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fifth section of this bill, and if the House agrees advantageous to the service I, not being an ifest injustice is done to the regular Army, and with him, then this first section can easily be expert, cannot of course determine with confi- if the second is the meaning of the committee, changed to conform to his amendment to the dence; but considering the ordinary principles it seems to me injustice is done to the officers other section. As debate under the fifteen- of human nature, it appears objectionable, of the volunteers. I believe it should be, as minute rule is very free, I would suggest to the because it places these military men at the I have no doubt it is, the wish of the comgentleman to let this section be passed over for mercy of the arbitrary judgment of their fel- mittee, to do equal and exact justice between the present.
lows, and tends to create a spirit of rivalry and them both. I certainly am disposed, and shall Mr. DAVIS. I have no objection to accede contention which must prove a source of dis- be hereafter, to cast my vote actuated alone to the suggestion of the gentleman from Maine,
cord that will have a fatal influence upon the by that principle. I wish to do everything that [Mr. Blaine,] to pass over this section for the whole organization, rank and file. Upon this shall seem to be just and right in favor of the present, if it can be done without prejudice to point I trust that when the section comes up officers of the regular Army, while I shall at the what I want.
we shall hear from the chairman of the Com- same time insist upon everything which seems Mr. CONKLING. I would suggest that this mittee on Military Affairs an explanation which to me to be just and right to the officers of vol. question again comes up in section four, deter- will be satisfactory to the House and to the unteers. mining the organization of the infantry regi- Army, the officers of which, so far as my
EVENING SESSION. ments, where it reads, " of ten regiments, to be observation has gone, deem this feature of
Mr. STEVENS. The gentleman from Wis. raised and officered as hereinafter provided for, the bill very objectionable.
consin yields to me for a moment. I move to be called the Veteran Reserve corps."
One object which I had in rising to speak on
that the evening session for this evening be The SPEAKER. This first section can be this occasion was to call attention to the fact passed over by general consent, and subse- that, until this bill shall be fully and fairly
There was no objection, and it was ordered quently modified to correspond with whatever before the country, there can be no sufficient
accordingly. changes the House may make in other parts of opportunity for members, particularly those on the bill. this side of the House, to gain practical and
SATURDAY SESSION FOR DEBATE. No objection was made.
useful information as to the bearings of the bill Mr. STEVENS. While I am up I will make Section two was then read, as follows: upon the Army and its officers. I trust that
another suggestion. I do not know whether SEC. 2. Anilbe it further enacted, That the five regithe chairman of the committee will consent
the House is disposed to sit to-morrow, as it is ments of artillery provided for by this act shall con- that this full and fair opportunity for becoming the anniversary of a striking event, the assas. sist of the five regiments now organized; and the acquainted with the merits of the bill shall be first, second, third, anal fourth regiments of artillery
sination of the late President. If not I will shall have the same organization as is now prescribed
given, and that final action upon it will be suf- move that when the House adjourns it adjourn by law for the fifth regiment of artillery: Provided, ficiently delayed to enable us to inform our- to meet on Monday next. That the regimental adjutants, quartermasters, and
selves properly. The chairman of the commit- The SPEAKER. The Chair is informed commissariesshall hereafter be extra first lieutenants. tee, hy reason of his peculiar position, has, of
that there are some six or eight gentlemen who Mr. CHANLER. As I understand the ar
course, opportunities of information superior desire to speak. rangement made by the consent of the House
to those possessed by most of the other mem- Mr. STEVENS. To-morrow? just now, the first section of this bill is not now
bers of the House, particularly the members The SPEAKER. Whenever they can get under consideration.
of the Opposition. As one of these, who, ac- the floor. The SPEAKER. The first section has been cording to the system carried out by the domi- Mr. STEVENS. I will not move to adjourn passed over by general consent, with the under- nant party, are allowed to see the gates, but over then, but move that to-morrow's session standing that hereafter it shall be made to con- never to enter the portals of the political par- be exclusively devoted to debate. form, in regard to the number of regiments, | adise, I ask for a little time, and express the There was no objection, and it was so ordered. with the action of the House upon succeeding || hope that the discussion will be full and satissections.
REORGANIZATION OF THE ARJIY-AGAIN. factory. It is my impression that before the Vr. CHANLER. I desired to say a few debate shall close the able and experienced Mr. PAINE. Now, Mr. Speaker, I believe words upon this first section, in reference to chairman of the Military Committee will him. it would be injustice to the oflicers of the regthe general application of ortions of it. But self acknowledge that his bill is capable of ular Army if the appointments for all time to perhaps I can say what I have to say just as improvement.
come, without further legislation, shall be well upon this section.
The next section was read, as follows: given to officers of volunteers. On the other My object in rising is to notice the very terse Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That to the six
hand, it will not satisfy me if only the first and clear statement, as well as the very full and regiments of cavalry now in service there shall be appointments shall be given to volunteers. It fair statement made by the chairman of the added six regiments, having the same organization is still less satisfactory to me that the law
as is now provided by law for cavalry regiments, all committee [Mr. SCHENCK) in reference to the the first and second lieutenants of which, and two
should stand ambiguous and open to such character and scope of this bill. I certainly thirds of the officers in each ot'the grades above that construction as the War Department or any feel inclined to congratulate the gentleman upon
of first lieutenant, shall be selected from among the officer called to consider it may choose to give.
officers and soldiers of volunteers who have served in his kindness and consideration in accepting the the Army of the United States in the late war for the
I have, therefore, offered what seems to me to suggestions of the Lieutenant General of the
suppression of the rebellion, and have been distin- be a compromise between those two plans, Army and the Secretary of War in behalf of guished for capacity, good conduct, and efficient giving these appointments up to January 1, retrenchment, and I think we may congratulate
service: Provided, however, That graduates of the
1870, to officers of volunteers, leaving them ourselves that the state of security of the coun- appointments as second lieutenants. Any portion after that time to be filled by the War Departtry is the basis of that retrenchment; that we of the cavalry force herein authorized may be dis- ment as the Department may desire. I hope have no reason to apprehend that state of in
mounted and armed and drilled as infantry at the
the gentleman will accept that. ternecine war which has been made the ground shall hereafter have but one hospital steward, and Mr. SCHENCK obtained the floor. for most of the bills presented to this House; the regimental adjutants, quartermasters, and com- Mr. STEVENS. Let me ask for a definition and also that in the face of a foreign war we missaries shall hereafter bo extra first lieutenants.
of the word ó volunteers" as used in this bill. are prepared in the organization of the Army
Mr. PAINE. I move the following amend- Do I understand it to embrace drafted men ? here proposed to meet any exigency which may ment:
Mr. SCHENCK. Yes, sir. I have never arise.
