other time.

When a grand banquet is held, and the choice viands have gone the way of all viands, and the chairman of the evening is doing his very best (or worst) to prepare some neat speeches for health-proposing, then does this song make itself heard. Non Nobis Domine is, indeed, not quite a song; it is a grace after meat, something between a hymn and a prayer of thanksgiving; but very few of the guests think of it in that light. There is no controversy about the words; they are simple, and traceable to a well-known source. "Non nobis, Domine, non nobis, sed nomini tuo da Gloriam," is the Latin of "Not unto us, O Lord, not unto us, but unto Thy name give the praise." The composer, whoever he may have been, simply took these words, and composed music to them. The tune is of the kind called a canon, in which three voices take up the subject alternately. The first goes through the words once, arranged in six bars of common time; then he goes through them again, with a different order of notes; while the second singer takes up the first part, both singing together. Then the third singer, taking his share, begins with the first line of music, and so proceeds to the end, while the other two are singing the second and third lines respectively. The three lines of music harmonise, and blend pleasantly to the ear; they are almost alike, differing chiefly in pitch or register. All the three singers, too, sing the same words, though they are not pronouncing the same syllables at the same time. This is not a very scientific way of describing the affair; but perhaps it will suffice to give a general notion of the style of composition. Some composers have a great liking for the canon, and for another and somewhat similar composition called a round. In both the voices imitate one another, observing particular rules in the imitation. A madrigal and a glee are constructed on other principles. All four kinds may be arranged for three or more voices, according to the taste and skill of the composer.

It is not, we have said, about the words of this Latin grace, but about the music, that there has been a controversy. Italy has combated with England in the matter, and the best opinion seems to be that England has won. Sir John Hawkins, in his learned History of Music, stated that the composition is deposited in the Vatican Library, where it is assigned to the great composer Palestrina, who composed a large quantity of ecclesiastical music three cen

turies ago. Sir John saw a concerted piece for eight voices, by Carlo Ricciotti, which was published about a century ago; with a note stating that the subject or melody of the piece was taken from, or founded on, a canon by Palestrina; this canon he found to be Non Nobis Domine. Hawkins, however, proceeded to express an opinion that the canon was composed by William Bird, Byrd, or Byrde; and in this opinion he was supported by Doctor Burney and Doctor Pepusch, both, like himself, learned historians of music. In 1652, Hilton published a collection of catches, rounds, and canons, in which Non Nobis Domine appeared, with Bird named as the composer; but no earlier printed copy seems to be now known. If there really be a cherished copy in the Vatican Library, it is most likely in manuscript. William Bird was one of the singing boys at Edward the Sixth's Chapel, and afterwards a gentleman of the Chapel Royal, and organist of Lincoln Cathedral. Palestrina and Bird were both composing at the same time, and both composed voluminously. Anthems, services, responses, psalms, songs, fantasias, fugues, concertos, canons, proceeded in great numbers from Bird's pen.

There is some reason to believe, although the evidence is not conclusive, that Non Nobis Domine was composed for the Merchant Taylors' Company, to be sung at a grand banquet. The records of the company tell us that a sumptuous entertainment was given on the 16th of July, 1607, at which King James the First and his son, Henry, were present. Mr. William Byrde is named among the persons who assisted in the musical part of the entertainment. In Stow's Annals some of the proceedings of the day are described: "The king, during this and the election of the new maister and wardens, stoode in a newe window made for that purpose; and with a gracious kingly aspect behelde all their ceremonies; and being descended into the hall to depart, his majestie and the prince were then again presented with like musique of voyces and instruments, and speeches, as at the first entrance. The musique consisted of twelve lutes, equally divided, six and six in a window on either side of the hall, and in the ayre between them was a gallant shippe triumphant, wherein were three rare men like saylors, being eminent for voyce and skill, who in their several songs were assisted and seconded by the cunning lutenists. There was also in the hall the musique of the City, and in the

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