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1. CIT. Well, I'll hear it, fir: yet you must not think to fob off our difgrace with a tale: but, an't please you, deliver.
MEN. There was a time, when all the body's
Rebell'd against the belly; thus accus'd it: -
I' the midft o' the body, idle and unactive,
Like labour with the reft; where the other inftru̟-
Hyftorie of Clyomon, Knight of the Golden Shield, &c. a play published in 1599:
"The hugie heapes of cares that lodged in my minde,
Again, in Decker's Honeft Whore, already quoted:
Fye, fye; idle, idle; he's no Frenchman, to fret at the lofs of a little cal'd hair." In the North they fcale the corn, i. e. fcatter it: Scale the muck well, i. e. fpread the dung well. The two foregoing inftances are taken from Mr. Lambe's notes on the old metrical hiftory of Floddon Field.
Again, Holinfhed, Vol. II. p. 499, speaking of the retreat of the Welchmen during the absence of Richard II. fays: "— they would no longer abide, but fcaled and departed away. So again, p. 530: " whereupon their troops fcaled, and fled their waies.' In the learned Ruddiman's Gloffary to Gawin Douglas's Translation of Virgil, the following account of the word is given. "Skail, Jhale, to Scatter, to spread, perhaps from the Fr. efcheveler, Ital. Scapigliare, crines paffos, feu sparsos habere. All from the Latin capillus. Thus efcheveler, fchevel, fkail; but of a more general fignification." See Vol. VI. p. 118, n. 2. STEEVENS.
Theobald reads - fale it. MALONE.
difgrace with a tale :] Disgraces are hardships, injuries.
where the other inftruments] Where for whereas. JOHNSON. We meet with the fame expreffion in The Winter's Tale, Vol.
X. p. 59, n. 6:
"As you feel, doing thus, and fee withal
Did fee, and hear, devife, inftruct, walk, feel,
To the difcontented members, the mutinous parts
They are not such as you.
1. CIT. Your belly's answer: What! The kingly-crowned head, the vigilant eye, The counfellor heart, the arm 9 the arm our foldier, Our feed the leg, the tongue our trumpeter, With other muniments and petty helps In this our fabrick, if that they MEN.
participate,] Here means participant, or participating.
Which ne'er came from the lungs, ] With a fmile not indicating pleasure, but contempt. JOHNSON.
I may make the belly fmile, ] "And fo the belly, all this notwithstanding, laughed at their folly, and fayed, &c. North's Translation of Plutarch, p. 240, edit. 1579. MALONE.
even fo moft fitly. -] i. c. exactly. WARBURTON.
They are not fuch as you. ] I suppose we fhould read — They are not as you. So, in St. Luke, xviii. 11. "God, I thank thee, I am The pronoun-fuch, only diforders the
not as this publican. measure. STEEVENS.
The counsellor heart, ] The heart was anciently esteemed the feat of prudence. Homo cordatus is a prudent man. JOHNSON. The heart was confidered by Shakspeare as the feat of the under◄ Aanding. See the next note. MALONE.
'Fore me, this fellow fpeaks! - what then? what
1. CIT. Should by the cormorant belly be re
1. CIT. The former agents, if they did com
What could the belly answer?
I will tell you;
MEN. If you'll beftow a fmall (of what you have little,) Patience, a while, you'll hear the belly's anfwer. 1. CIT. You are long about it. MEN.
Note me this, good friend;
Your most grave belly was deliberate,
to the feat o' the brain;
to the feat o' the brain;] feems to me a very languid expreffion. I believe we fhould read, with the omiffion of a particle:
Even to the court, the heart, to the feat, the brain.
He ufes feat for throne, the royal feat, which the first editors probably not apprehending, corrupted the paffage. It is thus ufed in Richard IL A& III. fc. iv:
"Yea, diftaff-women manage rusty bills
Againft thy feat.
It should be obferved too, that one of the Citizens had juft before chara&erifed thefe principal parts of the human fabrick by fimilar metaphors:
"The kingly-crowned head, the vigilant eye,
And, through the cranks and offices of man,"
Whereby they live: And though that all at once,
I have too great refped for even the conje&ures of my refpe&able and very judicious friend, to fupprefs his note, though it appears 10 me erroneous. In the prefent inftance I have not the fmalleft doubt, being clearly of opinion that the text is right. Brain is here used for reafon or understanding. Shakspeare feems to have had Camden as well as Plutarch before him; the former of whom has told a fimilar ftory in his Remains, 1605, and has likewife made the heart the feat of the brain, or underflanding: "Hereupon they all agreed to pine away their lafie and publike enemy. One day paffed over, the fecond followed very tedious, but the third day was fo grievous to them, that they called a common counsel. The eyes waxed dimme, the feete could not support the body, the armes waxed lazie, the tongue faltered, and could not lay open the matter. Therefore they all with one accord defired the advice of the heart. There REASON laid open before them, &c. Remains, p. 109. See An Attempt to afcertain the order of Shakspeare's plays, Vol. II. in which a circumftance is noticed, that fhews our author had read Camden as well as Plutarch.
I agree, however, entirely with Mr. Tyrwhitt, in thinking that feat means here the royal feat, the throne. The feat of the brain, is put in oppofition with the heart, and is defcriptive of it. 66 I fend it, (fays the belly,) through the blood, even to the royal refidence, the heart, in which the kingly-crowned understanding fils enthroned.
So, in King Henry VI. P. II:
"The rightful heir to England's royal feat.
In like manner in Twelfth Night, our author has ere&ed the: throne of love in the heart:
"It gives a very echo to the feat
"Where love is throned.
Again, in Othello:
"Yield up, O love, thy crown and hearted throne."
See alfo a paflage in King Henry V. where feat is ufed in the fame fenfe as here; Vol. XIII. p. 299, n. 9. MALONE.
the cranks and offices of man,] Cranks are the meandrous
duds of the human body. STEEVENS.
1. CIT. Ay, fir; well, well. MEN.
Though all at once cannot
See what I do deliver out to each;
Touching the weal o' the common; you shall find,
But it proceeds, or comes, from them to you,
And no way from yourselves. What do you think?
1. CIT. I the great toe? Why the great toe?
Of this moft wife rebellion, thou go'fl foremost:
Cranks are windings. So, in Venus and Adonis:
"He cranks and creffes, with a thousand doubles. '
Thou rafcal, that art worst in blood, to run
Lead fi firft, to win fome vantage. ] I think, we may better read, by an eafy change,
Thou rafcal that art worft in blood, to ruin
Lead'ft firft, to win &c.
Thou that art the meaneft by birth, art the foremoft to lead thy fellows to ruin, in hope of fome advantage. The meaning, however, is perhaps only this, Thou that art a hound, or running dog of the loweft breed, lead'ft the pack, when any thing is to be gotten. JOHNSON.
Worf in blood may be the true reading. In King Henry VI. P. I: "If we be English deer, be then in blood,
i.. high fpirits, in vigour.