In the fifth line, after the word "which," insert the heard it questioned. This bill appears to pursue the same system
words commissioned before the 1st day of January, Mr. Speaker, the gentleman from Wisconsin of consolidation-whether with more success
1870;" and in the sixth line, after the word "lieu-
has discovered an ambiguity in this third secI cannot tell. The bill, coming before us now will read as follows:
tion, which with him I am willing should be for the first time, has not yet been subjected to
That to the six regiments of cavalry now in service
amended. He that analysis which its importance justifies. shall be added six regiments, having the same organ
right in supposing the underization as is now provided by law for cavalry regi
standing and intention, and such would only But, sir, the general features of the system pro- ments, all the first and second lieutenants of which, be the fair construction of the section, is to proposed in the bill--the organization of the col
commissionell before the 1st day of January, 1870, and vide for volunteers who are to be appointed in
two thirds of the oflicers in cach of the grades above ored troops, of the Reserve corps, and of the that of first licutenant, coinmissioned before the 1st
the first appointments which are made, what Provost Marshal's Bureau; the fundamental day of January, 1870, shall be selected from among is called the filling of original vacancies in these alteration proposed with reference to the conthe oficers and soldiers of volunteers, &o.
regiments. To remove the ambiguity it may be trol of the Military Academy at West Point; Mr. Speaker, this section provides that, in well to insert sone provision to say it is only the disposition manifested to exclude regular officering these six cavalry regiments, the first in these original vacancies created by calling olhicers and to favor volunteer officers, as if the || and second lieutenants shall be selected from into being these regiments or else to liinit them citizen who receives a military education at the among the officers and soldiers of volunteers, to time, as he proposes. expense of the Government should stand in an and two thirds of the officers of the higher grades I do not know I should object to the exteninterior position to him who enters a volunteer shall be selected in the same way. Now, the sion of the time, for that virtually is the effect organization without such military education- | question at once presents itself, does this lan- of his amendment, so as to give the exclusive a distinction for which I cannot see any good l guage mean that all the officers of these lower right of appointment to two thirds of the apreason-all these points strike me with force | grades and two thirds of the officers of the higher pointments to volunteers for nearly four years on the first reading of the bill. grades shall for all time to come be selected
That can be the only effect to extend Now, sir, one great feature of this bill--the from the volunteers; or does it mean that only the time so as to be more favorable to volun. examining board -has been admitted by the the first appointments shall be made in that teers. As it removes ambiguity and makes the chairman of the committee to bear the name way from the volunteers ?
section clear, I shall not oppose the ameudby implication if not hy merit, of'a star-cham- Now, Mr. Speaker, if the first is the pur
ment. ber tribunal. How such a tribunal may be pose of the committee, it seems to me man. The amendment was agreed to.
Mr. BOYER. I desire to offer the following || would obviate the difficulty. It may be sur- Army. But when the rebellion broke out, amendment;
plusage or tautology, but I suggest to the gen. having been educated at the public expense, Strike out these words:
tleman that he insert after the word “ eligible" || they thought it their duty to volunteer, and Prucilerd, however. That graduates of the United the words on gradation." That will obviate | they did so. Some of them led regiments; States Military Academy shall be eligible to appointment as second lieutenants.
the difficulty suggested by the gentleman from others were captains, or occupied other suborAnd to insert in lieu thereof the following: Pennsylvania.
dinate positions. Why should they, simply
Mr. BOYER. I will accept that amendment
because they were graduates of the West Point States Military Academy, who served as officers of
as far as it goes, but I still insist on the addi- Academy, be excluded; and why should they volunteers, shall be eligible to appointment as other
tion of the other words, “Provided, that grad. not be placed on the same footing as other officers of volunteers,
uates of the United States Military Academy volunteer officers? I do not perceive, sir, why this distinction is who served as officers of volunteers shall be Mr. GARFIELD. They are, under my made between graduates of the Military Acad- eligible to appointments on the same footing as reading of this bill. emy and those not graduates of the Military | other officers of volunteers.”'
Mr. SCHENCK. The gentleman from PennAcademy when both served as volunteer officers. Mr. SCHENCK. If you limit it to those it sylvania certainly totally misapprehends the It will be seen this would exclude graduates of will cut off all the new graduates. Some of whole tenor of this section, or else I am exthe Military Academy, although they did not these young gentlemen have served nowhere.
ceedingly in the dark myself. Suppose this serve as officers in the regular Army. I should They have come out as graduates since the war proviso were not here at all, what then would like to hear a good reason given, either by the was over, and we wish to save their right to be the effect? Why, that all these subaltern chairman of the Military Committee or some promotion.
appointments would be given to volunteers, one else, why a graduate of the Military Acad- Mr. BOYER. The phraseology suggested | including those who had graduated at West emy, who has served as a volunteer officer by the gentleman from Maine would save that
Point as well as others. If they had left the during the rebellion, is less fit to receive an class, but not the class that I intend to save regular Army and were volunteers only, and appointment than if he had received no mili- by the amendment which I propose.
had been volunteers during this war, they tary education at all ?
