Εικόνες σελίδας
PDF
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση

boos that can be compared with those that grow upon as the brightest and most glorious symbol in this part of them. They compose a great part of Oromasdes, or the good God; as darkness is of the forest, growing in detached clumps, with the truest symbol of Arimanius, or the evil god. open spots between; and equal in height the Zoroaster taught his followers, that fire was the most lofty palms. Near Cutaki, about half truest shechinah of the divine presence; that way up the Ghauts, the teak becomes cominon. the sun being the most perfect fire, God had

GHAUTS, The Eastern, are commonly de- there the throne of his glory, and the residence of scribed as commencing in the south, about lat. his divine presence in a peculiar manner; and 11° 20' N., to the north of the Cavery, and ex next to this in our elementary fire : and, theretending with little interruption, in a straight line fore, he ordered them to direct all their worship to the banks of the Khrisna in lat. 16° N., sepa- to God, first towards the sun, which they called rating the two Carnatics; the one is called the Car- Mithra, and next towards their sacred fires : and, Datic Balaghaut, or above the Ghauts, the true when they came before these fires to worship, Carnatic; the other the Carnatic Payeenghaut, they always approached them on the west side, or below the Ghauts, extending along the coast that having their faces towards them, and also of Coromandel. About the latitude of Madras, towards the rising sun at the same time, they the highest part of this ridge is estimated at might direct their worship towards both. 3000 feet; and Bangaloor, which is within the GHENT, or Gaunt, a city of the Netherlands, chain, was found by barometrical observation to the capital of East Flanders. It is a bishop's see, be 2901 feet above the level of the sea.

and seated on four navigable rivers, the Scheldt, The component parts of these mountains are the Lys, the Lievre, and the More, which, with granite, composed of white felts par and quartz, a great number of canals, run through it, and with dark green mica in a small proportion. divide it into twenty-six little isles, over which The particles are angular, and of moderate size. there are upwards of 300 wooden bridges. The rocks appear stratified, but the strata are Ghent is surrounded with walls and other forbroken and confused. The country above the tifications, but the ramparts are now chietly used Eastern Ghauts rises into swells like the land as promenades. The streets are large and well in many parts of England, and is overlooked by paved, the market-places spacious, and the houses the high barren peaks which close the view to built mostly of brick. The large market-place the east. The soil here is very poor, and covered is remarkable for a statue of Charles V. That with copse, having a few large trees intermixed; of Cortere has a fine walk, between several rows the whole of the copse land serving for inferior of trees. In 1737 an opera-house was built pasture. About two miles from Naiekan Eray here, and a guard-house for the garrison. Near a torrent in the rainy season brings down from the town is a very high tower, with a handsome the hills a quantity of iron ore in the form of clock and chimes. The great bell weighs black sand, which, in the dry season, is smelted, 11,000 pounds. The cathedral is remarkable each forge paying a certain quantity of iron for both for its outward appearance, and the splenpermission to carry on the work.

