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CH A P. II. This chapter begins with a prophecy of the establisbment of the gospel
, and then proceeds to foretell the destruction of the Israelites for their idolatry, referring principally to the captivity.
HE word that Isaiah the son of Amoz faw con
cerning Judah and Jerusalem. And it shall come to pass in the last days, the days of the Messiah, under the christian dispensation, [that] the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it; the christian church shall be
planted, become conspicuous, and be firmly established, aś ox 3 the top of a mountain. And many people shall go and say,
Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths ; an allusion to the jews inviting one another to the great feasts; thus shall they join themselves to the christian church, and invite others to do fo; for out of Zion shall go
forth the law, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem, the 4 gospel Moll be first published there. And he shall judge
among the nations by his word and providence, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into ploughshares, and their spears into pruning hooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more; referring to the peaceable
tendency of the gospel, and the union between jews and gen5 tiles in the latter days. O house of Jacob, come ye,
and let us walk in the light of the Lord; the jews in those days shall be invited to receive and improve this gracious
dispensation. 6 Therefore thou haft forsaken thy people the house of
Jacob, because they be replenished from the east, and (are] foothsayers like the Philistines, and they please themselves in the children of strangers, with the idolatry and superstitious practices of the heathen; glad of any 7 Strangers to teach them a new kind of idolatry. °Their land also is full of silver and gold, unjustly gotten, and abused,
neither [is there any) end of their treasures; their land
is also full of horses, which was contrary to the law, 8 neither [is there any) end of their chariots. Their land
also is full of idols; they worship the work of their
own hands, that which their own fingers have made: 9 And the mean man boweth down, and the great man
humbleth himself; men of all ranks and degrees give themselves up to stupid idolatry; therefore forgive them not, that is, they shall not be forgiven. Then follows the description of their being carried into captivity, and by that means cured of their idolatry.
Enter into the rock, that is, ye fall enter into it, and hide thee in the dust, in order to conceal yourselves, for
fear of the Lord, and for the glory of his majesty; it when he ariseth to strike the earth with terror. The
lofty looks of man shall be humbled, and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down, and the LORD alone
shall be exalted in that day, the impotence of idols fball be 12 demonstrated in the destruction of their worshippers. For
the day of the Lord of hosts, the day of his vengeance, [shall be] upon every [one that is] proud and lofty,
and upon every (one that is) lifted up; and he shall be 13 brought low : And upon all the cedars of Lebanon,
(that are] high and lifted up, and upon all the oaks 14 of Bashan, And upon all the high mountains, and upon 15 all the hills (that are] lifted up, And upon every high
tower, and upon every fenced wall; either literally, be.
cause their idolatries were praktised on high places, or figu16 ratively, on their great men and magistrates; And upon all
the ships of Tarshish, and upon all pleasant pictures;
upon their trading ships, and the curiosities they imported. 17 And the loftinefs of man shall be bowed down, and the
haughtiness of men shall be made low: and the LORD 18 alone shall be exalted in that day. And the idols he 19 shall utterly abolish. And they, the idolatrous Ifraelites, shall
into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of the earth, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth; when he causes great commotions and troubles in the Vol. V.
land. . Lowth.
20 land. In that day a man shall cast his idols of silver,
and his idols of gold, which they made (each one) for himself to worship, to the moles and to the bats
jhall bury them under ground, or hide them in dark corners, 21 being ashamed of them as they were unable to help him; Tó
go into the clefts of the rocks, and into the tops of the ragged rocks, for fear of the Lord, and for the glory
of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the 22 earth. Cease
Cease ye from man, whose breath [is] in his nostrils: for wherein is he to be accounted of? A general caution to cease from man ; or perhaps it refers to Hezekiah; in whose grave their prosperity, and almost all their religion too, was buried. This verse should properly have begun the next chapter.
O W thankfully should we improve the light and
advantages afforded us by the gospel ! This prophecy has been accomplished, christianity has been preached, established, and secured against oppression. This nation hath flowed to it: we were once darkness, but now walk in the light of the Lord. What a delightful idea of religion! We here see the end of ordinances, and what should be our view in attending upon them. We should come to learn in order to practise, to help each other forward, excitę one another to a. christian behaviour, and provoke one another to love and to good works.