Mr. BLAINE. I have a suggestion to make would not be disqualified. Kr. SCHENCK. That proviso was put there which, I think, will cover the point so that Now, we want to have them all to have the for the purpose of saving graduates of the Mili- || gentlemen cannot quibble or cavil about it at benefit of this section; all those who, having tary Academy. If the gentleman will hear me all. I suggest the addition of a proviso that been graduates of West Point, have lett the I will explain. The preceding portion of the graduates of the United States Military Acad- regular Army, have resigned their places section provides that the first and second lieu- emy, after the passage of this act, shall be therein, and have served only as volunteers. tenants shall be taken from among the volun- eligible to appointment.
And then we want to put in a saving clause teers, and that would cut out the young men
Mr. BOYER. There will still be an ambi- for the benefit of some few who may hereafter who have just left West Point. Something is | guity about it.
graduate, who without such saving clause would to be done with them. You could not put a Mr. BLAINE. Not if you insert the words, || be disqualified. That is the whole of it. single one of them into the cavalry unless there "Provided that cadets of the United States There was perhaps some justice in the critiwas a saving clause which would embrace that Military Academy who shall graduate after the
cism of the gentleman, as it applied to the savproportion of them whom you might desire to passage of this act,' &c.
ing clause, so far as these cadets were conappoint into the cavalry. It was, therefore, Mr. BOYER. It will still be liable to am- cerned, for it might be held to extend to other thought proper by the Committee on Military || biguity. It would lead to the inference that classes than those just graduated. I suggest, Affairs not to cut off the graduates from West none but those would be eligible to appoint- ll therefore, that it be amended so as to read, Point, but to provide that while these subal
"that cadets of the United States Military tern appointments were to be given to volun- Mr. BLAINE. I do not think the gentle- || Academy hereafter graduating shall be eligiteers or volunteer officers, an exception should man from Pennsylvania has got hold of the ble," &c. be made in favor of the young men coming spirit of the proviso, which I thought the chair- Mír. BOYER. I understood the gentleman from West Point. That exception, however, man of the Committee on Military Affairs ex- to say a few moments ago, wherrexplaining the only extends to making second lieutenants of | plained very clearly. The proviso is entirely general features of this measure, that one difthem. That limitation to the second lieuten- in the interest of the West Point graduates. It ference between this bill and the bill which antcies in such appointments is occasioned by was put in there for their benefit exclusively. passed the Senate wils, that the latter bill put a desire to prevent the taking of these young Mr. BOYER. Yes; so that they might be regular officers who had also served as volungentlemen, fresh from West Point, and making appointed second lieutenants and noihing else.
teer officers upon the same footing with volunthem captains and first lieutenants, while you Mr. BLAINE. Will the gentleman tell teer ollicers, while the olject of this bill was gire to volunteer officers only second lieuten- me when a West Point graduate was ever enantcies. Such has actually been the case; titled to any appointment except that of sec
to relocatextcks That is an entirely diferthere are young gentlemen who only left West ond lieutenant? This provision simply con- ent section, and is in entirely different language. Poiut last year, who are now captains in the veys to them the same right as regards these Mr. BOYER. Very well; then I will wait service. The object of the committee is to six regiments that they have in other parts of until that section is reached, and in the mean save the graduates of West Point, and give | the Army. The first part of the section would
time accept the modification of the gentleman them the same benefits that volunteer officers have confined the selection of all the officers of
from Maine, (Mr. BLAINE.] enjoy so far as second lieutenantcies are con- these six regiments, both line and staff, to volcerned.
unteers. It was thought by the Committee on But there is another point. The gentleman | Military Affairs that it would be unfair to cut A message from the Senate, by Mr. FORNEY, says that a graduate of West Point may have off from appointments in these regiments those its Secretary, informed the House that the Senserved as a volunteer officer. Well, if he has | graduating from West Point.
ate had non-concurred in the amendment of the served in that capacity, and is yet in the reg- Mr. BOYER. I can understand how the House of Representatives to the concurrent ular Army, he is not cut off by this provision ; || amendment suggested by the gentleman from resolution of the Senate prohibiting the sale of because he is something now in the regular Maine would save young men who have just spirituous and other liquors in the Capitol buildArmy. He is at least a second lieutenant, and graduated at the Military Academy at Westing and grounds. he retains his place. But if he was a graduate || Point, but it would not save those who grad- Also, that the Senate had indefinitely postof West Point, and not in the regular Army, uated there years ago, and who have been offi- poned House bill No. 458, granting a pension he was then only a volunteer officer, and he cers in the volunteer service during the war. to Sarah E. Pickell, has the same advantages as any other man in That class would still remain unprovided for. Also, that the Senate had passed House bill the volunteer service.
Mr. BLAINE. They stand precisely on the No. 219, for the relief of Catherine Mock, with Mr. BOYER. Would not those be excluded same footing as other volunteer ofhcers. an amendment, in which he was directed to who, although graduates of the Military Acad- Mr. BOYER. Well, I propose to make the request the concurrence of the House. emy, had never served in the regular Army, | matter plain by inserting the words I have Also, that the Senate had passed without but had served during the war in the volunteer suggested.
amendment House bills of the following titles : force? If that be the intention of the gentle- Mr. GARFIELD. There is the one third An act (H. R. No. 218) for the relief of man, I think his bill accomplishes his object. unprovided for, from which all persons may
Charles Youly; If it be not, then he ought to modify his bill. be appointed, together with the advantage they An act (H. R. No. 264) granting a pension
Yr. SCHENCK. Perhaps the gentleman | gain under the bill from having been volunteer to Mrs. Altazera L. Willcox, of Chenango might possibly find a case of that kind.
officers as well as graduates of the Military Acad- county, State of New York; Nr. BOYER. There are hundreds of cases emy at West Point. It does seem to me that the An act (H. R. No. 266) granting a pension of that kind.
class of persons to which the gentleman refers to Mrs. Isabella Fogg, in the State of Maine; Jr. SCHENCK. If a graduate of West is amply provided for under those two heads. An act (H. R. No. 287) granting a pension Point immediately upon graduating has re- The proviso, as it now stands, would apply to to Virginia K. V. Moore; sinted and afterward gone into the volunteer the young cadets just out of the Academy. An act (H. R. No. 268) for the relief of service, and is only a volunteer officer, he might Mr. BOYER. "I want to provide for those Albert Nevins; be thus cut off.
