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Chartres, at the levee,
the name of Dia, and at Rome, under that of Tells with a sneer the tyding heavy. Swift. Juventas. A work was to be done, a heavy writer to be encou HEBENSTREIT (John Ernest), M. D., a raged, and accordingly many thousand copies were learned physician, born at Leipsic in 1702. He bespoke.
wrote Carmen de usu Partium, and several When alone, your time will not be heavy upon your other works; and died in 1756, aged fifty-four. bands for want of some trifling amusement. Id. His brother, John Christian Hebenstreit, was an But, hark !—that heavy sound breaks in once mori',
eminent Hebraist. As if the clouds its echo would repeat;
HEBENSTRETIA, in botany, a genus of the And nearer, nearer, deadlier than before !
angiospermia order, and didynamia class of Arm! arm! it is—it is—the cannon's opening roar. plants; natural order forty-eighth, aggregatæ :
Byron. Childe Harold.
CAL. emarginated, and divided below : CoR. uniHEB'DOMAD, n. s. ) Lat. hebdomas. A labiate; the lip rising upwards, and quadrifid : HEBDOM'ADAL, adj. space of seven days; CAPs. dispermous; the stamina inserted into the HEBDOM'ADary, adj.) weekly.
margin of the limb of the corolla. Species eight, As for hebdomadal periods, or weeks, in regard of all natives of the Cape of Good Hope. The two their sabbaths, they were observed by the Hebrews. best known in this country are H. dentata, hav
Browne. ing a striped white flower, and H. aurea, goldenComputing by the medical month, the first hebdo- flowered hebenstretia, with a rich yellow Hower, mad, or septenary, consists of six days, seventeen hours peculiarly fragrant in an evening. and a half.
HEBER, the son of Salah, great-grand-son of HEBDOMADARY, HEBDOMADARIUS, or HEB- Shem, and father of Peleg, from whom according, DOMADIUS, from Gr. ißdouas, seven; a member to Josephus, Eusebius, Jerome, Bede, and most of a chapter or convent, whose week it is to of the interpreters of the sacred writings, the officiate in the choir, to rehearse the anthems Hebrews derived their name, but Huet has atand prayers, and to perform the usual functions ' tempted to prove that the Hebrews took their which the superiors perform at solemn feasts, name from the word Heber, which signifies beand other extraordinary occasions. He generally yond, because they came from beyond the Eucollates to the benefices which become vacant phrates. Heber lived 464 years, and is supposed during his week. In cathedrals, the hebdoma- to have been born A.A.C. 2281. dary was a canon or prebendary, who had the HEBERDEN (William), a learned physician, peculiar care of the choir, and the inspection of was born in London in the year 1710. Having the officers for his week. In monasteries, he received his early education in his native city, waits at table for a week, or other stated period; he was entered of St. John's College, Cambridge, directs and assists the cook, &c.
in 1724; and, after a residence of six years, he HEBDOMAGENES, from étta, seven, and was elected a fellow. From this time he devoted Yevynous, birth, a title of Apollo, so named from himself to the study of medicine, partly at Camhis being born on the seventh day of the month; bridge, and partly in the metropolis. After he whence the seventh days were held sacred to had taken the degree of M.D. he settled at him. See HEBDOME.
Cambridge, where he practised his profession HEBDOME, Gr. &bdomas, the seventh day, a during ten years, and gave lectures on the masolemnity of the ancient Greeks, in honor of teria medica annually to the students in the uniApollo, in which the Athenians sung hymns to versity. While he resided here, we believe, he his praise, and carried in their hands branches of printed a little tract, entitled AvtıOnpiaka; An aurel. It was observed on the seventh day of Essay on Mithridatium and Theriaca, 1745. every lunar month.