2. See how easily God can humble the proud by his judgments, and make them sick of what they are most fond of. Pride is the reigning fin in the human heart; against this the judgments of God are peculiarly levelled, and when they come they will appear terrible to those that defied them. The dearest lusts will be looked upon with abhorrence, and the most precious idols rejected with disdain. Gold or silver unjustly gotten, or covetoufly hoarded, will be grievous to the poffeffor, and the pleasant pictures of which men are fond will be thrown away with contempt; yea, the nice and delicate will be glad to run into the caves of the earth, when God brings an enemy into the land. But especially at the great day, when the kings of the earth and the rich men shall hide themselves in dens and caves, and say unto the 'rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that fitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb.
3. The confideration of men's frailty and mortality should moderate our dependance upon them and affection to them. The greatest and proudest are not secure; when judgments come, princes and kings will die like other men. Let us consider this, as a motive to cease from them, and not unreasonably to fear their power or court their favour. We should not place too much confidence in any men, even the wiseft and best, for they are dying creatures; and the higher our expectations are raised, the greater will be our disappointment. Happy is the man that hath the God of Jacob for his help, who liveth and reigneth for ever and ever.
CH A P. III. CHAP. IV. v. I. This chapter contains a prophecy of the calamities that should
come upon the jews in the declension of their state; particularly of their captivity. There is a reference in this to the former chapter. TOR, behold, the Lord, the Lord of hosts, doth take
away from Jerusalem and from Judah, amidst the confusion that shall follow, and especially at the
fiege of Jerusalem, the stay and the staff, the whole stay of bread, and 2 the whole stay of water, The mighty man, and the man
of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and
the antient, many such fall be carried away in the captivity, 3 The captain of fifty, and the honourable man, and the
counsellor, and the cunning artificer, and the eloquent & Orator. And I will give children (to be] their princes,
and babes, persons of no understanding or capacity, shall 5 rule over them. And the people shall be oppressed, "every one by another, and every one by his neighbour: the child shall behave himself proudly against the antient, and the base against the honourable"; feditious people shall M 2
6 infult those that are in power. When a man shall take
hold of his brother of the house of his father, [saying,] Thou haft clothing, be thou our ruler, and (let] this ruin [be] under thy hand; the government and magistracy fall go a begging, any body that shall have but a good coat,
Thall be urged to be a ruler, and to undertake the prevention 7 of the ruin coming upon them. In that day shall he swear,
saying, I will not be an healer; for in my house [is] neither bread nor clothing : make me not a ruler of the
people ; I have neither ability for, nor will I expose myself to 8 the danger of the office. For Jerusalem is ruined, and
Judah is fallen : because their tongue and their doings
(are) against the LORD, to provoke the eyes of his 9 glory. The show of their countenance doth witness
against them; and they declare their fin as Sodom, that is, in the most impudent manner, they hide [it] not. Woe unto their foul! for they have rewarded evil unto themselves.
Say ye to the righteous, that [it shall be] well (with ni him:] for they shall eat the fruit of their doings. Woe
unto the wicked! [it shall be) ill (with him:] for the reward of his hands shall be given him; a command to the priefts and Levites to say thus in their sermons to the people.
[As for] my people, children (are) their oppreffors, and women rule over them; persons of weak anderstanding and effeminate spirits: O my people, they, which lead
thee, cause [thee) to err, and destroy the way of thy 13 paths. The LORD ftandeth up to plead, and standeth 14 to judge the people, the paor and the oppressed. The
LORD will enter into judgment with the antients of his people, and the princes thereof, for ye have eaten up
the vineyard; the spoil of the poor [is] in your houses, 15 What mean ye [that] ye beat my people to pieces, and
grind the faces of the poor, treat them in the most cruel
and inhuman manner? faith the LORD God of hofts. 16 Moreover the Lord faith, Because the daughters of
Zion are haughty, and walk with stretched forth necks and wanton eyes, walking and mincing [as] they go,