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has endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers the merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these oppressions we have petitioned for redress in the most humble terms; our petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people

12. Nor have we been wanting in attention to our British brethren. We have warned them, from time to time, of attempts made by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them, by the ties of our common kindred, to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They, too, have been deaf to the voice of justice and consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity which denounces our separation and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, enemies in war-in peace, friends.

13. We, therefore, the representatives of the United States of America, in general Congress assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the name and by the authority of the good people of these colonies, solemnly publish and declare, that these united colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States; that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that, as free and independent States, they have full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and do all other acts and things which independent States may of right do. And for the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor. THOMAS JEFFERSON.


WHY praise we, prodigal of fame,
The rage that sets the world on flame?
My guiltless Muse his brow shall bind
Whose godlike bounty spares mankind.
For those whom bloody garlands crown,
The brass may breathe, the marble frown;
To him, through every rescued land,

Ten thousand living trophies stand!

SELECT ETYMOLOGIES.-Abdicate: v. EDICT. . . . Accommodate: L. accom'odo, accomoda'tum, to fit to; fr. ac= ad, co cum, and mod'us, a measure, a manner; h., com-modious, com-modity, im-moderate, im-modest, in-com-mode, mode, model, moderate, modest, modi-fy, modulate, mood.. Alien: L. alie'nus, belonging to another; fr. al'ius, another; h., alias (L. otherwise), alienate, in-alienable (not to be transferred to another), etc.


Allegiance: fr. the L. al'ligo, I bind to; fr. alad, and lig'o, liga'tum, to bind; h., ally, league, liable, ligament, ligature, ob-lige, re-ligion (believed to be from re'ligo, I rebind), etc. . . . Annihilate : L. anni'hilo; fr. an = ad, and nihil, nothing. . . . Appropriate: L. ap=ad, and prop'rius, one's own; h., ex-propriate, im-proper (lit., not one's own, not fitted to a thing), proper, property, proprietor, propriety, etc. . . . Assent: L. assen'tior, assen'sus; fr. asad, and sen'tio, sen'sum, to discern by the senses, to perceive; h., con-sent, con-sentaneous (agreeing), dis-sent, in-sensate, in-sensible, nonsense, pre-sentiment, re-sent, scent, sensation, sense, sensory (L. senso'rium, the seat of sense), sentence, sententious (abounding with sentences; h., short and vigorous), sentient (having sensation), sentiment, super-sensible (beyond the senses), etc. . . . Assume: L. assu'mo; fr. as―ad and su'mo, sump'tum, to take; h., con-sume, pre-sume, pre-sumptive, re-sume, sumptuary (relating to expense), sumptuous (L. sump'tus, expense), etc. . . . Colony: L. colo'nia; fr. colo'nus, a farmer; fr. col'o, cul'tum, to cultivate; h., agri-culture (v. PILGRIM), cultivate, horti-culture (hor'tus, a garden), etc. . . . Constrain: v. RESTRAIN. Convulsion: L. convulsio; fr. convello, I draw violently; fr. con, intens., and vel'lo, vul'sum, to pluck, to pull; h., di-vulsion, re-vel (L. revel'lo, I tear away), re-vulsion, etc. . . . Despotism: fr. Gr. děs'potēs, a master. Establish: L. stabil'io, I make firm; fr. stab'ilis, stable; fr. sto, I stand: v. DESTITUTE. Event: fr. L. even'io, even'tum, to come out: v. INVENT. . . . Government: fr. L. gu'berno, guberna'tum, to steer; h., govern, gubernatorial, etc. . . . Institute: v. DESTITUTE. Invasion: L. inva'sio; fr. inva'do, inva'sum, to go into; fr. in and va'do, I go; h., e-vade, e-vasive, in-vade, per-vade, etc. . . . July: L. Julius, the surname of Caius Cæsar, who was born this month.... Legislature : fr. L. lex, le'gis, law, and fèr'o, fer're, tŭ'li, lā'tum, to bear, to bring forward, etc.; h., the law-bearing power of a State: v. DEFER, LEGAL, RELATION.





Relinquish : L. relin'quo, relic'tum: v. RELIC. . . . Salary: L. sala'rium, orig., salt-money, the money given to Roman soldiers for salt; fr. sala'rius, saline; fr. sal, sal'is, salt; h., salacious, salad, saline, salt, etc.

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BANNOCKBURN, a village in Scotland, twenty-nine miles from Edinburgh, is famous for a great battle fought in 1314, by which the independence of Scotland was established. The battle of MARSTON MOOR, England, in which Cromwell defeated the royalists under Prince Rupert, took place July 3, 1644. LEONIDAS, king of Sparta, fell at Thermopylæ, 480 B. C. The battle of the NILE, between the British and French fleets, was fought Aug. 1, 1798.

Pronounce ea in HEARTH as in heart (though in the poem erroneously made to rhyme with birth); E'ER, as if air; HEAVEN, hěv'n (as if in one syllable); the o in FORGE long.

An effective reading exercise may be made by throwing this piece, as we have here done, into the dialogue form, marking a portion of it for simultaneous utterance by all. The first speaker should stand apart from the rest, or he may be personated by the teacher, and should regulate, by a motion of his hand, the time of the words for All.

All. Clang, clang!

First Voice. The massive anvils ring.

All. Clang, clang!

First Voice. A hundred hammers swing;

Like the thunder-rattle of a tropic sky

The mighty blows still multiply.

All. Clang, clang!

First Voice. Say, brothers of the dusky brow,
What are your strong arms forging now?

All. Clang, clang! We forge the cōlter now.
Second Voice. The colter of the kindly plow.
Propitious Heaven, oh bless our toil!

May its broad furrow still unbind

To genial rains, to sun and wind,

The most benignant soil.

All. Clang, clang!

Third Voice. Our colter's course shall be
On many a sweet and sheltered lea,
By many a streamlet's silver tide;
Amid the song of morning birds,
Amid the low of sauntering herds,
Amid soft breezes which do stray
Through woodbine hedges in sweet May,
Along the green hill's side.

Fourth Voice. When regal Autumn's bounteous hand With widespread glory clothes the land—

When to the valleys from the brow

Of each resplendent slope is rolled

A ruddy stream of living gold

We bless, we bless the plow!

All. Clang, clang!

First Voice. Again, my mates, what glows Beneath the hammer's potent blows?

All. Clink, clank! we forge the giant CHAIN Which bears the gallant vessel's strain

'Mid stormy winds and adverse tides.

Fifth Voice. Secured by this, the good ship braves The rocky roadstead, and the waves

Which thunder on her sides.

Anxious no more, the merchant sees
The mist drive dark before the breeze,
The storm-cloud on the hill;

Calmly he rests, though far away
In boisterous climes his vessels lie,
Reliant on our skill.

Sixth Voice. Say on what sands these links shall sleep, Fathoms beneath the solemn deep?—

By Afric's pestilential shore?

By many an iceberg lone and hoar?

By many a palmy western isle,
Basking in spring's perpetual smile?

By stormy Labrador?

Seventh Voice. Say, shall they feel the vessel reel, When to the battery's deadly peal

The crashing broadside makes reply?

Or else, as at the glorious Nile,

Hold grappling ships that strive the while
For death or victory?

All. Hurrah! cling, clang!

First Voice. Once more, what glows,

Dark brothers of the forge, beneath

The tempest of your iron blows,

The furnace's red breath?

All. Clang, clang!—a burning shower, clear And brilliant, of bright sparks, is poured Around and up, in the dusky air,

As our hammers forge, . . the SWORD!

Clink, clank, clang!

Eighth Voice. The sword! extreme of dread! yet when
Upon the freeman's thigh 'tis bound,

While for his altar and his hearth,

While for the land that gave him birth,

The war-drum rolls, the trumpets sound

How sacred is it then!

Ninth Voice. Whenever for the truth and right It flashes in the van of fight;

Whether in some wild mountain's pass,

Like that where fell Leonidas;

Or on some sterile plain and stern,
A Marston or a Bannockburn;
Or amid crags and bursting rills,
The Switzer's Alps, gray Tyrol's hills;
Or, as when sank the Armada's pride,
It gleams above the stormy tide,—
Still, still, whene'er the battle word


Is Liberty-where men do stand For justice and their native land, may Heaven bless the sword! All. Still, still, whene'er the battle word IS LIBERTY--where men do stand For justice and their native land, may Heaven bless the sword!



SELECT ETYMOLOGIES.-Anvil: A. S. anfilt, a block to hammer on. . . . Armada : Sp., a fleet of armed ships; fr. L. arma'tus, armed. Colter or Coulter, the iron part in front of the plow with an edge that cuts the sod; fr. L. cul'ter, a plowshare, a knife. Furnace: L. fur'nus, an Saunter: Ger, schlentern, to wander idly about.


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