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most huinble and obedient subjects, the lords HERFORD, or Hervorden, an old fortified spiritual and temporal, and the commons, in town of Prussian Westphalia, in the county of parliament assembled, did render and give unto Ravensberg, at the confluence of the Werra and his highness their most high and hearty thanks !' the Aa. It is divided into the Old and New The same statute established a mixed jurisdic- Town, and a suburb called Radewig; and contion of clergy and laity for the 'trial and convic- tains a considerable manufactory of cotton thread, tion of heretics; Henry being equally intent on and of linen. Here were formerly an abhey and a destroying the supremacy of the bishops of Rome, convent, secularised in 1804 ; also a commanand establishing all their other corruptions of the dery of the order of St. John. Inhabitants 6000. Christian religion. Without recapitulating the Eleven miles E: N. E. of Ravensberg. various repeals and revivals of these sanguinary HERGEST'S Islands, a group of islands in laws, in the two succeeding reigns, we proceed to the South Pacific, discovered by lieutenant the reign of queen Elizabeth, when the refor- Hergest in the Dædalus, in the year 1792. They mation was finally established. By stat. 2 Eliz. consist of Riou's, Trevenen's, Sir Henry Marc. 1, all former statutes relating to heresy are re- tin's, and Robert's Isles, and extend from lat. 7° pealed, which leaves the jurisdiction of heresy 53' to 9° 14' S., and from long. 219° 47' to 220° as it stood at common law; viz. as to the in- 21' E. fiction of common censures, in the ecclesiastical Hergest's Rocks, two rocky islets in the Pacourts; and in case of burning the beretic, in the cific Ocean, also discovered by lieutenant Herprovincial synod only. Sir Matthew Hale is gest in the year 1792. Long. 219° 42' E., lat. indeed of a different opinion, and holds that such 7° 38' S. power resided in the diocesan also; though he HERJEDALEN, a district in the north of agrees, that in either case the writ de hæretico Sweden, included in Gefleborgstæn, and bounded comburendo was not demandable of common on the north by Jemptland, and on the west by Nor. right, hur grantable, or otherwise, merely at the way. It forms a large wooded valley exteoding king's discretion. But the principal point now between 62° and 630 of N. lat., watered by the gained was, that by this statute a boundary is for Ljunga and Ljusna, and flanked by lofty mountains the first time set to what shall be accounted There is but little corn land, though it seems caheresy; nothing for the future being to be so pable of a more extended cultivation. On the determined, but only such tenets as have been other hand, it abounds in cattle, game, and fish; heretofore so declared, 1. By the words of and the inhabitants carry on a good trade in the canonical scriptures; 2. By the first four cheese. Territorial extent 3200 square miles. general councils, or such others as have only Population about 4000. used the words of the holy scriptures ; or 3. HEʻRIOT, n. s. Sax. þenegild. A fine paid Which shall hereafter be so declared by the par- to the lord at the death of a land-holder, comliament, with the assent of the clergy in convo- monly the best thing in the landholder's possescation. Thus was heresy reduced to a greater sion. certainty than before ; though it might not have Though thon censume but to renew, been the worse to have defined it in terms still Yet love, as lord, doth claim a heriot due. more precise and particular: as a man continued

Cleareland. still liable to be burnt for what perhaps he did This he detaivs from the ivy, for he should be the not understand to be heresy, till the ecclesiastical true possessory lord thereof; but the olive dispenseth judge so interpreted the words of the canonical with his conscience to pass it over with a compliment scriptures. For the writ de hæretico combu- and a heriot every year.

Houel. rendo remained still in force, till it was totally I took him up, as your heriot, with intention to have abolished, and heresy again subjected only to

made the best of him, and then have brought the ecclesiastical correction, pro salute animæ, by whole produce of him in a purse to you. Dryden. stat. 29 Car. II. c. 9: when, in one and the Heriot, in law, is a customary tribute of goods same reign, our lands were delivered from the and chattels, payable to the lord of the see on slavery of military tenures; our bodies from ar the decease of the owner of the land. See TEbitrary imprisonment by the habeas corpus act;

It is of two sorts, viz. Heriot custom, and our minds from the tyranny of superstitious where heriots have been paid time out of mind bigotry, by demolishing this last badge of perse- by custom, after the death of a tenant for life. cution in the English law.