graduates of the Military Academy who were An act (H. R. No. 443) granting a pension Vir. BOYER. That would exclude hundreds officers in the volunteer service. Many of our to Mrs. Elizabeth York; of the best officer who fought during the war. most valuable volunteer oslicers who fonght An act (H. R. No. 414) granting a pension
Mr. BLAISE. There may be cases of that during the rebellion were graduates of West to Lewis W. Dietrich; and kind, and I suggest the use of language which Point, who had never served in the regular An act (H. R. No. 446) for the relief of Nicb
MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE.
olas Hibner, late private in the sixth regiment be to give to officers and soldiers of volunteers strictly within the terms of the section as now of the Missouri State militia.
during the late war all the commissions of first amended on my motion. I am anxious to proAlso, that the Senate had passed Senate bills and second lieutenants, and two thirds of those vide for the volunteers who have served in this of the following titles, in which the concur- of higher grade. Now, it seems to me that the war and who may hereafter reënlist in the regrence of the House was requested:
language employed in this section does not ular Army; but I contend that they are covered An act (S. No. 201) for the relief of Ann accomplish that object. The section now reads- by the section as it now stands. Heth, widow of William Heth, of Harrison
All the first and second lieutenants of which, and
There is another thing which the gentleman county, Indiana;
two thirds of the officers in each of the grades above must not overlook. He is anxious, as I am, to An act (S. No. 237) granting a pension to that of first lieutenant, shall be elected from among
provide for the seventeen hundred officers of the officers and soldiers of volunteers who have served Mrs. Martha Stevens ; in the Army of the United States in the late war for
the regular Army; but, sir, I am anxious, as I An act (S. No. 238) granting a pension to the suppression of the rebellion, &c.
believe he must be, to provide for the fifty or Mrs. Amarilla Cook ; An act (S. No. 241) directing the enrollment teers who served in the late war also held comNow, a great many of the officers of volun- one hundred thousand officers of volunteers.
Mr. HALE. The gentleman will permit me of Agnes W. Laughlin, widow of a deceased sol- missions in the regular Army.
to say that it is the privates, the rank and file dier, as a pensioner; and An act (s. No. 252) granting a pension to another section of this bill. Mr. BLAINE. That point is fully met by of the regular Army, not the officers, that I am
now trying to provide for. Mrs. Sarah E. Wilson. Mr. FARNSWORTH. I propose to insert
Mr. PAINE. I understand ; but, as I was
remarking, I am anxious that the fifty or one ENROLLED BILLS SIGNED. after the word “volunteers," in the clause I
hundred thousand officers of the volunteer army Mr. TROWBRIDGE, from the Committee have just read, the words “not holding comon Enrolled Bills, reported that they had
should not be lost sight of. Let me say to the missions in the regular Army.” examined and found truly enrolled the fol
Mr. SCHENCK. I beg to call the attention
gentleman again, what he appears to have failed lowing act and joint resolutions; when the of the gentleman to section forty of this bill,
to understand, that the rank and file of these Speaker signed the same: which obviates all ambiguity such as the gen
six new regiments will be men who have served An act (S. No. 229) to authorize the Presi- tleman complains of. That section provides: | in the volunteer army during this war, and those
men are covered by the section as it stands dent of the United States to transfer a gun
That officers of the regular Army, who have also held commissions as officers of volunteers, shall not
with my amendment, for by that section these boat to the Government of the republic of
on that account be held to be volunteers under the commissions are to be given, not to volunteer Liberia ; provisions of this act.
officers alone, as the gentleman seems to supA joint resolution (S. R. No. 49) for the
This defines what is meant by “officers of pose, but to volunteer officers or soldiers. temporary relief of destitute people in the volunteers,'' so as to exclude any conclusion I may remark, too, that, as I believe, a statuDistrict of Columbia ; and
such as the gentleman thinks might be arrived tory provision ought hereafter to be adopted A joint resolution (S. R. No. 45) protesting at without such a provision.
that promotions and commissions in the reguagainst pardons by foreign Governments of
Mr. FARNSWORTH. I think that is true, lar Army shall be given exclusively to officers persons convicted of infamous offenses on and I withdraw my amendment.
and soldiers actually in the service, so that the condition of emigration to the United States. Mr. HALE. Mr. Speaker, I move to recon- privates may be lifted up by merit to commisREORGANIZATION OF THE ARMY-AGAIN. sider the vote by which the House adopted the || sions, as they deserve to be. But I cannot see
the force of the gentleman's objection to my Mr. BLAINE. I move to amend the third amendment of the gentleman from Wisconsin, section by inserting after the words " gradu- || [Mr. PA!NE,] in regard to the time during amendment already adopted. ates of the United States Military Academy” | Officers is to continue in force. I will state
Mr. HALE. The gentleman will allow me the words who shall graduate after the pas
to submit to him this single proposition, whether what I understand to be the effect of that there is any justice, or fairness, or propriety in sage of this act;'' so that it will read : amendment.
providing that a soldier who has served in the Provided, however, That graduates of the United States Military Academy, who shall graduate after
As the section now stands it has application volunteer forces during the last four years and the passage of this act, shall be eligible to appoint- || only to the filling of the original vacancies- then enlisted in the regular Army, shall be eliment as second lieutenants.
the formation of the regiment at the outset- gible to appointment as a second lieutenant, Mr. BOYER. I accept the amendment. leaving the laws already in force and as amended while a private, a corporal, or a sergeant who
Mr. GARFIELD. I would suggest the fur- || by this bill to apply with reference to subse- has served faithfully in the regular Army during ther amendment to add the words, “and to quent promotions and appointments in each the same period shall be ineligible. The effect no higher grade."
regiment. The result of that is that when the l of the amendment is to make that discriminaMr. BLÅINE. I take it that is the exist- | original vacancies are once filled there are no tion. ing law.
