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not vote for this amendment. I cannot by whatever for drawing the distinction that is tleman is somewhat mistaken in saying that I my vote turn over an innocent officer or sol- drawn by this amendment of the Senator from || objected to the bill. I merely asked for the dier of the Union, who has done such acts as Vermont. I see no reason why it should not enforcement of the rule requiring bills making are contemplated by this bill, to the verdict of be applied as well in loyal States in the case appropriations to go to the Committee of the a local jury. That would be the consequence, of acts by military officers or soldiers as to the Whole for their first consideration. While I if I understand it, of the adoption of the amend. same acts when performed in rebel States or do not object to taking the bill up, I do not ment of the Senator from Vermont. It would in any State under martial law. The reason say I will not object to its passate. Perhaps be to expose defendants in all such cases to the is the same in both cases, the great object being the bill is right in some aspects, but it is a bad political prejudices and personal prejudices | the protection of the soldier or the officer in precedent to pay a man for an ofiice he never which might happen to exist in the particular the discharge of his duty, and that is a duty | held. locality against the person who happened to be which I hold devolves upon Congress. A sol. Mr. PATTERSON moved that the Commita defendant.

dier or an officer who is a subordinate must tee of the Whole House on the Private CalenMr. DOOLITTLE. If the Senator from not omit to obey the order. If he refuses to dar be discharged from the further consideraMichigan will give away, I desire to suggest do so it is always at the peril of his life or of tion of the bill. that this is a very important question; and I imprisonment; and to expose a person thus The motion was agreed to. understand that it is desirable that there should situated to the consequences which might flow The bill, which was read, provides that the be a short executive session. If the Senator from a suit or prosecution in a community | Secretary of the Treasury be directed, out of will give way, I will move an executive session. where there were strong prejudices against him any money in the Treasury not otherwise appro

Mr. HOWARD, If I intended to make a is something I imagine which we ought not to priated, to pay to James G. Clarke the sum of speech of any length I would give way with do. The bill is nothing, in my judgment, but S6,483 96, in full for services as acting chargé great pleasure : but as I shall close soon, I hope simple, naked justice, applicable to one case d'affaires of the United States at Brussels from the Senate will indulge me to the end.

as well as to another, and to one locality as June 11, 1857, to September 27, 1858. Mr. DOOLITTLE. This is a very impor- well as another.

The Clerk then proceeded to read the report. tant question, and I should like to hear the Sen- Mr. SHERMAN. I move that the Senate The bill was ordered to be engrossed and ator upon it.

proceed to the consideration of executive busi- read a third time; and being engrossed, it was Mr. HOWARD. Mr. President, what is

accordingly read the third time and passed. meant by “martial law” in the amendment of The motion was agreed to; and after some Mr. PATERSON moved to reconsider the the honorable Senator from Vermont? What time spent in executive session, the doors were vote by which the bill was passed; and also does it include? Is it the martial law that is reopened, and the Senate adjourned.

moved that the motion to reconsider be laid to be established, or was established, by simple

upon the table. proclamation of the commander of the depart

The latter motion was agreed to.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. ment or of the particular district? Is such a

PERSONAL EXPLANATION. proclamation, even in a loyal State, the sole

WEDNESDAY, April 18, 1866. origin of martial law, and is it necessary in every

Mr. MORRIS obtained the floor.

The House met at twelve o'clock m. Prayer case that there should be such a proclamation by the Chaplain, Rev. C. B. Boynton.

Mr. EGGLESTON. I ask the gentleman in order to justify the commander of the Union

The Journal of yesterday was read and

to yield to me for a question of privilege. forces in the seizure of property that he miglit | approved.

Mr. MORRIS. I will yield if it will not take find absolutely necessary for the subsistence of

five minutes.

GRANT OF LANDS TO WISCONSIN. his troops? Surely I did not suppose that the

Mr. EGGLESTON. Day before yesterday

Mr. PAINE, by unanimous consent, prehonorable Senator from Vermont would give

one of the Representatives of West Virginia such a narrow definition to the term “ martial

sented the memorial of the Legislature of the || [Mr. WHALEY] made a statement in reference I do not understand it to be thus lim

State of Wisconsin, for a grant of lands to aid to a paragraph in a newspaper, attributing the ited. Take the case of Illinois or of Ohio.

in the construction of so much of the Portage | authorship of that paragrapli to a constituent of Union troops have been marched and counter

and Superior railroad as extends from Fond mine, Mr. H.V. N. Boynton. That gentleman, marched through those States; actual hostil

du Lac to Ripon ; which was referred to the wishing to set the matter right before the House, ities have existed in those States; battles have

Committee on Public Lands, and ordered to has sent me the following letter, which I ask been fought in Ohio and in Pennsylvania, be printed.

the Clerk to read.

Mr. PAINE, by unanimous consent, also neither of which was proclaimed to be under

The Clerk proceeded to read the letter, as martial law, and fought in particular localities || the State of Wisconsin, asking the assent of presented the memorial of the Legislature of follows:

WASHINGTON, D. C., April 17, 1866. where there is no pretense that martial law had thus been proclaimed. I ask the honorable

Congress in reference to the route of the land- DEAR Sir: It appears from this morning's Globo Senator from Vermont whether there be not grant railroad from Portage to Bayfield and

that Hon. KELLIAN V. WHALEY caused a newspaper

paragraph, cut from the Cincinnati Gazette, to bo the same necessity in such cases to extend this thence to Superior; which was referred to the

read at the Clerk's desk yesterday, wrongfully intiCommittee on Public Lands, and ordered to mating that Mr. WHALEY was not proficient in the protection to Union officers and Union soldiers be printed.

elements of the Latin language; and that he then, in as there was in localities subject to the formal

some very well chosen remarks, proceeded to de

COMMANDER J. C. CARTER. proclamations of martial law.

nounce me by name as the writer of the paragraph. Mr. EDMUNDS. I do not think there is. Mr. SCOFIELD, by unanimous consent,

I desire to state to you, as representing the district

in which I reside, that the article did not originate, Mr. HOWARD. The honorable Senator introduced a bill for the relief of Commander either directly or indirectly, with any one connected from Vermont says he does not think there is J. C. Carter; which was read a first and sec- with the Gazette, but that it was a mere selection that necessity. There may not be that neces- ond time, and referred to the Committee on

without heading or signature, which has been pub

lished in nearly all the sity to the same degree in reference to all these Naval Affairs.