In some places there is a customary composition HERETOCH, among the Anglo-Saxons, sig- in money, as ten or twenty shillings in lieu of a nified the same with dux or duke, denoting the heriot, by which the lord and tenant are both commander of an army. It appears, from Ed- bound, if it be an indisputably ancient custom : ward the Confessor's laws, that the military force but a new composition of this sort will not bind of this kingdom was in the hands of the here- the representatives of either party. Heriot sertochs, who were constituted through every pro- vice, when a tenant holds by such service to pay vince and county in the kingdom, being selected heriot at the time of his death; which service is put of the principal nobility, and such as were expressed in the deed of feoffment. For this most remarkable as sapientes, fideles, et animosi. latter the lord shall distrain; and for the other Their duty was to lead and regulate the English he shall seize and not distrain. If the lord purarmies, with a very unlimited power; on which chase part of the tenantry, neriot service is ex- ' account they were elected by the people in their tinguished; but it is not so of heriot custom. folk-mote or full assembly, in the same manner Heriot (George), jeweller to king James VI. as sheriff's.

and Charles I., the founder of the elegant hospital



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at Edinburgh which bears his name, was born in Cal. five toothed ; cor. none; filament columthe parish of Gladsmuir, in East Lothian. His nar; anthers, from five to ten, below the top; ancestors were proprietors of the small village of FEMALE CAL. five toothed ; cor. none; germens Trabrowne, and their names appear on the roll tive, sessile, with five pairs of barren anthers beof the Scotch parliament. Mr. Creech says, he tween them; drupas five, dry, of one cell; SEEDS furnished jewels to prince Charles, afterwards solitary. Species one only; a native of Ceylon, king Charles I., when he went to the court of and cultivated in Kew gardens under the name Spain in 1623. *These jewels were never paid of the looking-glass plant. for by James; but, when Charles I. came to the HERKIMER, a county of New York, United throne, the debt to Heriot was allowed to his States, erected from Montgomery county in 1791, trustees, in part of their purchase of the barony but, by successive subdivisions, now restricted to of Broughton, then crown lands in the neigh- a smaller area. Its present form is an irregular bourhood of Edinburgh. These lands are now oblong, embracing the Mohawk River, which a part of the foundation of the hospital. Mr. crosses the southern part. Its geographical cenHeriot died in 1627. Tradition reports, that he tre lies about eighty-five miles on a right line acquired his fortune by purchasing for a trifle a north-west from Albany. It is bounded north large quantity of yellow sand, with which a ship- by St. Lawrence county, east by Montgomery master, who traded to Africa, had loaded his county and a small angle of Otsego county, vessel by way of ballast, from the coast of south by Otsego county, and west by Oneida Guinea, without knowing its value; but in which and Lewis counties; its greatest length north Heriot soon discerned a considerable proportion and south is eighty-five miles; its greatest width of gold dust, which he afterwards extracted. sixteen miles. The area is 1106 square miles, or

Herror's Hospital. See EDINBURGH. 717,840 acres. Situated between 42° 49' and HERISA, or HERISHAW, an ancient town 44° 7' N. lat., and 00 44 and 1° 15' W. long. of Switzerland, in the canton of Appenzel, on from New York. This county has a large prothe Bulbach. It was the first town of the can- portion of hilly land, and as great a diversity ton that embraced Christianity. The manufac- soil as any in the state. The southern part fur. tures of linen, cotton, and muslin, chiefly em- nishes some of the small sources of the Susqueploy 6000 inhabitants. It is twenty-seven miles hanna. south-west of St. Gall, and ten north-west of Ap HERKLA, a town on the east coast of Tunis, penzel.