further appointments, except to the grade of Mr. BLAINE. Mr. Speaker, there is a Mr. CONKLING. The criticism made by second lieutenant. Now, the effect of the single consideration I desire to suggest to the the gentleman from Pennsylvania [Mr. Boyer) | amendment proposed by the gentleman from gentleman from Wisconsin. One of the diffiis that by the clanse, as it stands unamended, | Wisconsin is simply to provide that for a term of culties we are going to encounter is to fill the a graduate from West Point must have served | nearly four years those original appointments | ranks of the Army which we are providing for in order to be considered in reference to ap
to the grade of second lieutenant shall be made in this bill. The officers are going to be nupointment as second lieutenant. The propo- || solely from volunteer officers and soldiers, thus
It will be more than four times as sition now is to leave the section as it is in excluding from promotion during all that time large as any Army we have ever had in the that respect, except to provide that graduates the rank and file of this very army which we United States. Now, the graduates of the coming from the Military Academy hereafter are now organizing.
West Point Military Academy will not begin shall be eligible to such appointment.
I submit that such a policy is one which this to supply the commissions this Army will call Now, if I understand the point and appre- | House is not ready, on deliberate consideration, for. "Heretofore graduation at West Point has hend the force of this language, the change to sanction, and one which ought not to be sanc- outrun the demand for officers to such an extent will be to confine the section as it now is to
tioned. I submit that if we are ever to have that a great many had to enter as brevet secthose who may graduate hereafter, leaving the an efficient army we must in organizing it rely ond lieutenants, who remained brevet second other question as much open as it is now. I mainly on the opportunity for promotion held lieutenants for years. I know officers who would suggest to the chairman of the Com- out to the rank and file of that army. Hence, served fifteen years before they got first lieumittee on Military Affairs that the object may it appears to me that this provision proposed tenant's commissions. be accomplished by inserting after the word || by the gentleman from Wisconsin will derogate That being the case, the way to official
eligible,” in the proviso as it now stands, | greatly from the efficiency of the army which || position not being through West Point, except the words “without having served as volun- we now propose to organize.
for a minority of places, if the Army bill is teers ;" so that the clause will read:
I trust that the motion to reconsider will wisely regulated you can make the appointing Provided, however, That graduates of the United | prevail, and that appointments to the grade of power to oflicial position one of the strongest States Military Academy shall be eligible without second lieutenant, after the regiments are once stimulants of filling up your ranks. I would like having served as volunteers to appointment as second lieutenants.
organized, after the original vacancies are once to see it confined that the first appointments and Mr. BOYER. I think myself that would be isting laws, to the rank and file, to those who filled, will be left open, as they are under ex- promotion to official positions should be from
West Point and from the rank and file. You much better.
have served as volunteers, to those who may Mr. CONKLING. I think that would meet
can get a better class of men. the point on all sides, and leave it in much
come from civil life, and to the graduates of vent, too, what is called political influence in
the Military Academy: better shape than it is now.
making appointments. You certainly will stim
Mr. PAINE. I desire to say a few words in || ulate enlistments. Deserving men who enter Mr. BLAINE. I will accept that in lieu of | reply to the considerations submitted by the | the Army and get the rank of corporals or sermy amendment, although I think it is mere
gentleman from New York, [Mr. Hale;) and geants will have a fair show of being officers in surplusage. I will admit at the outset that those considera
a few years. The amendment was agreed to.
tions are not without weight. But the gentle- Mr. THAYER. How does the gentleman Mr. FARNSWORTH. I would ask the at. man, while he is proposing to provide by law propose to stimulate enlistment by providing tention of the chairman of the Committee on that these positions shall be given hereafter to that those who enlist shall not be promoted Military Affairs (Mr. SCHENCK] for a moment men in the ranks, must also bear in mind that l until 1870? while I indicate an amendment which I think the larger proportion of these six regiments Mr. BLAINE. As I am speaking against should be made to this section. I understand will be made up of men who have been volun- that amendment the gentleman had better ask the object of the committee by this section to teers during this war, and who will hence fall the question of some one else. I am speaking
You will pre
against the amendment of the gentleman from express the idea I had intended, I will modify | geants have been promoted to make room for Wisconsin. I am for filling up with officers of it thus:
them. volunteers at the organization and then leaving After the word "service" insort as follows:
Mr. SCHENCK. To bring the House back promotion open to the rank and file. There- And after the original vacancies are filled, enlisted to the suggestion that I made as a compromise, fore I am for a reconsideration of the vote by
men of the regular Army shall in like manner be
I propose to insert in section three after the which the amendment was adopted.
words "cavalry regiments,'' these words: Mr. HALE. I will state, if this be recon
Mr. SCHENCK. I am afraid this will not sidered, it will be perfectly satisfactory to retain cohere very well, and that it will not accom
And in making appointments to fill the original
vacancies in the regiments thus provided for, and for the present words moved by the gentleman from
plish the object which the gentleman has in a period of three years after the passage of this act.
view. Wisconsin; and simply to add to them that
Also to strike out the words " of which;' so they shall be selected from among the officers
I yielded to the suggestion of the gentleman | that the section will read: and soldiers of volunteers and the enlisted men
from Wisconsin (Mr. Paine] to remove some Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That to the six of the regular_Army.
of the ambiguity in the section upon the ques- regiments of cavalry now in service there shall be Mr. PĂINE. That will be perfectly satistion whether these were the original vacancies
added six regiments, having the same organization
as is now provided by law for cavalry regiments, and factory to me. or not. But I doubt the propriety of extend
in making appointments to fill the original vacancies Mr. HALE. That will provide that these
ing it further than three or four years to come. in the regiments thus provided for, and for a period vacancies shall be filled either from the volun
I think the intention of the committee in the of three years after tho passage of this act, all the first teer or regular Army. If it be satisfactory, I original section was about right, and that may
and second lieutenants, and two thirds of the officers
in each of the grades above that of first lieutenant, will withdraw my motion to reconsider, and
be carried out if the gentleman will reconsider shall be selected from among the officers and soldiers move to add after the word "service'' in the his proposition and insert something of the kind
of volunteers who have served in the Army of the
United States in the late war for the suppression of tenth line, " or enlisted men of the regular
in another place. I will suggest that section the rebellion, and have been distinguished for capa
three be amended so as to read thus: Ariny; so that it will read, as follows:
city, good conduct, and efficiont service.
SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That to the six The motion to reconsider the vote by which Exc. 4. And be il further enacted, That to the six
regiments of cavalry now in service there shall be the amendment of Mr. Paine was adopted was regiments of cavalry now in service there shall bo
added six regiments, having the same organization added six regiments, having the same organization as is now provided by law for cavalry regiments, and
agreed to. as is now provided by law for cavalry regiments, all
in making appointments to fill the original vacancies The question recurred on agreeing to the the first and second lieutenants of which, and two thirds of the officers in each of the grades above that
in the regiments thus provided for all the first and said amendment.
second lieutenants, and two thirds of the officers in of first lieutenant, shall be selected from among the each of the grades above that of first lieutenant, shall Mr. PAINE. I withdraw it, and accept the officers and soldiers of volunteers who have served
be selected from among the officers and soldiers of in ihe Army of the United States in the late war for
proposition of the chairman of the committee, volunteers who have served in the Army of the Unithe suppression of the rebellion, and have been disted States in the late war for the suppression of the
[Mr. SCHENCK.] tinguished for capacity, good conduct, and efficient rebellion, and have been distinguished for capacity,
The amendment of Mr. SCHENCK was then service, or enlisted men of the regular Army. good conduct, and efficient service.
agreed to. Mr. FARNSWORTH. I am opposed to I think that will compromise all these differ- Mr. SCHENCK. I ask now to have read that amendment. The officers and soldiers of
ences. I submit to the gentleman from Wiscon- the amendment of the gentleman from New *he regular Army have, under this section as sin [Mr. Paine] whether that will not accom- York, (Mr. HalE.] it now stands, avenues for promotion open plish the object.
Mr. HALE. I will modify it by inserting to them in all the old regiments of which they Mr. HALE. Allow me to ask, does this after the word "lieutenant" these words : are members, as well as to one third of the proposition include the reconsideration of the And that after the original vacancies are filled, officers of the new regiments. These regi- || amendment passed on the motion of the gen- enlisted men ofthe regular Armyshall in like manner ments are going to be filled up, if at all, by tleman from Wisconsin, [Mr. Paine?]
be eligible to appointment as second lieutenants. men who served in the late war almost entirely. Mr. SCHENCK. Yes, sir.
Mr. SCHENCK. That is not necessary now, This section provides that the officers and sol
Mr. PAINE. The proposition of the chair- after the adoption of the last amendment. diers who served in the late war may hold all man of the committee is not satisfactory to me Mr. GARFIELD. I hope the amendment the offices except one third. What is the use for the reasons that I gave at the outset. It in the shape now presented will not prevail, and of extending it to embrace soldiers of the reg- seems to me that something more than the for this reason: ifit be passed, all that a civilian ular Army who already may receive commis- original vacancies should be retained to reward who has ever served in his life has to do to get sions in the old regiments? Now, sir, these those men who have served in the volunteer into the regular Army as second lieutenant is new regiments are to be filled up by soldiers army during the war. There have been from to have it arranged that as soon as he shall be of the late war. I say they are all included in
one to two millions of them, and from fifty to enlisted in the regular Army he shall be prothis section without amendinent. The amend- a hundred thousand officers who have served | moted, and in a few days he can pass from civil ment of the gentleman from New York will
in the volunteers, and if we give to them only || life to the position of a commissioned officer. extend the privilege to all the men in the old the specified original vacancies in these six | Now, that is precisely the thing which we do regiments now.
new regiments of cavalry, leaving all the other not want to be done. We want the Army to be Mr. HALE. The gentleman will allow me six and a part of these to officers and privates made up of those who have served either in the to explain. He misapprehends my amendment. of the regular Army, it seems to me we shall ranks or as officers. It is simply that the original vacancies--that is not be doing justice to officers and soldiers of It has been said, very properly, that persons what I intend by it, but perhaps I failed to the volunteers. As it stands now the regular | who have served in the regular Army ought to express it clearly--that the original vacancies Army has the commissions of six of the cav- have a chance to be promoted. They have a above that of first lieutenant are to be filled by alry regiments and one third of all above lieu- chance now every day. In the nineteen regipromotion and not by appointment, and the tenants in the others. Why should we give to ments now in service it is a very common thing Tank of second lieutenant is to be filled from the few men who compose the regular Army, for enlisted men to be promoted to commisthose who served in the volunteers during this either as officers or as enlisted men, not only 1 sions. Therefore no wrong is done to these by war or served in the regular Army.
the commissions of the six old regiments and the law as it now stands. But if we do what Mr. FARNSWORTH. That is not in the one third of those of the higher grades of the the amendment proposes, men who never saw amendment as proposed by the gentleman new, but also the greater part of the remain- a day's service can enlist to-day and to-morrow before. That is very well.
ing two thirds of the commissions of the six get commissions as second lieutenants. Mr. HALE. I think the gentleman's criti- new regiments of cavalry? I would be willing Mr. PAINE. I wish to bring to the atten. cism is just. I will so modify my amendment. to abridge the time, but I cannot consent that tion of the House a single instance that occurred
Mr. PAINE. I supposed the amendment all the promotions to be made after the original within my personal knowledge. A man of inof the gentleman from New York was to be vacancies shall be filled shall pass beyond the fluence had a friend for whom he desired a cominserted in line seven. That presented itself reach of the volunteer officers.
mission in the regular Army. He enlisted and to my mind at first. Now, he proposes some
Mr. VAN AERNAM. I believe the reg. received a high bounty from the Government, thing different by placing the amendment in ular Army has always taken care to look out with an arrangement by which he was placed the tenth line, which gives a man who hap- for its own children in regard to promotion. immediately on agreeable duty at the head. pened to be an enlisted man in the regular No one has ever been promoted over the great | quarters of his immediate commander, and as Army the same rights and privileges as those bulk of the cadets.