dor and richness of its interior; and here GHEBERS, or GUEBERS, is the naine by which is a subterraneous church. The Benedictine the fire-worshippers of Persia are generally abbey of St. Peter is also well worth notice, the known. Those of this sect are dispersed through church and library being elegant, and the estathe country, and are the remains of the ancient blishment richly endowed. Its paintings and Persians, or followers of Zoroaster. They have tapestry are much admired. The inside of this a suburb at Ispahan, called Gaurabad, or the and several of the eight churches in Ghent is of town of the Gaurs, where they are employed in marble. Ghent was anciently the capital of the the meanest drudgery: some of them are dis- Nervii, and after them of the Vandals, who gave persed through other parts of Persia ; but they it the name of Wanda, or Vanda, whence Ganda principally abound in Kerman, the most barren and Ghent are supposed to have been derived. province in the whole country, where the Mahom- Odoacer of Flanders first surrounded it with medans allowed them liberty and the exercise of walls; and in 1397 Philip, the twenty-fifth earl their religion. Several of them fled many ages of Flanders, enlarged it. Prince John, the third ago into India, and settled about Surat, where son of Edward III., of England, was born in it, their posterity still remain. They are ignorant, and hence named John of Gaunt; as was also inoffensive people, extremely superstitious, zea the emperor Charles V.; but the inhabitants laus for their rites, rigorous in their morals, and have no reason to venerate his memory; for, by honest in their dealings. They believe a resur his repeated oppressions, he provoked them to rection and a future judgment, and worship only revolto in 1539; upon which he put to death one God. Although they perform their worship twenty-six of the principal citizens, banished before fire, and direct their devotion towards the many others, and confiscated their estates; he rising sun, for which they have an extraordinary at the same time deprived the city of its priviveneration, yet they strenuously maintain, that leges, arms, and artillery; fined the citizens they worship neither ; but that, as these are the 12,000,000 of crowns, and ordered the magismost expressive symbols of the Deity, they turn trates to walk in procession with ropes about towards them in their devotional services. 20- their necks. Ghent is famous for the pacification roaster, the founder of this sect, maintained that signed here, in 1576, for settling the tranquillity there were two principles, one the cause of all of the seventeen provinces. In was taken by good, the other the cause of all evil: and, abo- Louis XIV., in 1678, but restored at the treaty minating the adoration of images, his followers of Nimeguen. The French took possession of worshipped God only by fire; which they looked it again after the death of Charles II. of Spain.

In 1706, it was taken by the duke of Marlbo- importance, but the waters of the Kiziluvein, and rough; and by the French in 1708; but it was numerous streams from its mountains, render it retaken the same year. The French also took fertile in rice, wheat, and provisions. It is in at by surprise after the battle of Fontenoy; but fact, one vast narrow plain enclosed by mounat the peace of Aix-la-Chapelle it was returned. tains, through which there are only a few diffiOn the 14th of November, 1792, it was taken cult passes. Silk is the staple produce, and Aspossession of by the French under General Lá- trachan its chief market; but the town of Retch bourdonnay, who were welcomed by the inha- carries on a considerable trade. Population of bitants. In April, 1793, they evacuated it, upon the district 50,000. the desertion of Dumouriez; but recovered it GHINALA, a town and country of West again in July 1794, when the Austrians under Africa, on the north of the Rio Grande. The Clairfait retreated. It remained with the rest of capital is situated about seventy miles up that the Netherlands in their hands for twenty years : river. and hither Louis XVIII., returned during the GHISLAIN (St.), or St. GILLIAN, a town of 100 days. Ghent is well seated for trade, on the Netherlands, in the ci-devant province of account of its rivers and canals. It carries on a French Hainault, seated on the Haine, five miles great commerce in corn; and has linen, woollen, west of Mons. It was taken by general La and silk manufactures. Hence it was, indeed, Fayette, in June 1792. Long. 3° 53' E., lat. 50° that England first received her woollen manu- 28' N. facture; and she now rivals us in that of cotton. GHIZNE, or Zabul,a level district of AfghaunIn 1816 the college here received a great exten- istaun, between the 330 and 34° of N. lat., and sion, being constituted one of the three univer- the 68° and 69° E. long. It is but poorly cultisities of the kingdom of the Netherlands, the vated; the inhabitants, who are of the Ghiljee current language is Flemish, but all people of tribe, preferring a pastoral life, and raising a great education are capable of speaking French flu- number of sheep. The climate is very cold. Its ently. The citadel, built by Charles V., is one principal towns are Ghizne, Karabay, and Garof the largest in Europe, but not proportionally daiz. strong. The number of citizens is about 65,000, GHIZNE, the capital of the above district, was but its population is not proportionable to its once the chief town of a powerful empire, exextent: of which Charles V. thus boasted to tending from the Ganges to the middle of Persia. Francis I.; "I have a glove,' said he, alluding It was then called Medineh, or The City, and to its French name Gand, in which I could Dar al Islam, the seat of the true faith; was put your whole city of Paris.' Ghent lies strongly fortified and contained many sumptuous twenty-six miles north-west of Brussels; thirty palaces. In the year 1783 it was visited by Mr. south-west of Antwerp, and thirty-five north of Foster, who says, it stands on a hill of a modeLisle. Long. 3° 49' E., lat. 51° 4' N.