This tract contained a history of these medicaHEBE, in ancient mythology, a goddess, the inents, and an exposure of the absurdity of emidea of whom, among the Romans, seems to ploying such a medley of discordant simples. have been that of eternal youth, or immortality in 1748 Dr. Heberden removed to London, to of bliss. She is fabled to have been a daughter the general regret of the university and town of of Jupiter and Juno. According to some, she Cambridge, where his professional skill and was the daughter of Juno only, who conceived suavity of manners had obtained for him a high her after eating lettuces. She was fair, and al- esteem. He had already been elected a fellow ways in the bloom of youth, being the goddess of the College of Physicians, and was shortly of youth, and made by her mother cup-bearer to after admitted into the Royal Society. He soon the gods. She was dismissed from her ice by rose to a considerable professional reputation, Jupiter, because she fell down in an indecent and enjoyed a large share of medical practice in posture as she was pouring nectar to the gods at the metropolis. To Dr. Heberden's suggestion à grand festival; and Ganymede, his favorite, the public is indebted for the publication of the appointed cup-bearer in her place. She was Medical Transactions of the College of Phyemployed by Juno to prepare her chariot, and to sicians, the first volume of which appeared in harness her peacocks. When Hercules was 1768, and two others subsequently, in 1772 and raised to the rank of a demi-god, he was recon 1785. Among the useful communications conciled to Juno by marrying Hebe, by whom he tained in these volumes, the papers of Dr. Hehad two sons, Alexiares and Anicetus. As berden himself are most prominent in number Hebe had the power of restoring gods and men and value. His account of a fatal disorder o. to the vigor of youth, she, at the request of her the chest, which he denominated angina pectoris, husband, performed that kind office to his friend first called the attention of physicians to it, as an Iolaus. She was worshipped at Sicyon, under idiopathic disease; and the numerous cases of in
which have since been promulgated,' evince its The words are more properly taken for the air or frequency and importance. Dr. Heberden com ether than the heavens, as the best Hebricians undermunicated some other papers to the Royal So- stand them.
Raleigh. ciety, which were printed in its Transactions.
The nature of the Hebrew verse, as the meanest For several years he enjoyed the rewards of a
Hebrician knoweth, consists of uneven feet. virtuous and temperate life in a healthy and
Peacham. peaceful old age, cheered by domestic enjoy- well as Græcismus, and sometimes Hebraisms, into his
Milton has infused a great many Latinisms, as ments, and scientific and literary pursuits. He
Spectator. died calmly in 1801, after completing the ninetieth year of his age, and was buried in the
HEBREW BIBLE. See BIBLE. parish church of Windsor.
HEBREW CHARACTERS. There are two kinds HEBERT (James Rene), a chief of one of the of Hebrew characters ; the ancient or square, revolutionary factions of France, was born at
and the modern or Rabbinical characters. Alençon, in the department of the Orne, about
HEBREW CHARACTER, ANCIENT,
or the 1755; and supported himself, previously to the Square Hebrew, takes this last denomination revolution, as a cheque-taker at the theatre des from the figure of its characters, which stand Variétés. He was dismissed, it is said, for dis- more square, and have their angles more exact honesty; after which he lived with a physician, than the other. This character is used in the whom he robbed. In 1789 he commenced po
text of Holy Scripture, and the principal and litical demagogue, and attracted notice by a
most important writings of the Jews. When journal entitled Le Père Duchesne, which abused both this and the rabbinical character are used, the court and the monarchy. On the 10th of in the same work, the former is for the text, or August, 1792, he became one of the members of the fundamental part; and the latter for the acthe municipality of Paris; and was soon after cessory part, as the gloss, notes, commentaries, nominated deputy of the national agent of the &c. The best and most beautiful characters of commune: it was then that, connecting himself this kind are those copied from the characters intimately with Chaumette and Pache, he em in the Spanish MSS.; next, those from the ployed all his influence in forwarding a project Italian MSS.; then those froni the French; and, to establish the authority of the commune on
lastly, those of the Germans, whose characters the ruins of the national representation. The
are much the same, with respect to the other Hebertists now rejected the advances of the genuine square Hebrew characters, that the Orleans party, and separated from the Cordeliers, Gothic or Dutch characters are with respect to of whom they had hitherto formed a part. The the Roman. Several authors contend that the Girondists, who were at that period contending square character is not the real ancient Hebrew against the Mountain party, had credit enough character, written from the beginning of the lanto procure the arrest of Hebert, May 24th, 1793. guage to the time of the Babylonish captivity; but He was defended by Murat in the convention; that it is the Assyrian, or Chaldee character, which the deputies of all the sections spoke in his favor the Jews assumed, and accustomed themselves to, at the bar on the 25th; and, on the 27th, after a during the captivity, and retained afterwards. tempestuous session, he was again restored to They say that the Jews, during their captivity, liberty. Prompted by revenge, he now assisted had quite disused their ancient character; so that with all his power in the proscription of the Ezra found it necessary to have the sacred books Brissotins. Their downfall hastened his own.
transcribed into the Chaldean square character. Danton and Robespierre suspended their mutual These authors add, that what we call the Samarijealousies to accomplish his destruction; and
tan character, is the genuine ancient Hebrew. Hebert, with the greater part of his associates, Of this opinion are Scaliger, Bochart, Casaubon, was arrested, and condemned to death, March Vossius, Grotius, Walton, Capellus, &c., and, 24th, 1794. Besides his jourual, he was the among the ancients, Jerome and Eusebius. On author of other political pieces of a similar this side it is urged, that the present characters description: he was the author of some of the are called Assyrian by the ancient Jewish wribasest calumnies on the unfortunate queen of ters of the Talmud, and therefore must have been France.
brought from Assyria ; but to this argument it is HEB'ETATE, v.a.