soon as possible recommended for promotion. rho rendered actual service during the war. Mr. BLAINE. The Army Register shows And but a short time elapsed after he had pockIt is not just.
some one hundred and fifty officers who have eted his bounty and entered the regiment as a The SPEAKER. The Chair did not regard || been promoted directly from the ranks. private, before he received his commission, for the gentleman as accepting the amendment, Mr. FARNSWORTH. A large number of which alone he enlisted. but the gentleman from New York [Mr. HALE) | promotions have been made lately from the That will be done every day if this amendwithdrew his motion to reconsider, and moved regular Army from sergeants to first lieuten- ment is adopted. to amend the section by adding thereto. ants and captains to make room for first and Mr. HALE. It will probably be difficult to
Mr. PAINE. I have made my objections second lieutenants on the recommendation of frame any bill that will not be subject to abuses to ibe amendment. I have said what I wish, || members of Congress. But I have not seen by the President of the United States, the and that I cannot accept it.
any first lieutenants or captains appointed upon Senate of the United States, the Secretary of Mr. HALE. Being satisfied that the criti- such recommendation. I see a great many War, and officers in command of brigades and cism of the gentleman from Illinois [Mr. colonels, lieutenant colonels, and majors who regiments in the Army. It can hardly be FARFSWORTH) in regard to my original amend- have served faithfully during the war have expected that we can provide against all the ment was well founded, and that it failed to been appointed second lieutenants while ser- frauds which may be committed by the collu
sion of all those officers. But for the sake of a first and second time, and referred to the Com- By Mr. UPSON: The petition of S. H. Jenninga, obviating the difficulty to which the gentleman | mittee on Invalid Pensions.
Cass Chapman. and 131 others, citizens of Niles, Berrefers I have no objection to again modify my
rien county, Michigan, praying Congress to pass laws MRS. EMERANCE GOULER.
regulating inter-State insurances of all kinds, amendment by saying “ enlisted men of the
By Mr. WELKER: The petition of Chester A. regular Army who shall have served at least
The next business upon the Speaker's table
Cooley, and 52 others, wool-growers of Brownhelm one year.”
was an act (S. No. 260) granting a pension to township; and Robbins Burall, and 32 others, woolMrs. Emerance Gouler; which was taken up,
growers of Sheffield township, Lorain county. Ohio, Mr. GARFIELD. During the late war.
asking proteetion on woul. Mr. HALE. I insist that it should not be read a first and second time, and referred to
Also, tlie petition of Alonzo Gaston, and 289 others, the Committee on Invalid Pensions.
wool-growers of Lorain county, Ohio, asking protec“ during the late war." We should leave the
tion on wool.
AMERICAN FISHERIES. door open to meritorious service hereafter as
By Mr. WASHBURN, of Massachusetts: The peit has been heretofore. Gentlemen familiar The SPEAKER laid before the House the
tition of Henry Wilder, and others, trustees of Lan
caster Savings Bank, in the ninth Massachusetts with the history of the Army know that there following message from the President of the district, for a repeal of the tax on deposits in suid have been as gallant and meritorious deeds per- United States:
institutions. formed by our soldiers of the rank and file at To the House of Representatives : obscure points on our frontiers, in Indian wars, In answer to the resolution of the House of
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. as have been performed in this war against the
Representatives of the 10th instant, requesting rebellion. Now, I am unwilling to shut the door
SATURDAY, April 14, 1866. information in regard to the rights and interests against men who may wish to enlist in the
The House met at twelve o'clock m. of American citizens in the fishing grounds Army and earn their commissions as heretofore.
Rev. C. B. BOYNTON, Chaplain of the House, I will modify my amendment by inserting the adjacent to the British Provinces, I transmit a
offered the following prayer: report from the Secretary of State, to whom the words after six months.'' resolution was referred.
O God! we come before Thee to-day, imThe question was upon the amendment of
pressed with a vivid consciousness that we are Mr. HALE as modified.
Washington, April 13, 1866.
frail, corrupt, and passing away.
Often reMr. WRIGHT. I desire to move an amend
minded of the uncertainty of our lives, to-day The message
and ment to the amendment.
we have brought before us anew him whom we Mr. DEMING. I move that the House now were referred to the Committee on Foreign
may justly call the nation's dead, and with adjourn. Affairs, and ordered to be printed.
whom the dead of the Senate and the dead of Mr. SCHENCK. I hope the gentleman
LEAVE OF ABSENCE.
this House are thus made to address us again from Connecticut [Mr. DEMING] will withdraw Mr. BOYER asked, and obtained, leave of from their graves. O Lord, help us to heed this that motion for a few moments. absence for ten days for his colleague, Mr.
solemn admonition. The business of life has so Mr. DEMING. I will withdraw it for the DENISON.
frequently of late been interrupted by the solpresent.
And then, on motion of Mr. DEMING, (at
emn memorials and admonitions of death that Mr. SCHENCK. I desire to move to recon- four o'clock and thirty minutes p. m.,) the we should be very unwise if we failed to lay sider the vote by which the House agreed to House adjourned.
them to heart. And now we pray Thee, O God, insert after the words "shall be eligible”' the
that we may profit by these solemn lessons words " without having served as volunteers,!'
which are brought anew to us here this morn
PETITIONS, ETC. The SPEAKER. The pending question is
ing. May we remember how quickly our own
The following petitions, &c., were presented under upon the amendment of the gentleman from the rule and referred to the appropriate comunittees:
lives may and will pass. We cannot tell how New York, [Mr. Hale,] to which the gentle- By Mr. ALLISON: The petition of William M. many of us ere another year shall roll around man from New Jersey (Mr. Wrigur] has indi- McFarland, and 50 others, citizens of Waukon, Iowa, will also be called to our account. As those
asking for just and equal laws relating to insurance. cated his purpose to move an amendment.
who have been called away have been associAlso, the petition of assistant assessors of third Mr. CONELING. Will it not be in order district of Iowa, asking additional compensation.
ated with us in all the concerns of this present for the gentleman from Ohio [Mr. SCHENCK]
By Mr. BARKER: The petition of citizens of life, so we ere long must join them, and be to submit his motion to reconsider on next
Alleghany county, Pennsylvania, asking that addi- associated with them in all the untried scenes
tional duties be levied on foreign wool. Monday, the next legislative day?