rate height, at the foot of which runs a sma GHERIAH, or Gherlax, a town of Hin- river. Its existence is principally supported by dostan, in Concan, on the west or pirate coast. some Hindoo families, who carry on a small It was the capital of the pirate Angria, from traffic, and supply the wants of the few Mahomwhom it was taken by admiral Watson and co- inedan residents. At a short distance stands the lonel Clive, in 1756, when his fleet was de- tomb of sultan Mahmoud, to which pilgrims restroyed, and his fort taken, by the British and sort froin distant places. The climate of Ghizne Məhrattas. It lies eighty miles N. N. W'. of is so cold as to have become proverbial; and the Goa, and 295 south by east of Bombay. Long. Afghauns told me, that the town has been more 73° 8' E., lat. 16° 45' N.

than once overwhelmed in snow. This city was GHERIAH, a fortress situated on a promontory, in the year 960 taken possession of by Abistagy, on the south of India, a mile long, and a quarter a rebel governor of Khorassan, who threw off his of a mile broad. it is in the province of Con- allegiance to the Samonavian dynasty of Persia, can. This promontory lies about a mile from and founded a new kingdom. He was sucthe entrance of a capacious harbour, formed by ceeded by his son-in-law Subaetageen, who exthe mouth of a river which descends from the tended his dominions to the banks of the Indus. Western Ghauts. In the year 1707 a Mahratta Mahmoud, the next in succession, invaded India chief, named Conajee Angria, had established an several times, and accumulated greater wealth independent sovereignty here, and possessed a than was ever in possession of any other indinumerous fleet. At a subsequent period, the vidual. It was he who raised the glory of the depredations of these pirates drew on them an Ghiznean empire to its zenith, and first obtained attack from the British by commodore James, from the caliph the title of sultan. He died in when the whole of the enemy was either cap. the year 1030, and was buried in a magnificent tured or destroyed. There was found (1765) in tomb seen by our traveller. The kingdom conthe fort 206 pieces of ordnance, and an immense tinued to flourish till the year 1116, when it was quantity of ammunition and naval stores, beside subdued by a Persian army. In the year 1150 £120,000 in specie or valuables. It now belongs it was again seized by Alaaddeen, the prince of to the Peshwa nf the Mahrattas.

Ghore, who, in revenge for an insult offered to GHER'KIN, n. s. Germ. gurcke, a cucum- his family by the inbabitants of this city, orber. A small pickled cucumber.

dered a massacre of them for seven days, and GHESS. See Guess.

destroyed all the public buildings but the tombs. GHILAN, a province of Persia, on the south- The royal family upon this fled to Lahore, where west shore of the Caspian Sea, which it borders the dynasty only languished through two more for upwards of 200 miles. It has no rivers of weak reigns

Lat. gigas :

caste

GHORAGHAUT, or Idrackpool, is a dis GI'ANT, n. s. Goth. geant; Ital. Span trict of Bengal, containing about 150 square Gi'ANTESS, n. s. and Port. gigante; Fr. miles. It formerly embraced great part of the Gr'anTLIKE, adj. >geant ;

: all

prodistrict of Dinagepoor, and extended across the Gi’Antly, adv. bably of Gr. yuyas, earthBrahmapootra River, including the district of

Gi'ANTSHIP, n. s. born; because the old faCurrybary. The greater portion of the inhabi bles declared that the early giants were literally

tants are now Mahommedans, and a quiet and born of the earth. A man or woman of extraor• tractable people; the zemindary is in the hands dinary or unnatural size, with reference to height: of a Hindoo family, promoted to that situation gigantic; vast; lofty; strong. by the Shujaaddeen Khan, about the year 1727. Sire Kyng, quoth Merlin, though gif thou wolt here It is included in the collectorship of Momensing.