Fr. hebeter ; Lat. hebeto. replied, that there were two sorts of characters HEBETAʼtion, n. s. To dull; to blunt, or
anciently in use, viz. the sacred or present square HEB'ETUDE, n. S. stupify: obtuseness; stu
character, and the profane or civil, which we pidity.
call Samaritan; and that the sacred is called As
syrian, because it first began in Assyria to come The pestilent seminaries, according to their gross. into common use. It is farther alleged, that the ness or subtilty, activity or hebetude, cause more or less Chaldee letters, which the Jews now use, were truculent plagues.
unknown to the ancient Jews before the captiThe eye, especially if hebetated, might cause the vity, from Dan. i. 4. It is also inferred from same perception.
2 Kings xvii. 28, where it is said that a Jewish Beef may confer a robustness on the limbs of my priest was sent to teach the Samaritans the worson, but will hebetate and clog his intellectuals.
ship of Jehovah; on which occasion he must Arbuthnot and Pope.
have taught them the law; and yet no mention HEBRAISM, 1. s. 2. Fr. hebraisme ; Lat. is made of his teaching them the language for HEBRAIST, n. s.
the HEBRIC'Ian, n. s.
Sidiom, and appella- character which the Samaritans used. But the tions of persons skilled in the Hebrew language. chief argument is taken from some ancient Jew
ish shekels, with a legend on one side, The shekel cot's making the characters in which MSS. are of Israel, and on the other Jerusalem, the holy, written one test of their age. both in Samaritan characters. These shekels, it HEBREW CHARACTER, MODERN, or the rabis said, must have been coined before the division binical llebrew, is a good neat character, formed of the two kingdoms of Judah and Israel, or at of the square Hebrew, by rounding it, and releast before the Assyrian captivity, because the trenching most of the angles or corners of the Samaritans never afterwards reckoned Jerusalem letters, to make it the more easy and flowing. holy. On the other side, or for the primitive an The letters used by the Germans are very differtiquity of
square character, are the two Bux- ent from the rabbinical characters used every torfs, Leusden, Calovius, Hottinger, Spanheim, where else, though all formed alike from the Lightfoot, &c. They urge, from Mathew v. 18, square character, but the German in a more slothat jod is really the least of the consonants in venly manner than the rest. The rabbies frethe present IIebrew, whereas it is one of the quently make use either of their own, or the largest characters in the Samaritan alphabet: but square Ilebrew character, to write the modern Walton replies, that, if our Saviour here speaks languages in. There are even books in the vulof the least letter of the alphabet, we can only gar tongues printed in Hebrew characters ; ininfer, that the Chaldee character was used in our stances whereof are seen in the late French king's Saviour's time, which is not denied by those who library. See Plate ALPHABET. maintain the Samaritan to be the original. They HEBREW LANGUAGE, RABBINICAL, or the also allege, that the Jews were too obstinate and modern Hebrew, is the language used by the superstitious to allow their sacred character to rabbies in their writings. The basis or body be altered; but, if this was done under the direc- hereof is the Hebrew and Chaldee, with divers tion and authority of Ezra, the argument will be alterations in the words of these two languages, much invalidated. Farther, they say that Ezra the meanings of which they have considerably could not alter the ancient character, because it enlarged and extended. Abundance of phrases was impossible to make the alterations in all their they have borrowed from the Arabic : the rest is copies. This argument, however, is contradicted chiefly composed of words and expressions from by facts; since the old English black letter is ac the Greek; some from the Latin; and others tually changed for the Roman. They say, like- from the other modern tongues ; particularly that wise, that Ezra was not disposed to profane the spoken in the place where each rabbi lived or sacred writings with a heathen character; but wrote. The rabbinical Hebrew must be allowed this supposes that Ezra was so superstitious as to to be a very copious language. M. Simon, in imagine that there was some peculiar sanctity in his Hist. Crit. du Vieux Testam. liv. iii. ch. 27, the shape of the letters. Moreover, the advo- observes, that there is scarcely any art or science cates for this opinion appeal to