Africa, the Adrumetum of earlier times, the JusHERISSON, in fortification, a beam armed tiniana of the middle ages, and the Heraclea of with a great numver of iron spikes with their the Lower empire. It was built on a promonpoints outwards, and supported by a pivot, on tory, and appears to have been about a mile ir which it turns. These serve as a barrier to block circuit; but the ruins did not appear to D up any passage, and are frequently placed before Shaw so extensive as he expected. the gates, and more especially the wicket doors HERMÆA, in antiquity, ancient Greek fesof a town or fortress, to secure those passages tivals in honor of Mercury: One of these was which must be often opened and shut.

celebrated by the Pheneatæ in Arcadia; a HERITIER (Nicholas l'), a French poet of second by the Cyllenians in Elis; and a third the seventeenth century, who was historiogra- by the Tanagreans, where Mercury was reprepher of France, and treasurer 10 the guards. He sented with a ram upon his shoulder, because he wrote two tragedies, entitled Hercule Furieux, was said to have walked through the city in that and Clovis. He died in 1680.

posture in time of a plague, and to have cured HERITIER (Mary Jane l' de Villandon), a the sick; in memory of which it was customFrench poetess, daugher of the above, was born ary, at this festival, for one of the most beautiful in 1664. She was a member of the academies youths in the city to walk round the walls with of the Jeux Floraux, and the Ricovrati at Padua. a ram upon his shoulder. A fourth festival was She wrote, 1. Translation of Ovid's Epistles ;' observed in Crete, when it was usual for the ser2. La Tour Tenebreuse, an English Tale; 3. vants to sit down at the table while their masters Les Caprices du Destin, a novel; and 4, L'A. waited; a custom which was also observed at the vare puni, a tale in poetry.

Roman Saturnalia. HERITIER (Charles Louis l’de Brutelle), an HERMAN (Paul), a famous botanist in the eminent French botanist

, one of the most dis- seventeenth century, born at Hall, in Saxony; tinguished students and promoters of the Lin- He practised physic in the isle of Ceylon, and næan principles and accuracy in his own coun was afterwards professor of botany at Leyden, try, was born of an opulent mercantile family, where he died in 1695. He wrote 1. A Cataat Paris in 1746. In 1772 he was appointed su- ' logue of the Plants in the Public Garden at Leyperintendant of the waters and forests of the den; 2. Cynosura Materiæ Medicæ; 3. Floræ Generalité of Paris; and, his active mind being Lugduno-Batavæ flores : 4. Paradisus Batavus ; turned to fulfil the duties of his office, he began and, 5, Musæum Zeylanicum. to apply to botany, with a particular view to the HERMANN (James), a learned mathematiknowledge of forest trees. He soon extended cian of the academy at Berlin, and a member of his enquiries ; studied the works of Linnæus; the academy of sciences at Paris, was born at and became one.of the most zealous disciples of Basil in 1678. He was a great traveller, and for the illustrious Swede. He died in 1800 at Paris.' six years was professor of mathematics at Padua.

HERITIERA, in botany, so named in honor He afterwards went to Russia, being invited thiof the able French botanist, Charles Louis l'Ile- ther by Peter the Great, in 1724. On his return pitier de Brutelle. Essential character; MALE to Basil he was made professor of morality and



natural law; and died there in 1733. He wrote Ascetics. 4. Extracts from the Councils; pub several mathematical works.

lished after his death, under the title of Clavis HERMANNIA, in botany, a genus of the disciplinæ Ecclesiasticæ. He died suddenly pentandria order and monadelphia class of at Paris, in 1690. plants; natural order thirty-seventh, columni HERMAPH'RODITE, n. s. / Fr. hermo feræ; Caps. quinquelocular; the petals at the HERMAPHRODIT’ICAL, adj. phrodite, from base are semitubulated and oblique. There are dpñs and appodien. An animal uniting two twenty-two species.