Mr. JENCKES. I would inquire if the gen. States. I probably should not dissent from the


tleman from West Virginia [Mìr. WHALEY) is honorable Senator in that view of the question;

Mr. BURLEIGH, by unanimous consent, in his seat. but that there is some necessity, that that ne

introduced the following bills; which were sev. A MEMBER. He is not here. cessity is of sufficient magnitude to justify us

erally read a first and second time, and referred Mr. JENCKES. Then I ask that the readin passing this act, I have no doubt. What to the Committee on Public Lands:

ing of the communication be discontinued was the case in Sonth Carolina, for instance,

A bill granting lands to aid in the construc- until he is present. during Sherman's famous march to the sea?

tion of a railroad and telegraph line from the Was there martial law in South Carolina pro

Several MEMBERS. Oh, no; go on. city of Yancton, in the Territory of Dakota, Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I object claimed by the commander? I never heard

to the west line of the State of Minnesota ; and to its further reading. of it.

A bill to amend section two of an act enti- Mr. FARNSWORTH. It is no reflection Mr. EDMUNDS. It was not represented

tled " An act donating public lands to the upon the gentleman from West Virginia. in Congress,

several States and Territories which may pro- Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. It is all Mr. HOWARD. But that makes no differ

vide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and wrong. ence as to the principle. Now, sir, the great the mechanic arts."

Mr. FARNSWORTH. It is merely a disobject of this bill is, in every case where a sol.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved to claimer. dier or oflicer has acted in good faith under an reconsider the vote by which the several prop

DISTRICT COURTS IN NEW YORK. order addressed to him or intended for him, to

ositions were referred ; and also moved that extend to him the protection of the law as

Mr. MORRIS. the motion to reconsider be laid upon the table.

I yield to the gentleman against the consequences of any act which he

The latter motion was agreed to.

from Ohio, [Mr. DELANO.) might do and perform under that order or

Mr. DELĀNO. I ask leave to introduce a under color of that order, and to enable the


bill (I. R. No. 134) to regulate the terms of defendant in such case as that to transfer the Mr. PATTERSON. Mr. Speaker, last Fri- the United States courts in the eastern district prosecution or the suit (for the proceeding may day I reported back, from the Committee on of New York, and for other purposes. be criminal or it may be civil) from the local Foreign Affairs, Senate bill No. 218, for the Mr. ANCONA. I demand the regular order or State tribunal to a Federal tribunal, thus relief of James G. Clarke. It was objected of business. giving the defendant an opportunity of pre- to by the gentleman from Illinois, [Mr. Wash- Mr. MORRIS. Have I not the floor? senting his case to a court and a jury not in- BURNE,) and went upon the Private Calendar. The SPEAKER. The gentleman from New fected by the local prejudices of the place After having examined the claim, I understand York [Mr. Morris) is entitled to the floor, where the act was committed. that he withdraws his objection.

but the gentleman from Pennsylvania [Mr. I must confess that I see no ground or reason Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. The gen. Ancona] objects.

very little.

Mr. MORRIS. I hope the gentleman will Mr. ROSS. Then allo:v me to make a the Commissioner of Pensions, I am bound in allow this bill to be submitted. It is of a local remark for a moment or two.

candor to say that I agree with the chairman character, pertaining to the courts of New Mr. PERHAM. I will yield to the gentle- of the Committee on Pensions [ Mr. PERIAM] York.

man for a moment to make some remarks. that this officer's labors and responsibilities are Mr. ANCONA. I do not object to the gen- Mr. ROSS. I have quite a number of con- fully equal to those who are receiving the protleman introducing his own proposition, but I stituents in my district who are capable of fill- posed amount of salary. While I admit ihat do object to his yielding to friends on that side | ing any of these oflices, and they are willing to a man without a family may live here in this and not to those on this side.

take them at the salaries which we have here. city upon the salary the Commissioner of PenMr. BOYER. I renew tlie demand for the tofore been in the habit of paying.

sions now receives, and that good men, single regular order of business.

Now, at the last session of Congress I voted for men, may be obtained to take the position with Mr. MORRIS, I have troubled the House some increase of compensation to public offi- that salary, as suggested by the gentleman from

cers. I did it for the reason that our currency Illinois, (Mr. Ross,] I deny that the best talMr. BOYER. I shall not withdraw it. was depreciated, and everything in the way of ents and abilities of the country can be obtained Mr. MORRIS. Much obliged.

living was increased in price. But now the con- for that amount of compensation.

dition of the country is changed; the prices of Mr. ROSS. I will agree to furnish from my ORGANIZATION OF THE PENSION OFFICE. articles are getting lower; our paper money is district good men at that salary. The House proceeded, as the regular order | approximating more nearly to the value of coin; Mr. KASSON. I fear that those men whom of business, to the consideration of the unfin- and I can see no necessity, in this juncture of my friend from Illinois calls“ good men' would ished business of yesterday, bei House bill our public affairs, when we take into consider- not be reg:ırded as those best fitted for the place No. 278, reported from the Committee on In- ation the condition of the people and the heavy by the people of the country. valid Pensions, in amendment of the several burdens they have to bear, of our increasing We know that in point of fact this officer is acts relating to the organization of the Pension the compensation of these officers.

a very able and a very faithful officer, and that Office, with an amendment in the nature of a Why, sir, I am astonished at the excuses the bureau, in years past, has never had more substitute therefor.

which gentlemen make for increasing the com- than one tenth of the business which it is now The pending amendment was to strike out pensation of these officers. They say that the called upon to perform. Under these cireumthe second section of the substitute, as follows: Superintendent of the Coast Survey gets $6,000, stances, I think, inasmuch as we have raised Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary

and that the Comptroller of the Currency Bu- the salaries of some other officers, it is due to of the Interior shall appoint, from the fourth-class reau gets $5,000. Sir, as the Representatives of this one to raise his simply to al proper and clerks in tho Pension Office, one chief examiner of an oppressed and burdened people, are we, corresponding amount, on no other ground Army invalid pension claims, one chief examiner of Army pension claims of widows, mothers, and or

when we find out that an officer gets too high whatever than that of just compensation for phans, and one chief examiner of Navy pension a compensation, to bring up the compensation | fitting and excellent services to the Governclaims; each of said chief examiners shall be allowed of other officers to that standard? I should ment. $200 per annum in addition to the salaries already allowed to clerks of the fourth class: Provided, That

have supposed that my distinguished friend Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Will the nothing in this section shall be so construed as to au- would rather have been disposed to cut down gentleman from Iowa [Mr. Kasson] allow me thorize the appointinent of a larger number of fourth- the compensation of all these oflicers instead to ask him a question? class clerks than is now provided by law, including the examiners aforesaid.

of raising it. There is no necessity for an in- Mr. KASSON. I will yield for a question. The amendment was agreed to.

crease. You can get the best talent of the coun- Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I desire to

try to discharge the duties of these officers at ask my friend from Iowa if the same reasons The question then recurred on agreeing to

the compensation heretofore paid by the Gov- for increasing the salary of this Commissioner the substitute, as amended, as follows:

ernment, and it is placing unnecessary burdens of Pensions do not apply to the heads of all the Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives

upon our already over-taxed people to increase bureaus of the Government. of the United States of America in Congre88 (sembled,

Have not the That froin and after the passage of this act the salary

the compensation of oflicers now, when, instead duties of all the Auditors, for instance, been of the Coinmissioner of Pensions shall be $1,000 per of things rising in value, they are tumbling all increased in very nearly the same proportion annuin, and the salary of the chict clerk of the Pen- the time.

as the duties of the Commissioner of Pensions? sion Otice shall be $2,500 per annum.

