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Children when to be taken up.
Penalty for violating
affidavit, or prove upon the hearing the following facts, to entitle him to the warrant of removal.
1. That the party commencing the proceedings is the superintendent or superintendents of the poor of the county.
2. That the county has a county poor house, and that the keeper is in possession of such poor house, or living therein, and that he refuses to surrender up the possession of such poor house, or remove from the same, after the possession shall have been demanded by such superintendent of the poor.
But nothing in this act shall affect the tenure of office of any present incumbent.
AN ACT to provide for the care and instruction of idle and truant children.
PASSED April 12, 1853.
The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:
$1. If any child between the ages of five and fourteen years, having sufficient bodily health and mental capacity to attend the public schools, shall be found wandering in the streets or lanes of any city or incorporated village, idle and truant, without any lawful occupation, any justice of the peace, police magistrate or justices of the district courts in the city of New York, on complaint thereof by any citizen on oath shall cause such child to be brought before him for examination, and shall also cause the parent, guardian or master of such child, if he or she have any, to be notified to attend such examination. And if on such examination the complaint shall be satisfactorily established, such justice shall require the parent, guardian or master to enter into an engagement in writing, to the corporate authorities of the city or village, that he will restrain such child from so wandering about, will keep him or her on his own premises, or in some lawful occupation, and will cause such child to be sent to some school at least four months in each year, until he or she becomes fourteen years old. And such justice may, in his discretion, require security for the faithful performance of such engagement. If such child has no parent, guardian or master, or none can be found, or if such parent, guardian or master refuse or neglect, within a reasonable time, to enter into such engagement, and to give such security, if required, such justice shall, by warrant under his hand, commit such child to such place as shall be provided for his or her reception, as hereinafter directed.
S2. If such engagement be habitually or intentionally violated, an action may be brought thereon, by the overseers of the poor or either of them, of such city or village, in the
name of the corporate authorities thereof, and on proof of
$3. The corporate authorities of every city and incorpo- Place of rerated village shall provide some suitable place for the recep- and useful tion of every child that may be so committed, and for the to be proemployment of such child in some useful occupation, and his for or her instruction in the elementary branches of an English education, and for his or her proper support and clothing. Every child so received shall be kept in such place until discharged by the overseers of the poor or the commissioners of the alms-house of such city or village, and may be bound out as an apprentice by them or either of them, with the consent of any justice of the peace or any of the aldermen of the city, or any trustee of the incorporated village. where he may be, in the same manner, for the same periods, and subject to the same provisions in all respects, as are contained in the first article and fourth title of the eighth chapter and second part of the Revised Statutes, with respect to children whose parents have become chargeable on any city or town.
$4. The expenses of providing and maintaining such place Expenses. for the reception, clothing, support and instruction of such children, shall be defrayed in the same manner as charges for the support of paupers chargeable upon such city or village; and the corporate authorities of every city and village shall certify to the board of supervisors of the county, at their annual meetings, the amount necessary for said purposes, which amount the said supervisors shall cause to be levied and collected as part of the taxes for the support of the poor, chargeable to such city or village.
to be made
S5. It shall be the duty of all police officers and consta- Complaint bles, who shall find any child in the condition described in the by consta first section of this act, to make complaint to a justice of the peace, as provided in the said section.
$6. The fees of justices for services performed under this Justices' act shall be the same as allowed by law in cases of vagrancy, and shall be paid by the city or village in which they were rendered.
S 1. Nicholas Devereaux, Jacob Sutherland, Charles A. of asylum. Mann, Alfred Munson, Charles B. Coventry, Abraham V. Williams, Thomas H. Hubbard, T. Romeyn Beck and David Buel, are hereby appointed managers of the State Lunatic First class. Asylum; and shall hold their offices as follows: The said Nicholas Devereaux, Jacob Sutherland, and Charles Mann, shall hold their offices for one year; the said Alfred Munson, Charles B. Coventry, and Abraham V. Williams, shall hold Third class. their offices for two years; and the said Thomas H. Hubbard,
AN ACT to organize the State Lunatic Asylum, and more effectually to provide for the care, maintenance and recovery of the insane.
T. Romeyn Beck and David Buel, shall hold their offices for three years; and they shall hold their offices until others are appointed in their stead, subject to be removed at any time by the senate, upon the recommendation of the Governor. Their successors shall be appointed by the senate, upon the nomination of the Governor, and shall hold their offices for three years, and until others are appointed in their stead, and subject to be removed in the manner aforesaid. The government of the State Lunatic Asylum shall be vested in the said board of managers, and a majority thereof shall reside within five miles of said asylum.
Board to have gener
2. Said board shall have the general direction and conal control of trol of all the property and concerns of the institution not property. otherwise provided for by law, and shall take charge of its
PASSED April 7, 1842.
The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:
general interests, and see that its great design be carried into effect, and every thing done faithfully according to the requirements of the legislature, and the by-laws, rules and regulations of the asylum.
3. The managers shall appoint a superintendent, who shall be a well educated physician, and a treasurer, who shall reside in the city of Utica, and give bonds for the faithful performance of his trust, in such sum and with such sureties as the comptroller of the state shall approve. They shall also appoint, upon the nomination of the superintendent, a steward, an assistant physician and a matron, all of whom, and the superintendent himself, shall constantly reside in the asylum, and shall be designated the resident officers thereof.
See Laws of 1844, ch. 337.
S4. The managers shall, from time to time, determine the annual salaries and allowances of the treasurer and resident officers of the asylum, who have been or may hereafter be
appointed, subject to the approval of the governor of the state, secretary of state, and the comptroller; provided, that officers. such salaries shall not exceed, in the aggregate, eight thousand dollars for any one year.
Thus amended by Laws of 1860, ch. 450.
5. The salaries of the treasurer and resident officers of the To be paid quarterly. asylum shall be paid quarterly, on the first days of January, April, July and October, in each year, by the treasurer of the state, on the warrant of the comptroller, out of any moneys in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, to the treasurer of the asylum, on his presenting a bill of particulars signed by the steward and certified by the superintendent.
$6. The managers may take and hold, in trust for the Grants state, any grant or devise of land or any donation or bequest &c., may be of money or other personal property, to be applied to the trust. maintenance of insane persons and the general use of the State Lunatic Asylum.
$7. The treasurer and resident officers of the asylum, Oath of before entering upon their respective duties, shall severally take the oath prescribed in the first section of the sixth article of the constitution of the state, and such oath shall be filed with the clerk of the county of Oneida.
38. The managers are hereby directed and empowered to Managers establish such by-laws as they may deem necessary and expe- blish bydient for regulating the appointment and duties of officers, attendants and assistants, for fixing the conditions of admission, support and discharge of patients, and for conducting in a proper manner the business of the institution; also, to ordain and enforce a suitable system of rules and regulations for the internal government, discipline and management of the asylum.
39. The superintendent shall be the chief executive officer Powers and of the asylum. He shall have the general superintendence of superintenthe buildings, grounds and farms, together with their furni- dent. ture, fixtures and stock; and the direction and control of all persons therein, subject to the laws and regulations established by the managers. He shall daily ascertain the condition of all the patients and prescribe their treatment in the manner directed in the by-laws. He shall have the nomination of his co-resident officers, with power to assign them their respective duties, subject to the by-laws; also to appoint with the managers' approval, such and so many other officers, assistants and attendants, as he may think proper and necessary for the economical and efficient performance of the business of the asylum, and to prescribe their several duties and places, and to fix, with the managers' approval, their compensation, and to discharge any of them at his sole direction; but in every case of discharge he shall forthwith record the same with the reasons, under an appropriate head, in one of the books of the asylum. He shall also have power to suspend, until the next monthly meeting of the managers, for good and sufficient
In his absence.
cause, a resident officer; but in such case he shall forthwith give written notice of the fact, with its causes and circumstances, to one of the managers, whose duty thereupon shall be to call a special meeting of the board to provide for the exigency. He shall also, from time to time, give such orders and instructions as he may judge best calculated to ensure good conduct, fidelity and economy in every department of labor and expense; and he is authorized and enjoined to maintain salutary discipline among all who are employed by the institution, and to enforce strict compliance with such instructions, and uniform obedience to all the rules and regulations of the asylum. He shall further cause full and fair accounts and records of all his doings, and of the entire business and operations of the institution, to be kept regularly, from day to day, in books provided for that purpose, in the manner and to the extent prescribed in the by-laws; and he shall see that all such accounts and records are fully made up to the last day of November in each year, and that the principal facts and results, with his report thereon, be presented to the managers within thirty days thereafter. The assistant physician shall perform the duties, and be subject to the responsibilities of the superintendent in his sickness or absence.
S 10. The resident officers of the State Lunatic_Asylum, of officers. and all attendants and assistants actually employed therein, during the time of such employment shall be exempt from serving on juries, from all assessments for labor on the highways, and in time of peace, from all service in the militia; and the certificate of the superintendent shall be evidence of the fact of such employment.
S11. The managers shall keep, in a bound book to be proto keep reir vided for that purpose, a fair and full record of all their doings, which shall be open at all times to the inspection of the governor of the state, and of all persons whom he, or either house of the legislature may appoint to examine the same.
tion of asylum.
$12. The managers shall maintain an effective inspection and visita- of the asylum; for which purpose, one of them shall visit it every week, two once every month, a majority once every quarter, and the whole board once a year, at the times and in the manner prescribed in the by-laws. In a book kept by the managers for this purpose, the visiting manager or managers shall note the date of each visit, the condition of the house, patients, &c., with remarks of commendation or censure, and all the managers present shall sign the same. The general results of these inspections, with suitable hints, shall be inserted in the annual report, detailing the past year's operations and actual state of the asylum, which the managers shall make to the legislature in the month of January in each year, accompanied with the annual reports of the superintendent and treasurer.
Officers to admit
S 13. It shall be the duty of the resident officers to admit agers into any of the managers into every part of the asylum, and to