1. H. alnifolia, has a shrubby stalk and Man and wife make but one right branches growing irregularly four or five feet high,

Canonical hermaphrodite.

Cleaveland. with pale yellow fowers in short spikes from the There may be equivocal seeds and hermaphroditical sides and ends of the branches, appearing in principles, that cnotain the radicality of different


Brouens. April or May.

The chosen knight 2. H. althæifolia, has a shrubby stalk, and soft.

And free companion of the gallant Bourbon, woolly branches, growing two feet high, with nu

Late Constable of France; and now to be merous yellow flowers in short spikes growing at

Lord of the city which hath beeu Earth's lord the end of the branches, and making their ap Under its emperors, and changing sex, pearance in July.

Not sceptre, an hermaphrodite of empire 3. H. grossularifolia has a shrubby stalk and. Lady of the Old World. spreading branches, growing three or four feet

Byron. Deformed Transformed. high, with bright yellow flowers coming out in A HERMAPHRODITE is generally understood to great numbers at the ends of all the shoots and signify a human creature possessed of both sexes, branches in April or May.

or who has the parts of generation both of male 4. H. hyssopifolia has a shrubby upright and female. The term, however, is applied also stalk, branching out laterally six or seven feet to other animals, and even to plants. The word high, with pale yellow flowers in clusters from is a compound of Epuns, Mercury, and Appoderma the sides of the branches, appearing in. May and Venus ;. q. d. a mixture of Mercury and Venus, June.

i. e. of male and female. By Mr. Hunter, her5. H. lavendulifolia has a shrubby stalk and maphrodites are divided into natural and unnaslender branches, very bushy, about a foot and a tural, or monstrous. The first belongs to the half high, small spear-shaped, obtuse and hairy more simple orders of animals, of which there is leaves, with clusters of small yellow flowers a much greater number than of the more perfect. along the sides of the branches continuing from The unnatural takes place in every tribe of aniJune to Autumn. All these plants are natives mals having distinct sexes, but is more common Of Africa, and therefore must be kept in a green- in some than in others. The human species, he house during the winter iu this country. They imagines, has the fewest, never having seen them are propagated by cuttings of their young shoots, in that species, nor in dogs; but in the horse, which may be planted in pots of rich earth from sheep, and black cattle, they are very frequent. April to July

From Mr. Hunter's account, however, it does HERMANNSTADT, or Szeben, the ancient not appear that such a creature as a perfect Cibinium, or Hermanopolis, is a large fortified hermaphrodite has ever existed. All the hermatown of Transylvania, of which it was formerly phrodites which he had the opportunity of seeing the capital, and stands on the river Szeben, in a had the appearance of females, and were genebeautiful plain. It is not considered healthy: and rally thought such. In the horse they are very its streets and general, accommodations are infe- frequent. In most species of animals, the prorior to most towns of Europe of the same size. duction of hermaphrodites appears to be the As the chief town of the Saxon settlers in Tran- effect of chance; but in the black cattle it seems sylvania, it is the place of their archives, and the to be an established principle of their propagaseat of a Protestant university. It has also a tion. It is a well-known fact, and, as far as bas convent and three monasteries, one of which be- yet been discovered, appears to be universal, longs to the Greek monks of St. Basil. The that when a cow brings forth two calves, one of principal square contains a fine statue and them a bull, and the other a cow to appearance, fountain.