In the honour of men, a worke that ever schal ylaste, Gaorachaut, also called Nusserutabad (the To the hul of Kilar send into monde

After the noble stones that ther habbet 'onge ystonde, city of victory), the capital of the above district, is pleasantly situated on the west bank of the That was the tricke of giandes for a quoynte work

there is Curruttya, and formerly carried on a considera- of stones all with art ymad in the world

such non is. ble trade with Bootan for Tangan horses, musk,

Robert of Gloucester. &c.

His mery men commandeth he GHORE, or Ghour, a mountainous district To makeń him bothe game and gle; of Afghaunistaun, situated between 350 and 37° For nedes must he fighte, of N. lat., and 67o and 69° of E. long. The With a geaunt with hedes three, climate is very cold. In the twelfth century its For paramour and jolitee chiefs became independent, and, having over

Of on that shone ful brighte. turned the Ghiznean empire, carried their arms

Chaucer. The Rime of Sire Thopus. to the south-east as far as Benares; and one of

At last, by subtile sleights, she him betraid their slaves, named Cuttub, founded about the

Unto his foe, a gyaunt huge and tall.

Spenser. Faerie Queens, year 1205 the Mahommedan kingdom of Dehly.

Now does he feel his axle This country in the thirteenth and fourteenth

Jlang loose about him, like a giant's robe centuries was overrun by the armies of Jenghis

Upon a dwarfish thief.

Shakspeare. Macbeth. Khan and Tamerlane, and is now in the posses

Gates of rnonarchs sion of the Usbeck Tartars. The tribe, being of Are arched so high, that giants may get through, pastoral habits, have emigrated to the vicinity of And keep their impious turbaas on,

without Paishawur, and are now subdivided into three, Good-morrow to the sun.

Id. Cymbeline. called the Mehmund, Khulleel, and Daoudyze

Woman's gentle brain tribes. Its chief towns were Ghore and Firoy Could not drop forth such giant rude invention; Koh

Snch Ethiop words.

Id. As You Like It. GHORE, the capital of this district, once the

I had rather be a giantess, and lie under mouat
Pelion.

Shakspeare. residence of a long line of sovereigus, was taken

Those giants, those mighty men, and men of refrom them by the king of Khuarizm, and subsequently sacked by the armies of Jenghis and strenyth of those giants remembered by Moses of bis

nown, far exceeded the proportion, Dature, and Tamerlane, since which period it has not re

own time.

Raleigh's History covered.

What though an apish pigmie in attire, GIAGH, in chronology, a cycle of twelve years, His dwarfish body gyant-like array, in use among the Turks and Cathayans. Each Turu brave, and get him stilts to seem the higher, year of the giagh bears a name of some animal; What would so doing handsome him I pray? the first that of a mouse; the second that of a Now, surely such a mimicke sight as that bullock; the third a lynx or leopard; the fourth Would with excessive laughter move your spleenc, a hare; the fifth a crocodile; the sixth a serpent;

Till you had made the little dandiprat, the seventh a horse; the eighth a sheep; the 10 lye within some auger-hole unseene.

Gco. Withers. ninth a monkey; the tenth a hen; the eleventh

Fierce faces threatening wars, a dog; and the twelfth a hog. They also divide

Giants of mighty bone, and bold emprise' the day into twelve parts, called giaghs, and dis

Milton. tinguish them by the names of animals. Fach

His giantship is gone somewhat crest fallen, giagh contains two of our hours, and is divided

Stalking with less unconscionable strides, into eight kehs; so that a keh is a quarter of our And lower looks.

Id. Agonistes. hour.

The giant brothers, in their

camp,

bave found GIAM'BEUX, m. 8. Fr. jambes. Legs, or

I was not forced with ease to quit my ground.

Dryden. armour for legs, as greaves.