It is much easier to get compensations up And if you are going to undertake this thing, I Mr. PERHAM. I yield to the gentleman than it is to get them down. Gentlemen had | ask, why stop here? Why not go further? Why from Ohio, [Mr. Egglestoy.]

better take notice of this. These salaries that not, as I said on yesterday, increase the salary Mr. EGGLESTON. This bill as it now were raised and that are now pointed to as the of the Commissioner of Public Lands and the stands merely increases the salary of the Com- examples by which we are to govern ourselves, Coinmissioner of Indian Affairs, as well as the missioner of Pensions from $3,000 to $4,000 were increased for the reason that the currency salaries of all the Auditors, who now receive per annum, and the salary of the chief clerk of the country was inflated and the prices of this very salary of $3,000 a year? from $2,000 to $2,500. The question for us living greatly enhanced in the city of Wash- And let me say here that this is the time to to decide is whether it is right and just that this ington. Those reasons do not now exist, and meet this question of raising the salaries of offiincrease for these two officers should be made. instead of increasing, it is our duty to cut down cers, for this is perhaps one of the strongest I have given the subject some little atten- and diminish expenses.

cases that can be presented. There is no obtion, and the chairman of the committee stated If you increase the salary of this gentleman jection whatever to Mr. Barrett. As I said to the House yesterday morning the relative to $1,000, you will have to increase the salaries yesterday, he is one of the ablest and most consalaries of other officers in similar situations of other officers in the same proportion. That scientious officers that we have. But that is in this city. I was fully convinced, after hear- l is not our duty. Our duty is to commence cut- no reason why we should impose additional ing that statement, that it was my duty to vote ting down' instead of increasing; and I ask the taxes upon our constituents to pay hinn an for this increase of salary, and I hope that my members of the House to come to the rescue increased salary. friend from Illinois, [Mr. WASHBURNE,] who now and let us show that we are carrying out Mr. KASSON. In order that I may answer is always so watchful of the Treasury in this in good faith our pledges to our constituents to the question of the gentleman from Illinois, House, will not raise objection to the passage retrench the expenses of the Government and [Vr. 'WASHBURNE]-and I gave way for a quesof this bill as it now stands. not increase them.

tion only, and not for a speech, for I heard this I find on looking over the list of salaries that Mr. PERHAM. I yield now to the gentle- 1 speech yesterday the Superintendent of the Coast Survey gets man from lowa, [Mr. Kasson.]

Mr.WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Not all of it. $6,000 per annum, the Comptroller of the Mr. KASSON. I understood the chairman Mr. KASSON. I think I heard the whole Currency $5,000, the Treasurer of the United of the committee to say, as a reason for increas- of it. But before I forget the questions of the States $5,000, the Commissioner of Internal ing the compensation of the chief clerk, that gentleman I will answer them. The salaries Revenue $4,000, and the Commissioner of this Commissioner of Pensions has not a dep- of the other officers should not be raised now, Patents $4,500.

uty. I believe there is no department of a like because Congress has, in point of fact, raised Now, I undertake to say that neither of the kind in the Government where the head of the them in many instances already, to meet the officers I have named have as many arduous bureau has a deputy; and inasmuch as the present emergencies, and it would be injust to duties to perform as has the Commissioner of proposition is to raise the salary of the chief raise them again. But the salary of this officer Pensions. Every one acquainted with that clerk beyond the amount that is allowed to the has been left below the grade of the salaries of department knows how well and faithfully that || chief clerks in other bureaus, I think that we officers of corresponding bureas of the Departofficer is daily attending to his duties. I have should set a bad precedent, and one that would ments. I know heads of bureaus who now had some experience since I have been stop- be appealed to hereafter in other Departments receive from five hundred to one thousand dolping in Washington as to the expenses here,

to the detriment of the public service, or at lars more than this officer receives who do not and I am satisfied that $3,000 per annum will least to the loss of economy in the service. perform more than one half the duties he is not meet those expenses, or come within a thou- I believe the highest amount paid directly for called upon to perform. sand dollars of it. I hope that in considera- a chief clerk of any bureau in the Departments Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Then cut tion of these facts each member will vote for 1 is $2,000 a year. If this chief clerk has not the salaries of the other officers down, and not this measure as it is just and proper.

that salary now, I will vote most cheerfully to raise the salary of this one. Mr. PERHAM resumed the floor.

give it to him. And I would give him more Mr. KASSON. It is because it is just that Mr. ROSS. I desire to move to amend the than that, if that was not equal to the amount the salary of this officer should be raised ibat bill by striking out “$4,000" and inserting now given to the chief clerks of the different the committee have reported in favor of rais"$3,000.”

bureaus of the various Departments of the ing it. If my friend from Illinois will intro. Mr. PERHAM. I am unwilling to yield | Government.

duce a bill to equalize the salaries of all these for an amendment of that kind.

In regerd to the other point, the salary of ollicers according to some just rule I will go


with him in reducing those that are too high As was remarked yesterday by the chairman burean the business of which had increased to and raising those that are too low. But I am of the committee, [Mr. PERIAM, ) a vast amount so great an extent as this. In inost of the bus opposed to a wholesale denunciation of a just of money is involved in the transactions of the reaus the business remains about the same ag and proper compensation to a worthy and Pension Bureau; and the very best order of when the salaries were established. This has faithful officer on the ground that it is setting talent is required for the discharge of the duties increased ten times what it was. This office a bad precedent. From the beginning of this of Commissioner. It is admitted by the gen- has to make the disbursement of from fifteen Government to this day we have from time to tleman from Illinois [Mr. WASHBURNE] that we to twenty million dollars in sums of $100 and time felt compelled to raise the salaries of have that kind of talent at the head of the bu- less among individuals. It has to supply funds various officers of the Government according rcau at this time. We wish to retain that order to agents all over the country and to see that to the increase of their duties. And I do not of talent. We wish that the duties of that po- the accounts rendered are correct. know but that it may be so in the future. I am sition shall hereafter be administered with ihe Mr. CHANLER. Is this intended as a preopposed to going too fast upon the subject of same ability with which they are now performed. || cedent for the increase of other salaries? The raising salaries. But I do believe it necessary Hence the committee believe that the salary of gentleman from Pennsylvania, I understand, to provide just and proper compensation to the Commissioner should be increased from says the Attorney General will resign unless we secure faithful and fitting service for the Gov. $3,000 to $4,000. The latter amount is $500 | increase salaries. I take that as an indication ernent.

less than the present salary of the Commissioner of general increase of salaries. There are a Mr. HALE. I desire to inquire whether the of Patents; yet no gentleman acquainted with great many colored persons waiting to take objection taken by the gentleman from Illinois the facts will deny that the amount of labor these places, as well as your places here, and to the increased expenditure proposed by this required of the Commissioner of Pensions there is no need to buy these white men to stay. bill cannot be obviated to the satisfaction of equals, and I believe that it largely exceeds, the (Laughter.] all parties by making the money payable out amount of labor required of the Commissioner Mr. PERHAM. This was not intended to of the contingent fund of the House. I believe of Patents.

establish any such precedent. I demand the that will remove all objection. [Laughter.] Mr. FARNSWORTH. I wish to inquire of previous question.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. It might the gentleman from Missouri (Mr. BENJAMIN] The previous question was seconded and the
remove the objection of the gentleman from wlicther he is aware that the Government has main question ordered.
New York, [Mr. HALE,] but it would not found

difficulty in commanding at the pres-

The substitute was adopted. remove mine.

ent salaries the requisite talent for any of these The bill, as amended, was ordered to be The SPEAKER. The gentleman from Iowa positions, or whether he has heard that any of engrossed and read a third time; and being [Mr. Kassox] is entitled to the floor.

the heads of bureaus have resigned recently engrossed, it was accordingly read the third Mr. KASSON. I have finished.

because they do not receive enough pay. If time. The SPEAKER. Then the gentleman from

ihere are any of these positions vacant on ac- Mr. PERHAM demanded the previous quesMaine Mr. Perm, is entitled to the floor.

count of such resignations, I give notice to the Mr. PERHAM. I will yield to the gentle- || gentleman and to the country that there are

tion on the passage of the bill.

The previous question was seconded and the man from Illinois, [Mr. WASHBURNE.]

several gentlemen in my district who would be Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. The

main question ordered. gen- glad to take these positions at the present Mr. WARD. I demand the yeas and nays. tleman from lowa (Mr. Kasson] has said, with salaries. some degree of truth, that I made substantially

I want the country to know who favor increase

Mr. BENJAMIN. I will say, in reply, that of salaries. the same speech yesterday that I have made to-day. Sir. I believe that is the fact; for I

I presume there can be found in my friend's The yeas and nays were ordered. have made that speech pretty often, and I am

district gentlemen who are ready to take and The question was taken; and it was decided

occupy seats in Congress without any compen- in the negative-yeas 58, nays 63, not voting sorry to say with very little effect so far as re

sation. I will not say that they are equal in gards any friend from Towa.

62; as follows: I have appealed point of talent to the distinguished gentleman more than once to members of the House to

YEAS-Messrs. Baldwin, Barker, Benjamin, Bidfrom Illinois, [Mr. FARNSWORTH.].

well, Bingham, Bundy, Reader W. Clarke, Coffroth, set their faces against all such extravagant

Mr. STEVENS. I know some who

Davis, Delano, Dison, Donnelly, Driggs, Eckley, propositions as this, but with rery little ctfect.

Eggleston, Farquhar, Garfield, Glossbrenner, Ilale,

Ilayes, Holmes, Chester D. Hubbard, Hulburd. IngerThis case is presented to us fairly and squarely, resigning in consequence of deficiency of sal

ary. and now let'the House decide whether it will

The Attorney General is about to lose soll, Jenekes, Kelley, Kelso, George V. Lawrence,

Lynch, Marvin, McRucr, Mercnr, Miller, Moorhead, inaugurate this policy of raising salaries at a the services of his assistant, a most valuable

Morrill, Morris. Myers, Newell, O'Neill, Perhain, time when, as my colleague on the other side

and eflicient officer, because of the smallness Sainuel J. Randall. William II. Randall, Raymond, [Mr. Ross] has very properly said, the prices of the pay. Unless some measure be passed

Rollins, Schenck, Smith, Stevens, Stilwell, Strouse,

Taylor, Francis Thomas, Upson, Van Aernam, Burt we shall not be able to get along much longer. of everything appear to be going down. When

Van Horn, Robert T. Van Horn, Welker, Whaley,

Mr. BENJAMIN. I was saying, in answer and Williams-58. the prices of living are decreasing, and we are, as I trust, reaching the gold standard, why to the gentleman from Illinois, when he drew NAYS-Messrs. Allison, Ancona, Delos R. Ashlcy,

Baker, Beaman, Boutwell, Brandegee, Bromwell, should we commence a system of increasing a comparison between this Commissioner and

Broomall, Chanler, Sidney Clarke, Conkling, Cook, salaries? These salaries when increased will

the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, there was Deining, Eldridge, Farnsworth, Ferry, Finck, Good

no increase of business in the Indian Bureau. year, Grider, Abner C. Harding, licndcrson, Asahel continne undiminished for all time. I have

iv. Hubbard, Edwin N. Hubbell, James M. Humnever known a case in which a salary has been It has not increased for ten years, and for

phrey.Julian, Kasson,Ketcham,Kuykendall,Latham, diminished.

the next ten years is likely to decrease. It Loan, Longyear, Marshall, Marstou, McCullough, Mr. PERHAM. I now yield to my colleaguc

is the same with the Commissioner of Public McKec. Moulton, Niblack, Orth, Painc, Phelps, Price, Lands.

Alexander II. Rice, John H. Rice, Ritter, Rogers, on the comunittee, the gentleman from Mis

Ross, Scofield, Shanklin, Shellabarger, Sitgreaves, souri, (Mr. BENJAMIN.]

The gentleman from Iowa is slightly mis- Spalding, Taber, Thayer, Thornton, Trowbridge,

Ward, Elihu B. Washburne, Henry D. Washburn, Mr. BENJAMIN. I agree with both the gen-taken in supposing the salary of this chief

Wentworth, James F. Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, tlemen from Hlinois that this is a bad time for clerk corresponds with that of other chief

and Wright-63. the Congress of the United States to commence

clerks. It is $200 less than that of other chief NOT VOTING-Messrs. Alley, Ames, Anderson, a system of raising salaries. But, sir, there clerks. They generally receive $2,200. We

James M. Ashley, Banks, Baxter, Bergen, Blaine,

Blow, Boyer, Buckland, Cobb, Cullom, Culver, Darmay be, and I think there are, exceptions to

make this $2,500 because of the increase ling. Dawes, Dawson, Defrees, Denison, Dodge, Duthis rule. The present salary of the Commis.

of the duties devolved upon this clerk, and mont, Eliot, Grinnell, Griswold, Aaron llarding. Harsioner of Pensions, $3,000, was fixed in 1848, believe it to be right.

ris, Hart, Iligby, lIill, Hogan, Hooper, lotchkiss,

Demas Hubbard, John H. Hubbard, James R. Ilubeighteen years ago ; and it was fixed in accord- Mr. KASSON. Is not the gentleman in bell, James Humphrey, Johnson, Jones, Korr, Laflin, ance with the rule adopted at that time that error that the chief clerks of the bureaus re- William Lawrence, Le Blond, McClurg, McIndoe,

Nicholson, Noell, Patterson, Pike, Plants, Pomeroy, the head of a bureau should receive half the ceive $2,200? The chief clerks of Depart

Radford, Rousseau, Sawyer, Sloan, Starr, John L. salary of a Cabinet officer. The salary of the ments receive $2,200, and the chief clerks of Thomas. Trimble, Warner, William B. Washburn, Secretaries at the time was $6,000; and hence the bureaus $2,000. In the Post Office De

Windoin, Winfield, and Woodbridge-62. the salary of the Commissioner of Pensions 1 partment the chief clerks receive $2,000.

So the bill was rejected. was fixed at $3,000.

Mr. BENJAMIN. The gentleman is cor- During the roll-call, In 1848 the Pension Bureau, as we all know, rect; some of the chief clerks .of bureaus Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, stated that was a small institution. There were compar.

receive only $2,000. Some I know receive | Mr. BLAINE was detained at his room by sickatively few persons upon the pensior roll.

$2,200. The amount is not uniform. This Now, that bureau has grown to an enormous

asks for an increase to $2,500. The whole Mr. ANCONA stated that if his vote would 'extent; and the business of that bureau, I will increase amounts to the sum of $1,500 a year. change the result he would vote in the affirmaventure to say, is more extended and impor. I think it is the duty of this House to pay com- tive; as it was he voted “no.' tant, and involves a larger amount of money, petent officers adequate compensation, and The result having been announced as above than the business of any other bureau of the that is all that is proposed here.

recorded, Government. But the salary of the Commis- Mr. PERHAM. I hope I shall not be asked Mr. WENTWORTH moved to reconsider sioner, instead of being increased with the to yield any further.

the vote by which the bill was rejected ; and increase of business, has actually been dimin- I wish to say, in answer to the question why also moved to lay that motion on the table. ished. How? We bave provided in our tax- the committee have not reported in favor of the Mr. ANCONA. On that I demand the yeas laws that $2,400 of his salary of $3,000 shall increase of the salaries of the heads of other be taxed at the rate of five per cent.; and to bureaus, that in the first place, no such prop- The yeas and nays were ordered. that extent the salary has been reduced below ositions were referred to us for other bureaus; The question was taken on laying the motion the amount at which it was fixed in 1848. and in the second place, there was no other to reconsider on the table, and it was decided


and nays.

in the negative-yeas 55, nays 62, not voting that the bill be referred to the Committee of Mr. CHANLER. I rise to a point of order. 60; as tollows: the Whole on the state of the Union.

Is debate or colloquy in order pending a divisYLAS-Messrs. Allison, Delos R. Ashley, Baker, The SPEAKER. The morning hour having | ion of the House upon a motion to refer ? Beaman, Boutwell, Brandegee, Bromwell, Broomall, expired, that motion is not in order.

The SPEAKER. The Chair sustains the Chanier, Sidney Clarke, Cook, Dodge, Eldridge, Farnsworth, Ferry, Finck, Goodycar, Abner C. IIard


point of order. Debate is not now in order. inz, Ilenderson, Edwin N. llubbell, Julian, Kuyken

There was no quorum voting on the last vote, dall, Latham, Loan, McClurg, McCullough, McKce,

The SPEAKER laid before the House a

and the Chair will appoint tellers. Moulton, Niblack, Orth, Paine, Phelps, Price, John communication from the Secretary of the Inte- Messrs. WentwORTH and BOYER were ap11. Rice, Ritter, Rogers, Ross Scofield, Shanklin, Shellabarger, Sitgreaves, Spalding, Strouse, Thayer, rior, in compliance with a resolution of the

pointed tellers. Thornton, Trowbridge, Upson, Ward, Warner, Elibu House of March 23, 1866, transmitting a state- The House again divided ; and the tellers B. Washburne, Henry D. Washburn, Wentworth, .ment of disbursements under the fifth section James F. Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, and Wright-55.

reported—ayes tive, noes not counted. NAYS--Messrs. Ancona, Baldwin, Benjamin, Bid

of the act of Congress approved March 3, 1865; So the motion to refer to the joint commitwell, Bingham, Boyor, Bundy, Reader W. Clarke, which was laid on the table, and ordered to be Cotiroth, Conkling, Davis, Deming, Dixon, Donnelly, || printed.

tee on reconstruction was not agreed to. Driggs, Eckley, Eggleston, Farquhar, Garfield, Gloss

Mr. ROLLINS. I move to refer this

paper brenner, Hale, Hayes, Holmes, Chester D. Hlubbard,

Also, a communication from the War De

to the Committee on the Pacific Railroad. llulburd, James M. Humphrey, Ingersoll, Jenekes, partment in respect to the allowance of claims

The motion was agreed to. Kasson, Kelley, Kelso, George V. Lawrence, Long- for the apprehension of Booth and others. year, Lynch, Marvin, McRuer, Mercur, Miller, Mor

EMANCIPATION CELEBRATION. ris, Myers, Newell, Nicholson, O'Neill, William JI.

RESOLUTIONS OF TEXAS. Randall, Raymond, Rollins, Rousseau, Schenck,

The SPEAKER. The Chair will lay before Smith, Stevens, Stilwell, Taylor, John L. Thomas,

The SPEAKER also laid before the House

the House an invitation addressed to the memVan Aernam, Burt Van Horn, Robert T. Van Horn, resolutions of the convention of Texas in favor William B. Washburn, Welker, Whaley, Williams,

bers of the House of Representatives. It will of a southern branch of the Pacific railroad. Windom, and Woodbridge-62.

be read for information.
NOT VOTING - Messrs. Alley, Ames, Anderson,
Mr. ROLLINS. I move to refer it to the

The Clerk read, as follows:
James M. Ashley, Banks, Barker, Baxter, Bergen, Committee on the Pacific Railroad.
Blaine, Blow, Buckland, Cobb, Cullom, Culver, Dar-
Mr: WENTWORTH. I move that it be

WASHINGTON, April 12, 1866. ling, Dawes, Dawson, Defrees, Delano, Denison,

To the honorable members of the Dumont, Eliot, Grider, Grinnell, Griswold, Aaron printed and referred to the committee on

Hlouse of Representatives : Harding, Harris, Hart, Highy, Hill, Hogan, Ilooper, reconstruction.

We, the undersigned colored citizens of the District Hotchkiss, Asahel W. Hubbard, Demas Hubbard,

The question being put, there were-ayes

of Columbia, most respectfully invito the members John II. TÍubbard, James R. Iubbell, James llumphrey, Johnson, Jones, Kerr, Ketcham, Latiin, 30, noes 40; no quorum voting.

of the House of Representatives to be present at the William Lawrence, Le Blond, Marshall, Marston,

celebration of the anniversary of the emancipation

Mr. CONKLING. If it is in order to ask of slavery in the District, to take place in Franklin McIndoe, Moorhead. Morrill, Noell, Patterson, Perham, Pike, Plants, Pomeroy, Radiord, Samuel J. a question for information, I would inquire

squaro, Thursday, April 19, at twelve o'clock m.

ALFRED KIGER. Randall, Alexander H. Rice, Sawyer, Sloan, Starr, if this is to be referred to the committee on

EDWARD L. SAVOY, Taber, Francis Th nble, and Winfield-60. reconstruction with the view of having them

DANIEL G. MUSE. So the motion to reconsider was not laid on reconstruct this railroad? Or what branch


Committee. the table.

of the business of reconstruction does this The question recurred on the motion to proposition come under?

Mr. ELDRIDGE. I think this should be reconsider the vote by which the bill was The SPEAKER. That is hardly a point for

referred to the joint committee on reconstrucrejected. the Chair to decide.

tion, [laughter,) and I make that motion. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois.

The motion was not agreed to.
On that
Mr. ROSS. It is for the purpose of never

Mr. ANCONA. Does the invitation include I demand the yeas and nays.

getting a report, I suppose. (Laughter.] Mr. PERHĂM. Is a motion to recommit

Mr. ANCONA. Is not the question first

those members of the House who voted against in order ? upon the motion to refer to the Committee on

the emancipation of slavery in the District of

Columbia? The SPEAKER. The rejection of the bill

the Pacific Railroad? will have to be reconsidered first.

The SPEAKER. The Chair did not under

The SPEAKER. It includes all the memMr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Is it in stand that motion to be made.

bers of the House of Representatives. It was order to withdraw the motion to reconsider?

Mr. ROLLINS. I made that motion, as I

read only for information, and not for any

action of the House. The SPEAKER. It is not, after the House | supposed. has refused to lay it on the table. The SPEAKER. The Chair inquired what

REORGANIZATION OF TIIE ARMY. Mr. INGERSOLL. If the motion to recon- disposition should be made of the paper. The The House resumed the consideration of the sider prevails, will it then be in order to move gentleman from New Hampshire [Mr. Rol- bill (II. R. No. 361) entitled “ An act to reorto recommit?

LINS) suggested in his seat that it be referred to ganize and establish the Army of the United The SPEAKER. It will.

the Committee on the Pacific Railroad. The States." The yeas and nays were ordered.

gentleman from Illinois (Mr. WENTWORTH] The fifth section was under consideration, The question being taken on the motion to arose in bis place and moved that it be referred | having been amended so as to read as follows: reconsider, it was decided in the affirmative- to the joint committee on reconstruction. The SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That the officers yeas 63, nays 55, not voting 65; as follows: House is now dividing upon that question, upon

of the thirty-seven regiments of infantry, first proYEAS-Mossrs. Ancona, Baldwin, Benjamin, Bidthe last vote no quorum voting.

vided for in the foregoing section, shall consist of

those now commissioned and serving therewith subwell, Bingham, Boyer, Buckland, Bundy, Reader

Mr. STEVENS. By whom is the paper ject to such examination as the condition of their W. Clarke, Coffroth, Davis, Dawes, Delano, Dixon, | signed ?

being retained in the service as is hereinafter proDodge, Donnelly, Driggs, Eckley, Eggleston, Farqnhar, Glossbrenner, Ilale. Ilayes, Holmes, Asahel W.

The SPEAKER. By the president of the

vided for; and in making appointments to fill the

original vacancies in the thirty-seven regiments thus Hubbard, Chester D. llubbard, Hulburd, Ingersoll, Texas convention,

provided for, and for a period of three years after the Jenckes, Kasson, Kelley, Kelso, Ketcham, George V. Mr. STEVENS. I move to lay it on the

passage of this act, all first and second lieutenantsand Lawrence, Lynch, Marvin, McRuer, Mercur, Miller,

two thirds of the officers of each of the grades above Morris, Myers, Newell, Nicholson, O'Neill, Perhamn, table.

that of first lieutenant shall be selected from among William II. Randall, Raymond, Rollins, Schenck, The SPEAKER. The House is now divid- the officers and soldiers of volunteers who have served Smith, Stevens, Stilwell, Strouse, Taylor, John L. Thomas, Van Aernam, Burt Van Horn, Robert T. ing upon the motion to refer. If that motion in the Army of the United States in the late war for

the suppression of the rebellion, and who bave been Van Horn, William B. Washburn, Welker, Whaley,

shall be voted down the motion to lay on the distinguished for capacity, good conduct, and cflicient Williams, and Windom-63. table will be in order.

service; but graduates of the United States Military NAYS-Messrs. Allison, Delos R. Ashley, Baker,

Mr. WENTWORTH. I desire to ask for in

Academy and enlisted men shall be cligible to apBeaman, Brandegee, Bromwell, Broomall, Chanier, Sidney Clarke, Cook, Deming, Eldridge, Farnsworth, formation if it has not been the uniform custom

pointinent as second lieutenants in those regimenis,

as in the new regiments of cavalry, under the prol'erry, Finck, Goodyear, Abner C. Harding, Ilender- of this House, from the commencement of this visions of the third section of this act, and not otherson, Edwin N. Hubbell, Julian, Kuykendall, Latliam, session to this day, to refer all such matters to

wisc; the Veteran Reserve corps shall be officered by Loan, Longyear, Marston, McClurg, McCullough, Mc

appointinent from any officers or soldiers of volunKce, Moulton, Niblack, Orth, Paine, Phelps, Price, the joint committee on reconstruction?

teers or of the regular Army who have been wounded Alexander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Ritter, Rogers,

The SPEAKER. The order of the House in the line of their duty while serving in the Army Ross, Scofield, Shanklin, Shellabarger, Sitgreaves, is that all subjects relating to the representation

of the United States in the late war, or have been Spalding, Taber. Thayer, Thornton, Trowbridge,

disabled by disease contracted in such service, and Upson, Ward, Elihu B. Washburne, Henry D. Washof the so-called confederate States shall be

may yet be competent for garrison or other duty, to burn, Wentworth, James F. Wilson, and Wright-55. referred to that committee. In regard to all which that corps has heretofore been assigned.

NOT VOTING- Messrs. Alley, Ames, Anderson,
James M. Ashley, Banks, Barker, Baxter. Bergen,
other subjects the reference is to be decided

The officers selected to fill original vacancies in the

regiments of colored troopsshall betaken from among Blainc, Blow, Boutwell, Cobb, Conkling, Cullom, Culby a vote of the House.

those who have served as officers of colored troops in ver, Darling. Dawson, Defrees, Denison, Dumont, Mr. RAYMOND. Has the division of the the Army of the United States in the late war. And Eliot. Garfield, Grider, Grinnell, Griswold, Aaron House upon the motion to refer reached such

all appointments of officers in the Veteran Reserve llarding, Harris, Hart, Higby, Ilill, Hogan, Hooper,

corps and in regiments of colored troops shall be Hotchkiss. Demas Hubbard, John II. Hubbard, James a point as to prevent debate?

made on examination, as hereinafter provideri, havR. Hubbell, James Humphrey, James M. Ilumphrey, The SPEAKER. This debate has been ing reference to capacity, good conduct, and cflicient Johnson, Jones, Kerr, Laflin, William Lawrence, Le Blond, Marshall, McIndoe, Moorhead, Morrill, Noell, tolerated by unanimous consent.

service in every case. Patterson, Pike. Plants, Pomeroy, Radford, Samuel Mr. RAYMOND. Is the question of refer

The pending question was upon the following J. Randall, Rousseau, Sawyer, Sloan, Starr, Francis ence still debatable ?

amendment, moved by Mr. Farnsworth, to Thomas, Trimble, Warner, Stephen F. Wilson, Winfield, and Woodbridge-65.

The SPEAKER. It is not, except by unan

strike out the following: So the motion to reconsider was agreed to. imous consent, as the House is now dividing,

The officers selected to fill original vacancies in the

regiments of colored troops shall betaken from among no quorum having voted on the last vote. The SPEAKER. The morning bour has

those who have served as officers of colored troops in

Mr. DAVIS. I think the question has not the Army of the United States in the late war. expired.

been fully understood. I would merely sug. And to insert in lieu thereof the following: Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I move gestan

The officors of colored troops herein provided for shall be selected and appointed in the same manner the provisions of this act, shall be on the same foot- Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. Will the gentleman proridei hercin for officering the six regiments of ing in reference to pay, relative rank, and promotion allow me to ask him a question? ceralry provided for in the third section of this act. within the staff, corps, or arm of the service in which

Mr. GARFIELD. Certainly. The question was taken ; and Mr. Fanns- they may be appointed or retained.

Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I desire to ask the wortu's amendment was disagreed to.

Mr. Speaker, I desire to explain, in a few The question recurred on the amendment

gentleman whether, under the bill as proposed words, whiat this amendment is designed to

by the committee, a major in a colored regioffered by Mr. CONKLING as a proviso to the accomplish. During the discussion of this bill section, the vote on which had been reserved. thus far there has been developed in the House

ment, for instance, could not be promoted to

a lieutenant colonelcy in one of the white Mr. HALE. I desire to make a motion to a decided purpose to follow the lead of the Mil

regiments. perfect the section before the vote is taken on itary Committee in this: that those who have

Mr. GARFIELD. I have no doubt it is the that amendment. I desire, with the leave of been wounded in the service and also a certain

intention of the committee that that may be the House, to enter a motion on which I do not portion of the colored soldiers shall constitute a

done. But I desire an affirmative statement now desire a vote. It is an amendment, the part of the Army. Now, what we want is to

in the law to that effect, so that there can be fate of which will depend upon the disposition | realize the wish of the House in such a way as

no doubt of it. to be made of a subsequent section, and for that shall come as nearly as possible to making our Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I entirely sympareason I ask that it shall be reserved until the Army a harmonious unit. House shall have considered the thirty-third

thize with the gentleman in that desire, and I The objection which I have to the mode in

wish to have the bill so amended (if it is not section. My motion is to strike out in lines wliich this bill proposes to effect its purpose is four, five, and six the words, " subject to such that it gives us three kinds of Army: first, the

now in that shape) as to permit the promotion

of officers of colored troops to higher positions examination as the condition of their being || Army proper, that will be known as par excelretained in the service as is hereinafter pro

the white regiments, and the promotion of lence the regular Army; second, a portion of

oflicers of white troops to higher positions in vided for." the Army known as the Veteran Reserve corps,

the colored regiments; so that officers in one I propose hereafter to move to strike out a made up in a special and peculiar way, off

branch of the Army shall not be excluded from provision in the thirty-third section, and if that cered in a special and peculiar way, and kept promotion in another branch. motion shall succeed then this clause will have distinct from the other branches of the Army; Mr. GARFIELD. I have no doubt the Comto be stricken out. and third, an Army known as the colored

mittee on Military Affairs will adopt any propoNo objection was made, and the amendment troops of the United States, officered in a pe

sition that affirmatively embodies that princiwas reserved.

culiar way, and kept entirely distinct from the Mr. GARFIELD. I desire to move to amend

ple. other two classes.