ancient coins but the rabbies have treated thereof in it. They found in Judea, with a legend in the Chaldee or have translated most of the ancient philosophers, Assyrian character. But the genuineness of these mathematicians, astronomers, and physicians; coins is suspected. The learned Jesuit Souciet and have written themselves on most subjects; maintains, with great address, that the ancient they do not want even orators and poets. Hebrew character is that found on the medals of HEBREWS, or EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWS, a Simon, and others, commonly called Samaritan canonical book of the New Testament. Though medals; but which, he asserts, were really He- St. Paul did not affix his name to this epistle, brew medals, struck by the Jews, and not the the•concurrent testimony of the best authors anSamaritans. Buxtorf endeavours to reconcile cient and modern afford such evidence of his these two opinions, by producing a variety of being the author of it, that the objections to the passages, from the rabbies, to prove that both contrary are of little or no weight. The llebrews, these characters were anciently used ; the present to whom this epistle was written, were the believsquare character being that in which the tables ing Jews of Palestine; and its design was to of the law, and the copy deposited in the ark, convince them, and by their means all the Jewish were written; and the other character being used converts wheresoever dispersed, of the insufficiin the copies of the law which were written for ency and abolition of the ceremonial and ritual private and common use, and in civil affairs in law. general; and that, after the captivity, Ezra en HEBRIDES, Feudx, or Western Islands, the joined the former to be used by the Jews on all general name of two archipelagos of islands, lying occasions, leaving the latter to the Samaritans to the north-west of Scotland, and situated between and apostates. But it can hardly be allowed by 55° and 59° N. lat.: they are supposed to be about any who consider the difference between the 300 in number, and to contain 50,000 inhabiChaldee and Samaritan characters, with respect tants. Not above thirty of them, however, are to convenience and beauty, that they were ever of any consequence
We shall commence our used at the same time. After all, it is of no great notice with those nearest the main, going from moment which of these, or whether either of south to north. them, were the original characters; since it ap Elsa 'or Ailsa is a perpendicular rock of great pears, that no change of the words has arisen from height two miles in circuit, with only one landthe manner of writing them, because the Sama- ing place at a little beach on the north-east. It ritan and Jewish Pentateuch almost always pastures some goats, abounds in rabbits, and is agree after so many ages. It is most probable the resort of Soland geese, whose young and that the form of these characters has varied in feathers, as well as the rabbit skins, pay the £33, different periods ; this appears from the testi
it is rented from the earl of Cassilis. mony of Montfaucon, in his lexapla Origenis, On the north-east side is a square tower of three vol. i. p. 22, &c., and is implied in Dr. Kenni- vaulted stories.
Ghia, two miles from the west coast of Kin- ancient cathedral of St. Mary is a beautiful structyre, is six miles long and one broad, with 500 ture, and contains the ashes of some Scottish, inhabitants; it produces barley, oats, and flax, Irish, and Norwegian kings, as well as the tomb and in 1772 afforded a rent of £600.
of St. Columba, and many inscriptions relative Cara, south of Ghia, is three miles in circuit, to the religious ceremonies of the primitive Briand inhabited by a single family.
tish Christians. Iluy, one of the most fertile of the islands, is Staffa, one mile long and half a mile broad, is twenty-eight miles long and sixteeen broad. On an immense pile of basaltic columns arranged in the north it forms the deep Loch Indal, a good natural colonades, and exceeding in magnificence harbour; it contains mines of lead and other any thing of the kind in any other part of the minerals, and has several lakes. The population world. The cave of Fingal is a natural cavern, is 7000, and in 1772 it afforded a rent of £2300. 371 feet long, fifty-three broad, and 117 high,
Bowmore, the chief place, is on Loch Indal, and supported by pillars of this substance. A single • is a good village with a fair and market. family inhabit this island.
Juru is separated from Ila by Ila Sound, one The Threshanish are three islands between mile broad. "The island is ten leagues long and Mull and Coll. one or two broad, forming two peninsulas; it is Coll is four leagues long and one broad; it is one of the most rocky and rugged of the He- a great rock thinly covered with soil, producing brides, rising near the south end in several coni- a quantity of kelp, which is exported chiefly to cal summits, called the Paps of Jura, the highest Ireland. It has not a single tree, and several of which, named Ben-an-oir, or the Golden tracts of land formerly cultivated are now renMountain, has 3000 feet elevation. Red deerdered barren by the sand blown from the shores. are still found in the mountains, and abundance The streams are numerous, and it has forty-eight of grouse and moor game. There are two good lakes, abounding in trout. It has a lead mine, harbours on the east side, but the whole business not worked; has no foxes, which are met with on of the island employs only a few open boats. the other islands, but abundance of rabbits; conThe population is 1200.
tains 1000 inhabitants, and is the property of the Colonsay, a rocky island three leagues long and duke of Argyle and M'Lean, and with Tirey two broad, has 500 inhabitants. Oransay is se forms a parish. Locheern on the east is a good parated from Colonsay by a channel dry at low harbour. water; it is three miles long, and the population Tirey is four leagues long and one broad : is is 300. These islands have great numbers of rab- generally level and fertile, and has quarries of a bits, but no hares.
fine rose-colored marble. It has no haven for Scarba is separated from Jura by the strait of any thing else but boats ; has twenty-four lakes, Corryvreken, noted for its whirlpool. The island and is said to be unhealthy. It rears cattie, is three miles long, very rugged, and mountainous. horses and sheep, and exports 250 tons of kelp;
Long Island and Balnunaigh are small islands, a regular ferry boat crosses between this island composed entirely of slate. Suyl is separated and Coll, and between the latter and Mull. from the main land of Argyle by a channel so Lismore Island, before the entrance of Loch narrow, that a bridge of a single arch has been Linne, is a vast mass of limestone, but covered thrown across it.
with a good soil. Tradition says it was anciently Easdale is an entire rock of slate, from which a deer forest, and very large deer and ox horns 5,000,000 of slates are exported to England, Nor- are found in the soil
. It was also the ancient way, and Canada.
residence of the bishops of Argyle; it has 1000 Kerrera, a mile from the main land of Lorn, inhabitants. is four miles long and two broad; it has two Rum is three leagues long and two broad; has good harbours.
not above 200 inhabitants, who rear cattle and Mull is separated from the peninsula of Mor- sheep; it has several rivulets, in which are salvern, in Argyle, by a strait one mile and a half mon. Loch Serefort on the east is a good harbroad. It is eight leagues long and five broad, bour. rugged and mountainous, but with good pasture Egg, four miles long and two broad, is hilly and some corn land; it has 6000 inhabitants, and generally rocky. and is the joint property of the duke of Argyle Muck, two or three miles long and one broad, and the M’Leans. Tobermoray, the chief place, low, with a good soil; but without port, except is a village on the north-east with a good haven, for boats. where a fishing station has been founded.
Cannay, three miles long and one broad, is Ulva is a small island in Loch Tua, on the only worthy of notice for a hill, near which the west of Mull, the property of the family of magnetic needle takes a reversed direction, M'Quarrie. Inch Kenneth, in the same loch, whence it is called "Compass Hill. It has a is a little fertile island, with the vestiges of a good haven, formed by the little island Sanday, chapel
on the north-east. Basaltic columns are seca Icolumkill, Iona or Hii, one of the most fer on its shores. tile and romantic of the Scottish islands, is two Sky, the largest of the islands near the main, miles and a half long and one broad, with 150 is fifteen leagues long and from two to six broad , inhabitants in two or three hamlets, who export the strait between it and the main is only a quarsome cattle and grain ; it is the property of the ter of a mile broad in one place, and is the usua. duke of Argyle, and is celebrated for having af- track of ships bound to and from Norway. The forded an asylum to St. Columba and other holy whole island is composed of rocky mountains, men, after the introduction of Christianity. The and the coasts are so indentod that every mile
presents a harbour. The climate is cold and is hilly on the east and fit for pasture only: on damp; the rivers abound with salmon, and the the west it is level, and produces corn ten to sea lochs with sea fish. In 1750 the population twenty fold. Loch Momoddy on the east is a was estimated at 15,000, but in 1772 was re- great rendezvous of fishing boats, 400 vessels duced to 1200, chiefly by emigration to America. having loaded here in a season.
There are Strath, the principal place of the island, is on several other inlets for vessels on the east side, the south-east. Dunvegan Castle, at the head of but the west is inaccessible. Loch Follart, on the north, is the residence of Berneeiary, a little island between North Uist M'Leod, who has the title of laird of Sky. and Harris, has a fresh lake, frequented by in
Of the great number of rocky islets round Sky, numerable sea birds ; it is inhabited, as are those one only is noticed by travellers: it is named of Pabbay, Calligray, and Eusay. Bord Cruin, or the Round Table, and is the east Harris is a peninsula joined to the island of ernmost of several islets off the point of Slate, Lewis by an isthmus a quarter of a mile broad; the south-west of Sky; it is 500 yards in circuit. it belongs to the family of M'Leod, who reside · with perpendicular sides, leaving but one landing on it, and have constructed a basin and quay for place, from which the ascent to the top is by a shipping at Loch Lodwell on the east. This spiral path that admits but one person. In the island, including Lewis, is mountainous and middle of the platform on the summit is a well of rocky, except the west coast, which is bordered fresh water.
by a strip of level ground. Rasay, between Sky and the main, is four Taransay, Sculpay, and Scarp, are three small leagues long and one broad; though generally inhabited islands west of Harris. On the east rocky, it produces pasture and corn, and has point of Scalpay is a light-house, and near its some plane, ash, and fir trees; the highest point west side two good harbours. is named by the people Dunlan, and by seamen The Aire of Lewis, a peninsula on the east Rasay's Cap. The island has lime and free- coast, and on the same coast is Storvaway, at the stone; it is considered the most humid of the head of a loch, the only town of the Hebrides, chain, having near 300 rainy days in the year. with 2000 inhabitants : its houses are of stone
Rona, north of Rasay, three miles long and slated, and it has a church and custom-house. one broad, though very stony has some pasture. The Butt of Lewis, or Cape Orby, is the north
The little island Floddu-huan, on the north point of the island. side of Sky, is remarkable for the annual peri The detached islands belonging to the Hebrides odical arrival of flocks of plovers from Sky in are St. Kilda or Hirta, a solitary rock fifteen September, and their return in April.
leagues off Lewis. It is about three leagues ir The western Scottish islands, the Habudes of circuit, rising to a mountain named Congara, the ancients, lie in a semicircle from south-west 5400 feet above the sea; its shores are so rocky to north-east, and are separated by narrow straits that there is but one landing place on the east, filled with rocks, having the appearance of ori- and this only practicable in fair weather; it is inginally forming one land. The physical con- habited by about twenty-seven families in a hamstruction of this chain is worthy of notice; to- let on the east, who cultivate eighty acres of wards the west they are all flat, while they land, raise cattle, and take sea birds. ascend towards the east, and at last form a pre Soa is a high steep rock, a mile in circuit, half cipitous ridge. This conformation exposes them a mile from the west side of Kilda. to the whole force of the western winds and waves The Flannan Islands, or Seven Hunters, are from the Atlantic, and the encroachment of the five leagues west of Galleyhead, in Lewis. sea on this side is very observable. The rocks Barra and Rona are two high, rocky, and barare primary, and their structure different from ren islets twenty leagues north of the Butt of that of the continental islands or main land, all Lewis, from which they are visible in clear of which dip towards the east. The climate of these weather. Rona, the northern, is two miles in islands is divided into a wet and dry season, the circuit, and surrounded by rocks. former commencing in September and lasting till In the most northerly isles, the sun, at the May : the summers are hot. The vegetables that summer solstice, is not above an hour under the the climate permits to be successfully cultivated horizon at midnight, and not longer above it at are flax, hemp, potatoes, and barley. The sheep mid-day in the depth of winter. The soil of the and black cattle are small, but numerous. The Hebrides varies also in different isles, and in difchannel between this chain and the main land is ferent parts of the same island. Lead mines called the Minsb.
have been discovered in some of these islands, The southern cluster is called Bishop's Islands; but not worked to much advantage; others have the other principal ones in succession are Water- been found to contain quarries of marble, limesay, three miles long.
stone, and free-stone ; nor are they destitute of Barray, eight miles long and two broad, is in- iron, talc, crystals, and many curious pebbles, tersected by several sea lochs; it is barren and some of which emulate the Brasilian topaz. mountainous.
With respect to vegetables, over and above the South Uist is thirty miles long and two to three plentiful harvests of corn that the natives earn broad; it has several sea lochs, affording good from agriculture, and the pot-herbs and roots anchorage, and rears numbers of horses, cattle, that are planted in gardens for the sustenance of and sheep
the people, these islands produce spontaneously Benbicula, ten miles in circuit, is only deserv- a variety of plants and simples, used by the ing notice for the ruins of a nunnery:
islanders in the cure of their diseases; but there North Uist, five leagues long and three broad, is hardly a shrub or tree to be seen, except in a