Notwithstanding all their talk of reason and plije The mortal steel despiteously entailea,

losophy, which they are deplorably strangers to, and Deep in their flesh, quite through the irca walls chose unanswerable doubts and difficulties, which, That a large purple stream adown their giambeut over their cups, they pretend to have against Chrisfalls.

Spenser. tianity ; persuade but the covetous man not to deity

his money, the proud man not to adore himself, and GIANNONI (Peter), an Italian author, horn

I dare undertake that all their giantlike objections at Naples, in 1680. He wrote a History of against the Christian religion shall presently vanish Naples, which is admired for its purity of style, and quit the field.

South. and vigor of sentiments. It gave such offence

By weary steps and slow, to the court of Rome that he was obliged to flee The groping giant, with a trunk of pine, to Piedmont; where he died in 1748,

Explored his way.

Addison.

Pope.

Neptune, by prayer repentant rarely won, of Bashan, Goliath and his brethren. 1 Chron. Aflicts the chief to avenge bis giant son,

XX. 4-8. The Rev. Mr. Gun, minister of Great Polypheme of more than mortal might. Latheron in Caithness, mentions William Su

therland, the last proprietor of Berrydale Castle, Rocks, torrents, gulphs, and shapes of giant size,

who lived in the end of the fifteenth century, and And glittering cliffs on cliffs, and fiery ramparts rise.

measured nine feet five inches high.

Beuttie. Oh enviable Briareus! with thy hands

M. Le Cat, in a memoir read before the AcaAnd heads, if thou hadst all things multiplied

demy of Sciences at Rouen, gives the following In such proportion !-But my Muse withstands

account of giants that are said to have existed in The giant thought of being a Titan's bride, . different ages. Profane historians have given Or travelling in Patagonian lands.

seven feet of height to Hercules their first hero; into life it came

and in our days we have seen men eight feet And grew a giant tree : the mind may grow the same. high. The giant who was shown in Rouen, in