Also, the petition of members of the bar of Cam
of that eternal world. So may we, O God, Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I would bria county, Pennsylvania, asking that the salaries
number our days here as to apply our hearts of the district judgos of the United States courts may suggest to the gentleman that he can accom
unto wisdom, and be prepared to render up be so as to yield an adequate support. plish his purpose by entering the motion to Also, the petition of citizens of Alleghany county, our account, as they also have done. reconsider to be acted on hereafter.
Pennsylvania, asking that additional duties be levied We beseech Thee, O God, that while the Mr. SCHENCK. I will do that. on foreign wool.
nation is reminded of the life as well as the
Also, the petition of farmers, mechanics, and workThe motion to reconsider was accordingly || ing men, of Mitilin county, Pennsylvania, praying
death of our departed Chief, the people may entered upon the Journal.
Congress to enact such a tariff as will protect the learn to love better than erer the principles By unanimous consent the House postponed
national industry, replenish the Treasury, and de-
which he professed and in defense of which he informally the further consideration of the By Mr. BROMWELL: The petition of citizens of died. Great God, may all the actions of the Army bill, and proceeded to the considera- Iroquois and Macon counties, Illinois, praying for different departments of the Government con
the establishment of a national Bureau of Insurance. tion of business upon the Speaker's table. By Mr. DAWSON: The petition of 36 citizens of
verge upon the great object upon which Thy MRS. ANN HETI.
Indiana county, Pennsylvania, asking an increase providences also unite--the establishment here of duty on foreign wool.
of one free and Christian nation, where man The first business upon the Speaker's table
By Dr. DENISON: The petition of Bear & Slequi
shall be recognized as man because he bears ger, Reichard & Walter, Bowkley & Lesley, and othwas an act (S. No. 201) for the relief of Mrs.
ers, of Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvania, asking that barley the image of his Maker, and where God shall Ann Heth, widow of William Heth, of Harrison be admitted from the British Provinces and Canada be universally acknowledged. We ask and county, Indiana ; which was taken up, read a on a tariff not exceeding five cents per bushel.
offer all in Jesus' name, to whom be glory
By Mr. EGGLESTON: The petition of Captain first and second time, and referred to the ComPaulson, praying for compensation for service ren
forever. Amen. mittee on Invalid Pensions.
dered by his military company during the time of On motion of Mr. GARFIELD, the reading
Kirby Smith's raid on Cincinnati.
of the Journal of yesterday was dispensed with. The next business upon the Speaker's table
Thomas Aspinwall, Charles Hudson, Benjamin Ste- Mr. GARFIELD. Mr. Speaker, I desire to
phenson, and Levi T. Prescott, officers and soldiers move that this House do now adjourn. And was an act (S. No. 237) granting a pension to of the war of 1812, praying for pensions to the soldiers Mrs. Martha Stevens; which was taken up, of that war.
before the vote upon that motion is taken I
By Mr. FERRY: The memorial of Henry M. Clarke, desire to say a few words. read a first and second time, and referred to
and 40 others, citizens of Lowell, Michigan, praying This day, Mr. Speaker, will be sadly memthe Committee on Invalid Pensions. for the passage of a law regulating inter-State insur
orable so long as this nation shallendure, which MRS. AMARILLA COOK. By Mr. INGERSOLL: The petition of citizens of
God grant may be
" till the last syllable of The next business upon the Speaker's table
Stark county, Illinois, for an increased duty on for- recorded time," when the volume of human
eign wool. was an act (S. No. 238) granting a pension to Also, the petition of citizens of Stark county, Illi- history shall be sealed up and delivered to the Mrs. Amarilla Cook; which was taken up, read nois, for a tax on dogs.
omnipotent Judge. a first and second time, and referred to the Com
By Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania: A petition, In all future time, on the recurrence of this
numerously signed by citizens of Washington county, mittee on Invalid Pensions. Pennsylvania, for an increase of duties on foreign
day, I doubt not that the citizens of this Rewool.
public will meet in solemn assembly to reflect MRS. AGNES W. LAUGHLIN.
By Mr. LONGYEAR: The petition of Peter Mul- on the life and character of Abraham Lincoln,
vany, A. C. Robinson, and 150 others, citizens of CalThe next business upon the Speaker's table houn county, Michigan, asking for an increased duty
and the awful tragic event of April 14, 1865 was an act (S. No. 241) directing the enrollinent on wool.
-an event unparalleled in the history of naof Agnes W. Laughlin, the widow of a deceased
By Mr. NIBLACK: The petition of J. P, Elliott, tions, certainly unparalleled in our own, It is
and others, merchants of Evansville, Indiana, praysoldier, as a pensioner; which was taken up, ing that steamboats may be allowed to carry powder 1 eminently proper that this House should this read a first and second time, and referred to under certain restrictions.
day place upon its records a memorial of that the Committee on Invalid Pensions.
By Mr. ROSS: The petition of N. P. Tinsley, and event.
38 others, of McDonough county, Illinois, in favor of
The last five years have been marked by By Mr. SPALDING: The petition of M. D. Call, wonderful developments of individual characThe next business upon the Speaker's table and 430 others, citizens of northern Ohio, mostly wool- ter. Thousands of our people before unknown to was an act (S. No. 252) granting a pension to
growers, asking for increased protection to wool.
fame have taken their places in history, crowned Mrs. Sarah E. Wilson; which was taken up, read asking for increase of pay.
with immortal honors. In thousands of humble