Mr. CONKLING. I ask the gentleman from the fourth section of the bill by striking out Now, Mr. Speaker, I believe that nothing | Ohio [Mr. GARFIELD]—and I am glad to see the words of ten regiments to be raised and can be worse for the efficiency and success of

his attention has been called to the subject, for officered as hereinafter provided for, to be called our Army than discordant elements in its or

we recognize the weight of his authority-to the Veteran Reserve corps," and to insert in ganization-especially in its list of officers state for the benefit of the House what will be lieu thereof the following:

walls of partition built up so that of one man the number of oflicers. And the Secretary of War is authorized and di- it shall be said, “He is an officer in the reg- Mr. GARFIELD. It will be large enough rected to enlist men for the service who have been ular Army;"' of another, “IIe is an officer of wounded in the line of their duty while serving in

to officer ten regiments of the class of men the Army of the United States, or who have been the Veteran Reserve corps ;' and of another,

now designated in the bill as the Veteran Redisabled by disease contracted in such service, pro

“He is an officer of the colored troops." Í vided it shall be found, on medical inspection, that

serve corps and eight regiments designated as believe we can have all these elements, if the by such wounds or disability they are not unfitted

colored troops. for efficiency in garrison or other light duty; and such

House so determines, and yet not have eo men, when enlisted, shall be assigned to such post, nomine these distinctions, which, I am very | making up the Army, are required to take in

Under this bill the military authorities, in garrison, or other light duty, as the interests of the sure, will, if adopted, be a source of infinite service may require: Provided, That there shall not

as many disabled oflicers as are needed to be more than five thousand such enlisted men in the difficulty, dissension, and heart-burnings in

officer ten regiments of disabled soldiers, and service at any one time.

the practical workings of the Army.


the whole is to be a separate organization, The SPEAKER. That section is not now

have seen, during the late war, how that spirit | known by a separate name, the Veteran Reopen to amendment. It has been passed under has been manifested between the volunteers

serve corps. My amendment adopts the spirit the operation of the previous question. The and regulars. We have seen how much diffi

and policy of the bill so far as to allow these House is now engaged on the fifth section, and culty these distinctions have caused in every

disabled men to enter the Army, but it procan only go back by unanimous consent. department of our Army.

poses to do away with these separate and Mr. GARFIELD, I wish the House would

What I desire is that we shall have one har

special organizations with distinctive names. allow me to go back for the purpose of offermonious Army, so that between officers of the

When the President, under the committee's ing that amendment. I propose to offer ansame rank there shall be no distinction in con

bill, appoints men for the colored regiments, other amendment to the fifth section, and if sequence of their belonging to different branches

he must appoint men who have served as offithat be adopted, this one ought to be. of the Army to which they belong. I desire that

cers of colored troops. Instead of sạying just The SPEAKER. The gentleman from Ohio all officers, whether assigned to the command

such men and none other shall be appointed asks unanimous consent to go back to the of colored troops or to the command of regu

to command these troops, my amendment fourth section. lar forces or to the command of soldiers of the

throws open the door to all officers of the Mr. SCHENCK. I must object to opening Veteran Reserve corps, shall be equally eligi" | Army, whether they have served in colored up that section again.

ble to promotion in any of the different depart- | troops or not, and any officer appointed will Mr. GARFIELD. I offer then the follow- ments of the Army. This is the object of my

be liable to be put in command of colored ing amendment to the fifth section: amendment.

troops. As the bill stands, we establish a Strike out the following clause:

I believe we can carry out substantially all colored department, and provide a special The Veteran Reserve corps shall bo officered by the ideas of the military committee, and still

mode for the appointment of officers for that appointment from any officers and soldiers of volun- realize more effectually the unity of the Army, tcers or of the regular Army who have been wounded

class of troops. We also establish a Veteran in the line of their duty while serving in the Army

by not describing a Veteran Reserve corps, with Reserve corps or invalid department, and proof the United States in the late war, or have been its special class of officers; the colored troops, vide a special mode for the appointment of a disabled by disease contracted in such servico, and with their special class of officers; and the class of officers for it. By this separate origin may yet be competent for garrison or other duty, to which that corps has heretofore been assigned. The Regular Army, with its special classes of offi

and appointment of officers, to be known by officers selected to fill original vacancies in the regi- cers; but by simply declaring that there shall | special names, to be ordered to special duty, Inents of colored troops shall be taken from among those who have served as officers of colored troops be so many colonels, so many lieutenant col

it seems to me we have built up separate and in the Army of the United States in the lato war. onels, so many majors, so many officers of other

dissimilar organizations, which will produce And all appointments of officers in the Veteran Re- grades, commissioned as a part of the official

endless confusion, and make a weak and disserve corps and in regiments of colored troops shall roster from among men who have been wounded || jointed army. be made on examination, as hereinafter provided, having reference to capacity, good conduct, and effior otherwise partially disabled, and that they

The Army of the United States, Mr. Speaker, cient service in every case. may be assigned wherever the General-in-Chief

should not be an open hand with outspread And insert in lieu thercof the following: In making up the Army list, in pursuance of the pleases to assign them.

fingers, but rather a doubled fist, a unit, conprovisions of this act, there shall be appointed, in ac- Mr. STEVENS. Will the gentleman allow

solidated as nearly as possible into one homocordance with tho provisions of the third section of me to ask him a question? this act, from any officers and soldiers of volunteers

geneous organization, so that a colonel of

Mr. GARFIELD. or regulars who have been wounded in the line of


infantry shall be a colonel for all infantry purtheir duty while serving in the Army of the United Mr. STEVENS. Was there any difficulty or poses, and a colonel of cavalry a colonel for States in the late war, or have been disabled by dis- discord in the French Army when it consisted ease contracted in such service, and may yet be com

all cavalry purposes, without regard to color of Old Gua petent for garrison or other duty, not less than ten

Young Guards, and the army or sanitary condition of the soldiers he comcolonels, ten lieutenant colonels, ten majors, ten proper?

mands. adjutants, ten regimental quartermasters, (ten regi- Mr. GARFIELD. Well, Mr. Speaker, what I believe the amendment I have suggested, mentalcommissaries,]one hundred captains, one hundred first lieutenants, and one hundred second lieu- was consistent and harmonious in the French while it will require a slight modification of a tenants; and from any officers who have served as army fifty years ago, under their peculiar sit- few sections of the committee's bill, will work officers of colored troops in the Army of the United States in the late war, eight colonels, eight lieutenant

uation of affairs, cannot justify us in making harmoniously and remove the most serious colonels, eight majors, eight adjutants, eight regi- up our Army of such discordant materials as objections to what is known as the Veteran mental quartermasters, (eight regimental cominissa- these. I am thoroughly and from principle || Reserve corps. ries.) eighty captains, eighty first licutenants, and

Mr. WRIGHT. The honorable gentleman cighty second lieutenants: Provided, That all officers opposed to establishing this sort of divisions by appointed or retained in the Ariny, in pursuance of name in the Army of the United States. from Ohio intimated that he was willing to

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