Id. Childe Harold. 1735, measured eight feet some inches. The emGIANTS. The traditions of all ages have fur- peror Maximin was of that size; Shenkius and nished us with so many extravagant accounts Platerus, physicians of the last century, saw seveof giants of incredible bulk and strength, that ral of that stature; and Goropius saw a girl who the existence of such people is now generally dis- was ten feet high. The body of Orestes, acbelieved. It is commonly thought that the sta- cording to the Greeks, was eleven feet and a ture of man has been the same in all ages; and half; the giant Galbara, brought from Arabia to some have even pretended to demonstrate the Rome under Claudius Cæsar, was near ten feet; impossibility of the existence of giants ma- and the bones of Secondilla and Pusio, keepers thematically. Of these Mr. M'Laurin has of the gardens of Sallust, were but six inches been the most explicit. But his arguments shorter. Funnam a Scotchman, who lived in the and comparisons, drawn from the disproportion time of Eugine II. king of Scotland, measured between the cohesion of parts in small models eleven feet and a half; and Jacob le Maire, in and large works, of human workmanship, are by his voyage to the straits of Magellan, reports, no means conclusive; because, along with an in- that on the 17th of Deceniber, 1615, they found crease of stature in any animal, we must always at Port Desire several graves covered with suppose a proportional increase in the cohesion stones; and, having the curiosity to remove the of the parts of its body. Large works sometimes stones, they discovered human skeletons of ten fail when constructed on the plan of models, be- and eleven feet long. The chevalier Scory, in cause the cohesion of the materials whereof the his voyage to the peak of Teneriffe, says, that model is made, and of the large work, are the they found in one of the sepulchral caverns of same; but a difference in this respect will pro that mountain, the head of a Guanche which had duce a very remarkable difference in the ultimate eighty teeth, and that the body was not less than result. Thus, suppose a model is made of fir fifteen feet long. The giant Ferragus, slain by wood, the model may be firm and strong enough; Orlando nephew of Charlemagne, was eighteen but a large work made also of fir, when exe- feet high. Rioland, a celebrated anatomist, who cuted according to the plan of the model, may wrote in 1614, says, that some years before there be so weak that it will fall to pieces from its own was to be seen in the suburbs of St. Germain weight. If, however, we make use of iron for the tomb of the giant Isoret, who was twenty the large work instead of fir, the whole will be feet high. In Rouen, in 1509, in digging in the sufficiently strong, even though made exactly ac- ditches near the Dominicans, they found a stone cording to the plan of the model. The same tomb containing a skeleton whose skull held a may be said with regard to large and small bushel of corn, and whose shin bone reached up animals. If we could find an animal whose to the girdle of the tallest man there, being bones exceeded in hardness and strength the about four feet long, and consequently the body bones of other animals as much as iron exceeds must have been seventeen or eighteen feet high. fir, such an animal might be of a monstrous size, Upon the tomb was a plate of copper, whereon and yet be exceedingly strong. In like manner, was engraved, “In this tomb lies the noble and if we suppose the flesh and bones of a giant to puissant lord, the chevalier Ricon de Vallemont, be greatly superior, in hardness and strength, to and his bones.' Platerus, a famous physician, those of other men, the great size of his body declares, that he saw at Lucerne, the true human will be no objection at all to his strength. The bones of a subject which must have been at least whole controversy, therefore, concerning the ex- nineteen feet high. Valence in Dauphiné boasts istence of giants must rest upon the credibility of of possessing the bones of the giant Bucart, the accounts given by those who profess to have tyrant of the Vivarais, who was slain by an seen them, and not on any arguments drawn à arrow by the count De Cabillon his vassal. The priori. In the Scripture we are told of giants who Dominicans had a part of the shin bone, with the were produced from the marriages of the sons of articulation of the knee, and his figure painted God with the daughters of men. See ANTEDILU- in fresco, with an inscription, showing that this VIANS. This passage indeed has been differently giant was twenty-two feet and a half high, and interpreted, and it is very doubtful whether the that his bones were found in 1705, near the word translated giants there implies any estra- banks of the Morderi, a little river at the foot of ordinary stature. In other parts of Scripture, the mountain of Crussol, upon which tradition however, giants, with their dimensions, are men- says) the giant dwelt.' M. Le Cat adds, that tioned in such a manner that we cannot possibly skeletons have been discovered of giants, of a doubt their existence; as ju the case of Og king still more incredible height, viz. that of Theutobochus king of the Teutones, found January “A first object of curiosity in this direction is 11th, 1613, twenty-five feet and a half high; of a Port Coon Cave; this magnificent excavation is giant near Mazarino, in Sicily in 1516, thirty accessible both by sea and land. In the west feet; of another in 1548, near Palermo, thirty feet, side are two apertures by which it can be en&c. &c. But whether these accounts are credited or tered at all times, but the violence of the bisluwa not, we are certain that the stature of the human at its mouth sometimes forbids the most adven body is by no means fixed. We are ourselves turous sailor to approach. The cave is of con a kind of giants in comparison of the Laplan- siderable length, and boats may row in 100 ders; nor are these the most diminutive people yards at least. The formation of the interior. to be found upon the earth. The abbé la is very extraordinary, and extremely interestChappe, in his journey into Siberia to observe ing to the mineralogical tourist : the roof and the transit of Venus, passed through a village sides are composed of rounded stones, inbedinhabited by people called Wotiacks, who were ded in a basaltic paste, of extreme liardness, not above four feet high.