The orphan hospital, the barracks the cow is unfit for propagation, but the bull-calf outside of the town, the theatre, and the resi- becomes a very proper bull. The cows are known dence of baron Bruckenthal, are also worth no not to breed; they do not even show the least. tice. The last contains a good library,and a va inclination for the bull, nor does the bull ever luable collection of pictures, antiquities, and take the least notice of them. Among the counnatural history. Its chief manufacture is soap try-people in England,.this kind of calf is called and candles. Thirty miles south-east of Weis- a free-martin; and this singularity is just as well senburg, and 392 south-east of Vienna.

known among the farmers as either cow. or bull., HERMANT (Godfrey), a learned doctor of When they are preserved, it is for the purposes the Sorbonne, born at Beauvais in 1617. He of an ox or spayed heifer, viz. to yoke with the wrote many works; the principal of which are, oxen, or fatten for the table. They are much 1. The Lives of St. Athanasius, St. Basil, St. larger than either the bull or the cow, and the Gregory Nazianzen, St. Chrysostom, and St. horns grow longer and bigger, being very similar. Ambrose. 2. Four pieces in defence of the to those of an ox. The bellow of a free-martin rights of the university of Paris against the is similar to that of an ox, and the meat is simiJesuits. 3. A French Translation of St. Chry- lar to that of the ex or spayed heifer, viz much sostorn's Treatise of Providence, and Basil's finer in the fibre than either the bull or cow;


and they are more susceptible of growing fat so called by the sexualists on account of their •with good food. By some they are supposed to containing both the anthera and stigma, the exceed the ox and heifer in delicacy of taste, organs of generation, within the same calyx and and bear a higher price at market. The Romans, petals. Of this kind are the flowers of all the who called bull taurus, spoke also of tauræ, in classes in Linnæus's sexual method, except the the feminine gender, different from vaccæ or classes monecia and diæcia; in the former of cows. Stephens observes, that it was thought which, male and female flowers are produced on they meant by this word barren cows, which ob- the same root; in the latter, on distinct plants tained this name because they did not conceive from the same seed. In the class polygamia, any more than bulls. He quotes a passage from there are always hermaphrodite flowers mixed Columella: And, like the tauræ, which occupy with male or female, or both, either on the same the place of fertile cows, should be rejected or or distinct roots. In the plantain tree the flowers sent away.'_He likewise quotes Varro, De re are all hermaphrodite ; in some, however, the Rusticâ : The cow which is barren is called anthera, or male organ, in others the stigma or taura.' Among the reptile tribe, such as worms, female organ, proves abortive. The flowers in snails, leeches, &c., hermaphrodites are very fre- the former class are styled female hermaphroquent. In the Memoirs of the French Academy, dites; in the latter, male hermaphrodites. "Herwe have an account of this very extraordinary maphrodites are thus as frequent in the vekind of hermaphrodites, which not only have getable kingdom as they are rare in the animal both sexes, but do the office of both at the same See BorANY. time. Such are earth-worms, round-tailed worms HERMAPHRODITUS, in the pagan mythofound in the intestines of men and horses, land logy, the son of Hermes, or Mercury, and Aphrosnails, and those of fresh waters, and all the sorts dite, or Venus. Being educated on Mount Ida of leeches. And, as all these are reptiles, and by the Naiades, Salmacis, one of these nymphs, without bones, M. Poupart concludes it probable, fell desperately in love with him; but he refusthat all other insects which have these two cha- ing to gratify her passion, she watched him one racters are also hermaphrodites. The method of day, while he was bathing in a fountain in Caria, coupling practised in this class of hermaphro- and leaping into it, seized him, entwined herdites, may be illustrated in the instance of earth- self about him, and by her prayers, obtained of worms. These creep, two by two, out of holes the gods to have his body and hers united into proper to receive them, where they dispose their one. Whereupon Hermaphroditus, finding himbodies in such a manner as that the head of the self thus metamorphosed, prayed his celestial one is turned to the tail of the other. Being thus parents, that in future every man who should stretched lengthwise, a little conical button or bathe in that fountain should possess both sexes, papilla is thrust forth by each, and received iuto which, according to Ovid, was also granted. an aperture of the other. Among the insects of Some explain the fable, that Hermaphroditus the soft or boneless kind, there are great num was represented as the son of Mercury and Vebers which are so far from being hermaphro- nus, to exhibit the union between eloquence or dites, that they are of no sex at all. Of this kind commerce, whereof Mercury was god, with plear are all the caterpillars, maggots, and worms, pro- sure, whereof Venus was the deity. duced of the eggs of Aies of all kinds : but the HERMAS, an ecclesiastical author of the reason of this is plain; these are not animals in first century; and, according to Origen, Eusea perfect state, but disguises under which ani- bius, and Jerome, the same whom St. Paul samals lurk. In the collection of insects belong- lutes in the end of his first epistle to the Romans. ing to professor Germar are the following her- He wrote a book in Greek some time before maphrodite butterflies : 1. Papilio atalanta. The Domitian's persecution, A. D. 95, entitled The deft side male, the right side female; the left pair Pastor, from his representing an angel speaking of wings is smaller, and more deeply notched to him in it under the form of a shepherd. The than the right: the left antenna shorter than the Greek text is lost, but a very ancient Latin version right. 2. Papilio antiopa; the right side male, of it is extant. Some of the fathers have consiand left side female. The right antenna much dered this book as canonical. The best edition shorter than the left. 3. Papilio phæbe ; left side of it is that of 1698, where it is to be found male : left antenna shorter than the right; and among the other apostolical fathers, illustrated the left pair of wings smaller, but the color and with the notes and corrections of Cotelerius and margin same as the right pair : hinder part of Le Clerc. With these it was translated into Engthe body same as in male. 4. Sphinx euphor- lish by archbishop Wake, the best edition of biæ ; left side male, and smaller than the right or which is that of 1710. female side : the distribution of the color is re Hermas, in botany, a genus of the monecia markable; the whole under side of the body is order, belonging to the polygamia class of plants. divided by a line, in the direction of its length; The umbel in the hermaphrodite is terminal; the male side is covered with a green powder, there is a universal involucrum and partial ones. while the female side has a white antenna, rose The rays of the small umbels are lobed; the red breast, and the abdomen marked with white central one flower-bearing; there are five petals, denticulations. 5. Sphinx galli; left side male; and five barren stamina; the seeds are two-fold the right antenna and the right pair of wings and suborbicular. In the male the lateral umlonger than those of the male side; but there is bels have universal and partial involucra; the no difference of color in the delineation of the small umbels are many-flowered; there are five two parts.

petals, and five fertile stamina. HERMAPHRODITE FLOWERS, in botany, are HERMELIN (Samuel Gustavus, ' baron), a

scientific Swedish nobleman, was a native of were statues of stone placed at the vestibules Stockholm, in which metropolis he was born in or porches of the doors and temples at Athens; 1744. Having travelled over a great part of the for this reason, that, as Mercury was held die European continent, he was entrusted with the god of speech and of truth, square and cubical conduct of a mission to the United States of statues were peculiarly proper; having this, in America. On his return in 1784 he visited Eng- common with truth, thât on what side soever land ; after which more than fifteen years of his they are viewed, they always appear the same. life were devoted to his Swedish atlas. Through Athens abounded more than any other place in his exertions also, and principally at his own ex- Hermeses: there were abundance of very signal pense, great improvements were introduced ones in various parts of the city, and they were among the mining establishments of Bothnia. indeed among the principal ornaments of the After fifty-four years spent in important active place. They were also placed in the high roads services, he retired from public life in 1815, retain- and cross-ways, because Mercury, who was the ing his salary, with an additional pension of 1000 courier of the gods, presided over the highways; rix dollars. Besides a variety of tracts printed whence he had his surnames of Trivius and among the transactions of the Academy of Stock- Viacus. holm, the following treatises were published by HERMETICAL, adj. French, hermetique, him separately :-) Mineralogical Description Hermet'ic, adj. from Hermes, or Mierof Lapland and Westro-Bothnia, with tables of HERMETICALLY, adv. ) cury, the imagined the population and industry of the latter pro- inventor of chemistry. Cheniical. vince; Mineralogical Charts of the Southern

The tube was closed at one end with diachylon, in Provinces of Sweden; On the Melting and stead of an hermetical seal.

Boyle. Casting of Copper Minerals ; On the use of . An hermetical seal, or to seal any thing hermetiStones found in the Swedish Quarries; and an cally, is to heat the neck of a glass 'till it is just ready Essay on the Resources of the Swedish Pro- to melt, and then with a pair of hot pincers to twist it vinces. M. Hermelin closed his long and useful close together,

Quincy. life on the 4th of May, 1820.

He suffered those things to putrefy in hermetically HERMES, Gr. EPMHE, from Epunyevs, an sealed glasses, and vessels close covered with paper, interpreter. The Greek name of the god Mer- and not only so, bút in vessels covered with fine lawn, cury. See MERCURY.

so as to admit the air, and keep out the insects : no

Bentley. Hermes, surnamed Trismegistus, i. e. thrice living thing was ever produced there. greatest, an Egyptian or Phænician priest and HERMETICAL Art, a name given to chemistry, philosopher, and according to some a king; on a supposition that Hermes Trismegistus was which triple office, they say, was the reason of the inventor of the art, or that he excelled this surname; though Suidas alleges, it was therein. See HERMES. given him because he taught the doctrine of the HERMETICAL Seal, a manner of closing glass Trinity. It is more probable, however, that he vessels, for chemical operations, so very accuwas so named on account of his great learning; rately, that nothing can exhale, not even the most for he is said to have written thirty-six books on subtile spirits. It is performed by heating the divinity and philosophy, and six on physic. neck of the vessel in the fame of a lamp till it Clemens Alexandrinus has given a catalogue of be ready to melt, and then with a pair of pincers his works; but none of them are extant, except twisting it close together. This chemists call a piece entitled Poemander, which is reckoned putting on Hermes's seal. spurious. He taught the Egyptians chemistry, - HERMHARPOCRATES, OF HERMARPO the art of land-measuring, the cultivation of the Crates, in antiquity, a deity, or figure of a deity, olive, the division of time into hours, and the use composed of Mercury and Harpocrates, the god of hieroglyphics. He is supposed to have flou- of silence. M. Spon gives a hermharpocrates in rished under Nicus or Osiris, about A. M. 2076. his Rech. Cur. de l' Antiquité, having wings on

HERMES, or Herma, among antiquaries, a his feet like Mercury, and laying his finger on sort of Square or cubical figure of the god Mer- his mouth like Harpocrates. It has been sugcury, usually made of marble, though sometimes gested that this combination was intended to of brass or other materials, without armes or legs, show that silence is sometimes eloquent. and planted by the Greeks and Romans in their HERMIANI, or HERMIATITÆ, a sect of here cross-ways. Servius gives us the origin thereof, tics in the second century, thus called from their in his comment on the eighth book of the Æneid. leader Hermias, and also denominated Seleuciani. • Some shepherds,' says he, having one day One of their distinguishing. tenets was, that God caught Mercury asleep on a mountain, cut off is corporeal ; another, that Jesus Christ did not his hands; from which he, as well as the moun- ascend into heaven with his body, but left it in tain where the action was done, became deno- the sun. minated Cyllenius, from rullos, maimed; and

HERMIAS, a heretic of the second century, thence certain statues without arms are denomi- the founder of the above sect, born in Galatia. nated Hermeses or Hermæ.' But this etymology He maintained that the deity is material, the of the epithet of Cyllenius contradicts' most of world eternal, and that the human soul is comthe other ancient authors ; who derive it from posed of fire and spirit. Mercury's birth-place, Cyllene, a city of Elis, HERMILLY (Vaquette d’), a French histoor the mountain Cyllene, which had been so rian, born at Amiens in 1707. He wrote the named before him. Suidas gives a moral expli- history of Majorca and Minorca, and translated cation of this custom of making statues of Mer- Feijoo's Critical Theatre, and Ferara's History cury without arms. "The Hermeses,' says he, of Spain.

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