These stones again are formed of concentric GIANTS, REBELLIOUS, in ancient mythology, spheres, resembling the pellicles of an onion. the sons of Cælus and Terra. According to He. The appearance of the cave, viewed from the siod they sprang from the blood of the wound innerinost recess, is not unlike the side aisle of a which Cælus received from his son Saturn. gothic cathedral, the roof being a tolerably reHyginus calls them sons of Tartarus and Terra. gular pointed arch: the sides appear greasy, and They are represented as endued with strength do actually feel so : one of the unbidden attendproportioned to their gigantic size. Some of ants, who takes the trouble to accompany the them, as Cottus, Briareus, and Gyges, had each party, is generally provided with a loaded piece, fifty heads and 100 arms, and serpents instead of upon the discharge of which, a tremendous legs! They were of a terrible aspect, and their reverberation of sound is produced : musical inhair hung loose about their shoulders. Pallene struments also, when played with judicious maand its neighbourhood was the place of their nagement, i. e. by allowing a short pause beresidence. The defeat of the Titans, to whom tween the succeeding notes, will be found to they were nearly related, incensed them against produce most agreeable echoes. Adjoining this Jupiter, and they all conspired to dethrone him. cave is the little inlet called Port Coon, formed Accordingly they reared Moup: Ossa upon Pelion, by a very remarkable whyndyke; which seems and Olympus upon Ossa; and from thence at- to have been composed of seven walls, and to have tacked the gods with huge rocks, some of which been separated from the dyke in front of the fell into the sea and became islands, and others precipice, by some great convulsion. In this fell on the earth and formed mountains. Jupiter shock a small pyramidal basaltic rock was desummoned a council of the gods; when being tached from the great mass, and stands now ininformed that it was necessary to obtain the as- sulated in the centre of the small bay. The sistance of some mortal, he by the advice of ruins of the whyndyke are attached to its eastern Pallas called up his son Hercules; and with the side, separated into a number of distinct walls, aid of this hero he exterminated the giants En- exhibiting their construction by horizontal celadus, Polybates, Alcyon, Porphyrion, the two prisms, and forming, altogether, a very curious sons of Alæus, Ephialtes and thus, Eurytus, object. Beyond the projecting excavated rock, Clytins, Tythyus, Pallas, Hippolitus, Agrius, of which Port Coon Cave is composed, is a Thoon, and Typhon, the last of whom it was second of these whyndykes, being one side of more difficult to vanquish than all the rest. Ju- the little estuary of Port Nabau piter, having thus gained a complete victory, cast “On the west of Port Coon Cave and Dyke, the rebels down to Tartarus, where they were to in the dark perpendicular cliff, is a deep and receive the full punishment of their crimes; or, lofty cave, accessible by water alone. The enaccording to some of the poets, he buried them trance assumes the appearance of a pointed alive under Mount Ætna and different islands. arch, and is remarkably regular. The boatmen

The Giant's CAUSEWAY is a natural pier or are very expert in entering these caves; they promontory, projecting 600 feet into the sea, on bring the boat's head right in front, and, watchthe north coast of the county of Antrim, Ire- ing the roll of the wave, quiekly ship the oars, land. It is sometimes described as the south and sail in majestically upon the smooth rolling part of the promontory of Bengou, which is wave. The depth of Dunkerry Cave has not eigbt miles west of Farehead. In describing been ascertained, for the extremity is so conthis noble natural curiosity of Ireland, we shall structed as to render the management of a boat avail ourselves of the published accounts of a there impracticable and dangerous; besides, gentleman (Rev. G. N. Wright) whose descrip- from the greasy character of the sides of the cave, tive sketches of his native country have elsewhere the hand cannot be serviceable in forwarding or enlivened our pages. He conducts us from retarding the boat. Along the sides is a borderBelfast by Glenarın and Bally-castle to Ballintoy ing of marine plants, above the surface of the and Bushmills, about one mile from the Causeway, water, of considerable breadth. The roof and where there is an inn called the Causeway Inn, sides are clad over with green confervæ, which being the nearest place of rest and refreshment. gives a very rich and beautiful effect: and not

'Approaching the shore at the Rock Heads the least curious circumstance connected with a it becomes necessary to abandon all kinds of visit to this subterranean apartment, is the swelvehicles as well as our horses, and trust to pe- ling of the water within. It has been already destrian activity for the remainder of the path to frequently observed, that the swell of the sea the Causeway.

upon this coast is at all times heavy; and, as

« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »